A Coordinated, Risk-based Approach
to Improving Global Aviation Safety
A specialized agency of the United Nations, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) was created in 1944 to promote the safe and orderly development of international civil aviation throughout
ICAO sets the Standards and regulations necessary for aviation safety, security, efficiency and environmental
protection on a global basis. It serves as the primary
forum for cooperation in all fields of civil aviation among its 191 Member States.1
Improving the safety of the global air transport system
is ICAO’s guiding and most fundamental Strategic
Objective. The Organization works constantly to address and enhance global aviation safety outcomes through
the following coordinated activities:
In every case these activities are augmented by ICAO’s
detailed appraisal of global aviation safety metrics on the basis of established risk management principles— a core tenet of contemporary State Safety Programmes
(SSP) and Safety Management Systems (SMS). Applying these principles in the field of aviation safety requires the Organization to pursue a coherent and consistentprocess of objective analysis, both proactive and reactive
as applicable, in particular when evaluating safety risks.
In all of its coordinated safety activities, ICAO strives to achieve a balance between identified and assessed
risk and the requirements of practical, achievable mitigation strategies.
This inaugural 2011 State of Global Aviation Safety Report is intended to provide Member States, the aviation community and the travelling public with a
high-level analysis of air transport safety trends and indicators. It is also a comprehensive account of the significant aviation safety programmes being undertaken by ICAO and its partners, highlighting the Organization’s
important leadership role in fostering increased cooperation and innovation to enhance air transport safety outcomes worldwide.
Future ICAO Safety Reports will be published annually,providing ongoing updates to the air transport community on key safety indicators. These annual Reports will be supplemented when necessary by Special Editions such as this one, in order to commemorate the achievement of more significant safety milestones.