Global Water Partnership : Strategy 2009 -2013


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What is Water Security?
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GWP’s global strategy 2009-2013 argues that sustainable development will not be achieved without a water secure world. A water secure world integrates a concern for the intrinsic value of water with a concern for its use for human survival and well-being.

A water secure world harnesses water's productive power and minimises its destructive force. It is a world where every person has enough safe, affordable water to lead a clean, healthy and productive life. It is a world where communities are protected from floods, droughts, landslides, erosion and water-borne diseases. Water security also means addressing environmental protection and the negative effects of poor management.

A water secure world means ending fragmented responsibility for water and integrating water resources management across all sectors – finance, planning, agriculture, energy, tourism, industry, education and health. This integration is at the heart of GWP’s strategy.

A water secure world reduces poverty, advances education, and increases living standards. It is a world where there is an improved quality of life for all, especially for the most vulnerable—usually women and children—who benefit most from good water governance.

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Global Water Partnership : Strategy 2009 -2013

  1. 1. Strategy2009–2013
  2. 2. STRATEGY A Message from our Patron In 2006 the Global Water Partnership celebrated its tenth birthday. During the initial years of the Partnership it built up an impressive network of Regional and Country Water Partnerships through which the network contributed with great success to the adoption of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in the global debate on water. The Partnership is still a major player on the dissemination of the IWRM message and supports intensively the development of IWRM plans in many countries. The world is now facing new challenges. The effects of climate change and the food crises playing in improving the integrated planning are more and more dominating the inter- and management of the worlds water national agenda. Recognizing the new resources. It is a role of utmost importance for challenges, the Global Water Partnership has the achievement of the Millennium Develop- developed a new intervention strategy. This ment Goals on water, health and the strategy, based on an extensive external environment. It is an honour for me to be evaluation of the functioning of the network, Patron of such an influential organisation. makes the organisation fit for the future and guarantees the continuation of the important HRH The Prince of Orange Willem-Alexander role that the Global Water Partnership is Patron of the Global Water Partnership Table of Contents A Word from the Chair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 I The Global Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 II The Global Water Partnership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 III The Vision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 IV The Mission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 V The Strategic Goals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 Goal 1: Promote water as a key part of sustainable national development . . . . . . .10 Goal 2: Address critical development challenges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Goal 3: Reinforce knowledge sharing and communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Goal 4: Build a more effective network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 VI Delivering the Strategy: Organisation and Governance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 VII Securing the Resources to Meet GWPs Goals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 VIII A Timetable for Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Acknowledgements: The GWP Strategy 2009–2013 is the result of a full year of consultations, including network-wide meetings in Bahrain and Stockholm in 2008. A Writing Group comprising Leanne Burney, Alan Hall and Steven Downey under the leadership of the acting Executive Secretary, Martin Walshe, developed the text in consultation with a Strategy Group led by the GWP Chair, Letitia A Obeng, and comprising Luis Garcia and Jean-François Donzier of the GWP Steering Committee, Wayne Joseph and Michael Scoullos on behalf of the GWP Regional Chairs and Roberto Lenton, GWP Technical Committee Chair. The Strategy takes on comments from the GWP Financing Partners and the GWP Steering Committee and truly represents the aims of the GWP Network. GWP would like to thank all those partners who contributed to the development of the Strategy. 2
  3. 3. 2009–2013A Word from the ChairThe Global Water Partnership (GWP) came Not least, the Evaluation recognises that weinto being from the clear conviction that have developed robust financial managementthere had to be a new way of doing business: and internal governance systems that reassureone where people build coalitions to find both our donors and our beneficiaries. Still,water management solutions that serve the network organisations are new entities, notpublic good. GWP convenes, empowers and easily governed. We still have much to learnconnects people with a stake in water use and improve and we will continue to workand management, and helps them to work closely with our many and diverse Partners astogether effectively towards water security. we deliver our 2009–2013 Strategy.The Partnership expanded rapidly as Partners The Strategy has been developed during ansought to apply the integrated water unprecedented period of economic andresources management approach to optimise financial volatility that increases uncertaintyeconomic and social benefits. We have and threatens development. The urgency forlearned much over the past 12 years. Locally action is growing. We are excited that we canowned, Regional and Country Partnerships build on GWPs past and position ourselves tostand ready to take on new and evolving contribute to addressing the water-relatedchallenges. Our growth means we have more challenges facing the world today.capacity and can reach out to thoseaddressing their sustainable water manage- Letitia A. Obengment needs at local, national, basin or Chair of the Global Water Partnershipregional levels with stronger support.The Partnership contributes to water andsustainable development work at all levels.While growing and maturing, we havemaintained a light and flexible networkstructure. We have remained objective andimpartial. We have contributed to inter-national policy processes, supportedcountries and helped to bring people andorganisations together in dialogue acrossdifferent sectors and interest groups.The GWP Joint Donor External Evaluation,March 2008, provides valuable insights intowhat we do well and what we need to dobetter. The Evaluation states:"The network has strengthened to a pointwhere it is now able to take the next excitingstep in its evolution – to become moremember driven and bottom up and play amore prominent and dynamic role in nationaldevelopment processes; reinforced by astronger and more effective regional presenceand a global profile of technical excellence." 3
  4. 4. STRATEGY I. THE GLOBAL CONTEXT Water is a prerequisite for life. Good water management promotes economic and social progress. However, poor water management hinders development and people suffer. Prosperity in many countries stems from significant investments in water infra- structure, water institutions and good water resource management. Water underpins almost all economic activity from food production—the mainstay of many economies and critical to peoples livelihoods—to manufacturing, energy production and transport. Achievement of all the Millennium Development Goals depends to a large extent on water. food and bio-energy, and the recent rises in food prices, slow down progress in reducing Water is a finite and vulnerable resource. poverty, but increase demand for water from Current global population growth rates mean the agriculture and energy sectors. Lack of that more and more people and economic access by the poor to adequate, safe and sectors are competing for water. Increasing reliable supplies of water, and safe sanitation scarcity, stress, pollution and other threats limits their options to improve their liveli- will aggravate this competition. By 2025, hoods. In countries that lack good water three billion people will live in water-stressed management, it is usually the poor who suffer countries. Many of these countries lack the most. infrastructure and management systems to store, deliver and use water efficiently. Water is tied to global challenges. Climate Countries will continue to face tough change is one of the most formidable long- decisions on water allocation—how to term challenges faced by the global comm- balance competing demands from house- unity. And it is the poorest people on the holds, farmers, industry, ecosystems and planet who will feel its effects most deeply. hydro-power—to optimise the use of this Climate change will affect the water cycle, sea finite resource. Better governance will level and rainfall variability, and thus crop continue to be a key aspect of sustainable production and the frequency and scale of water management. floods and droughts. Water is not immune to other external and immediate challenges, such Water also destroys. Many countries regularly as the recent economic and financial crisis and suffer droughts, floods, hurricanes and other the volatility in the price of food and other disasters that destroy lives, drain economies commodities, and their impact on water is and hinder growth. Furthermore, although complex and needs to be better understood. many parts of the world enjoy economic Urbanisation and demographic changes, growth and better well-being, with these gains environmental degradation and a lack of come greater demands for water and more essential services also place huge demands pollution. on water resource managers. Without prompt action, such challenges may trigger conflicts Water is crucial for food security and human between communities, water users and well being. The growing global demand for between nations. 4
  5. 5. 2009–2013Dealing with these issues requires a holisticand coordinated approach to water allocation, II. THE GLOBAL WATERmanagement and development—an integrated PARTNERSHIPapproach. Fragmented responsibilities fordeveloping and managing water resources The Global Water Partnership (GWP) is aand, more importantly, a lack of dialogue, dynamic, not-for-profit action network withmake sustainable management impossible. over 1,800 committed Partner organisationsTo get the most benefit from sustainable around the world. Since GWP was founded inmanagement, both horizontal dialogue (across 1996, its chief focus has been to supportdifferent sectors and the environment) and social and economic change processes invertical dialogue (across different tiers of developing countries that further theauthority and in policy and decision making) sustainable management and development ofare essential. More and more countries their water resources. The Partnership enjoysrecognise the value of improving water multi-donor support. Contributions frommanagement for development and are seeking governments, and voluntary contributionssupport to make it a reality. from many Partners, ensure a coordinated approach to development assistance andSome countries still have to put adequate support.policies, laws and plans for managing waterinto place and link them to broader national During the last decade, GWP successfullydevelopment priorities. Others already have helped to change the prevailing mindset onclear policies and strategies, but do not have water by promoting and applying thethe political will, funds or capacity to take Integrated Water Resources Managementaction to solve water problems. Weak (IWRM) approach. IWRM is a public good andgovernance, corruption and interest groups few now see it as a narrow, technical, single-that resist change exacerbate the problems. purpose perspective. It is well understood thatThese barriers exact a heavy toll on the poor managing water resources in an integratedand hold back progress towards the way is everybodys business and that a rangeMillennium Development Goals. of social actors from different sectors of society and with different economic interestsThe GWP 2009–2013 Strategy builds on 12 must be involved. As a multi-stakeholderyears of learning, advocacy, support, dialogue partnership that includes governmentand global knowledge brokering. The Strategy agencies, private companies, non-will help Partners tackle water management in governmental organisations, professionalan increasingly challenging development organisations, gender and youth groups, andcontext. bi- and multi-lateral development agencies, among others, the GWP network is uniquely placed to draw everyone together for dialogue and action. GWP empowers, convenes and connects stakeholders. At the same time, the Partnership encourages everyone to work together more effectively to deliver water- related services and manage water resources to help meet both long- and short-term economic, equity and environmental objectives. GWP Partners form 13 Regional 5
  6. 6. STRATEGY Water Partnerships (RWPs) and some 80 Country Water Partnerships (CWPs). These are floods, droughts, landslides, erosion and water-borne diseases. Water security also neutral and inclusive platforms for dialogue means addressing environmental protection and facilitating change processes. The and the negative effects of poor management, Regional and Country Partnerships manage which will become more challenging as and govern themselves, and convene climatic variability increases. stakeholders to address specific issues. They bring about solutions that are both tailored to A water secure world reduces poverty, local conditions and informed by local advances education, and increases living experiences and good practices from across standards. It is a world where there is an the network. improved quality of life for all, especially for the most vulnerable—usually women and children—who benefit most from good water III. THE VISION governance. GWP believes that an integrated approach to The Global Water Partnerships vision managing the worlds water resources is the is for a water secure world. best way to pursue this vision—a vision that encompasses all of life. A water secure world is vital for a better future: a future in which there is enough water for social and economic development and for IV. THE MISSION ecosystems. A water secure world integrates a concern for the intrinsic value of water The Global Water Partnerships together with its full range of uses for human mission is to support the sustainable survival and well-being. development and management of water resources at all levels. A water secure world harnesses waters productive power and minimises its destructive force. It is a world where every GWPs action network provides knowledge person has enough safe, affordable water to and builds capacity to improve water lead a clean, healthy and productive life. It is management at all levels: global, regional, a world where communities are protected from national and local. The Partnership helps countries to connect water resources planning and operations at different scales— transboundary, regional, basin, national and local—so that actions are coherent and sustainable. Instead of taking the traditional development approach in which projects are often not connected, GWP works with numerous key stakeholders to design strategic approaches to improving water management. This builds local capacity in the long term. GWP does not operate alone; indeed its networking approach provides a mechanism for coordinated action and adds value to the work of many other key development partners. 6
  7. 7. 2009–2013GWP takes its guiding principles from the meaningful dialogue among people withDublin and Rio statements (1992), from the different interests and mindsets, andMillennium Assembly (2000), which gave rise strengthen GWPs neutral stance andto the Millennium Development Goals, and credibility. Solidarity is at the heart of GWPsfrom the World Summit on Sustainable development endeavours and is essential toDevelopment (2002) Plan of Action, which set our commitment to the poor anda target for the preparation of IWRM and disadvantaged.Water Efficiency plans. Over time, GWP hasadapted and elaborated these principles toreflect international understanding of theequitable and efficient management andsustainable use of water. The guidingprinciples are: Freshwater is a finite and vulnerable resource, essential to sustain life, development and the environment. Water development and management should be based on a participatory approach involving users, planners and policy makers at all levels. Women play a central part in the provision, management and safeguarding of water. Water is a public good and has a social and economic value in all its competing uses. V. THE STRATEGIC GOALS Integrated water resources management is based on the equitable and efficient GWP is a global network and because it works management and sustainable use of at all levels, our Strategy must both articulate what GWP will deliver through the network, water and recognises that water is an and provide strategic direction for GWPs semi- integral part of the ecosystem, a natural autonomous regional bodies. This Strategy resource, and a social and economic sets out the guiding parameters and strategic good, whose quantity and quality goals for the network. Within this framework, determine the nature of its utilisation. GWP Regional and Country Partnerships, the GWP Secretariat and the Technical CommitteeGWPs core values unite the Partners and are (TEC), based on the needs and priorities of theparamount to pursuing its mission. The main constituencies they serve, will design theirrequirement for membership is that Partners own strategies and annual work plans to meetagree to adhere to the core values. GWP the strategic goals.Partners, and all GWP regional entities, agreeto strive for inclusiveness, openness, trans- The Global Strategy thus provides the strategicparency, accountability, respect, gender- direction for the whole network, but acknowl-sensitivity and solidarity. These are our core edges that it is not feasible to set detailedvalues. GWP expects all Partners to apply indicators for regions as dissimilar asthem, bringing together, as needed, as wide a Southern Africa, South America or China. Eachgroup of stakeholders as possible in fulfilment Regional Water Partnership has developed itsof our mission. The values underpin own Regional Strategy that specifies outcomes 7
  8. 8. STRATEGY in detail specific to the characteristics and priorities of each region. The Regional The 2009–2013 Strategy covers the run up to Strategies contain the most appropriate 2015, the target date for the Millennium indicators for monitoring and evaluating Development Goals. GWP Partners are progress towards strategic goals. The Global committed to helping realise the globally and Regional Strategies are thus comple- agreed targets outlined in the Millennium mentary and are implemented through annual Declaration. This Strategy will strengthen their work plans. efforts. Each strategic goal promotes social equity, economic efficiency and environmental In carrying out the Strategy, the GWP will work sustainability, by improving the way water is with many other actors, both local and managed and developed. international, to provide support to govern- ments that are ultimately responsible for A network-wide consultation in 2008 implementation, but do not have sufficient generated four strategic goals that will be resources to act alone. In this context GWP pursued by the Partnership during 2009– supports the implementation of change 2013. GWP Partners fully endorse the four processes through mobilising support, by goals. All are equally significant. The goals coordinating across different disciplines and include (1) an operational goal, (2) an sector interest groups, by facilitating and advocacy goal, (3) a knowledge goal and (4) a awareness raising processes and by sharing partnering goal. For each goal, GWP identifies knowledge and developing local capacities. the outcomes it will pursue and the strategy it GWP thus triggers change and promotes will follow. GWP will focus its contributions and implementation of actions that improve water work on specific aspects of issues highlighted resources management and development. in the four goals. GWP REGIONS 8
  9. 9. 2009–2013 STRATEGIC GOALS 2009–2013GOAL 1: Promote water as a key part of GOAL 3: Reinforce knowledge sharing andsustainable national development. This goal communications. This goal focuses onfocuses on improving water resources developing the capacity to share knowledge andmanagement, putting IWRM into practice to to promote a dynamic communications culture,help countries towards growth and water so as to support better water emphasising an integrated approach,good governance, appropriate infrastructure Outcome 3aand sustainable financing. Global entities, such as UN agencies, multi- and bi- laterals, and the corporate world are betterOutcome 1a informed through GWP knowledge disseminationWhere policies and plans are in place, about issues related to managing the worlds watergovernments incorporate them into national resources.development processes and implement them withsupport from others. Outcome 3b Stakeholders, including governments, finance andOutcome 1b planning ministries, NGOs, the private sector andWhere policies and plans are not in place or weak, youth, have better access to relevant and practicalgovernments develop them, incorporate them into knowledge, and more capacity to share thatnational development processes and implement knowledge.them with support from others. Outcome 3cOutcome 1c GWP embeds a communications culture across theNon-government actors, including GWP, civil Partnership and stakeholders at all levels take upsociety and external support agencies, work strategic information and key messages.together to build local capacities and helpgovernments implement their policies and plans.GOAL 2: Address critical development GOAL 4: Build a more effective network. Thischallenges. This goal focuses on contributing to goal focuses on enhancing the networksand advocating solutions for critical challenges resilience and effectiveness through strongerto water security, such as climate change, partnerships, good governance, measuringgrowing urbanisation, food production, resource performance to help learning and financialrelated conflict and other challenges as they sustainability.emerge. Outcome 4aOutcome 2a GWP strengthens and builds the capacity of RWPsNational and regional policy makers, civic so they carry out their work plans more effectively,organisations, water managers and international and provide support to the Country Waterdevelopment agencies take into account the links Partnerships.between water and climate change, and developsolutions for adapting the management of water Outcome 4bresources to climate change. The Global Water Partnership Organization and the Regional Water Partnerships undertake a changeOutcome 2b process to improve organisation and management,National and regional policy makers, civic and streamline financial, administrative andorganisations, water managers and international governance structures across the Partnership.development agencies address critical GWPO and the RWPs fully incorporate an Outcomedevelopment challenges, particularly food security, Mapping approach as a way to plan, monitor andurbanisation and conflict resolution. evaluate the success of annual work plans.Outcome 2c Outcome 4cInternational actors and multi-lateral policy GWPO, RWPs and Country Water Partnershipsprocesses work with a clearer understanding of the access new and diverse sources of funding for GWPoptions available for tackling emerging and on- activities while increasing funding from traditionalgoing challenges facing water resources through sources.objective and incisive intellectual contributionsfrom GWP and its partners. 9
  10. 10. STRATEGY Goal 1: Outcome 1c Non-government actors, including GWP, civil Promote water society and external support agencies, work as a key part of together to build local capacities and help governments implement their policies and sustainable national plans. development. Strategy to reach Goal 1 GWP has successfully advocated an integrated This goal focuses on improving water approach to water management and supported resources management, putting IWRM countries in preparing the IWRM plans called into practice to help countries towards for by the World Summit on Sustainable growth and water security emphasising Development in 2002. Yet much remains to be an integrated approach, good gover- done to make these well-intentioned plans nance, appropriate infrastructure and operational. The world faces many persistent sustainable financing. water problems, not least in meeting the Millennium Development Goals and creating an enabling environment for better resource Outcome 1a management. According to the UN-Water Where policies and plans are in place, Status Report on IWRM and Water Efficiency governments incorporate them into national Plans (2008), 68 percent of developed development processes and implement them countries, but only 38 percent of developing with support from others. countries have IWRM plans completed or underway. Progress on plans for water Outcome 1b efficiency lags even further behind. Where policies and plans are not in place or weak, governments develop them, incor- GWP will take a two-pronged approach. For porate them into national development countries well advanced in planning, GWP will processes and implement them with support use the integrated approach to help imple- from others. ment the plans. GWP will emphasise local 10
  11. 11. 2009–2013engagement and building capacity to manage that simply drafting plans does not solvewater and put policies into practice. Further water problems. What counts is how realisticdevelopment of the GWP ToolBox will play an the plans are, what political buy-in they have,instrumental role in supporting governments what funds are available to implement them,as they move from planning to application. For and how much they contribute to develop-those countries that do not yet have policies ment priorities, poverty alleviation and eco-and plans, but wish to develop them, GWP will system health.provide support in the development processand, at the same time, will help build their Specifically, GWP will provide support in thecapacity to implement those plans. following areas at regional and national levels and beyond.A key element of this goal will be to embedwater security into national development Improving support for water managementplans, such as poverty reduction strategies through national processes: In countries thatand comprehensive development frameworks. have not yet prepared and implementedTo do this, GWP will demonstrate the need to policies and plans to develop water morebring together fragmented institutional effectively, GWP will facilitate multi-responsibilities and interests in water, such stakeholder participation and finance, planning, agriculture, energy, The network will share best practices acrosstourism, industry, education and health. A regions and between countries to helpcritical part of the strategy will be to engage manage water resources to achieve waterwith and influence those ministries, security.businesses, civil society actors and those fromother sectors that use water to achieve their Improving governance systems: GWP hasdevelopment goals. This will help to raise the an extensive international network andpolitical profile of water, improve policy significant water resources managementmaking and increase budget allocations. expertise. Working in partnership with others, such as the UNDP, GWP will take advantageSound economic and social arguments of these strengths to support improvementsinfluence decision makers. This means that to institutional environments that will enableGWP must demonstrate why better water an integrated approach to water resourceresources management is important for management. GWP will assist governmentdevelopment. The Partnership understands agencies to develop legal and regulatory frameworks, to become accountable and to allocate resources. In addition, GWP will be a voice for other stakeholders. Since allocating and managing water resources needs to be planned and implemented at different administrative levels and within specific hydrological boundaries, GWP will do more to help align governance systems and link administrative and basin approaches. This will strengthen institutional capacities and improve coordination and coherence. GWP will also work with the Water Integrity Network to help reduce corruption in the water sector. 11
  12. 12. STRATEGY EUWI-FWG, GWP will build capacity in financ- ing water resources management and development and also demonstrate how this relates directly with good water governance. This will include building strong links between water and finance experts to tackle chronic underinvestment and the waste of scarce funds. Facilitating transboundary cooperation: Surface and underground water do not respect political boundaries. This means that states must cooperate to manage water. They must share responsibilities for managing water, protecting water quality, managing environmental flows and promoting harmony among states. In some cases, river basin organisations provide an institutional structure for functions such as coordinating decision making, establishing water allocation mechanisms, reducing water pollution, and handling floods and droughts. Good national policies and plans are prerequisites for serious cooperation in transboundary waters, Improving water infrastructure: Along with including shared aquifers that are often institutional reform, there is a critical need, neglected. Taking the shared benefits particularly in poorer countries, to develop approach, GWP will support regional and manage appropriate and sustainable processes and work with regional organisa- water infrastructure. GWP will identify entry tions and initiatives, such as ASEAN, SADC points and support multi-stakeholder and ECOWAS. GWP will also work with other dialogues to help governments and regional partners, such as the World Bank and UN- entities investigate cost-effective and Water including the GEF, to contribute to appropriate infrastructure options that will existing initiatives in all regions, extending benefit all. GWP will seek opportunities to from the Yellow River to the Nile Basin, in convene stakeholders and contribute to support of cooperative processes to make ongoing dialogue between governments, shared waters become a force for regional regional development banks and others to economic development. expand water management infrastructure and to ensure that an IWRM approach is used in Monitoring progress on IWRM: Through water infrastructure development. collaborative efforts, for example with the UN- Water Task Force, GWP will help develop and Improving financing for water management: put into practice a robust set of indicators for A great deal of attention has been paid to monitoring and reporting on the progress and financing water use. However, little is known benefits of implementing the IWRM approach about funding water resources management at various scales. Introducing such a frame- despite increased insecurity due to scarcity, work will help set targets, track progress and pollution, climate change and other threats. provide feedback on the effectiveness of better Working with partners such as the OECD and water resources management. 12
  13. 13. 2009–2013Goal 2: of the options available for tackling emergingAddress critical and on-going challenges facing water resources through objective and incisivedevelopment challenges. intellectual contributions from GWP and its partners.This goal focuses on contributing toand advocating solutions for critical Strategy to reach Goal 2challenges to water security, such as During the period of GWPs last Strategy, theclimate change, growing urbanisation, Partnership learned that critical developmentfood production, resource related problems can provide an entry point forconflict and other challenges as galvanising action to address water manage-they emerge. ment problems. For example, not only do rising food prices threaten poverty reductionOutcome 2a gains, they also increase demand for water forNational and regional policy makers, civic agricultural production. So water managementorganisations, water managers and inter- is a crucial element in these developmentnational development agencies take into problems. GWP will seize these strategicaccount the links between water and climate opportunities to promote change. GWP willchange, and develop solutions for adapting increasingly respond to calls to facilitatethe management of water resources to climate dialogue, provide understanding or takechange. policy positions on these issues. GWP will help to develop solutions by involving widelyOutcome 2b divergent stakeholders, both inside andNational and regional policy makers, civic outside the water sector, in dialogue. GWP willorganisations, water managers and inter- work to demonstrate the role of water innational development agencies address solving critical development challenges andcritical development challenges, particularly will provide technical support for doing security, urbanisation and conflictresolution. The Partnership will develop greater technical capacity, more intellectual capital andOutcome 2c strategic partnerships to respond to theInternational actors and multi-lateral policy issues identified below. Most GWP Partnersprocesses work with a clearer understanding see adapting to climate change as a serious 13
  14. 14. STRATEGY long-term development problem and so this will be one focus. Regional technical and intellectual capacity will be strengthened so that support can be tailored to local needs. The Regional Water Partnerships will work closely with the Technical Committee to bring together both local and traditional knowledge in giving technical advice. At the same time they will capitalise on, and further strengthen, GWPs convening power across sectors, political boundaries and all levels. As the technical capacity of the Regional Water Partnerships grows, the network will be able to respond more rapidly to emerging development challenges. A greater ability to respond quickly will reinforce GWPs intellectual leadership at national, regional and global levels. GWP will provide leadership at the global level. GWP will offer technical support to help all levels of the Partnership put forward appropriate solutions to the challenges facing water managers as they confront critical global issues. In particular, GWP will contri- bute to finding solutions to the four concerns discussed below at global, national and regional levels. Adapting to climate change: Climate change maintaining socioeconomic development. is arguably the most severe long-term threat GWP recognises that there are many actors to development facing this and future involved in various aspects of climate change generations. By altering the hydrological and will thus focus on contributing to work on cycle, climate change will exacerbate the adaptation with respect to water resources. water management problems that countries GWP will offer practical, regionally relevant already face. Climate change will have advice and guidance on adapting to climate significant, often dramatic, consequences— change so that it becomes an integral part of higher sea levels, more variable rainfall, more current and future water resources manage- frequent and intense floods and droughts, ment approaches. In this, GWP will work and rapid desertification. Risks related to closely with the World Bank, UNEP Coor- climate change impede agricultural dinating Centre at DHI, the UN-Water Task development. They are a major challenge to Force on Water and Climate Change, and the the management of natural resources and Cooperative Programme for Climate and Water. barriers to the transition from poverty to GWP will also seek to build on alliances with prosperity. GWP will promote better water key organisations working at the forefront of management, climate-proofing infrastructure climate change, including the International and adaptation as the best ways to reduce Research Institute for Climate and the impact of climate change while Society (IRI). 14
  15. 15. 2009–2013Achieving food security: Producing enough serious threat in most developing for one person for one day requires Most cities are unable to expand basic waterabout 3,000 litres of water—or about 1 litre services or manage growing competitionper calorie. When compared with the 2–5 among users. Given the trends in urbanisa-litres required for drinking, it is clear that tion, the need to improve water and wastewater for food production is a critical issue as management in cities is urgent. But, thispopulations and wealth grow. The trade– must take impacts over a wide area intofood–water nexus and virtual water are consideration, both upstream and down-significant issues in water for food production. stream, as well as across basin and aquiferGWP recognises the importance of engaging boundaries. As part of this effort, GWP willwith the agriculture sector and will convene continue its work with UN-Habitat Waterinformed multi-stakeholder negotiations to Operators Partnerships, where the focus willchange the way decision makers think about be on managing used water as an essentialwater and agriculture. The productivity of element in overall water management.water, for example, must improve. Yesterdaysirrigation technologies must be adapted and Resolving conflicts: Development willupgraded to meet tomorrows needs. In increase the risk of serious conflicts overaddition, since 60 percent of agriculture in water and the negative impact on the poordeveloping countries is rain-fed, it is also and vulnerable that these conflicts will have.important to emphasise rain-fed food Demand for water, degradation of waterproduction. In this area, GWP will work with resources, climate variability and sectoral andthe CGIAR system, particularly with the rural–urban conflicts over water are allInternational Water Management Institute increasing and will exacerbate already-serious(IWMI) to facilitate adoption of the disputes. GWP will support dialogues thatrecommendations emerging from the emphasise negotiation and compromise andComprehensive Assessment of Water that allow stakeholders to think through andManagement in Agriculture and the Challenge make choices that result in optimal benefitsProgramme on Water and Food. for all. GWP will work with others, such as UNDP, UNESCO Centre for Water Law, Policy &Tackling urbanisation: Today, 50 percent of Science and regional organisations, to betterthe worlds population lives in urban areas understand conflicts related to water and toand, with changing demographics character- develop objective and realistic conflictised by massive migration into cities, by 2025 resolution scenarios to assist policy makersthe percentage is projected to be 60 percent. in making decisions.Urban water and wastewater management is a 15
  16. 16. STRATEGY Goal 3: levels take up strategic information and key messages. Reinforce knowledge sharing and Strategy to reach Goal 3 GWP has made conceptual and technical communications. contributions to water management and sustainable development at global, regional This goal focuses on developing the and national levels. The network has laid a capacity to share knowledge and to strong intellectual foundation for integrated promote a dynamic communications water resources management in publications culture, so as to support better water on issues such as adapting to climate change, management. developing infrastructure, river basin organisa- tions and financing. The Catalyzing Change Outcome 3a series, prepared by the Technical Committee, Global entities, such as UN agencies, multi- supports countries in using the IWRM and bi-laterals, and the corporate world are approach. GWPs educational and advocacy better informed through GWP knowledge role has led to changes in policies and dissemination about issues related to legislation. managing the worlds water resources. GWP will implement a comprehensive Outcome 3b communications strategy that builds on its Stakeholders, including governments, finance knowledge base and expands water advocacy and planning ministries, NGOs, the private more broadly to take in social and economic sector and youth, have better access to development. To do this GWP will develop two relevant and practical knowledge, and more interlinked areas: the internal communications capacity to share that knowledge. culture and the Partnerships communications in global, as well as in regional, country and Outcome 3c local development discourses. Specific GWP embeds a communications culture elements of the strategy to reach Goal 3 are across the Partnership and stakeholders at all outlined below. 16
  17. 17. 2009–2013Communications capacity: GWP will build and awareness and understanding of theembed communications capacity throughout importance of water for other sectoral usersthe network. This means integrating and abusers. This will include working withcommunications into programme activities business, for example through the Worldfrom the start so that programmes generate Economic Forum and World Business Counciland disseminate appropriate information both on Sustainable Development.internally and externally. GWP will shape itsinternal communication culture to improve Knowledge sharing: In addition to shapingdialogue and share lessons more widely the internal communication culture toamong regional and country Partners. This encourage Partners to become good atmeans finding ways to make it easier for the sharing knowledge and communicating, GWPwhole network to share knowledge, experi- will develop products, services and platformsences and information. Communications is a that make communication easier. GWP willnetwork-wide activity that facilitates the link the Technical Committee more closely toachievement of all four strategic goals and the other GWP knowledge streams (such as theoverall GWP mission. GWP will encourage ToolBox, and Country and Regionalevery Partner of the network to be a Partnerships) and to cooperating Partners,communicator to multiply the networks including youth and education groups.visibility and effectiveness. Connecting those who can provide knowledge with those who need knowledge will ensureOutreach: GWP will help people realise that that GWP generates products and servicessharing information between departments, that make sharing knowledge more effective.regions and cooperating Partners strengthens The GWP ToolBox will be central to this effort.the network and augments its contribution to GWP will extend the influence of its intellec-the wider world. As well as informing the tual leadership by producing practical guides,water sector, this will involve engaging with sharing lessons across countries and regions,non-water ministries, such as Finance and and using appropriate communicationsPlanning, and with key NGOs, such as methods for advocacy, feedback andTransparency International. In particular, monitoring results.messages will be targeted at audiences fromoutside of the water community to build Strategic messages: GWP has a solid reputation in the water world. But, to position the network in the broader development world and beyond requires a more deliberate focus on reporting achievements (and the processes and activities that contribute to those achievements). Drawing on the Partnerships expertise, GWP will step up efforts to iden- tify—and develop policy responses to—critical development threats that affect or are affected by, water resources management. The wealth of information created by the network will be articulated and delivered to relevant and influential audiences, such as donor Partners, policy makers, the media and others who are strategic to achieving GWPs mission. 17
  18. 18. STRATEGY Outcome 4c Goal 4: GWPO, RWPs and Country Water Partnerships Build a more access new and diverse sources of funding for effective network. GWP activities while increasing funding from traditional sources. This goal focuses on enhancing the Strategy to reach Goal 4 networks resilience and effectiveness At the end of 2008 the Partnership comprised through stronger partnerships, good 13 Regional Water Partnerships, nearly 80 governance, measuring performance Country Water Partnerships and over 1,800 to help learning and financial registered Partners. Many Partner organi- sustainability. sations and individuals have local influence and are a key resource in bringing about Outcome 4a behavioural change in target beneficiaries. GWP strengthens and builds the capacity of This extensive network allows GWP to better Regional Water Partnerships so they carry out support and influence national and regional their work plans more effectively, and provide policies and actions. GWP will maintain a light support to the Country Water Partnerships. and flexible network structure to allow Partners to focus on local priorities and to empower Outcome 4b communities to bring their concerns to the The Global Water Partnership Organization national, regional and global levels. and the Regional Water Partnerships undertake a change process to improve Since its creation in 1996, GWP has organisation and management, and stream- progressively established rights and line financial, administrative and governance responsibilities at all levels of the network— structures across the Partnership. GWPO and from the establishment of the Global Water the RWPs fully incorporate an Outcome Partnership Organization (GWPO), to the Mapping approach as a way to plan, monitor creation of Regional Water Partnerships, and evaluate the success of annual work Country Water Partnerships and, in some plans. countries, Area Water Partnerships (e.g. at 18
  19. 19. 2009–2013basin, city or district level). The governance ofGWP will continue to evolve so that it can bestsupport the achievement of the goals in the2009–2013 Strategy.Listed below are specific elements of thestrategy for achieving Goal 4.Partnership and alliance building: GWP has aunique ability to build capacity because of itsglobal and local reach. GWP will continue toexpand its partnership base, focusing on non-water stakeholders, while improving theadministrative arrangements that governexisting relationships. GWP will build strongeralliances with strategic Partner organisations,such as UN-Water, the European Union WaterInitiative, CapNet, the International Network ofBasin Organizations, the AssociatedProgramme on Flood Management, the WorldWater Council and others. GWP will build newalliances with Partners, such as the Cooper- sources, the Partnership will enhance andative Programme for Climate and Water and diversify fund-raising capacity at the regionalthe Water Integrity Network. and country levels.Performance measurement: Since GWP does Supporting the network: GWP will upgradenot implement infrastructure projects, but governance and administrative structures tofacilitates processes to improve water implement the 2009–2013 Strategy. Theresources management, GWP has adopted focus will be on streamlining and strength-Outcome Mapping as a tool to monitor and ening governance structures across thereport results, and measure performance. This network. This will maintain the light, flexible,methodology will be applied across the locally owned nature of the network, whilenetwork in 2009 and beyond, with stronger reassuring donors and governments of thelinks to the Global Action Network to share soundness of GWP operations. Organisationexperiences on performance measurement. and governance aspects are discussed furtherGWP will also share with the donor community in chapter VI.its experience of the Outcome Mappingapproach to show how it can be adopted in Reducing GWPs carbon footprint: Face-to-similar policy-related programmes and face interaction is the most effective means ofnetworks. sharing knowledge and experience, and changing behaviour. However, GWP will takeFinancial sustainability: To move towards measures to reduce travel, use modernfinancial sustainability, GWP will continue to communications technology (such as videoprovide a demand-led quality service that conferencing, virtual meetings and webinars)responds to regional and country priorities as and reduce global meetings, whereverwell as those of the donor community. While possible, to lower costs and minimise theworking to expand the financial resource base Partnerships carbon all levels through new and existing funding 19
  20. 20. STRATEGY VI. DELIVERING THE lose its comparative advantage. If it becomes too flexible it will lose its credibility and brand STRATEGY: reputation. ORGANISATION AND To address this tension, GWP will manage GOVERNANCE resources effectively while upholding local autonomy and ownership. This puts more A process of change responsibility on Regional Water Partnerships GWP will strengthen and reform organisational for effective regional governance and better and governance structures to deliver the financial management. To achieve this, GWP 2009–2013 Strategy with its more operational will build stronger capabilities at all levels, focus. GWP will streamline and simplify improve the functioning of all GWP governance governance systems to clarify and improve bodies and ensure accountability to protect overall legitimacy and accountability. GWP will the GWP brand. align the governance system more closely with its aspiration to be an effective global To link the international organisation face of action network. GWPs organisational and GWPO with the network component of the governance evolution will recognise the rights, GWP, and put change agents at the centre of roles and responsibilities of the different the Partnership, the distinct roles and contri- elements that make up the Partnership and butions of the different elements within the take into account the inherent duality of the GWP structure must be identified. network: Roles of the different GWP elements the horizontal nature of the GWP network— GWP requires six essential (and interlinked) the committed actors and processes for competencies to function effectively: social change around the world that have been founded locally and have their own 1. Organising effective, efficient and organisational processes, and accountable action on the ground; the vertical nature of the Global Water 2. Improving the ability to build technical Partnership Organization, an international capacity at all levels and provide global organisation that must satisfy international intellectual leadership; law (with the Chair and Steering Commit- 3. Putting in place a robust network and tee appointed by the Sponsoring communications system; Partners) and basic financial requirements, 4. Improving the strategic and policy setting hence requiring the authority of the abilities of internal governance bodies for international owners and satisfying the making wise decisions; international financial partners (donors). 5. Securing the legitimacy of the system; 6. Providing funding for the continued The different elements of the network perceive functioning of the network. the vertical and horizontal aspects of the system and their requirements, differently and These six elements are presented below with have differing expectations. This creates a the implications of what they mean for GWP tension that can be healthy and dynamic, and organisational and governance systems. All is common in global action networks that are elements are equally essential for meeting the responsible for both driving social change and Strategic Goals. distributing funding. However, this tension has to be managed. If the GWP network mutates into a centralised hierarchy it will 20
  21. 21. 2009–20131 Action must drive change within the Partnership. AtThe most important factor in achieving the the global level the Technical Committee (TEC)GWP mission in the long term is change- is the technical hub of the network. As theoriented action on the ground at regional, network grows, and becomes more focusednational and sub-national levels (for example, on operations, GWP will integrate TECsbasin, district, and city). For the 2009–2013 intellectual leadership more into networkStrategy, the focus of attention will be on knowledge and communications. The role andRWPs to become as autonomous as possible, modus operandi of the TEC, the Secretariatto raise and manage resources and to plan and the Regional Partnerships, and the way instrategy. Host institutions are a cost-effective which they interact with one another onway to administer RWPs. GWP will build technical issues, will be strengthened andcapacity and create strong contractual brought closer together. This will address twoarrangements with host institutions so that key roles: providing global intellectualthe secretariats will be effective and efficient. leadership to keep GWP at the forefront ofFiduciary responsibilities will be transferred new ideas and challenges, and providinggradually from the Secretariat to the regional demand-driven technical support to thelevel in the context of robust, efficient and Regional and Country Partnerships. Closerhighly accountable host institutions and links among the network and technical hubslegitimately governed RWPs. will encourage technical and intellectual cross-fertilisation at the regional level while2 Technical/intellectual leadership also strengthening work on global issues.Technical capacity has always been an integralpart of GWP. As the Partnership moves into 3 Networking and communicationsthis strategy period, delivering technical The Secretariat is the executive body and issupport at the country and regional level will the network hub for the whole system. Thebe even more critical than in the past, and Secretariat will gradually devolve financial management, first to the RWPs and, subsequently, to the CWPs. The Secretariat, together with the Technical Committee, will also raise the global profile of the network and regions as they take a greater lead within the Partnership. The Secretariat will strength- en its communications and network functions to help the RWPs to improve their capacities, their managerial responsibilities and their relationships with host institutions. 4 Strategy and policy setting The Steering Committee (SC) is the global governance body for the network. It is responsible for making key policy and strategic decisions about GWPs direction. The Steering Committee also provides fiduciary and management oversight of the GWPO, holding the Secretariat, the Technical Committee and the network to account and providing assurances to financial Partners. The Steering Committee is the strategy hub, 21
  22. 22. STRATEGY and taps into the knowledge that exists across the network as much as possible in the network together. The Nomination Committee is therefore essential in securing a order to make effective, strategic and balance between the Sponsoring Partners legitimate decisions about the GWPO. The (who approve nominations to the SC) and the membership and nominations process for the Regions (who are consulted in the process of SC will evolve as it works to meet the nominating SC members) and in ensuring that challenges of the new strategy period. the appointment of SC members is the result of consensus across the system. 5 Legitimacy Three constituencies bring legitimacy to GWP. 6 Funding These constituencies are at the foundation of The Financial Partners Group (FPG) is external the network and opportunities for change or to the network and is made up of committed evolution are therefore limited. donors who fund the GWP. The FPG provides a two-way communication channel at the global The first source of legitimacy is the Partners, level between the GWP (as a development the registered members of the GWP. They are partner of the donors) and the donors. It is represented at the annual Consulting Part- also a forum where donors can exchange ners Meeting. At present there are around views, and share their policies and approaches 1,800 registered Partners across the world. to water resources management. The relation- Each Regional Water Partnership has a ship with donors at the global level is a unique Regional Council made up of Partner represen- feature of the GWP and extends beyond tatives (from different countries) from the funding. The Financial Partners Group is a region. The Stockholm Secretariat represents forum for achieving broad consensus on ideas Partners from countries that do not have a and solutions in integrated approaches to Regional or Country Water Partnership. The water resources management. This relation- Regional Chair presides over the Regional ship will be developed at regional and country Council. Regional Councils are thus the levels, to enhance donor and government regional legitimacy hub. The annual responses to regional and national priorities Consulting Partners Meeting provides on water management. network legitimacy. In this strategy period the purpose of this meeting will be clarified and the arrangements improved to make it more representative of the network. VII. SECURING THE RESOURCES TO MEET The Sponsoring Partners give legal legitimacy GWPS GOALS to the GWPO. They are the states and inter- national organisations that signed the Memorandum of Understanding establishing The GWP is an extraordinary network in which the GWPO—the international organisation— many volunteer their time and intellect to help and thus provide the global legitimacy hub. achieve the vision of a water secure world. The The Sponsoring Partners effectively own the thrust of the 2009–2013 Strategy is to keep GWPO and appoint the Chair, members of the GWP at the forefront of thinking and action on Steering Committee and the Auditor. water resources issues and to strengthen and grow the network, particularly at the regional The Nomination Committee provides the third level, to provide a solid mechanism to address legitimacy hub. It is responsible for nomi- current and evolving issues. To implement the nating the members of the Steering 2009–2013 Strategy and achieve GWPs goals, Committee (SC) to bring the Organisation and more financial resources will be needed at all 22
  23. 23. 2009–2013levels, and new sources of funding (with newideas and solutions) accessed. It will also beimportant to maintain and increase funds fromtraditional sources.To build a stronger more effective network asset out in this Strategy, GWP will strengthenthe capacities of the Regional Partnershipsand support functions. GWP will also putappropriate governance systems in place toenable Regions to grow, to better oversee andsupport country activities, and to fully accountfor the funding they receive. The Secretariat and Technical Committee will evolve to better support the network andVIII. A TIMETABLE increase GWPs contribution to the globalFOR CHANGE dialogue on critical issues. The size and structure of the Secretariat will respond to the needs for better network support throughoutChange will be implemented progressively the strategy period. The way in which theand in a way that reinforces rather than multiple demands for technical expertise atdestabilises the network. global, regional and country level may be serviced will be addressed and developedGWP Partners will become more active with during the first year of the new strategygreater responsibilities, initially at the period.Regional Water Partnerships level. This willdemand more capacity development, more The role and structure of the Steeringtransparency and accountability, and better Committee and Nominating Committee will befinancial management at regional and country developed at the start of the strategy period,levels. The process will start in 2009, but the initially to improve the current ways of work-pace at which it will proceed will vary between ing and subsequently, if needed, through aRegions depending on their level of maturity. planned process during the first three years ofIt is anticipated that the process of regional the strategy period to implement changes thatreinforcement will be completed by the end of may be needed to the GWP Statutes.this strategy period and that the focus in thenext strategy period will be at the Country Network legitimacy will benefit from buildingPartnership level. The accreditation process more strongly on regional governance(based on the Conditions for Accreditation arrangements as representative bodies, ratherestablished in 2005), and the Learning than relying on the Partners through theReviews for RWPs, will be progressively annual Consulting Partners’ Meeting. Thisstrengthened to ensure that robust meeting will evolve in line with other govern-governance and management systems ance changes so that it represents theaccompany strengthening of the regional implementing part of the GWP (the RWPs andpartnerships. These measures will improve CWPs) rather than “Partners” at random.accountability and protect donor funds and This will require statute changes and willthe GWP reputation. be addressed in an inclusive and consultative way. 23
  24. 24. Photo credits – cover, children at tap: Angela Sevin | page 2: RVD |page 3: Petter Karlberg | page 4: Philippines Water Partnership, GTZ and NWRB |page 6: Heldur Netocny/PHOENIX | page 10: Ingrid | pages 10/11/12 (side bars): ChinaPhotos/Stringer | page 13: Jurgen | page 18: Lars-Erik Örthlund | page 21: World BankEditing, design and layout: SCRIPTORIA, 978-91-85321-71-1Global Water PartnershipDrottninggatan 33SE-111 51 Stockholm, SWEDENPhone: +46 8 522 126 30Fax: + 46 8 522 126 31E-mail: gwp@gwpforum.orgWeb: