Case Study

Sustainability of Ukrainian Energy
System


       Main Problems
Sustainable Development
Scheme



          Environmental Protection




 Social Development   Economic development
Social Aspect

n   Former Soviet Union citizen way of
    thinking and behavior:
    ¡   Thinking and acting locally in ti...
Reasoning
            n   Huge
                environmental
                resources


            n    Inexhaustible
  ...
Reasoning

     n   Man being a part
         of state production
         machine
Social Aspect
n   Ukrainian society doesn’t have complete
    understanding that energy and heat have
    qualitative and ...
Economical Aspects

n   Getting resources and producing
    waste for free;
n   Not counting amount of resources we
    us...
Economical Aspects

n   Politization of energetic sphere and
    scramble for this sphere between
    political parties, f...
Environmental Protection

n   Low level of environmental safety of fuel and
    energy complex of Ukraine (it produces 45%...
Sustainable Energy System



              Production




   Transfer            Consumption
Production of Energy

n   High level of capital assets ageing in fuel and
    energy complex, which causes energy
    reso...
Production of Energy

n   Critical dependence of fuel and energy
    complex on resources imported from one
    country (R...
Transfer of Energy

n   Huge energy losses due to
    depreciated transmission and
    distribution channels;
n   Non-opti...
Consumption of Energy

n   Extremely high power-consuming of gross
    domestic product (0.89 kg of standard fuel
    per ...
Consumption of Energy

n   Lack of control for consumed
    resources (only 1/3 of apartments in
    Ukraine are equipped ...
Conclusion

 Ukrainian Energy System suffers from a
  diversity of social, economical, ecological,
  technological and pol...
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15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine

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SD Course in Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, 12-23 Febraury 2006

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15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine

  1. 1. Case Study Sustainability of Ukrainian Energy System Main Problems
  2. 2. Sustainable Development Scheme Environmental Protection Social Development Economic development
  3. 3. Social Aspect n Former Soviet Union citizen way of thinking and behavior: ¡ Thinking and acting locally in time and space horizon; ¡ “It’s not mine, so I don’t care about it”;
  4. 4. Reasoning n Huge environmental resources n Inexhaustible fossil fuel resources for free
  5. 5. Reasoning n Man being a part of state production machine
  6. 6. Social Aspect n Ukrainian society doesn’t have complete understanding that energy and heat have qualitative and quantitative measures and that they are goods; n Persons in charge of taking decisions are afraid of innovations and changes, they care only about their own position, not about the branch they are responsible for; n Ukrainian people mostly don’t feel civil responsibility (if one doesn’t have a water meter he can just leave the tap turned on and let the water run for no particular reason);
  7. 7. Economical Aspects n Getting resources and producing waste for free; n Not counting amount of resources we use … n … and waste; n Short-term planning; n Absence of competitive energy market and appropriate market infrastructure;
  8. 8. Economical Aspects n Politization of energetic sphere and scramble for this sphere between political parties, financial and industrial groups and criminals; n “manual management” of the energy market;
  9. 9. Environmental Protection n Low level of environmental safety of fuel and energy complex of Ukraine (it produces 45% of atmosphere pollution, 25% of waste water, 26% of solid waste, 65% of greenhouse effect gasses); n Absence of control and penalties for environmental pollution and producing waste;
  10. 10. Sustainable Energy System Production Transfer Consumption
  11. 11. Production of Energy n High level of capital assets ageing in fuel and energy complex, which causes energy resources overconsumption and raises the possibility of technological disasters; n Destruction of R&D potential in fuel and energy complex and low innovative activity of power concerns; n Shadow economy in fuel and energy complex, shadow redistribution of ownership rights and resources turnover;
  12. 12. Production of Energy n Critical dependence of fuel and energy complex on resources imported from one country (Russia); n Low usage of renewable resources and alternative power engineering (for example use of attendant gas in coal mines or thermal waters in Crimea and Carpathians, which are at 1-2 km drilling depth and have a temperature around 110 C);
  13. 13. Transfer of Energy n Huge energy losses due to depreciated transmission and distribution channels; n Non-optimal ratio of decentralized and centralized electro generating capacities (7% to 93%);
  14. 14. Consumption of Energy n Extremely high power-consuming of gross domestic product (0.89 kg of standard fuel per 1$ of product); n Great portion of natural gas in fuel and energy balance, 2/3 of natural gas is utilized by metallurgy and chemical industry; n Cheapness of energy for the industry and municipal sector;
  15. 15. Consumption of Energy n Lack of control for consumed resources (only 1/3 of apartments in Ukraine are equipped with heat and hot water meters); n Non-payments or barter transactions for consumed energy;
  16. 16. Conclusion Ukrainian Energy System suffers from a diversity of social, economical, ecological, technological and political problems, so we cannot treat it as a sustainable system. Realizing and solving them can make Energy System of Ukraine effective and sustainable.

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