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New approaches to scaling up WASH technologies


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A presentation introducing the technology applicability framework (TAF) by Sean Furey from Skat during a side meeting at the water & health conference, at the University of North Carolina (UNC), USA16 October 2013.

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New approaches to scaling up WASH technologies

  1. 1. NEW APPROACHES TO SCALING UP WASH Technologies ‘Water & Health 2013’ UNC October 2013 1
  2. 2. agenda - Thurs pm [1] Welcome & Presentations [2] Speed dating [3] TAF Exercise (intro) TEA BREAK [3] TAF Exercise [4] Conclusions & Close CLOSE 2
  3. 3. agenda [1] Presentations - 60min – Welcome and introductions - 10min – Introducing the TAF & TIP (Sean, Skat) 20min – ‚Title‛ (Water Missions) – 15mins 3
  4. 4. [2] Speed-Dating - 20min – your name, – your organisation, – what technology or service are trying – or have tried – to introduce to a new context? 4
  5. 5. [3] TAF Exercise – Introduction: what and why and quick Q&A – 10min TEA BREAK – Introduction: how the exercise will work – Exercise – 50min 5
  6. 6. [4] Conclusions & Close – Synthesis of group conclusions 6
  8. 8. the daily routine 8
  9. 9. this is poo 9
  10. 10. meet Uma the User 10
  11. 11. meet Petra the Producer 11
  12. 12. meet Godfrey from the Government 12
  13. 13. Let’s get them together 13
  14. 14. TAF – technology applicability framework 14
  15. 15. WASH technology to Does it meet be assessed my needs Will it physically work here? Are the cultural habits and traditions that may forbid the use of this technology? 15
  16. 16.  Assessment of the potential of a WASH technology in a specific context Does it fit with standards and regulations? Can I afford it? Can everyone in my community get access? Are there skilled people to keep it working? What service support is needed, and from who? Is there a viable business model? 16
  18. 18. • Recorded on indicator sheets 18
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. Who is the TAF for? • Those who want to assess whether a new technology should be supported or included on a short list • Inventors/Promoters of new WASH solutions looking to introduce and scale up in a new region or country • Anyone wanting to evaluate the success or failure of an existing technology 21
  22. 22. About WASHTech • 2011-2013, funded by the EU • Piloted in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Uganda • Project Partners: 22
  23. 23. Piloting Rope Pump Rope Pump Rope Pump VIP Latrine Pour Flush Toilet Tippy Tap Urine Dry Diverting Toilet (UDDT) Enviroloo Urine Dry Diverting Toilet (UDDT) India Mark II Ghana Modified India Mark II U2 (India Mark II) Handpump Rainwater Harvesting Tank Biofil Toilet Solar Water Pump Sand Dam Slow Sand Filter Ferro Cement Tank 23
  24. 24. not perfect, but better… 24
  26. 26. SCENARIO A new pump technology is being proposed for a rural village. A meeting has been called by the local NGO implementing the project to decide whether or not this technology is sustainable and appropriate for context. 26
  27. 27. ROLES • Split into four groups – each group splits into four roles user/ community member Producer/ supplier Government representativ e NGO Facilitator 27
  28. 28. WHAT TO DO • Each role has a background sheet with some scenario information • The NGO facilitator has to example TAF questions to guide the discussions 28
  29. 29. SCORING • Summary of technology • Key points of discussion • Any decisions about implementation 29
  30. 30. GROUPS A C (household water filter) Credit: Guguplextech B Urine diverting dry toilet D Credit: Water for People 30
  31. 31. Questions? 31
  32. 32. Results – Solar pump Credit: Guguplextech Solar technologies often exempt from taxes Communities aspire to have the technology Very robust and needs almost no maintenance and repair costs Can put structures in place to manage loans Good supply chain of parts as they are non specific to technology People not willing to contribute regularly as they don’t see where the money is going Expensive Social marketing required for acceptance Users need educating about how the technology works High number of counterfeit products Needs specialist skills to repair 32
  33. 33. Results – Play pump Credit: Water for People Sturdy technology Could work well in a school situation To meet stated targets children would have to play for 27 hours a day! Not suitable for adult use or young children Not possible to see how full the tank is Water not available at the required times of the day Patent holder has the sole rights to the manufacture of the pump and spares Expensive Require heavy specialised equipment to install and maintain Key parts of pump difficult to access and concrete slab must be broken Not totally safe to use. Cannot be in shade. Some governments have banned them Companies don’t want to pay for advertising in rural areas Villagers would prefer an Afridev 33