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New approaches to scaling up WASH technologies

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A presentation introducing the technology applicability framework (TAF) by Sean Furey from Skat during a side meeting at the water & health conference, at the University of North Carolina (UNC), USA16 October 2013.

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New approaches to scaling up WASH technologies

  1. 1. NEW APPROACHES TO SCALING UP WASH Technologies ‘Water & Health 2013’ UNC October 2013 washtechnologies.net 1
  2. 2. agenda - Thurs pm [1] Welcome & Presentations [2] Speed dating [3] TAF Exercise (intro) TEA BREAK [3] TAF Exercise [4] Conclusions & Close CLOSE washtechnologies.net 2
  3. 3. agenda [1] Presentations - 60min – Welcome and introductions - 10min – Introducing the TAF & TIP (Sean, Skat) 20min – ‚Title‛ (Water Missions) – 15mins washtechnologies.net 3
  4. 4. [2] Speed-Dating - 20min – your name, – your organisation, – what technology or service are trying – or have tried – to introduce to a new context? washtechnologies.net 4
  5. 5. [3] TAF Exercise – Introduction: what and why and quick Q&A – 10min TEA BREAK – Introduction: how the exercise will work – Exercise – 50min washtechnologies.net 5
  6. 6. [4] Conclusions & Close – Synthesis of group conclusions washtechnologies.net 6
  7. 7. INTRODUCING THE TAF washtechnologies.net 7
  8. 8. the daily routine washtechnologies.net 8
  9. 9. this is poo washtechnologies.net 9
  10. 10. meet Uma the User washtechnologies.net 10
  11. 11. meet Petra the Producer washtechnologies.net 11
  12. 12. meet Godfrey from the Government washtechnologies.net 12
  13. 13. Let’s get them together washtechnologies.net 13
  14. 14. TAF – technology applicability framework washtechnologies.net 14
  15. 15. WASH technology to Does it meet be assessed my needs washtechnologies.net Will it physically work here? Are the cultural habits and traditions that may forbid the use of this technology? 15
  16. 16.  Assessment of the potential of a WASH technology in a specific context Does it fit with standards and regulations? Can I afford it? Can everyone in my community get access? washtechnologies.net Are there skilled people to keep it working? What service support is needed, and from who? Is there a viable business model? 16
  17. 17. TECHNOLOGY SOCIAL INSTITUTIONAL & LEGAL ENVIRONMENTAL SKILLS & KNOW-HOW ECONOMIC $ washtechnologies.net 17
  18. 18. • Recorded on indicator sheets washtechnologies.net 18
  19. 19. washtechnologies.net 19
  20. 20. washtechnologies.net 20
  21. 21. Who is the TAF for? • Those who want to assess whether a new technology should be supported or included on a short list • Inventors/Promoters of new WASH solutions looking to introduce and scale up in a new region or country • Anyone wanting to evaluate the success or failure of an existing technology washtechnologies.net 21
  22. 22. About WASHTech • 2011-2013, funded by the EU • Piloted in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Uganda • Project Partners: washtechnologies.net 22
  23. 23. Piloting Rope Pump Rope Pump Rope Pump VIP Latrine Pour Flush Toilet Tippy Tap Urine Dry Diverting Toilet (UDDT) Enviroloo Urine Dry Diverting Toilet (UDDT) India Mark II Ghana Modified India Mark II U2 (India Mark II) Handpump Rainwater Harvesting Tank Biofil Toilet Solar Water Pump Sand Dam Slow Sand Filter Ferro Cement Tank washtechnologies.net 23
  24. 24. not perfect, but better… washtechnologies.net 24
  25. 25. GROUP EXERCISE: PUMPS washtechnologies.net 25
  26. 26. SCENARIO A new pump technology is being proposed for a rural village. A meeting has been called by the local NGO implementing the project to decide whether or not this technology is sustainable and appropriate for context. washtechnologies.net 26
  27. 27. ROLES • Split into four groups – each group splits into four roles user/ community member washtechnologies.net Producer/ supplier Government representativ e NGO Facilitator 27
  28. 28. WHAT TO DO • Each role has a background sheet with some scenario information • The NGO facilitator has to example TAF questions to guide the discussions washtechnologies.net 28
  29. 29. SCORING • Summary of technology • Key points of discussion • Any decisions about implementation washtechnologies.net 29
  30. 30. GROUPS A C (household water filter) Credit: Guguplextech B Urine diverting dry toilet D Credit: Water for People washtechnologies.net 30
  31. 31. Questions? washtechnologies.net 31
  32. 32. Results – Solar pump Credit: Guguplextech Solar technologies often exempt from taxes Communities aspire to have the technology Very robust and needs almost no maintenance and repair costs Can put structures in place to manage loans Good supply chain of parts as they are non specific to technology People not willing to contribute regularly as they don’t see where the money is going Expensive Social marketing required for acceptance Users need educating about how the technology works High number of counterfeit products Needs specialist skills to repair washtechnologies.net 32
  33. 33. Results – Play pump Credit: Water for People washtechnologies.net Sturdy technology Could work well in a school situation To meet stated targets children would have to play for 27 hours a day! Not suitable for adult use or young children Not possible to see how full the tank is Water not available at the required times of the day Patent holder has the sole rights to the manufacture of the pump and spares Expensive Require heavy specialised equipment to install and maintain Key parts of pump difficult to access and concrete slab must be broken Not totally safe to use. Cannot be in shade. Some governments have banned them Companies don’t want to pay for advertising in rural areas Villagers would prefer an Afridev 33

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