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Technology Applicability Framework (TAF)


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Technology Applicability Framework (TAF) – a tool for scaling up and monitoring of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies for providing sustainable service delivery
By André Olschewski and Benedict Tuffuor.

Published in: Technology, Business
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Technology Applicability Framework (TAF)

  1. 1. André Olschewski – Skat Foundation SwitzerlandBenedict Tuffuor – TREND GhanaIRC Symposium, Addis Ababa, 12.04.2013
  2. 2. Uptake [number of units providingservices]TrialledTechnologyLowHighTimeToday20 years agoSuccessfulTechnologyRope Pump in AfricaRope Pump in NicaraguaPromisingTechnology
  3. 3.  What is the TAF Concept of the TAF Methodology to apply the TAF Example from TAF application OutlookApril 2013
  4. 4.  The TAF is a decision support tool for assessing andmonitoring applicability of a specific WASH technology forprovision of sustainable services in a specific context Target users of the TAF include government(national, local), privatesector, NGO, academia, development partners The TAF is based on a stepwise and transparent processthat provides concrete information to design mitigationmeasures for improving performance of the technology usedand of the introduction process It is an participatory, facilitating and easy to use tool thattriggers sharing of lessons learned between all actorsincluding local and national levelApril 2013
  5. 5. Usage Context- Need- Market- Policies- Capacities- Economy…Context factors onSupply sideWASH Technology- Functions- Features- RequirementsSustainable WASH ServicesPhysicalContext- Conditions- ApplicabilityContext factors on Demand sideIntroduction process- Implementation- Supply Chain- Operation & Maintenance- Life Cycle Costs- Capacities- Follow up……April 2013Monitoring
  6. 6. April 2013Regarding technology introduction process and use:- Supporting sustainable WASH Services incl. LCC and Equityand Inclusion- Do no harm to environment- Innovation in WASH sector- Strengthening governance and accountabilityTAF uses screening and assessment to assess critical factorsrelated to inputs, on outcomes (service level) but also on theprocess of introduction involving all relevant actors.Requirements for the tool “TAF”: Easy to use for all targetusers of TAF, applicable in different contexts, supportinginclusiveness, fostering accountability by involving all actorsalso during interpretation of results, linking to concrete actions
  7. 7. ContextTechnologySCREENINGNeedandApplicabilityTechnical FunctionCharacteristicsPerformanceASSESSMENTof technology applicabilityusing 18 indicatorsPerspectiveof key actorsUser-BuyerOtherInstitutionsDimensionsSocEconEnvInstKnowTechTAFTechnology Applicability FrameworkProducer-ProviderCost modelDimensions:Soc = SocialEcon = Economical and FinancialEnv = EnvironmentalInst =Institutional, legal,organisationalKnow = Knowhow and skillsTech = TechnologicalApril 2013
  8. 8. Technology Introduction Processdefines tasks for actors involved in each phase of introduction processTIP- Generic concept- For water, sanitation and hygiene technologies- Applicable for different cost models, e.g. market-based approachApril 2013Uptake + O&MTIPPINGPOINTINVENTIONHighTechnologyTimeSuccessfulTechnologyIntroductionUPTAKE & USEUptake [number of unitsinstalled providing services]ActorsInventionTippingPointUptake+UseSpecific tasksper actor andphaseTechnology Introduction ProcessActors ActorsTechnology Introduction Process(TIP): the concept
  9. 9. EconomicSocialEnvironmentalOrganisationalInstitutionalLegalSkills andKnowhowTechnologicalApril 2013
  10. 10. Sustainability Dimensions- Social- Economic- Environmental- Organisational, legal, institutional- Skills and Knowhow- TechnologicalUser,BuyerProducer,ProviderRegulator,Investor,FacilitatorPerspectives of Key Actorsin Introduction Process= 18 TAF IndicatorsTAF uses multiple entry points toaddress critical factors concerningsustainability of services providedby a specific WASH technologyApril 2013
  11. 11. • TAF follows stepwise procedure in 4steps• TAF process is based on desk work,field visits & workshops• All actors are involved in field visits,workshops and interpretation!• TAF process supports sharing ofexperiences, accountability andgovernance.• Structured TAF process is easy to use,involvement of all actors fosterstransparency and inclusiveness.April 2013
  12. 12. +0-High value, neutral or positive, supportive characteristicsPotential impact, could become critical, needs follow upLow value, negative, critical, hindering characteristics? Unclear information, should be clarifiedInterpretation per dimensionper particular perspectiveAs entire profileor for specific topics such as O&MApril 2013SustainabilityDimensionsTechnologySkills &Know-howInstitutional& LegalEnviron-mentalEconomicSocial(4) (5) (6)(7) (8) (9)(10) (11) (12)(13) (14) (15)(16) (17) (18)(1) (2) (3)? ???User/BuyerProducers/ProvidersRegulators/Investors/Facilitators+ +++++00 00----Key perspectives
  13. 13. April 2013
  14. 14. April 2013
  15. 15. DimensionPerspectiveUser / Buyer Producer / Provider Regulator / Investor / FacilitatorSocial Clear willingness to invest No active promotion; producer hasstrategically limited promotionNo need for behavior change and majorsocial marketingEconomic Affordable if Capex issubsidised and if it istargeted at small townsThere is some profit margin –Producer willing to continueproduction. Huge marketingpotential but producer will not beable to do it all aloneNo subsidies for sanitation in line withnational policiesEnvironmental There can be a potential forrisks though not high.Further info on effluentquality needed.Potential for local production withoutharmful input resourcesFurther info on reuse of manure &effluent needed. MMDA monitoring unitsneed training & equipment which comeat a costInstitutional,Organizationaland LegalRequired legal structuresare feasibleNo legal requirements toregister WASH technologies,but it helps for acceptabilityRegulation of quality of constructionsupervised by an engineer. Qualityof effluent checks not being done byEPANot fair to say it doesn’t meet qualitystandards since it has not been checked.Alignment with policies – has not beensubmitted for approval so cannot saySkills andKnowhowUsers can deal withtechnology appropriatelywith respect to O&MIn terms of product development,sufficient skills and capacities exist.But not proven in the promotion andmarketing sideDifferent orgs at the nat’l level-answeringthe question lumps them together andwill present a mixed picture as somehave and some don’t have the capacityTechnological User satisfaction highthough it is in thedevelopmental stageViable models for selling exist Potential exists for support. Unless theright orgs are approached, the supportwon’t come. April 2013
  16. 16.  There can be a potential for risks for environment thoughnot high. Further info on effluent quality needed. Further info on reuse of manure & effluent needed. MMDA monitoring units need training & equipment whichcome at a cost. Potential exists for support. Unless the rightorganisations are approached, the support won’t come. There is some profit margin – Producer willing tocontinue production. Huge need and potential formarketing but producer will not be able to do it all alone. Affordable if CapEx is subsidized and if it is targeted atsmall towns.April 2013
  17. 17. TAF methodology could be applied for:- monitoring of the performance of an existing WASHtechnology and of the introduction process- to define concrete mitigation measures to increasetechnology performance but also of the introductionprocess- for assessing readiness of an alternative technologyfor introductionApril 2013
  18. 18. • TAF was tested in Burkina Faso, Ghana and Ugandaon 13 different WASH technologies• In all three countries government institutions wereappointed as hosts for the TAF• TAF is now used to monitor emerging technologies• TAF and TIP will be used to develop/adapt guidelinesfor validation and introduction in all three countries• TAF and TIP: available as open source by end 2013April 2013
  19. 19. For Information on WASHTech,washtechafrica.wordpress.comor email to: WASHTech@irc.nlFor details on TAF and TIP:andre.olschewski@skat.chc/o Skat FoundationApril 2013
  20. 20. Thank you!