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Power to the people
17 June 2015
Renewable Energy and Innovation towards Sustainable Energy for All
Museo Nazionale della Scienza e della Technologia, Milan
Christopher Case
World Energy Resources TW years
(1 TeraWatt year = 8760 TWhr)
SOLAR
23,000 per year
World energy
consumption
2009 16 TWy per year
Tides
0.3 per
year
0.3-2 per year
Geothermal
3-4 per year
Hydro
2-6 per year
Biomass
3-11 per year
OTEC
Coal
Uranium
Petroleum
Natural Gas
Wind
Waves
0.2-2
25-70
per year 215
Total
240
Total
90-300
Total
900
Total reserve
© R. Perez et al
2050 28 TWy
per year
Next generation solar power 2
The Swanson effect
Next generation solar power 3
Solar PV innovation – The Terrordome
Next generation solar power 4
Source: Bernstein Research. Data: EIA, CIA, World Bank, Bernstein analysis
Generation, storage and distribution
Next generation solar power 5
Solar fuels
Next generation solar power 6
Waka Waka
Next generation solar power 7
Fenix ReadySet
Next generation solar power 8
Isang Litrong Liwanag
Next generation solar power 9
Mobile phone charging
Next generation solar power 10
The magic $100/kWh target for batteries
Next generation solar power 11
Tesla Powerwall
Next generation solar power 12
Silevo PV cell
Next generation solar power 13
Perovskite is the fastest improving technology in PV
history
Next generation solar power 14
0 – 20% in two years
That’s
perovskite
Plus new, $10 bn BIPV market potential by 2023
Vision glass:
6% minimum
efficiency
Spandrels: 15%
minimum
efficiency
Next generation solar power 15
Offering payback on installations of 5 years.
Walkie Talkie
2.3 MWp
1,180 MWh/yr
606 t CO2/yr
saving
Cheesegrater
2.1 MWp
1,001 MWh/yr
499 t CO2/yr
saving
Vision &
spandrel
Vision only
Vision &
spandrel
The Scalpel
2.1 MWp
940 MWh/yr
451 t CO2/yr
saving
Oxford PV perovskite facts in a slide
16
To generate 1
MW takes <20
litres
The Shard
would require
66 litres
UK PV
installed
capacity (5
GW) ~100,000
litres
World PV
forecast for
2015 (53 GW)
~1,000,000
litres
Or a water
cooler bottle
Or a tank of
fuel
Or just less
than a rail
tanker
Or an Olympic
swimming pool
half filled
Next generation solar power
Next generation solar power 17

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Chris Case, Oxford PV

  • 1. Power to the people 17 June 2015 Renewable Energy and Innovation towards Sustainable Energy for All Museo Nazionale della Scienza e della Technologia, Milan Christopher Case
  • 2. World Energy Resources TW years (1 TeraWatt year = 8760 TWhr) SOLAR 23,000 per year World energy consumption 2009 16 TWy per year Tides 0.3 per year 0.3-2 per year Geothermal 3-4 per year Hydro 2-6 per year Biomass 3-11 per year OTEC Coal Uranium Petroleum Natural Gas Wind Waves 0.2-2 25-70 per year 215 Total 240 Total 90-300 Total 900 Total reserve © R. Perez et al 2050 28 TWy per year Next generation solar power 2
  • 3. The Swanson effect Next generation solar power 3
  • 4. Solar PV innovation – The Terrordome Next generation solar power 4 Source: Bernstein Research. Data: EIA, CIA, World Bank, Bernstein analysis
  • 5. Generation, storage and distribution Next generation solar power 5
  • 9. Isang Litrong Liwanag Next generation solar power 9
  • 10. Mobile phone charging Next generation solar power 10
  • 11. The magic $100/kWh target for batteries Next generation solar power 11
  • 13. Silevo PV cell Next generation solar power 13
  • 14. Perovskite is the fastest improving technology in PV history Next generation solar power 14 0 – 20% in two years That’s perovskite
  • 15. Plus new, $10 bn BIPV market potential by 2023 Vision glass: 6% minimum efficiency Spandrels: 15% minimum efficiency Next generation solar power 15 Offering payback on installations of 5 years. Walkie Talkie 2.3 MWp 1,180 MWh/yr 606 t CO2/yr saving Cheesegrater 2.1 MWp 1,001 MWh/yr 499 t CO2/yr saving Vision & spandrel Vision only Vision & spandrel The Scalpel 2.1 MWp 940 MWh/yr 451 t CO2/yr saving
  • 16. Oxford PV perovskite facts in a slide 16 To generate 1 MW takes <20 litres The Shard would require 66 litres UK PV installed capacity (5 GW) ~100,000 litres World PV forecast for 2015 (53 GW) ~1,000,000 litres Or a water cooler bottle Or a tank of fuel Or just less than a rail tanker Or an Olympic swimming pool half filled Next generation solar power

Editor's Notes

  1. Figure 3.8 | Thermochemical routes for solar fuels production, indicating the chemical source of H2 : water (H2 O) for solar thermolysis and solar thermochemical cycles to produce H2 only; fossil or biomass fuels as feedstock for solar cracking to produce H2 and carbon (C); or a combination of fossil/biomass fuels and H2 O/CO2 for solar reforming and gasifi cation to produce syngas, H2 and carbon monoxide (CO). For the solar decarbonization processes, sequestration of the CO2 /C may be considered (from Steinfeld and Meier, 2004; Steinfeld, 2005).
  2. Water cooler is 19 litres, Shard approx. 3.3MW. Ford S-Max tank is 70 litres. Rail tanker DOT-111 is approx. 30,110 US gallons, or 113,978 litres. Olympic swimming pool is approx. 660,000US gallons or 2.5 million litres (50m x 25m x 2m=2,500m3). Assumed efficiency is 15%.