OrientationPhung Le, Vy Nghiem, and Jenny UgaleSexual
Sexual OrientationA persons sexual developmenthappens at the moment theyreborn, despite many peoples beliefthat sexual development happensduring adolescence, and continuesto develop through a persons life.Psychologist Erik Erikson called this theory the:Eight Stages of Man.?
Erik EriksonsEriksons theory is thatour social andemotionaldevelopment isbased on each stagein life, and whether ornot somethinghappens affects howwe develop on apsychosocial level.
So the question is:People either believe sexual orientationis biological or developed throughouttime.Are people born Gay
TheoriesEssentialists believe that sexual orientationis based off of physiological influencessuch as the brain, genetics, and hormones.
Theories (cont.)The fraternal birth orderhypothesis suggests that themore older brothers a boyhas, the higher chances theyoungest is gay.As women have baby boys,their bodies produceantibodies that attack futuremale fetuses which mayaffect the brain and cause itto be more female, althoughbiologically male.
Developmental TheoriesBehaviorist theories would suggest that sexualorientation is a learned behavior broughtabout over time due to the rewarding of somebehaviors, and the punishing of others. Wecan also call it the Constructionist theories.+ positive reinforcement+ punishment reinforcement
Freud’s psychoanalytic viewChildren are born with psychic energy.Innately bisexual result from their experiencewith their parents.Oedipus complex.Homosexuality is the result of being disturbed bythe sight of the opposite-sex genitalia.
theoriesEmphasize the idea that sexual orientation isconstructed based on society’s expectations.
Queer theorySuggests that all sexualities are constructscreated by certain social forces and institutions,such as science, religion, and politics.