Speaker Bureau Presentation

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Speaker Bureau Presentation

  1. 1. Ranked Choice Voting 101
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><ul><li>What is Ranked Choice Voting? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How Do I Vote? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How Will the Votes Be Counted? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How Can I Help? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Election <ul><ul><li>November 3, 2009 is Election Day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There is no primary in 2009 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipal elections only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mayor, City Council, Park Board, Board of Estimate and Taxation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only in the City of Minneapolis </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What is Ranked Choice Voting? <ul><ul><li>Voters rank up to three candidates for each race. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2006, Minneapolis voters approved using Ranked Choice Voting for Municipal Elections. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This upcoming election will be the first time that voters in Minneapolis will use this new voting method. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 1 – Get a Ballot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sign-in or register to vote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstration Judge will provide instructions on how to vote with a ranked choice voting ballot </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have the choice of voting using either a pen or the AutoMARK </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 2 – Vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vote by filling in an oval on a paper ballot </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rank candidates in order of preference </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 2 – Vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make your first choice in the first column on the left </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mark your second choice in the second column, if you have one </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mark your third choice in the third column, if you have one </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 2 – Vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Election officials will not use your second or third choice unless your first choice has already been eliminated or elected. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 3 – What Not to Do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Skipping a column before or between ranked candidates </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 3 – What Not to Do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marking the same candidate in more than one column </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 3 – What Not to Do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marking more than one candidate for office in the same column </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 3 – What Not to Do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>REMEMBER! – You can only vote for one at-large Park Board candidate and Board of Estimate and Taxation candidate per column </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 3 – What Not to Do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>REMEMBER! – You can only vote for one at-large Park Board candidate and Board of Estimate and Taxation candidate per column </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 4 – Cast your Ballot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Look over your ballot one last time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feed the ballot into the ballot counter and wait for it to accept your ballot. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If the machine does not accept your ballot ask an election judge for assistance. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. How are the Votes Counted? <ul><ul><ul><li>The first choice votes for all candidates are sorted and counted. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If no candidate receives the required number of votes to win , a process of eliminating candidates and considering subsequent choices begins. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The Counting Process Begins <ul><ul><li>Fixes voter error </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All errors and remedies are outlined in the city ordinance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Count write-in candidates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand count all offices </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. The Threshold <ul><ul><li>1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of seats + 1 </li></ul></ul>+ 1 vote <ul><li>The number of votes necessary to win </li></ul>
  18. 18. Single Seat Elections <ul><ul><li>If no one passes the threshold (50% + 1 vote) the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The second choice votes from the eliminated candidate are redistributed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Counting continues until a winner is declared. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Single Seat Example: Round 1 Candidates Votes Pershing 1,000 North Commons 800 Matthews 700 Wirth 500 TOTAL 3,000
  20. 20. Single Seat Example: The Threshold <ul><ul><li>(Total votes/2) + 1 vote = Threshold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(3,000/2) + 1 = 1,501 </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Single Seat Example: Round 2 Candidates Round 1 results Redistribution Round 2 results Pershing 1,000 0 1,000 North Commons 800 +250 1,050 Matthews 700 +250 950 Wirth 500 -500 0 TOTAL 3,000 3,000
  22. 22. Single Seat Example: Round 3 Candidates Round 1 results Round 2 results Redistribution Round 3 Results Pershing 1,000 1,000 0 1,000 North Commons 800 1,050 +950 2,000 Mathews 700 950 -950 0 Wirth 500 0 0 0 TOTAL 3,000 3,000 3,000
  23. 23. Multiple Seat Elections <ul><ul><li>The threshold is calculated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Park Board At-Large: 25% + 1 vote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Board of Estimate and Taxation: 33% + 1 vote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If all the seats are not filled during the first round, mathematical elimination begins. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The second choice votes from the mathematically eliminated candidate are redistributed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This continues until there are no more candidates that can be mathematically eliminated. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Multiple Seat Elections Continued <ul><ul><li>If candidates have votes over the threshold, their surplus votes are proportionally redistributed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mathematical elimination begins again if there are no more surplus votes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This continues until all the seats are filled. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Park Board Example: Round 1 Candidates Votes Lake Nokomis 1,300 Lake Harriet 850 Lake Hiawatha 750 Lake Calhoun 710 Brownie Lake 390 TOTAL 4,000
  26. 26. Park Board Example: The Threshold <ul><ul><li>4,000/4 + 1 = 1,001 </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Park Board Example: Round 2 Candidates Round 1 results Redistribution Round 2 results Lake Nokomis 1,300 1,300 Lake Harriet 850 850 Lake Hiawatha 750 +300 1,050 Lake Calhoun 710 +90 800 Brownie Lake 390 -390 0 TOTAL 4,000 4,000
  28. 28. Park Board Example: Surplus <ul><ul><li>surplus votes = surplus fraction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>total votes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>299 = .23 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,300 </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Park Board Example: Distributing the Surplus <ul><ul><li>Of all the 1,300 voters who ranked Lake Nokomis first… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1,250 ranked Lake Calhoun second </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>50 ranked Lake Hiawatha second </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Park Board Example: Distributing the Surplus <ul><ul><li>Lake Calhoun: 1,250 x .23 = 287.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lake Hiawatha: 50 x .23 = 11.5 </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Park Board Example: Round 3 Candidates Round 1 results Round 2 results Redistribution Round 3 results Lake Nokomis 1,300 1,300 -299 1,001 Lake Harriet 850 850 +11.5 861.5 Lake Hiawatha 750 1,050 1,050 Lake Calhoun 710 800 +287.5 1,087.5 Brownie Lake 390 0 0 TOTAL 4,000 4,000 4,000
  32. 32. Counting by Hand <ul><ul><li>A hand count is required by state law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No federally certified equipment for Ranked Choice Voting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Results will be released as they are known. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Educating the Public <ul><ul><li>Speakers Bureau </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outreach to Community Partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighbor to Neighbor Engagement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mail to Voters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tour of the City – 14 events in 14 nights </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. How Can You Help <ul><ul><li>Request a Speaker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribute Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recruit Volunteers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Display Educational Posters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Send us your Feedback </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Questions? <ul><ul><li>For more information: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call – 311 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visit – www.voteminneapolis.org </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail – info@voteminneapolis.org </li></ul></ul></ul>

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