Characterizing Habitats at
the Flower Garden Banks
National Marine Sanctuary
Maureen Williams et al.
LaboratoryofDr.Joshua...
Techniques
ROV
Transects
SCUBA &
Tech Diving
Acoustics
Techniques
ROV
Transects
Benthic Habitat
Classification
Coral Community
Composition
ROV Transects
100 m
Government of the Netherlands Antilles
ROV Transects
Government of the Netherlands Antilles
ROV Transects
Government of the Netherlands Antilles
ROV Transects
Benthic Habitat
Classification
Coral Community
Composition
Government of the Netherlands Antilles
Benthic Habitat
Classification
Fine-Scaled
Five
Habitat Types
West Bank
East Bank
Algal Nodule (AN)
Coralline Algal Reef (CA)
Coral Reef (CR)
Deep Reef(DR)
Soft Bott...
Habitat TypesAlgal Nodule
Coralline Algal Reef
Coral Reef
Deep Reef
Soft Bottom
West Bank
East Bank
215 Transects
2732 Photos
2012
2011
2010
Images Edited
Images Removed
Cloudy Distant
Blurry
205 Transects
2259 Photos
Final Analysis
95% of Transects
83% of Photos
Import into CPCe
Overlay 50 points
Identify Points
Density Counts
BiotaBare Hard Bottom Bare Soft Bottom
Fish Cnidarians Echinoderms Bacterial Mats Algae MollusksSponges
Class Alcyonacea
F...
BiotaBare Hard Bottom Bare Soft Bottom
Fish Cnidarians Echinoderms Bacterial Mats Algae MollusksSponges
Class Alcyonacea
F...
Benthic Habitats
2 Way ANOSIM
Habitat p<0.01
Bank p<0.01
PercentageBottomCover
Coralline Algal Reef
Phylum Level
Community
Analysis
Phylum Percent Cover
Phylum Percent Cover
Phylum Percent Cover
Phylum Percent Cover
Phylum Percent Cover
Phylum Percent Cover
Community Assemblages- Phylum Level
2 Way ANOSIM
Habitat p<0.01 Bank p<0.01
Community Assemblages- Phylum Level
2 Way ANOSIM
Habitat p<0.01 Bank p<0.01
Community Assemblages- Phylum Level
2 Way ANOSIM
Habitat p<0.01 Bank p<0.01
Cnidarian Family
Level
Community
Analysis
Family Percent Cover
Coral Reef
Family Percent Cover
Coral Reef
Orbicella franksi
Orbicella faveolata
Family Percent Cover
Coral Reef
Montastraea cavernosa
Family Percent Cover
Coral Reef
Pseudodiploria strigosa
Colpophyllia natans
Family Percent CoverDeep Reef
Aphanipathidae Plexauridae
Antipathidae
Myriopathidae
2 Way ANOSIM
Habitat p<0.01
Bank p<0.01
Coral Family Density
Density(#/m2)
Coral Family Density
Density(#/m2)
Coral Family Density
Density(#/m2)
Coral Family Density
Density(#/m2)
Coral Species
Analysis
Pseudodiploria
strigosa
Montastraea
cavernosa
West Bank
5.10%
East Bank
5.71%
West Bank
5.35%
East Bank
5.15%
Orbicella franksi
West Bank
20.07%
East Bank
6.86%
Orbicella faveolata
West Bank
10.59%
East Bank
11.27%
Coral Reef Species Cover
Summary
• High coral cover in Coral Reef Caps
• High density of corals in Coral Reef
Caps and Deep Reef habitats
• Habitat...
Dr. Joshua Voss
Emma Hickerson
Marissa Nuttall
G.P. Schmahl
Randy Clark
Chris Taylor
John Reed
Thanks to…
Erik Ebert
Greg ...
Any questions?
MWilliams_BenthicEcologyMeeting_FlowerGardenBanks
MWilliams_BenthicEcologyMeeting_FlowerGardenBanks
MWilliams_BenthicEcologyMeeting_FlowerGardenBanks
MWilliams_BenthicEcologyMeeting_FlowerGardenBanks
MWilliams_BenthicEcologyMeeting_FlowerGardenBanks
MWilliams_BenthicEcologyMeeting_FlowerGardenBanks
MWilliams_BenthicEcologyMeeting_FlowerGardenBanks
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MWilliams_BenthicEcologyMeeting_FlowerGardenBanks
MWilliams_BenthicEcologyMeeting_FlowerGardenBanks
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MWilliams_BenthicEcologyMeeting_FlowerGardenBanks

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Talk presented at the 2014 Benthic Ecology Meeting in Jacksonville. Presented by Maureen Williams, the talk focused on the coral communities of the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary

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MWilliams_BenthicEcologyMeeting_FlowerGardenBanks

  1. 1. Characterizing Habitats at the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary Maureen Williams et al. LaboratoryofDr.JoshuaVoss,RobertsonCoralReefProgram HarborBranchOceanographicInstituteatFloridaAtlanticUniversity Benthic Ecology Meeting 2014 Jacksonville, FL
  2. 2. Techniques ROV Transects SCUBA & Tech Diving Acoustics
  3. 3. Techniques ROV Transects Benthic Habitat Classification Coral Community Composition
  4. 4. ROV Transects 100 m Government of the Netherlands Antilles
  5. 5. ROV Transects Government of the Netherlands Antilles
  6. 6. ROV Transects Government of the Netherlands Antilles
  7. 7. ROV Transects Benthic Habitat Classification Coral Community Composition Government of the Netherlands Antilles
  8. 8. Benthic Habitat Classification Fine-Scaled
  9. 9. Five Habitat Types West Bank East Bank Algal Nodule (AN) Coralline Algal Reef (CA) Coral Reef (CR) Deep Reef(DR) Soft Bottom (SB) Coral Reef Cap Algal Nodules Coralline Algae Reef Deep Coral Coral Reef Cap Algal Nodules Coralline Algae Reef Deep Coral
  10. 10. Habitat TypesAlgal Nodule Coralline Algal Reef Coral Reef Deep Reef Soft Bottom
  11. 11. West Bank East Bank 215 Transects 2732 Photos 2012 2011 2010
  12. 12. Images Edited
  13. 13. Images Removed Cloudy Distant Blurry
  14. 14. 205 Transects 2259 Photos Final Analysis 95% of Transects 83% of Photos
  15. 15. Import into CPCe
  16. 16. Overlay 50 points
  17. 17. Identify Points
  18. 18. Density Counts
  19. 19. BiotaBare Hard Bottom Bare Soft Bottom Fish Cnidarians Echinoderms Bacterial Mats Algae MollusksSponges Class Alcyonacea Family Level Species Level Order Antipatharia Order Scleractinia Phylum Level
  20. 20. BiotaBare Hard Bottom Bare Soft Bottom Fish Cnidarians Echinoderms Bacterial Mats Algae MollusksSponges Class Alcyonacea Family Level Species Level Order Antipatharia Order Scleractinia Phylum Level
  21. 21. Benthic Habitats 2 Way ANOSIM Habitat p<0.01 Bank p<0.01 PercentageBottomCover
  22. 22. Coralline Algal Reef
  23. 23. Phylum Level Community Analysis
  24. 24. Phylum Percent Cover
  25. 25. Phylum Percent Cover
  26. 26. Phylum Percent Cover
  27. 27. Phylum Percent Cover
  28. 28. Phylum Percent Cover
  29. 29. Phylum Percent Cover
  30. 30. Community Assemblages- Phylum Level 2 Way ANOSIM Habitat p<0.01 Bank p<0.01
  31. 31. Community Assemblages- Phylum Level 2 Way ANOSIM Habitat p<0.01 Bank p<0.01
  32. 32. Community Assemblages- Phylum Level 2 Way ANOSIM Habitat p<0.01 Bank p<0.01
  33. 33. Cnidarian Family Level Community Analysis
  34. 34. Family Percent Cover Coral Reef
  35. 35. Family Percent Cover Coral Reef Orbicella franksi Orbicella faveolata
  36. 36. Family Percent Cover Coral Reef Montastraea cavernosa
  37. 37. Family Percent Cover Coral Reef Pseudodiploria strigosa Colpophyllia natans
  38. 38. Family Percent CoverDeep Reef Aphanipathidae Plexauridae Antipathidae Myriopathidae
  39. 39. 2 Way ANOSIM Habitat p<0.01 Bank p<0.01
  40. 40. Coral Family Density Density(#/m2)
  41. 41. Coral Family Density Density(#/m2)
  42. 42. Coral Family Density Density(#/m2)
  43. 43. Coral Family Density Density(#/m2)
  44. 44. Coral Species Analysis
  45. 45. Pseudodiploria strigosa Montastraea cavernosa West Bank 5.10% East Bank 5.71% West Bank 5.35% East Bank 5.15%
  46. 46. Orbicella franksi West Bank 20.07% East Bank 6.86% Orbicella faveolata West Bank 10.59% East Bank 11.27%
  47. 47. Coral Reef Species Cover
  48. 48. Summary • High coral cover in Coral Reef Caps • High density of corals in Coral Reef Caps and Deep Reef habitats • Habitats and Banks significantly different at the phylum level • Cnidarian community components similar across banks within habitats, with relative abundances varying most
  49. 49. Dr. Joshua Voss Emma Hickerson Marissa Nuttall G.P. Schmahl Randy Clark Chris Taylor John Reed Thanks to… Erik Ebert Greg Piniak Lance Horn Glenn Taylor Doug Kesling Greg McFall Kim Edwards Jenny Vanderpluym Laurie Bauer The R/V Manta The Nancy Foster
  50. 50. Any questions?

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