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Fricatives

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Fricatives

  1. 1. Title: Fricatives 1. Fricatives  /s, z, f, v, h/  /?, ? , ?, ? /  http//www.uiowa.edu/acadtech/phonetics/about.htm l  Which are voice?  Which are anterior?  Which are continuant?  Which are coronal? 2. /s, z, f, v, h, ?, ?, ?, ?/distinctive features  Which are voice?  Which are anterior?  Which are continuant?  Which are coronal?  Which are strident?  Which are rounded?  Which are low? 3. /s, z, f, v, h, ?, ?, ?, ?/placement  Which are alveolar?  Which are palatal?  Which are interdental?
  2. 2.  Which are glottal?  Which are labiodental? 4. Fricatives  What is a voiceless labiodentalfricative?  What is a voiced interdentalfricative?  What is a voiced alveolar fricative?  What is a voiceless palatal fricative?  What is a voiceless glottal fricative? 5. Distinctive Feature analysis  -Vocalic -Rounded  Consonantal-Distributed  -Sonorant-Nasal  -Coronal -Lateral  -Anterior Continuant  -High -Tense  Low -Voiced  -Back -Strident 6. Distinctive Feature analysis  -Vocalic -Rounded  Consonantal-Distributed  -Sonorant-Nasal
  3. 3.  Coronal -Lateral  Anterior Continuant  High -Tense  -Low Voiced  -Back Strident 7. Phonological processes affecting fricatives  Weak syllable deletiontennis?  Final consonant deletionbath?  Initial consonant deletionhorse?  Cluster reductionstuck?  Stoppingvacuum?  Assimilation  Regressive assimilation of stop sick?  Progressive assimilation of labial bun? 8. /f/  Developmental data  90 mastery at age 4.0  Initial, medial and final positions at 3.0  Description  Voiceless labiodentalfricative  Frequencyof occurrence  15/24 of consonants
  4. 4. 9. Distinctive features  Vocalic Rounded  ConsonantalDistributed  SonorantNasal  Coronal Lateral  Anterior Continuant  High Tense  Low Voiced  Back Strident 10. /v/  Developmental data  90 mastery at age 8.0  Initial 6.0, medial 4.0, and final position at 6.0  Description  Voiced labiodentalfricative  Frequencyof occurrence  14/24 of consonants 11. /T/  Developmental data  90 mastery at age 7.0  Initial, medial and final at 6.0
  5. 5.  Description  Voiceless interdentalfricative  theta  Frequencyof occurrence  20/24 of consonants 12. Distinctive Feature  -Vocalic -Rounded  Consonantal-Distributed  -Sonorant-Nasal  Coronal -Lateral  Anterior Continuant  -High Tense  -Low -Voiced  -Back -Strident 13. /D/  Developmental data  90 mastery at age 8.0  Initial at 6.0, medial and final at 7.0  Description  Voiced interdental fricative  eth  Frequencyof occurrence  9/24 of consonants
  6. 6. 14. /s/  Developmental data  90 mastery at age 8.0  Initial at 4.0, medial at 3.6 and final at 4.6  Description  Voiceless alveolar fricative  Frequencyof occurrence  5/24 of consonants 15. /z/  Developmental data  90 mastery at age 8.0  Initial at 7.0, medial at 3.6 and final at 7.0  Description  Voiced alveolar fricative  Frequencyof occurrence  7/24 of consonants 16. Distinctive Features  -Vocalic -Rounded  Consonantal-Distributed  -Sonorant-Nasal  Coronal -Lateral  Anterior Continuant
  7. 7.  High -Tense  -Low Voiced  -Back Strident 17. /S/  Developmental data  90 mastery at age 7.0  Initial at 4.0, medial at 4.6 and final at 4.0  Description  Voiceless palatal fricative  esh  Frequencyof occurrence  21/24 of consonants 18. Distinctive Features  -Vocalic -Rounded  ConsonantalDistributed  -Sonorant-Nasal  Coronal -Lateral  -Anterior Continuant  High Tense  -Low -Voiced  -Back Strident 19. /Z/
  8. 8.  Developmental data  90 mastery at age 8.6  Initial and medial at 7.0 final at 7.0  Description  Voiced palatal fricative  /EZ/  Frequencyof occurrence  24/24 of consonants 20. /h/  Developmental data  90 mastery at age 3.0  Initial and medial at 3.0  Description  Voiceless glottal fricative  Frequencyof occurrence  13/24 of consonants 21. Distinctive Features  -Vocalic -Rounded  Consonantal-Distributed  -Sonorant-Nasal  -Coronal -Lateral  -Anterior Continuant  -High -Tense
  9. 9.  Low -Voiced  -Back -Strident  An error in your textbook

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