Valley Zoo Hazard Assessment


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Valley Zoo Hazard Assessment

  1. 1. Community Services Community Facility Services Branch HAZARD ASSESSMENT and CONTROL Completed by: Zoo/JJNC Safety Committee; Milton Ness, Description of Work Area: Date Created: February 25, 2010 Sandy Heliker Valley Zoo (complex and Previous Reviews: May 5, 2008 Reviewed by: All Zoo Staff February, 2009 grounds) Approved by: Denise Prefontaine, Dean Treichel Target Hazard S P E Rate1 Existing Controls S P E Rate2 Further Controls Action By Date 1. On Site Emergency or 3 2 3 8 a) Staff trained in Emergency 2 1 3 6 Threat of Emergency Serious Procedures. Moderate  Fire All May/ b) Staff trained in Department Quick extinguisher Supervisors 2010 • Managing emergencies Emergency Procedures. training. such as a dangerous c) Staff trained in Emergency animal escape, fire, Equipment (First aid, CPR, AED, fire  Emergency medical emergency (heart extinguishers etc.) equipment attack), etc. d) For chemical spills appropriate PPE discussions available (suit, gloves, and during safety • Not having emergency respirators). talks. equipment available when e) Building fire alarms, sprinklers, needed (ep kit, fire smoke detectors and CO detectors. extinguishers, etc.) to f) Orientation to site including buildings mitigate or minimize for new employees (exits, fire injuries and possible loss extinguishers, first aid room/kits of life. etc.). http://ecity/AppForms/HRForms/Orie ntation/Checklistemployee.pdf g) Emergency exits signage (building and site). h) Emergency drills and debriefings conducted annually. i) Cash handling procedures. j) Scheduled first aid kit, annual fire extinguisher (Tyco) and emergency equipment inspections. (Smoke and CO detectors and AED). k) Critical incident stress debriefing team available. l) Severe weather alert radio. 1 without controls in place 2 with existing controls in place Page 1 of 12
  2. 2. m) Staff fire arms training for dangerous animal escapes. 2. Workplace Violence 3 3 2 8 a) Restricted access into building with 2 3 1 6 Serious card access only (cash, drugs, Moderate  Request a Dean 2010 • Against and between - firearms). security Treichel colleagues, patrons and b) Building entry door sensors and audit. public. Resulting in peep holes. physical, emotional or c) On site staff available for support. physiological trauma and d) Workplace violence training. injuries. Corporate Administrative Directive and Procedure • Dealing with unauthorized entry into the facility and ment/documents/A1438_Workplace_ grounds by the public. Violence_Dir.pdf. e) Refer to facility and department • Diffusing tense situations. Emergency procedures. f) Non-violence crisis intervention • Armed Robbery and training and certification. thefts. g) First aid, CPR and AED trained staff on site available to respond in • Large complex (isolated emergency situations. areas, parking lot). h) Corporate Identification Cards. Policy. Wearing of Corporate Identification Cards (A1434A) i) Cash handling procedures. j) Locking doors & arming building after hours. k) Opening check in and closing procedures. l) Corporate Security telephone and two-way radio check-ins. m) Roving Police and Park Ranger patrols outside the facility perimeter fence. n) Cell phones, two way radios and telephones available for use. o) Regular check of isolated areas. p) Partial and full plexi-glass for security purposes in cash handling. q) Staff escort in closing cash shift transported to secured building. 3. Ergonomics 2 2 3 7 a) Ergonomically designed furniture 2 1 1 4  Recommend Colin Wenger May/ Serious (desks & chairs) Low ations for re- 2010 • Musculoskeletal injury b) Ergonomic reviews of equipment / design and Corporate and/or reduced furniture positioning by City of re- Security Edmonton Ergonomic Consultant construction Locksmith Page 2 of 12
  3. 3. productivity due to poor c) Staff awareness of proper sitting / of work areas and incorrect workstation working. To access Injury at the main set up or design. Prevention Tips follow this path. gate for cash Home > Employee Information > handling staff Safety & Wellness > Employee (swivel peep Health Services > Corporate holes, Ergonomics Program >. security d) Corporate purchasing standards in mirrors, etc.) place to address acquisition of new  Fixed wood office furniture. structure with e) Staff medical concerns related to electrical office equipment use / design power reported to their supervisors, for required for action. the storage of f) Staff exercise & stretching. Follow accessible link to Stretch Better, Feel Better equipment at Video. Home > Employee the main Information > Safety & Wellness > gate. Online Training & Publications > Stretch Better, Feel Better g) Ergonomic Assessment of ticket booths completed in 2009. 4. Motor Vehicle 3 3 2 8 a) Valid driver’s license 3 1 2 6 Accidents (off & on work Serious b) Business insurance coverage for Moderate site) personal vehicle. c) Traveling on official City business • Injuries while driving Directive. Employee Business (to/from work, and during Expense-Local and Out of business hours). Town (A1415G) d) Safe driving and vehicle operating practices • Injuries while in a motor e) Defensive Driving Courses for those vehicle while conducting who are driving daily, (requirement work related activity on from Fleet Safety). facility grounds and off f) Corporate Policy - A1453 no site. electronic device (cell phones) use while traveling in vehicle. To • Golf carts, utility vehicles, reference right click, open hyberlink. trucks, bob cat, etc). Use of Electronic Devices While Driving (A1453). g) Training for all vehicles. 5. Working Alone (after 3 3 3 9 a) Phones and cell phones, security 2 1 3 6 Dean Dec. regular hours, special Serious two-way radio available for staff. Moderate  Request Treichel 2010 events and during normal b) Trades sign-in sheets sign in/out log security working hours) system. audit. c) Restricted access into building - card Page 3 of 12
  4. 4. • As a result of working and key access - Corporate alone, staff has increased Identification Cards. Wearing of risk and exposure to Corporate Identification Cards emergencies, acts of (A1434A). violence, etc. where no- d) Building sensor security system. one else is available e) On-site staff available for support nearby for immediate aid. and cash escorts. f) Violence in the Workplace training. Home > Training > Employee Training > eLearning > Workplace Violence. g) Emergency procedures. h) Opening and closing (lock-up) procedures. i) All employees trained in violence prevention. http://ecity/assets/Violence_Preventi on_Guide.pdf 6. Unsafe Office 2 1 2 5 a) Semi annual and monthly safety 1 1 1 3 Site Services Feb/ Equipment or Moderate inspections. Low  WHMIS 2010 Chemical Exposure b) Staff reporting unsafe equipment or training conditions. • Office equipment not c) Distribution of safety alerts. properly maintained or d) WHMIS training. having appropriate safety e) Safety committee discussions to devises (laminator, paper address any unsafe conditions. cutter, etc). f) Master MSDS information located on the safety wall g) First aid kits and staff trained in First • Sharp instruments (paper aid, CPR and AED. Poison Control cutters, mat cutters, etc.). Centre (1-800-332-1414). h) First aid supplies including eye wash • Zoo keeping tools (ice solutions and kits inspected and chipper, shovel and replenished regularly. bleach). i) Staff trained on proper use of correct storage, operation and cleaning of • Veterinary equipment (x- equipment. rays, etc.). j) Proper PPE (gloves, goggles, blade guards, masks, boots etc) k) Proper PPE (x-ray gowns) and monitors regularly for exposure. l) Power tools inspected annually by a contractor (frayed cords, guards etc.) 7. Trips, Slips & Falls 2 2 3 7 a) Wearing appropriate PPE for the 2 1 3 6 Serious conditions (footwear, non-slip ice Moderate  Project to OH & S • Outdoors, walking on ice, boots, etc.) identify Consultant 2010 Page 4 of 12
  5. 5. tripping on uneven b) Personal awareness of various trip confined surfaces, etc. and slip hazards were ever you are. spaces, fall • Falling from ladders or c) Report conditions that are unsafe hazards and high places. and require maintaining (i.e. restricted excessive ice, loose cords, etc.). spaces. • Indoors tripping on stairs, d) Safety inspections and random mats, carpet, uneven inspections. Actions taken to correct  Direction on surfaces, boxes, cords, and report potential trip hazards where to etc. immediately. record and • Inside slipping on tiled e) Proper work practices are followed, save this floor. lifting, moving heavy objects, storage information. • Slipping on wet surfaces. of supplies, housekeeping / cleaning. • Tripping on uneven f) Standard First aid, CPR and AED surfaces, edging, rocks trained staff. and logs etc. g) Proper PPE - shoes, ice melt by doors during winter, etc. • Climbing ladders. h) OH&S Safety Alerts & videos • Cuts and bruises from http://ecity/employeeinformation/safe projecting office furniture ty_wellness/safety-period- and cage furniture videos.aspx (branches). http://ecity/employeeinformation/safe • Electrical, computer and ty_wellness/safety-bulletins-and- telephone cords placed in incident-alerts.aspx traffic areas due to i) Understand confined space and fall insufficient electrical protection legislation outlets. http://ecity/employeeinformation/safe ty_wellness/explanation-guides.aspx • Improper storage of including signage equipment causing body j) Guard rails for fall protection. injury (pinched fingers, k) Rubber or carpet floor mats hitting heads, eye injury, l) Use of Signage - wet floors, etc. tripping hazard etc.). 8. Bodily fluids and 2 3 3 8 a) First aid kits, biohazard kits and staff 1 2 2 5 Colin Wenger Mar/ Biohazards Serious trained in first aid. Moderate 2010 b) Staff trained on proper handling -  Bio-hazard kit • Exposure to infections and wash hands, use hand sanitizer. for the first diseases from bodily fluids c) Regular safety inspections aid room. (blood, vomit, etc.). d) Proper PPE - gloves, masks, Cleaning, applying first goggles, uniforms, easily accessible aid, handling lost and e) Provincial OH&S Biohazard found items. information • Animal waste etc. may xchg/hre/hs.xsl/136.html#bacteria have viruses, moulds, etc. f) Tailgate talks with staff impacting worker health. Page 5 of 12
  6. 6. • Dust and atomized water (documented). particles causing a g) Regular decontamination of personal breathing hazard. work area. h) Employee vaccination program • Biological exposure to (rabies, hepatitis A & B, TB potential zoonotic disease. screening, tetanus) recommended • Viruses and infections for animal handling staff. from animal handling i) Staff trained to leave unsafe areas. (bites, scratches, etc.). j) Open windows and doors for • Blood collection (manual ventilation. and chemical restraint, k) Purge air (centre hall). transferring blood in l) Report specific medical conditions syringe to vacutainers. related to allergies. Contact to blood material m) Advise for flu vaccination. while handling blood n) Use of bio-hazard kits (vet services). (making blood o) Sharps container, needle use smears/slides) protocols p) Veterinary license (especially for necropsy) q) Veterinary PPE / equipment r) Annual Quality Assurance Self- Verification Guide for Veterinary Practice Entities - submitted to the Alberta Veterinary Medical Association (ABVMA) - reviewed by the Practice Inspection and Practice Standards committee of the ABVMA 9. Unsanitary Garbage 2 2 3 7 a) Use tongs to handle needles, 1 1 3 5 and Sharp Objects Serious b) PPE- (protective gloves, safety Moderate (needles) glasses) c) Store needles in a Hazardous • Being injured while Material (Sharp’s) Container/- Follow cleaning facility. Standard Operating Procedures.Referencehttp://ecity/ass • Bio Hazard disposal and ets/BBF_Document_2007.pdf clean-up, removal and d) First aid training, kits and safe storage of responders. hypodermic needles, e) Regular safety talks (seasonal and blood, etc. tail gate) • Dirty & unsanitary objects - passing diseases. Page 6 of 12
  7. 7. 10. Lifting or Moving 2 3 2 7 a) Obtain help of other facility staff for 1 1 2 4 Heavy Objects Serious heavy work (some tasks require 2 or Low more staff) • Back injuries, pinched b) Ability to contract out heavy work fingers, etc. from lifting c) Equipment available to assist with heavy objects (shelves, heavy lifting (push carts, power tail tables, boxes, etc.). gates, dollie, etc.) Moving heavy objects, d) OH&S information on Heavy lifting. lifting and carrying Provincial publications on correct (wheelchairs, hay bails, lifting - grain bags, animal crates, cps/rde/xchg/hre/hs.xsl/136.html cage furniture, wash e) Utilize proper lifting techniques. buckets, animals, meat f) PPE - gloves, steel toe boots, etc. boxes, salt bags, etc). g) Regular safety talks h) Staff trained on moving and storing • Blunt force injury from heavy objects, - wheelchairs, moving cage furniture. strollers, etc. i) Orientation and training. Pinched fingers, hitting head, j) Boat tie ropes & clips. eye injury) during use of k) Proper storage and organized work safes, etc.). space. Paddle boats • Lifting, moving or transporting the boats, assisting riders in & out boats. Carousel • Loading and unloading wheelchairs on carousel, assembling or removing components. • Resulting in back injuries, muscle strains, pinched fingers, etc. 11. Building Features 3 2 3 8 a) Scheduled building maintenance 3 1 2 6 June Serious b) Safety inspections Moderate  Develop a list Colin 2010 • Restricted spaces and fall c) Trades repair requests of confined Wenger, hazards if not properly d) New employee orientation to building spaces and controlled create unsafe http://ecity/assets/Checklistemployee fall hazard Wade conditions for staff .pdf work Krasnow, • Older buildings - interior e) Emergency procedures activities to railings & stairs f) Annual scheduled maintenance of ensure that Christine • Roll shutters-may fall and roll shutters staff is Deputat- g) Separate training for accessible appropriately Rondeau Page 7 of 12
  8. 8. hit person. equipment and safes. protected. h) Proper storage and organized work space.  Identify any i) Use of blinds for shielding from direct engineered sunlight and after hours security controls purposes. needed 12. Hazardous Chemicals 2 2 3 7 a) Safety inspections 1 1 2 4 Combustible Serious b) MSDS Low Materials (gas, diesel, c) First aid kits and staff trained in first cleaning products etc.) aid. d) Spill kits • May explode or ignite e) Emergency procedures and Enviso causing significant reporting. damage or fires. f) Flammable liquids must be stored in accordance with legislative requirements - with proper signage. • Chemicals used in office g) Secured storage area equipment (cleaning h) Building Trades inspections and products, toners etc.). maintenance i) PPE – gloves, masks, goggles and aprons etc. j) WHMIS training 13. Adverse Weather 2 2 3 7 a) Employee orientation 1 1 2 4 Conditions Serious b) Safety talks Low c) Rotating work schedule and Sun scheduled breaks. Sunburn, heat stress. d) PPE (hat and protective clothing). Wear light/breathable clothing to Flying Debris help expel heat. Sun block UV 30 - • Windy conditions can 45 cause debris to become e) Training procedures to ensure eye air borne. wear (glasses, goggles, face shield) is clear and clean. Tinted eyewear Cold (optional) • Cold temperatures (snow f) PPE (use approved respirator under or blizzards) can cause adverse conditions). frostbite, contribute to g) PPE (warm clothes, warm headgear, pulled muscles, glare from gloves & boots) snow hurting eyes. h) Warming up in heated buildings. 14. Insect Bites 2 2 3 7 a) Wear long sleeved clothing and light 1 1 2 4 Serious colored attire Low • Being bitten by b) Mosquito netting (mosquitoes, black flies, c) Employee medical information wasps, hornets, bees, (allergies etc.) etc.) causing skin irritation, d) Insect repellant. infection and in some e) First-Aid responders Page 8 of 12
  9. 9. cases allergic reaction. f) Regular cleaning of wasp traps 15. Ride Operation 3 2 3 8 a) Operator awareness of machine’s 2 1 3 6 Serious limitations. Moderate Mini Train/Carousel b) Manufacturers Manual for operations. • Equipment failure. c) Ride inspections, checklists • Striking objects resulting d) Pre-site hazard inspection in injury or property e) Equipment maintenance and damage. inspection Program (MES) • Operator inexperience. f) Staff reporting unsafe equipment or • Interaction with public or conditions. co-workers; the potential g) Ride activation / lockout procedures of being struck or striking h) Ride regulations others. i) Staff training program required for operation Mini Train • Operating on slopes. • Loss of control. • Equipment rollover. • Operator inexperience. • Uneven terrain, depressions, holes and hidden objects (stumps). • Slippery conditions. • Uneven tire pressure. • Noise distractions impact proper operation. Carousel • Bench lockdowns, starting rides. • Contact with moving gears may result in various injuries. 16. Ride Servicing 2 2 3 7 a) Trades call in 1 1 3 5 Serious b) Manufacturer’s Manual for Servicing Moderate Mini Train Equipment. • Adjusting and checking c) Safety talks prior to the battery connections may commencement of tasks. result in acid burns to skin, d) Daily servicing checklist. eye damage, and clothing e) Mentorship training. Page 9 of 12
  10. 10. damage. Equipment f) PPE – (work gloves, full face shield, lubrication may irritate ear plugs, hard hat, safety glasses, skin. and steel toed boots) - for the equipment being used. Carousel g) Equipment orientation & Training • Lubing zerts on upper h) Monthly carousel checklist. portion of the canopy. i) Ride activation lock out procedures. 17. Improper Use of 2 2 3 7 a) Mentorship training 2 1 2 5 Power Equipment and Serious b) Staff reporting unsafe equipment or Moderate Malfunction (weed conditions eater, saws etc.) c) Equipment operator manuals d) Power tools, frayed cords and • May result in various guards inspected annually by a bodily injuries to staff and contractor (Quality Tools). the public (cuts, bruises, e) Staff training on use of each piece of broken bones, pinched equipment (chainsaw certification) fingers, etc). f) Wearing the proper PPE - work gloves, safety glasses, chaps, face Carousel shield) g) Operator procedures • High pressure washer, h) Equipment & site inspections before compressed air can cause work begins injury to the skin. i) First aid responders 18. Animal Exposure 3 2 3 8 a) Engineered controls (holding pens, 2 1 3 6 Serious chutes/squeezes) Moderate • Entering enclosures with b) Procedures for working with large large and potentially animals. dangerous animals. c) Animal handling procedures. • Direct animal contact d) PPE (capture gloves, etc.) while training, capturing, e) Capture nets, pole snares treating or restraining f) Tranquilization of animal (bites, scratches, kicks g) Training on individual animal capture etc.). methods. • Direct animal contact h) Shift mentoring program. while providing medical i) Safety talks prior to commencement intervention (surgery, of animal capture. giving medicine, veterinary j) Veterinary license (especially for care) could result in staff necropsy) injuries (bites, scratches, k) Licensed veterinary PPE / equipment kicks etc.). Necropsy l) Manual and chemical restraints Trained veterinary staff / m) Annual Quality Assurance Self- on site veterinary clinic Verification Guide for Veterinary Practice Entities - submitted to the Alberta Veterinary Medical Association (ABVMA) - reviewed by the Practice Inspection and Practice Page 10 of 12
  11. 11. Standards committee of the ABVMA n) Practice Inspection and Practice Standards Committee site inspection (each 3 years) 19. Rifle Usage/Shooting 3 3 1 7 a) PAL license. 3 1 1 5 Serious b) Shooting practice / Gun range Moderate • Hearing damage from practice. gunshot. c) Limited access to guns and • Injuries or bruises of ammunition by shooting team. shoulder or fingers from d) Training proper shooting techniques recoil of gun. -support from Edmonton Police • Injuries to body or Service. bystanders. e) Firearms and ammunition storage • Repetitive action injuries (locked) in accordance with (arm and shoulders legislation. strains, trigger guard f) PPE - goggles, ear plugs) injuries to fingers). g) Emergency procedures. • !injuries from a bullet h) First aid responders. ricochet. i) Practice carrying, loading and unloading with dummy rounds. 20. Storage, and Use of 2 2 3 7 a) Veterinary license 1 1 2 4 prescription drugs Serious b) Licensed veterinary PPE / equipment Low and medical supplies c) Engineered controls - Refrigeration, security lock up, dispensing records • Misuse of medical d) Training, storage, use and disposal supplies may result in procedures criminal charges, medical e) Emergency procedures emergencies. f) Environmental procedures and • Harm to animals and protocols humans due to g) Narcotics Control Act inappropriate use of h) Safety inspections medicines and medical i) PPE - disposable gloves, masks, supplies. limited weight in backpack etc. • Inadequate storage may j) Biohazard procedures result in robbery or theft of k) Sharps containers / protocols medicine and supplies. l) MSDS & WHMIS practices & training 21. Improper use, storage 2 2 3 7 a) PPE (gas mask, Xray apron, 2 2 2 6  A new Capital 2010 and maintenance of Serious disposable gloves, masks, surgical Moderate veterinary Coordinator specialized medical masks, ear plugs, etc.) hospital built & Milton equipment and tools b) Equipment operation procedures to improve Ness i.e. X-ray machine, c) Training on safe equipment use animal care Anesthetic machine, d) Sharps containers, Standard Page 11 of 12
  12. 12. Autoclave machine, Operating Procedures Syringes, Pole e) Equipment inspect and maintenance Syringes, Blow Pipe records Syringes, CO2 Pistol, f) First aid and emergency equipment scalpel, etc. g) Equipment inspection procedures / checklists. Possible long and short term h) Veterinarian on site and available for health impacts from: support • X-ray exposure / radiation i) Veterinary License contamination j) Annual Quality Assurance Self- • Biohazard (viruses) and Verification Guide for Veterinary drug contamination - Practice Entities - submitted to the needle stick injury, spilled Alberta Veterinary Medical materials. drug / dust, Association (ABVMA) - reviewed by clean-up the Practice Inspection and Practice • Possible injuries (tissue, Standards committee of the ABVMA. hearing, eyes) from filling k) Practice Inspection and Practice and emptying of oxygen Standards Committee site inspection valve (value pressure, (each 3 years) spilling, pressurized gasses, contact, contamination, inhalation; pressure releases, sharp edges, instruments & handles/doors. 22. Heavy safe doors and 2 1 3 6 a) Staff orientations and training on 1 1 3 5  Post Signage Business March, limited space. Moderate closing doors, and use of safe Moderate Development 2010 b) Daily visual furniture inspections • The limited space c) Signage, stickers & instructions for provides an environment proper use (safe) for staff injuries from d) Regular staff awareness / messages crushing & pinching fingers, hitting toes & feet, scraping and hitting heads, etc. Comments: Assigned Value 1 2 3 Severity First Aid Lost Time Injury Fatal Probability Unlikely Probable Likely Exposure Rarely (<1/month) Often (3 times/week) Every Day Rating Serious 7, 8, 9 Moderate 5, 6 Low 3, 4 Page 12 of 12