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  1. 1. Samuel Alito - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr. (pronounced /əˈliːtoʊ/; born April 1, 1950) is an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. He Samuel Alito was nominated by President George W. Bush and has served on the court since January 31, 2006.[1] Raised in Hamilton Township, New Jersey and educated at Princeton University and Yale Law School, Alito served as U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey and a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit prior to joining the Supreme Court. He is the 110th justice, the second Italian American and the eleventh Roman Catholic to serve on the court. Alito has been described by the Cato Institute as a conservative jurist with a libertarian streak.[2] Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court 1 Early life and education 2 Early legal career Incumbent 3 Court of Appeals judge Assumed office 3.1 Nomination and confirmation January 31, 2006 3.2 Notable opinions 4 Other activities Nominated by George W. Bush 5 Nomination to U.S. Supreme Court and Preceded by Sandra Day OConnor confirmation hearings Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for 6 U.S. Supreme Court career the Third Circuit 7 Related documents 8 See also In office 9 References April 30, 1990 – January 31, 2006 10 Further sources Nominated by George H. W. Bush 11 External links Preceded by John Gibbons Succeeded by Joseph Greenaway United States Attorney for the District of New Jersey Alito was born in Trenton, New Jersey, to Italian American In office parents: Italian immigrant Samuel A. Alito, Sr., and the former December 28, 1987 – April 30, 1990 Rose Fradusco.[3][4] Alitos father, now deceased, was a high Nominated by Ronald Reagan school teacher and then became the first Director of the New Thomas Grenlish Preceded by Jersey Office of Legislative Services, a position he held from 1952 to 1984. Alitos mother is a retired schoolteacher. Succeeded by Michael Chertoff Personal details Alito grew up in Hamilton Township, New Jersey, a suburb of Trenton.[5] He attended Steinert High School in Hamilton1 of 11 12/23/2011 8:13 PM
  2. 2. Samuel Alito - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Township[6] and graduated from Princeton Universitys Born April 1, 1950 Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs with a Bachelor of Arts in 1972 before attending Yale Law Trenton, New Jersey, U.S. School, where he served as editor on the Yale Law Journal Spouse(s) Martha Bomgardner and earned a Juris Doctor in 1975. Alma mater Princeton University Yale Law School At Princeton, Alito led a student conference in 1971 called "The Boundaries of Privacy in American Society" which, Religion Roman Catholicism among other things, supported curbs on domestic intelligence Military service gathering, called for the decriminalization of sodomy, and Service/branch United States Army urged for an end to discrimination against gays in hiring by Years of service 1972–1980 employers.[7] Rank Captain While a sophomore at Princeton, Alito received the low Unit Army Reserve lottery number 32, in a Selective Service drawing on Signal Corps December 1, 1969.[8] In 1970, he became a member of the schools Army ROTC program, attending a six-week basic training camp that year at Fort Knox, Kentucky, in lieu of having been in ROTC during his first two years in college. Alito was a member of the Concerned Alumni of Princeton, which was formed in October 1972 at least in part to oppose Princetons decisions regarding affirmative action. Apart from Alitos written 1985 statement of membership of CAP on a job application, which Alito says was truthful, there is no other documentation of Alitos involvement with or contributions in the group. Alito has cited the banning and subsequent treatment of ROTC by the university as his reason for belonging to CAP. During his senior year at Princeton, Alito moved out of New Jersey for the first time to study in Italy, where he wrote his thesis on the Italian legal system.[9] Graduating in 1972, Alito left a sign of his lofty aspirations in his yearbook, which said that he hoped to "eventually warm a seat on the Supreme Court."[10] He was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Army Signal Corps after his graduation and assigned to the United States Army Reserve. Following his graduation from Yale Law School in 1975, he served on active duty from September to December 1975, while attending the Officer Basic Course for Signal Corps officers at Fort Gordon, Georgia. The remainder of his time in the Army was served in the inactive Reserves. He had the rank of Captain when he received an Honorable Discharge in 1980.[8] After graduating from Yale Law School in 1975, where he was an editor of the Yale Law Journal,[11] Alito clerked for Third Circuit appeals judge Leonard I. Garth in Newark, New Jersey in 1976 and 1977.[9] He interviewed with Supreme Court Justice Byron White for a clerkship but was not hired.[12] Between 1977 and 1981 Alito was Assistant United States Attorney, District of New Jersey. While serving as an Assistant U.S. Attorney for New Jersey, he prosecuted many cases that involved drug trafficking and organized crime.[13] From 1981 to 1985 Alito was Assistant to Solicitor General Rex E. Lee. Alito argued 12 cases before the Supreme Court for the federal government during his tenure as assistant to the Solicitor General. From 1985 to 1987 Alito was Deputy Assistant to Attorney General Edwin Meese. In his 1985 application for Deputy Assistant to the Attorney General, Alito espoused conservative views, naming William F. Buckley, Jr., the National Review, Alexander Bickel, and Barry Goldwaters 1964 presidential campaign as major influences. He also expressed concern about Warren Court decisions in the areas of criminal procedure, the Establishment Clause,2 of 11 12/23/2011 8:13 PM
  3. 3. Samuel Alito - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia and reapportionment.[14] From 1987 to 1990 Alito was United States Attorney for the District of New Jersey. Nomination and confirmation Alito was nominated by President George H. W. Bush on February 20, 1990 to the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, to a seat vacated by John Joseph Gibbons. Alito was rated by the American Bar Association as "Well Qualified" at the time of his nomination. He was confirmed by unanimous consent in the Senate on April 27, 1990,[15] and received his commission three days later. As a Third Circuit judge, his chambers were in Newark, New Jersey.[9] Notable opinions Federalism A dissenting opinion in United States v. Rybar, 103 F.3d 273 (3d Cir. 1996), arguing that a U.S. law banning private citizens from owning submachine guns was similar to one struck down by the Supreme Court in United States v. Lopez and thus outside the authority of Congress under the Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution. A majority opinion in Chittister v. Department of Community & Economic Development, 226 F.3d 223 (3d Cir. 2000). This case concerned an employees claim of wrongful termination under the Family and Medical Leave Act against the state of Pennsylvania. States are free to maintain sovereign immunity under the U.S. Constitution. Since Pennsylvania had maintained its immunity to such suits, Alito affirmed the lower courts dismissal of the employee’s claims. First Amendment A majority opinion in Saxe v. State College Area School District, 240 F.3d 200 (3d Cir. 2001), holding that a public school districts anti-harassment policy was unconstitutionally overbroad and therefore violated First Amendment guarantees of free speech. A majority opinion in ACLU v. Schundler, 168 F.3d 92 (3d Cir. 1999), holding that a government- sponsored holiday display consisting solely of religious symbols was impermissible, but that a mixed display including both secular and religious symbols was permissible if balanced in a generally secular context. A dissenting opinion in C. H. v. Oliva et al. (3d Cir. 2000), arguing that the removal and subsequent replacement in "a less conspicuous spot" of a kindergarteners religious themed poster was, at least potentially, a violation of his right to free expression. A dissenting opinion in Snyder v. Phelps (2011) arguing that protesting at funerals was infringing on the rights of the grieving. Fourth and Eighth Amendments A dissenting opinion in Doe v. Groody, arguing that qualified immunity should have protected police officers from a finding of having violated constitutional rights when they strip-searched a mother and her ten-year-old daughter while carrying out a search warrant that authorized the search of a residence. A unanimous opinion in Chadwick v. Janecka (3d Cir. 2002), holding that there was "no federal constitutional bar" to the "indefinite confinement" of a man imprisoned for civil contempt because he claimed he could not pay his $2.5 million debt to his wife.3 of 11 12/23/2011 8:13 PM
  4. 4. Samuel Alito - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Civil rights A majority opinion in Williams v. Price, 343 F.3d 223 (3d Cir. 2003), granting a writ of habeas corpus to a black state prisoner after state courts had refused to consider the testimony of a witness who stated that a juror had uttered derogatory remarks about blacks during an encounter in the courthouse after the conclusion of the trial.[16] A dissenting opinion in Glass v. Philadelphia Electric Company, 34 F.3d 188 (3rd Cir. 1994), arguing that a lower court did not abuse its discretion in excluding certain evidence of past conduct that defendant had created a hostile and racist work environment. A majority opinion in Robinson v. City of Pittsburgh, 120 F.3d 1286 (3rd Cir. 1997), rejecting a female police officers Equal Protection-based sexual harassment and retaliation claims against the city and certain police officials and rejecting her Title VII-based retaliation claim against the city, but allowing her Title VII-based sexual harassment claim against the city. Since 1985, Alito has been married to Martha-Ann Alito (born Martha-Ann Bomgardner), once a law librarian who met Alito due to his many trips to the library as a legal clerk;[9] she has family roots in Oklahoma. They have two college-age children: Philip and Laura. Alito resided with his family in West Caldwell, New Jersey before his Supreme Court nomination.[17] He has since moved to a home in Washington D.C.. As adjunct professor at Seton Hall University School of Law in Newark from 1999 to 2004, Alito taught courses in constitutional law and an original course on terrorism and civil liberties. In 1995, Judge Alito was presented with that law schools Saint Thomas More Medal, "in recognition of his outstanding contributions to the field of law."[citation needed] On May 25, 2007, he delivered the commencement address at Seton Hall Laws commencement ceremony and received an honorary law degree from the law school.[18][19] He has been a member of the Federalist Society, a group of conservatives and libertarian lawyers and legal students interested in conservative legal theory.[20] As a visiting professor at Duke University School of Law, Alito will teach Current Issues in Constitutional Interpretation in fall 2011 and a course in the Master of Laws in Judicial Studies program in summer 2012.[21] Main article: Samuel Alito Supreme Court nomination On July 1, 2005, Associate Justice Sandra Day OConnor announced her retirement from the Supreme Court effective upon the confirmation of a successor. President George W. Bush first nominated John Roberts to the vacancy; however, when Chief Justice William Rehnquist died on September 3, Bush withdrew Roberts nomination to fill OConnors seat and instead nominated Roberts to the Chief Justiceship. On October 3, President Bush nominated Harriet Miers to replace OConnor. However, Miers withdrew her acceptance of the nomination on October 27 after With President George W. Bush encountering widespread opposition. looking on, Samuel Alito acknowledges his nomination. On October 31, President Bush announced that he was nominating Alito to OConnors seat, and he submitted the nomination to the Senate on November 10, 2005.[22] Judge Alito was4 of 11 12/23/2011 8:13 PM
  5. 5. Samuel Alito - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia unanimously rated "well qualified" to fill the Associate Justice post by the American Bar Associations Standing Committee on Federal Judiciary, which measures the professional qualifications of a nominee. The committee rates judges as "not qualified," "qualified," or "well qualified."[23] Alitos confirmation hearing was held from January 9 to January 13, 2006. On January 24, his nomination was voted out of the Senate Judiciary Committee on a 10–8 party line vote. Democratic Senators characterized Alito as a hard right conservative in the mold of a Clarence Thomas or Robert Bork. Alito professed reluctance to commit to any type of ideology, stating he would act as an impartial referee. On the abortion issue, he stated that he would look at that with an open mind but would not state how he would rule on Roe v. Wade if that issue were to come up before the court. Some pro-life activists, however, claim Alitos confirmation as a victory for their cause.[24] Democrats on the committee grilled Alito on his past association with the conservative group Concerned Alumni of Princeton.[25] Alito stated that he had listed an affiliation with the group on his application to Ronald Reagans Justice Department in order to establish his conservative credentials: "You have to look at the question that I was responding to and the form that I was filling out... I was applying for a position in the Reagan administration. And my answers were truthful statements, but what I was trying to outline were the things that were relevant to obtaining a political position."[26] During the confirmation hearings, Alito disavowed the group, whose views were criticized as racist and sexist, saying: "I disavow them. I deplore them. They represent things that I have always stood against and I cant express too strongly."[26] During Alitos Senate confirmation hearings, his wife, Martha Ann Alito, broke into tears after Republicans expressed their disapproval of how Alito was being characterized by some Democrats on the panel.[27] The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) formally opposed Alitos nomination. The ACLU has only taken this step two other times in its entire history, the last time being with the nomination of Robert Bork who was rejected by a 58–42 vote in the Senate.[28] In releasing its report[29] on Alito, ACLU Executive Director Anthony Romero justified the decision saying that "At a time when our president has claimed unprecedented authority to spy on Americans and jail terrorism suspects indefinitely, America needs a Supreme Court justice who will uphold our precious civil liberties. Judge Alitos record shows a willingness to support government actions that abridge individual freedoms."[30] Debate on the nomination began in the full Senate on January 25. After a failed filibuster attempt by Senator John Kerry, on January 31, the Senate confirmed Alito to the Supreme Court by a vote of 58–42,[31] with four Democratic senators voting for confirmation and one Republican and an Independent voting against. Alitos confirmation vote was the second lowest on the current court, where he is surpassed only by Clarence Thomas who was confirmed 52-48. Alito became the 110th justice, the second Italian American,[32][33] and the 11th Catholic in the history of the Supreme Court, and the fifth Catholic on the Court at the time he assumed office.[34] Because Alito joined the court mid-term, he had not heard arguments for many cases which had yet to be decided. The decisions in most of those cases were released without his participation (i.e., with an 8-member Court); none were 4–4, so Alito would not have been the deciding vote in any of them if he had participated. Three cases – Garcetti v. Ceballos, Hudson v. Michigan, and Kansas v. Marsh – were reargued, since a tie needed to be broken. Alito delivered his first written opinion on May 1, 2006 in the case Holmes v. South Carolina, a case involving5 of 11 12/23/2011 8:13 PM
  6. 6. Samuel Alito - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia the right of criminal defendants to present evidence that a third party committed the crime. (Since the beginning of the Rehnquist Court, new justices have been given unanimous opinions to write as their first majority court opinion, often done as a courtesy "breaking in" of new justices, so that every justice has at least one unanimous, uncontroversial opinion under his/her belt). Alito wrote for a unanimous court in ordering a new trial for Bobby Lee Holmes due to South Carolinas rule that barred such evidence based on the strength of the prosecutions case, rather than on the relevance and strength of the defense evidence itself. His other majority opinions in his first term were in Zedner v. United States, Woodford v. Ngo, and Arlington Central School District Board of Education v. Murphy. In his first term, Alito voted fairly conservatively. For example, in the three reargued cases (Garcetti v. Ceballos, Hudson v. Michigan and Kansas v. Marsh), Alito created a 5–4 majority by voting with four other conservative Justices – Chief Justice Roberts and Justices Scalia, Kennedy, and Thomas. He further voted with the conservative wing of the court on Sanchez-Llamas v. Oregon[35] and Rapanos v. United States. Alito was also a dissenter in Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, alongside Justices Scalia and Thomas. Alito ceremonially sworn in by Chief While Alitos voting record is conservative, he does not always join the Justice John Roberts the day after his most conservative Justices on the Court. On February 1, 2006, in Alitos confirmation, February 1, 2006. first decision sitting on the Supreme Court, he voted with the majority (6–3) to refuse Missouris request to vacate the stay of execution issued by the Eighth Circuit for death-row inmate Michael Taylor; Chief Justice Roberts and Justices Scalia and Thomas were in favor of vacating the stay. Missouri had twice asked the justices to lift the stay and permit the execution.[36] On the abortion issue, it appears that Alito believes some restrictions on the procedure are constitutionally permitted, but has not signaled a willingness to overturn Roe v. Wade. In 2003, Congress passed the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act, which led to a lawsuit in the case of Gonzales v. Carhart. The Court had previously ruled in Stenberg v. Carhart that a states ban on partial birth abortion was unconstitutional because such a ban did not have an exception in the case of a threat to the health of the mother. The membership of the Court changed after Stenberg, with John Roberts and Samuel Alito replacing William Rehnquist (a dissenter in Roe) and Sandra Day OConnor (a supporter of Roe) respectively. Further, the ban at issue in Gonzales v. Carhart was a federal statute, rather than a state statute as in the Stenberg case. On April 18, 2007, the Supreme Court handed down a decision ruling constitutional the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act. Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote for the five-justice majority that Congress was within its power to generally ban the procedure, although the Court left open the door for as-applied challenges. Kennedy, writing for the court, implied but did not absolutely reach the question whether the Courts prior decisions in Roe v. Wade, Planned Parenthood v. Casey, and Stenberg v. Carhart were valid, and instead the Court said that the challenged statute is consistent with those prior decisions whether or not those prior decisions were valid. Alito joined fully in the majority as did Chief Justice Roberts. Justice Thomas filed a concurring opinion, joined by Justice Scalia, contending that the Courts prior decisions in Roe v. Wade and Planned Parenthood v. Casey should be reversed, and also noting that the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act may exceed the powers of Congress under the Commerce Clause. Alito, Roberts, and Kennedy did not join that assertion. Justices Ginsburg, Souter, Breyer, and Stevens dissented, contending that the ruling ignored Supreme Court abortion precedent. Moreover, despite having been at one time nicknamed "Scalito," Alitos views have differed from those of Scalia (and Thomas), as in the Michael Taylor case cited above and various other cases of the 2005 term. Scalia, a6 of 11 12/23/2011 8:13 PM
  7. 7. Samuel Alito - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia fierce critic of reliance on legislative history in statutory interpretation, was the only member of the Court in Zedner v. United States not to join a section of Alitos opinion that discussed the legislative history of the statute in question. In two higher-profile cases, involving the constitutionality of political gerrymandering and campaign finance reform (LULAC v. Perry and Randall v. Sorrell), Alito adopted narrow positions, declining to join the bolder positions advanced by either philosophical side of the Court. According to a analysis of 2005 term decisions, Alito and Scalia concurred in the result of 86% of decisions (in which both participated), and concurred in full in only 75%.[37] In the 2007 landmark free speech case Morse v. Frederick, Alito joined Roberts majority decision that speech advocating drug use can be banned in public schools, but also warned that the ruling must be circumscribed that it does not interfere with political speech, such as the discussion of the medical marijuana debate. Alitos majority opinion in the 2008 worker protection case Gomez-Perez v. Potter cleared the way for federal workers who experience retaliation after filing age discrimination complaints to sue for damages. He sided with the liberal bloc of the court, inferring protection against retaliation in the federal-sector provision of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act despite the lack of an explicit provision concerning retaliation. Legal Memo ( v-Garner-1984-box19-memoAlitotoSolicitorGeneral.pdf) written while working in the United States Solicitor Generals office regarding the Fleeing felon rule. (May 18, 1984) (PDF) Personal Qualifications Statement ( when applying to be an Assistant Attorney General under Pres. Ronald Reagan. (November 15, 1985) Legal Memo written as Deputy Asst. Attorney General to the OMB’s General Counsel regarding OMB authority of FDIC funds. ( (1986) (PDF) House Committee on the Judiciary testimony regarding unpublished court opinions. ( (1990) (PDF) 2003 Financial Disclosure ( 2004 Financial Disclosure ( Response to a Senate Judiciary Committee questionnaire ( /alito.questionnaire/SAA.Questionnaire.pdf) (November 30, 2005) (PDF), (Appendix1 ( Appendix2 ( Appendix3 ( Appendix4 ( ) Judicial restraint List of U.S. Supreme Court Justices by List of Justices of the Supreme Court of time in office the United States Unitary Executive theory List of law clerks of the Supreme Court of United States Supreme Court cases during the United States the Roberts Court7 of 11 12/23/2011 8:13 PM
  8. 8. Samuel Alito - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 1. ^ Babington, Charles (February 1, 2006). "Alito Is sig=dt0LENnnzX_lWGDDDWb5baJjzkM&hl=en& Sworn In On High Court: Senators Confirm sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=3&ct=result) . Conservative Judge Largely on Party Lines" Penguin Group. ( /books?id=SQxqXLSy9wcC&pg=PA290& /article/2007/08/14/AR2007081401015.html) . The lpg=PA290&dq=alito+handsome&source=bl&ots=tc- Washington Post. uLNG1_3& /wp-dyn/content/article/2007/08 sig=dt0LENnnzX_lWGDDDWb5baJjzkM&hl=en& /14/AR2007081401015.html. sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=3&ct=result. 2. ^ Somin, Ilya (November 10, 2005). "Alitos Retrieved October 20, 2008. Libertarian Streak" ( 10. ^ "Alito has a record of steady conservatism, /pub_display.php?pub_id=5188) . Cato Institute. reputation for civility ( /mld/mercurynews/news/politics/13046683.htm) ", Retrieved October 17, 2008. Chicago Tribune, October 31, 2005. 3. ^ "Alito called perfect student" 11. ^ ( 12. ^ "C-SPAN Supreme Court Week – Justices In Their /20051213-123632-5671r/) . The Washington Times. Own Words – Interview With Associate Justice December 13, 2005. Samuel Alito" ( /JusticeOwnWords/SC_Jus_Alito.aspx) . /20051213-123632-5671r/. January 31, 2006. 4. ^ Russakoff, Dale; Becker, Jo (January 8, 2006). "A Search for Order, an Answer in the Law" /JusticeOwnWords/SC_Jus_Alito.aspx. Retrieved ( May 4, 2011. /article/2006/01/07/AR2006010701268.html) . The 13. ^ Las Vegas Sun ( Washington Post. /sunbin/stories/nat-gen/2005/oct/31/103107579.html) /wp-dyn/content/article/2006/01 , October 31, 2005 /07/AR2006010701268.html. 14. ^ Washington Times ( 5. ^ Barone, Michael. "Its inspiring to see Alitos /national/20051114-015136-2101r.htm) , November background come to foreground: Alito" 14, 2005 ( 15. ^ /is_20060118/ai_n16000700) , Chicago Sun-Times, /temp/~r1012NKjCV:e111: January 18, 2006. Accessed September 7, 2007. "In 16. ^ his opening statement to the Judiciary Committee, /002305p.pdf Judge Samuel Alito told the senators where he comes 17. ^ Alitos Supreme Court Nomination Confirmed from. First, Hamilton Township, N.J., the modest- ( income suburb of Trenton, where he grew up." /story.php?storyId=4982475) , National Public 6. ^ Samuel A. Alito, Jr. biography Radio. Accessed September 20, 2007. "Alito and his ( wife, Martha-Ann Bomgardner, live in West /justices/alito.html) , FindLaw. Retrieved November Caldwell, N.J." 20, 2006. 18. ^ Alito Given Honorary Degree ( 7. ^ "Daily Princetonian" /administration/public_relations/press_releases ( /2007/alito_commencement_honorary_degree.htm) /28/news/13658.shtml) . Daily Princetonian. 19. ^ Received Honorary Doctor of Laws from Hampden-Sydney College on May 13, 2007. /28/news/13658.shtml. Retrieved May 4, 2011. ( 8. ^ a b The washington Post(November 3, 2005) "Alito /commencement/pages/114a.html) Joined ROTC While at Princeton" 20. ^ (Hook, 1) ( 21. ^ "Associate Justice Samuel A. Alito" /article/2005/11/02/AR2005110202722.html) . ( . Duke 9. ^ a b c d Jan Crawford Greenburg (2007). Supreme University School of Law. Conflict: The Inside Story of the Struggle for /fac/alito. Retrieved August 15, 2011. Control of the United States Supreme Court 22. ^ New York Times (October 31, 2005) "Bush Picks ( Appeals Court Judge to Succeed OConnor on Court /books?id=SQxqXLSy9wcC&pg=PA290& [1] ( lpg=PA290&dq=alito+handsome&source=bl&ots=tc- /politicsspecial1/31cnd-court.html) ". uLNG1_3& 23. ^ USA Today ( January 4, 2006)"Alito gets well-8 of 11 12/23/2011 8:13 PM
  9. 9. Samuel Alito - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia qualified rating from American Bar Association" /story.php?storyId=5181091. Retrieved May 4, 2011. ( 32. ^ Hurt, Charles (February 1, 2006). "Alito sworn in /2006-01-04-alito_x.htm) as 110th justice" ( 24. ^ Reaction to Nomination of Samuel Alito to /20060201-123419-7856r.htm) . Washington Times. Supreme Court ( /artman/exec/view.cgi/215/10112) , Concerned /20060201-123419-7856r.htm. Retrieved March 30, Women of America. Retrieved March 27, 2007. 2007. 25. ^ "Dems Slam Alitos Alumni Group" 33. ^ "Alito sworn in as nations 110th Supreme Court ( justice (" ( /0,2933,181385,00.html) . Fox News. January 12, /2006/POLITICS/01/31/alito/index.html) . 2006. /0,2933,181385,00.html. /index.html. Retrieved February 4, 2006. 26. ^ a b Stefanski, Mark (January 13, 2006). "Alito 34. ^ Religious affiliation of Supreme Court justices disavows conservative alumni group" ( Note: ( Justice Sherman Minton converted to Catholicism /13/14235/) . Daily Princetonian. after he retired. 35. ^ "Sanchez-Llamas v. Oregon, 04-10566" /13/14235/. Retrieved August 18, 2009. ( 27. ^ Marlantes, Liz (January 11, 2005). "Alito Grilling /04-10566.pdf) (PDF). Gets Too Intense for Some" ( /opinions/05pdf/04-10566.pdf. Retrieved October 20, /WNT/SupremeCourt/story?id=1495804) . ABC 2010. News. 36. ^ CNN (Feb 2, 2006)"Justice Alito casts his first /story?id=1495804. Retrieved February 3, 2010. vote" ( 28. ^ Robert Bork and John Roberts /alito/index.html) ( 37. ^ SCOTUS Blog ( 29. ^ /movabletype/archives/June28VotingStats.pdf) (By /asset_upload_file130_23216.pdf scotusblog.coms reckoning, this is less agreement 30. ^ [2] ( than between Scalia and Kennedy, OConnor and 31. ^ "Alito Confirmed as Newest Supreme Court Souter, or Stevens and Ginsburg.) On the recent Justice" ( abortion ruling, Alito simply joined Anthony /story.php?storyId=5181091) . NPR. January 31, Kennedys opinion rather than join Scalia in Thomass 2006. stronger assertion. Bazelon, Emily (October 31, 2005). "Alito v. OConnor" ( . Slate. "Bush choice sets up court battle" ( . BBC. Collins, Ronald K.L. (October 31, 2005). Judge Alito: fairly strong on free expression ( . Collins, Ronald K.L. (November 3, 2005). Alito as government lawyer: 84 broadcast-regulation case ( . Davis, Elliott M. (Summer 2007). The Newer Textualism: Justice Alitos Statutory Interpretation ( . Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy Dickerson, John (October 31, 2005). "Ready To Rumble" ( /nav/tap1/) . Slate. Federal Judicial Center. Judges of the United States ( (official curriculum vitae). Hook, Janet (November 1, 2005). "Bushs Supreme Court Nominee: A Phillies Fan With Blue-Chip Legal Stats." Los Angeles Times. P. A1.9 of 11 12/23/2011 8:13 PM
  10. 10. Samuel Alito - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Supreme Court ( official site with biographies ( Profile ( at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center Legal resources ( at the Law Library of Congress Biography and writings ( at the Legal Information Institute Profile ( at the Oyez Project Appearances ( on C-SPAN Profile ( at the Internet Movie Database Financial information ( at Collected news and commentary ( /a/samuel_a_alito_jr) at The New York Times Works by or about Samuel Alito ( in libraries (WorldCat catalog) Profile ( at Notable Names Database Fox, John, Capitalism and Conflict, Biographies of the Robes, Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr. ( Public Broadcasting Service. Washington Post Profile ( /31/AR2005103100227.html) Daily Princetonian profile ( Profile ( at SourceWatch People For The American Ways Preliminary Review of Judge Alito ( /stc/AlitoPreliminary.pdf) - a liberal groups analysis (PDF). Read Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports regarding Samuel Alito ( date1=Anytime&date2=Anytime&type=form) Samuel Alito ( National Archives Alito links ( The White House Judicial Nominations page on Alito ( /infocus/judicialnominees/alito.html) Legal offices United States Attorney for the District of Preceded by Succeeded by New Jersey Thomas Grenlish Michael Chertoff 1987–1990 Judge of the Court of Appeals for the Preceded by Succeeded by Third Circuit John Gibbons Joseph Greenaway 1990–2006 Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Preceded by the United States Incumbent Sandra Day OConnor 2006–present United States order of precedence10 of 11 12/23/2011 8:13 PM
  11. 11. Samuel Alito - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Preceded by Succeeded by Stephen Breyer Order of Precedence of the United States Sonia Sotomayor as Associate Justice of the Supreme as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court Court Retrieved from "" Categories: 1950 births American people of Italian descent American Roman Catholics Duke Law School faculty Federalist Society members Judges of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit Living people People from Essex County, New Jersey People from Hamilton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey People from Trenton, New Jersey Princeton University alumni Reagan Administration personnel Seton Hall University School of Law faculty United States Army officers United States Attorneys for the District of New Jersey United States court of appeals judges appointed by George H. W. Bush United States federal judges appointed by George W. Bush United States Supreme Court justices Yale Law School alumni This page was last modified on 7 December 2011 at 00:56. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of use for details. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.11 of 11 12/23/2011 8:13 PM