There are 6 components of food they are Carbohydrates Fats Proteins Vitamins Minerals Fibers
FATS Fats are also like carbohydrates They provide us energy But eating lot of fats can cause obesity Obesity which is harmful to our body it can lead to heart diseases There are 2 types of fats saturated and unsaturated Saturated fats are solid in room temperature and unsaturated fats are liquid
CARBOHYDRATES Carbohydrates are important source for our body . It provides energy for the body Which helps us to do work everyday
PROTEINS Proteins are very important for our body It helps in repairing worn out tissues Some proteins are – fish , vegetables , etc. If we don’t have proteins our body will have damaged cells .proteins come from plants and animals. It also helps in muscle building
VITAMINS Vitamins is needed by our body for normal functioning of our body. They help in keeping teeth and bones strong There are fat-soluble vitamins they are stored in the fat tissues .ex vitamin A,D,E and K There are water-soluble vitamins they are not stored but are used by our body ex vitamin B1,B2,B3 etc.
MINERALS Minerals are like vitamins they help our body to stay healthy. Minerals perform many functions such as formation of bones , teeth ,and blood cells. There are 2 types of minerals . Marco minerals are needed by the body in large number. Trace minerals are needed by our body in very small amount.
FIBRES Fibres come from plants. They do not provide any nutrients to our body and cannot be digested. There are two types fibres, soluble fibres they are soluble in water ex strawberry, peach , etc. whereas in –soluble fibres are not soluble in water ex turnip , cabbage , cauliflower etc.
WATERWater is needed by our body for good health. Almost 70% ofour body weight is water.Water is needed by our body for several reasons.•Water helps us transport substances inside our body.•Water help our body to absorb nutrients from food.•It helps to regulate our body temperature.•It is needed for various chemical reactions that take place inside our body during digestion, excretion, etc.
How we lose water from our body .Our body loses a lot of water as sweat and urine. Some water also goes out of the body during respiration. Thus, we need to replenish the water or else it can lead to a condition called dehydration.
How to preventdehydrationTo prevent dehydration you should drink at least 8-10 glasses of water. Milk, fruits, vegetables , and juices are good sources of water. You can also prevent it by drinking ors (oral rehydration solution).