Maharashtra focus report

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Maharashtra, An Important Agri player in India

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Maharashtra focus report

  1. 1. Maharashtra A Important Agri player in India Table of Contents Economy.......................................................................................................................................................... 2 Agriculture....................................................................................................................................................... 2 Agro-climatic zones of Maharashtra ........................................................................................................... 3 Growing Areas of principal crops ................................................................................................................ 4 Foodgrains and oilseeds.............................................................................................................................. 4 Horticulture ................................................................................................................................................. 5 Fruits ....................................................................................................................................................... 6 Vegetables............................................................................................................................................... 7 Floriculture .............................................................................................................................................. 7 National Horticulture Mission ................................................................................................................. 7 India's Export of Agri and Horticulture Products from Maharashtra.......................................................... 8 Export Promotion Schemes......................................................................................................................... 9 Agri Business Promotion Facility (ABPF) ............................................................................................... 10 Agri Export Zone........................................................................................................................................ 10 Agri Export Zone of Maharashtra.......................................................................................................... 11
  2. 2. Economy Maharashtra is the second largest state in India both in terms of population and geographical area (3.08 lakh sq. km.). The State has a population of 11.24 crore (Census 2011) which is 9.3 per cent of the total population of India. The State is highly urbanised with 45.2 per cent people residing in urban areas. The gross state domestic product (GSDP) at current prices for 2011-12 is estimated at 11, 99,548 crore and contributes about 14.4 per cent of the GDP, the highest among all states. The GSDP has been growing at a rapid pace over the last few years. Presently industrial and services sector both together contribute about 87.1 per cent of the State’s income. The agriculture & allied activities sector contributes 12.4 per cent to the State’s income. Maharashtra has always taken an initiative in adopting new technologies. The State has 240.69 lakh hectares of land under cultivation and area under forest is 52.1 lakh hectares. Numbers of irrigation projects are being implemented to improve irrigation. A watershed mission has been launched to ensure that soil and water conservation measures are implemented speedily in the UN irrigated area. Agriculture Agriculture, including allied activities, accounted for 12.4 per cent of the GSDP at current prices in 201112 but its role in State’s economy is much wider as its share in total employment according to the 2001 census is as high as about 55 per cent. The declining share of agriculture and allied activities sector in the GSDP is a normal phenomenon in development trajectory of an economy, but consistent agricultural growth remains vital for employment, income and food security. During the XIth Five Year Plan (FYP), an average growth of 4.3 per cent was achieved against the target of four percent. The growth target for agriculture and allied activities sector in the XIIth FYP remains at four per cent, as in the XIth FYP.
  3. 3. Agro-climatic zones of Maharashtra
  4. 4. Growing Areas of principal crops Foodgrains and oilseeds There has been a decline in production of food grains due to low intensity and deficit monsoon, sowing of major kharif crops in western Maharashtra and some parts of Aurangabad and Nasik divisions was delayed. Low moisture conditions and erratic rainfall in September and October are expected to result in overall reduction in production of foodgrains and sugarcane as compared to 2011-12. Foodgrains and oilseeds production Lakh MT 2011-12 2012-13 Crop (Forecast) (Tentative) Cereals 104.19 82.55 Pulses 23.11 21.84 Total foodgrains 127.3 104.39 Oilseeds 44.92 51.86 Cotton 68.2 69.35 Sugarcane 894.56 596.89 Source : Maharashtra Economics Survey 2013 Production of cotton is in lakh bales(170 kgs each)
  5. 5. It’s been observed that Maharashtra having a significant share in production of food grains, oilseeds, cotton and sugarcane i.e. 4.84, 2.26, 20.45 and 24.02 resp. The state has major area under jowar production around 45 per cent of the total production are come from Maharashtra only. In Pulses, it stands for around 14 per cent of total India production. In case of Cash crops such as cotton and Sugarcane, Maharashtra having significant share of 20.45 and 24.02 resp. Make it second largest producer of cotton in the country. Production of principal crops of India vis-a-vis Maharashtra Production in 000' MT India Maharashtra Crop 2010-11 2011-12 2010-11 2011-12 Rice 95980 105311 2696 2841 Jowar 7003 6006 3452 2693 Bajra 10370 10276 1123 823 Maize 21726 21759 2602 2433 Ragi 2194 1929 117 138 Small 442 452 29 34 Wheat 86874 94882 2301 1313 Barley 1663 1619 1.3 1 Total Cereals 226252 242234 12321.3 10276 Gram 8221 7702 1300 815 Tur 2861 2654 976 871 Other Pulses 7159 6733 824 582 Total Pulses 18241 17089 3100 2268 Total Food grain 244493 259323 15421 12544 Ground- Nut 8265 6964 460 351 Sesamum seed 893 810 20 15 Rapeseed 8179 6604 3 4 Linseed 147 153 10 8 Castor seed 1350 2295 4 3 Total Oil seeds 18834 16826 497 381 Cotton 33000 35200 8500 7200 Sugarcane 342382 361037 81896 86733 Source : Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture Production of cotton is in bales of 170kgs % share in 2010-11 2.81 49.29 10.83 11.98 5.33 6.56 2.65 0.08 5.45 15.81 34.11 11.51 16.99 6.31 5.57 2.24 0.04 6.80 0.30 2.64 25.76 23.92 % share in 2011-12 2.70 44.84 8.01 11.18 7.15 7.52 1.38 0.06 4.24 10.58 32.82 8.64 13.27 4.84 5.04 1.85 0.06 5.23 0.13 2.26 20.45 24.02 Horticulture During the recent past the state has emerged as one of the horticulture, states. The export of grapes, mango, flowers and vegetables have shown increasing trend. This shows the impressive achievements of state in the horticultural development. Many 100% Export Oriented Units have been established in the state mainly in the field of floriculture, tissue culture, mushrooms etc. The well organized co-operative infrastructure of Grape Growers Association has not only promoted the Viticulture in the state but also brought our state on the world map. With such achievements the thrust of farmers for newer technology and crops is ever increasing.
  6. 6. Products Banana Grapes Mango Pomegranate Sapota Papaya Guava Other Fruits Citrus fruits Mandarin(M. Orange ,Kinnow,Orange) Lime/Lemon Production of Fruits and Vegetables of Maharashtra vis-a-vis India Production in 000' tonnes India Maharashtra % share in % share in 2011-12 2012-13 2011-12 2012-13 2011-12 2012-13 28455 24869 4315 3600 15.16 14.48 2221 2458 1810 2050 81.50 83.39 16196 17695 503 633 3.11 3.58 772 741 478 408 61.88 55.05 1426 1348 298 365 20.90 27.08 4457 5160 327 363 7.34 7.03 2510 2661 322 305 12.83 11.46 12464 13106 1217 1200 9.76 9.16 3128 2272 2729 2395 443 290 370 246 14.16 12.76 13.56 10.27 Sweet Orange(Malta , Mosambi) 1232 Other Citrus fruits 1290 Total Fruits 76424 Onion 17511 Tomato 18653 Brinjal 12634 Cabbage 8412 Okra 6259 Potato 41483 Cauliflower 7349 Beans 1151 Peas 3745 Others Vegetables 39128 Total Vegetables 156325 Source: National Horticulture board 3399 1138 77701 16309 17874 12973 8395 6361 44726 7827 1292 3942 39811 159511 535 0 10538 5638 1007 525 383 317 360 189 182 47 130 8778 245 0 9785 4660 1050 578 421 328 321 238 224 51 137 8008 43.43 0.00 13.79 32.20 5.40 4.16 4.55 5.06 0.87 2.57 15.81 1.26 0.33 5.62 7.21 0.00 12.59 28.57 5.87 4.46 5.01 5.16 0.72 3.04 17.33 1.29 0.34 5.02 Fruits Maharashtra having share of around 13 per cent in India’s overall fruits production with maximum share in Grapes (83%), Pomegranate (55%), Sapota (27%), Banana (14%) etc Total area under fruit crops in the state 15.48 lakh ha. The soil and climatic conditions of Maharashtra are very congenial for cultivation of different fruit crops. Therefore an ambitious programme namely “Employment Guarantee Scheme linked Horticulture Development Programme” has been launched in 1990-91. Coverage under major fruit crops is as Mango-37.83%, Citrus-19.13%, Cashew-13%, Pomogranate-6.92%, Sapota-5.06%, Custard Apple-2.77%, Guava-2.41% and other is 13.26%. Due to massive plantation of fruit crops in the last decade production of horticultural produce in the state has increased substantially.
  7. 7. Vegetables Maharashtra contributes around 5% of production of vegetable in the country. The area under vegetable crops is about 4.74 lakh ha. The total production is 80.08 lakh M.T. per year and the productivity is more than 16.9 M.T. per hectare. Maharashtra is the largest producer of onion in the country covering an area about 260 thousand ha with production of around 46.6 lakh M.T. Floriculture Maharashtra stands 5th in respect of area under floriculture in the country with approximately 22000 ha under cultivation. The major flower crops grown in open fields are Roses, Chrysanthemum, Aster, Tuberoses, Jasmine, Gaillardia, Marigold etc. These flowers are mainly grown in Pune, Nashik, Ahmednagar, Satara, Sangli, Kolhapur, Aurangabad, Jalna, Nanded etc. districts. Recently many private companies and progressive farmers in the State have started export oriented cultivation of flower crops. National Horticulture Mission NHM was launched by the GoI in 2005-06 and is being implemented in 33 districts of the State. It is a centrally sponsored scheme with 85:15 sharing pattern. To implement the scheme of NHM and National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB), the GoM established Maharashtra State Horticulture & Medicinal Plants Board (MSHMPB) in 2005. Since beginning upto January, 2013, the MSHMPB received grants of ` 1,001.97 crore under NHM and ` 7.63 crore for NMPB and the expenditure incurred was ` 973.14 crore and ` 7.35 crore under NHM and NMPB respectively upto January, 2013. The achievements under NHM since inception, till January, 2013 include • • • • • • • Establishment of 80 nurseries Plantation of fruits, flowers, spices etc. on 5.07 lakh ha Rejuvenation of old fruit crop plantation on about 0.98 lakh ha Construction of 5,494 community tanks Organic farming on 0.15 lakh ha 2,272 pack houses and infrastructure for post harvest management, etc. Plantation of medicinal plants completed on 534.80 ha and the benefits given to 587 beneficiaries
  8. 8. India's Export of Agri and Horticulture Products from Maharashtra • • • Maharashtra being a major player in India’s Agri production, also shown a significant role in India's Export of Agri and Horticulture Products. It accounts for around 16 % of total India’s Agri export. Out of which Niger seeds (87%), Pulses (87%), Spirit & Beverages (50%), Fruits (56%), Vegetables (41%), Spices (32%), Sugar (29%) and Cotton (28%) are the major products exported from Maharashtra. In terms of volume: Cotton, Spices, Oil Meals, Sugar and Fruits & Vegetables are the major products exported from Maharashtra. India's Export of Agri and Horticulture Products 2011-12 2012-13 Product Qty Value Qty Value Cotton 2003581.00 21624.20 2056697.00 20276.51 Basmati Rice 3178235.00 15449.69 3459919.00 19409.39 Cashew 131782.00 4390.68 104092.00 4067.21 Cashew Nut Shell Liquid 14631.39 59.46 9191.51 29.84 Castor Oil 492628.33 4571.67 565994.07 4309.82 Coffee 278868.33 4534.80 254017.79 4711.07 Floriculture 365.32 423.45 Fresh Fruits 2557.15 3295.12 Fresh Vegetables 2904.33 3288.33 Fruits / Vegetable Seeds 15226.55 288.04 17168.00 347.72 Groundnut 832619.00 5246.45 535637.00 4065.36 Guargum 707326.00 16523.87 406323.00 21287.00 Misc Processed Items 3833.78 4962.66 Mollases 384125.00 204.33 342153.00 223.03 Niger Seeds 28225.08 117.27 17904.56 90.13 Non-Basmati Rice 3997734.00 8659.13 6688035.00 14448.81 Oil Meals 7406363.00 11796.46 6578173.00 16519.53 Other Cereals 4073694.00 5493.05 5441306.00 8180.61 Processed Fruits & Juices 1657.25 1968.77 Processed Vegetables 1059.93 1119.66 Pulses 174205.00 1065.84 201709.00 1280.00 Sesame Seeds 389154.49 2641.66 299482.29 2880.85 Shellac 4553.33 256.79 3603.66 401.74 Spices 935909.17 13220.45 1008862.09 15364.97 Spirit & Beverages 1494.37 1962.07 Sugar 2741372.00 8766.78 2794488.00 8576.63 Tea 292354.93 4078.60 268799.83 4718.79 Tobacco Manufactured 1106.99 1214.47 Tobacco Unmanufactured 197165.22 2899.46 230414.16 3815.76 Wheat 740747.00 1023.27 6514815.00 10529.00 Total 29020499.82 147891.07 37798784.96 183768.30 Source: DGCIS
  9. 9. India's Export of Agri and Horticulture Products through Maharashtra Ports % share in total 2011-12 2012-13 India's export Product Qty Value Qty Value (2012-13) Niger Seeds 8576.38 34.17 15635.62 78.70 87.31 Pulses 141725.00 868.41 175655.00 1116.78 87.25 Fresh Fruits 1073.35 1860.51 56.46 Spirit & Beverages 880.92 987.05 50.31 Fresh Vegetables 1184.29 1362.75 41.44 Misc Processed Items 1258.21 1625.85 32.76 Processed Fruits & Juices 475.36 626.30 31.81 Spices 271442.08 4228.94 332438.18 4873.00 31.72 Processed Vegetables 235.61 332.80 29.72 Sugar 1316325.00 4255.06 814456.00 2493.07 29.07 Cotton Raw Incld. Waste 624906.00 6746.48 570951.00 5607.53 27.66 Tobacco Manufactured 282.69 317.32 26.13 Sesame Seeds 94843.72 635.10 66591.55 624.52 21.68 Oil Meals 1708422.00 3194.09 1124364.00 3356.74 20.32 Other Cereals 691659.00 963.78 845575.00 1355.42 16.57 Mollases 83289.00 45.57 58421.00 36.90 16.54 Non Basmati rice 163923.00 369.18 741047.00 1746.44 12.09 Fruits / Vegetable Seeds 3064.04 29.55 2751.59 32.79 9.43 Groundnut 5657.00 349.62 42545.00 307.02 7.55 Tea 8584.90 156.77 9336.80 178.81 3.79 Castor Oil 21006.18 232.48 15859.20 142.31 3.30 Floricltr Products 8.86 12.56 2.97 Shellac 77.24 4.11 126.61 9.11 2.27 Cashew Nut Shell Liquid 19.68 0.10 106.83 0.58 1.95 Guergam Meal 7528.00 151.77 7669.00 303.28 1.42 Wheat 31038.00 42.06 33849.00 58.39 0.55 Cashew 321.00 10.42 383.00 11.90 0.29 Basmati rice 34732.00 147.75 8218.00 44.94 0.23 Coffee 335.23 8.93 412.82 7.74 0.16 Tobacco Unmanufactured 114.16 0.86 49.84 0.83 0.02 Total 5217588.60 27874.48 4866442.04 29511.94 16.06 Source: DGCIS Export Promotion Schemes MSAMB has the program to promote exports of fresh fruits, vegetables & flowers from Maharashtra to the various countries of world with the help of farmers & their organizations. The main products handled are grapes, mangoes, pomegranate, mandarin, banana, rice, mango pulp, cashew nut, cut flowers (from polyhouse) etc. Regular guidance to the farmers and their cooperative societies is given in terms of pre-harvest, post-harvest, packaging, pre-cooling, cold storage and transportation. To boost the exports, MSAMB also provides infrastructure facilities viz. Air Cargo handling at Pune and Vapour Heat Treatment at Vashi, Navi Mumbai. MSAMB also establish a modern packhouse including pre-
  10. 10. cooling, cold storage and Ripening chamber facility for Alphanso Mangoes at Jamsande, TalDevgad (Sindhudurg), Ratnagiri and at Jalana for Kesar Mangoes while a modern onion export facility was created at Indapur (Dist-Pune) with the help of APEDA, New Delhi. These facilities can be useful for farmers/growers and expoters in the state. Trial exports are being conducted for certain commodities by the MSAMB with the help of APEDA, New Delhi. Following products can be made available from the farmers' co-operative societies for export as well as for domestic marketing. Fruits Mango, Grape, Pomegranate, Mandarin, Banana, Papaya, Fig, Custard Okra, Chilli, Small Gourd, Drum sticks, Bittergourd, French Beans,Onion Processed Products Vegetables Mango Pulp (Natural/ Sweetened), Aseptic Packaging,OTS cans,Resins, Cashew nuts. Flowers Cereals and others Carnation, Gerbera, Maize, Rice, Red Roses, Lilium Dried Chilli, Tamarind, Turmeric, Jaggery Agri Business Promotion Facility (ABPF) Agricultural production and its marketing are interrelated activities and MACP addresses these firstly by improving agricultural extension system (ATMA model), and secondly by providing upgraded marketing infrastructure which will be made accessible by traditional as well as alternative marketing channels. Besides these interventions, the competitiveness of the farmer will be improved by capacity building. The sustainability of agriculture will improve because of all these interventions. Considering the scope of further improving sustainability of agriculture, value addition to agriculture produce is most important critical factor. Development of various business activities either supporting agriculture or based on agriculture production will add to the income of the farmers. It is therefore proposed to include the Agri-business Promotion Facility (ABPF) as a Sub-Component under this Project. Agri Export Zone AEZ, sporadic efforts have been made in the past for promoting export of agricultural produce/products from the country. Thus, on the one hand Research and Development has taken place with little bearing on the development of a particular agricultural produce for the purpose of export, on the other hand financial and fiscal incentives are being provided for exporting a particular produce without actually addressing pre-harvesting and post-harvesting practices.
  11. 11. Agri Export Zone of Maharashtra S No 1 2 3 Product State District/Area Grapes and Maharashtra Nasik, Sangli, Grape Wine Pune, Satara, Ahmednagar and Sholapur Mangoes Kesar Mango Date of Date of Date of Approval Notification Signing of MOU 27th Nov 2001 8th Feb 2002 7th Jan 2002 Maharashtra Districts of Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg, Raigarh and Thane 23rd Jan 2002 8th Mar 2002 12th Feb 2002 Maharashtra Districts of Aurangabad, Jalna, Beed, Latur, Ahmednagar and Nasik 5th Mar 2002 31st Mar 2002 11th Apr 2002 4 Flowers Maharashtra Pune, Nasik, Kolhapur and Sangli 5th Mar 2002 31st Mar 2002 10th Jun 2002 5 Onion Maharashtra Districts of Nasik, 18th Nov Ahmednagar, 2002 Pune, Satara and Solapur 15th Jan 2003 16th Jan 2003 14th May, 2003 9th June, 2003 6 7 8 Pomegranate Maharashtra Districts of Solapur, Sangli, Ahedabagar, Pune, Nasik, Osmanabad, Latur Banana Oranges 5th May 2003 Maharashtra Jalgaon, Dhule, Nandurbar, 24th 8th Buldhana, September, November, Parbhani, 2004 2004 Hindoli, Nanded and Wardha Maharashtra Nagpur and Amraoti 24th 8th September, November, 2004 2004 - -

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