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01 m030 43062


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01 m030 43062

  2. 2. SYNOPSIS FOR PG DISSERTATION FOR MD/MS, UNDER RAJIV GANDHI UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH SCIENCES, BENGALURU. Name And DR. VINAY MANJUNATH RAJ Address of the candidate DEPT. OF FORENSIC MEDICINE, (in block letters) 1. S. NIJALINGAPPA MEDICAL COLLEGE, NAVANAGAR, BAGALKOT, PIN - 587 102. 2. 3. 4. 5. Name of the institution Course of study and subject Date of admission to course Title of the Topic: S. Nijalingappa Medical College & HSK Hospital, Navavagar, Bagalkot. M D (Forensic Medicine) 26-05-2010 “Estimation of Stature from foot length and Foot prints among students and staff of 6. S N medical college of age group 21-30 years.” Brief resume of the intended work: 6.1 : Need for the study: The human foot has been studied for a variety of reasons, i.e., for forensic as well as for non-forensic purposes by anatomist, forensic scientists, anthropologists, physicians, podiatrists, and numerous other groups.1 Footprints are of immense value in establishing personal identity and a potential link between the crime and the perpetrator. Footprints can be collected from almost every kind of crime scene. Examination of bare-foot impressions is important in developing countries where the majority of the rural population likely to walk barefooted because of socioeconomic and climatic reasons. The partial or complete foot-prints can be found on rain-covered surfaces, newly waxed floors, and freshly cemented surfaces, moistened surfaces, in dust, mud, sand, oil, paint, and blood. In cases, of mass disasters and criminal mutilation, it is not unlikely to find peripheral parts of the body such as hand and foot. More often in mass disasters, it may be only the feet which are recovered intact than any other parts of the body. Stature has been estimated from foot prints, foot measurements, and based on statistical equations and formulae. Analysis of footprints helps in estimation of an individual's stature because of the existence of a strong positive co-relation between one's stature and foot size. Thus an effort is being made to correlate the foot length and foot prints with stature.
  3. 3. 6.2 Review of literature: Identification is the determination of individuality of a person living or dead based on certain characteristics. Identification becomes necessary in the living, recently dead persons, decomposed bodies, mutilated and skeletal remains and is required in civil as well as criminal cases.2 Various criteria are used to establish the identity of human remains. Amongst them, Stature is considered to be one of the primary characteristic features. Estimating stature from foot dimensions have been done by so many studies in different parts of the world with significant variations. This is due to multiple factors like age, sex, race, heredity, nutrition, ethnicity and others. So it is difficult to produce single standard formula for determination of stature from foot length and foot prints for the entire papulation.3 However from different studies carried out in different provinces it has been concluded that different normograms have become necessary for different populations.4 From the study of ratio index of foot length to stature, it is concluded that, the foot length relative to stature shows no great variation within the human races.5 On an average a person’s foot prints length is equal to 15% of a person’s height.5 Study conducted by G M Raju and Vijaynath concluded that walking barefoot length correlates with stature.5 It is accepted that feet can be an excellent clue regarding personal identity. The length of the foot, which is a product of movement of lower limbs and pelvic girdle when a person is walking, can be helpful in estimating the stature of an individual. 6.3 Objectives of the study: o To estimate the stature from percutaneous measurement of foot length and maximum length of the complete foot print. o To evolve regression equation for stature estimation from above dimensions. 7. Materials and Methods: 7.1 Source of data: Students and staff of S N Medical college between the age group of
  4. 4. 21-30 years Inclusion criteria: Adults o Age group: 21- 30 years. o Apparently healthy. o Only Adults who have documentary evidence of age in the form of birth certificate issued by Municipal Corporation. o Students and staff of S Nijalingappa Medical College. o Should belong to North Karnataka by origin. Exclusion criteria: Adults with o Chronic illness. o Endocrinal disorders. o Individual with deformities of foot, lower limb(s) and vertebral column. o Flat foot. o Below 21 years and above 30 years of age. Sampling method: o Stratified Random Sampling based on age. o Sample size – 100. 7.2 Method of collection of data : General physical examination will be conducted to know the health status and rule out any deformities in the subjects. Materials: Printer black ink, Glass plate, Manual Roller, Pencil, Measuring scale, Vertical wooden scale, Osteometric board, Data collecting instrument, Calculator. Method: Recording of Foot Prints: The aim and objectives of the intended study will be properly explained to the subjects and informed consent will be taken on the proforma sheet. Participants will be asked to wash and dry their foot to remove the dirt. A plain glass plate of about 24 X 24 inches is cleaned and uniformly smeared with a thin layer of black printer ink by using a roller. The subjects will then be made to place their right foot on the smeared glass plate. So that print of right foot will be transferred to the duly prepared foot print proforma, keeping in mind the need to minimize the possible technical source of dimensional artefact. The length of the foot print will be measured
  5. 5. from the mid rear heal point posteriorly to 1st or 2nd toe whichever is longer anteriorly. The same will be repeated with the left foot. In this way, each and every individual's bare foot prints are recorded. Recording of foot length: The subject is made to place their right foot on Osteometric board with the fixed plate of the board touching the most posteriorly projecting point of the heel (pternion), the movable plate will be adjusted to measure the most anteriorly projected point (acropodian) of the first or second toe, whichever is longer, when the foot is stretched will be considerd, and it will be measured in centimeters approximated to the nearest millimeter. Same thing will be repeated for the left foot. Recording of the height: The height of each subject will be recorded by asking him/her to stand erect with bare foot on the base of the standard stadiometer in a standing position, plate being attached to the vertical Wooden scale of two meters. Then the subjects will be asked to stand without support, with arms by the side of the body, head in steady position. The height will be measured on the vertex of the head with the help of horizontal thin plate in centimeters to the nearest millimeters. 7.3 Does the study require any investigation or interventions to be conducted on patients or other humans or animals? If so, please describe briefly. No 7.4 Has ethical clearance been obtained from your institution in case of 7.3? Yes. 8. List of references: 1) Irene A F, Nabil K. Stature and Body Weight estimation from various footprint Measurements Among Egyptian population, Journal of forensic science, july 2010, vol 55, no.4, 884-888.
  6. 6. 2) Modi’s Medical jurisprudence and toxicology, 23ed edition, Lexis Nexis, Butterworths Wadhwa, Nagpur, 2005, Page 263- 264, 321- 322. 3)Tanuj K, Menezes R G, Moudgil R , Kaur R, Kotian M S, and Garg R K. Stature estimation from foot length using universal regression formula in a North Indian population, J of forensic science, January 2010, vol 55, no 1, page 163-166 4) Chavan K D, Datir S B, Farooqui J M and Numan H S: Correlation of foot length with height among Maharashtrian population of India, Indian academy of forensic medicine, vol 31 no 4, page 334 337 5) Raju G M, Vijayanth V, Anitha M R; Walking bare foot: print shows stature of a male individual. Indian academy of Forensic medicine, Vol 31 no 4, page 338-343. 9. Signature of the candidate 10. Remark of the guide Recommended
  7. 7. 11. 11.1 Name and designation of Guide DR V. H. KELVEKAR PROFESSOR, DEPARTMENT OF FORENSIC MEDICINE, S. NIJALINGAPPA MEDICAL COLLEGE, BAGALKOT. 11.2 Signature 11.3 Head of the DR C. S. KAPSE Department PROFESSOR AND HEAD DEPARTMENT OF FORENSIC MEDICINE, S. NIJALINGAPPA MEDICAL COLLEGE, BAGALKOT. 11.4 Signature 12 12.1 Remarks of the Principal 12.2 Signature