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Town planning presentation

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Town planning presentation

  1. 1. Beginning of Settlements  River Valley Civilisations  Struggle for Survival, Safety & Society  Transportation, Trade & Commerce  Farming, Hunting  Fortification
  2. 2. Cities in History Greek Cities (500 BC) • Athens / Priene /Miletus • Grid Iron Pattern of Streets • Public Places • Agora ,Acropolis, Theatre ,Stadia • Democratic Way of Life
  3. 3. Indus Valley Civilsation 3000 B. C.  Mohan jodaro  Harappa  Advanced Town Planning Features  Road Pattern  Drainage  Building Construction  Public Bath & Monastry
  4. 4. Bejing – China 11th Cent A.D.  Forbidden City - Centre  Imperial City - The palace /Tiananmen Square  Inner City - Home for Artisans, Craftsmen, Artists, & Shops  Chinese city
  5. 5. Town Planning For Modern Cities  Environment  Transportation - Linkages  Industrial Seggregation  High-rise Blocks 1. Commercial + Residential 2. Work – Commerce – Residence  Master Plan 1. Long Term Comprehensive Planning 2. Focus on Social & Physical Infrastructure Besides Landuse Planning.
  6. 6. Ebenezer Honard - (1902) Garden City Three Magnets: - 1. Town :- Central Park 2. Country:- Bright Homes & Gardens No smoke No slum 3. People:- Grand Arenues & Boul Evards.
  7. 7. Garden City
  8. 8. Tony Garnier - (1904) Industrial City The city of Labour divided city into Four main Functions :- 1. Work :- Functionalism 2. Housing :- Space 3. Health :- High Sun’s hire exposure 4. Leisure :- Greenery
  9. 9. Industrial City
  10. 10. Radburn - (1923)  The new Motorage:- Social Planning  Mechanical means to be planned to facilitate Human life & Civilization.  Comprehensive planning  Ample sites for community use  Industries to be close to transportation nodes  Services to be well planned  Private public partnership for convenience of public – group of building be planned.
  11. 11. Radburn
  12. 12. ASPECTS OF TOWN PLANNING IN MODERN CITIES Objective of Town Planning An integrated balanced growth of cities: Preparation of Master Plan depicting various land uses by way of optimum utilization of land earmarked for uses such as Residential, Recreational, Public & Semi- Public and Commercial and transportation besides open & green areas to achieve a habitable environment.
  13. 13. Master Plan Zonal Plans District Plans Area Plans Town Planning Schemes Layout Plans Program/ Project Planning Public Participation / Stake holders meet Plan implementation
  14. 14. Existing Towns Historical Background  Changes faced  Pattern of development  Condition of the developed areas with respect to Infrastructure (social & Physical)  Existing land use pattern  Existing densities  Existing Transportation network.
  15. 15. Analysis /Identification of Gaps  Interact with the stake holders to plan for future  Add new areas for expansion  Redevelop /redensify existing areas  Improvement of existing areas in terms of infrastructure  Rehabilitation / up gradation areas
  16. 16. New Towns 1. Capital City/ Administer town 2. Industrial Town / Market Town 3. Dormitory Town 4. A counter magnet 5. Silicon- Valley / E-City Objective/ Theme
  17. 17. Jaipur
  18. 18. Chandigarh
  19. 19. Gandhi Nagar
  20. 20. Select a Site 1. Location 2. Hinterland study 3. Land quality 4. Land bearing Capacity 5. Availability / Nearness To infrastructure – physical : 1. Water 2. Electricity 3. Telephone 6. Transportation net work – Distance from 7. Plan for a projected population 8. Workout density pattern 9. Land use plan 10. Detailed sectoral plans
  21. 21. Planning Standards Road Network Why need standards Hierarchy of roads For optimum utilization of space and resources National High ways based on the paying capacity of the residents, State High ways and to achieve a more habitable environment, Arterial Roads standardization of spaces is required in a Primary Roads planned development. (Arterial Roads) Sub Arterial Roads (Collector Streets) Local streets Cycle tracks Public Transport Rail Network:- 1. Local Trains 2. Metro Rail (Needs integration with Road transport.)
  22. 22. Residential
  23. 23. Parking Standards – Equivalent Car Spaces  Open 23 sqm.  GF Covered 28 sqm.  Basement 32 sqm.  Multilevel with Ramps 30 sqm.  Automated Multilevel 16sqm. (with lift)  Number of Cars Required Varies with the activity to be Planned.
  24. 24. LANDUSE  Residential / Neighborhood / Community  Commercial – Hierarchy of Commercial Activities City Centre District Centre Community Centre Local Shopping Centre Convenient Shopping Centre  Recreational  Transportation  Industrial  Public & Semi Public
  25. 25. Social Infrastructure (PSP) Hospitals - Health Schools - Education Colleges - Sports Communication - Post & Telephone Security - Safety Police - Fare Social Cultural - Banquet Halls Community Halls Clubs Exhibition Halls Science Centre Connection Centre Other Community Facilities - Religions Old Age Homes / Night Shelters Cremation / Burial / Grounds
  26. 26. Social Infrastructure - 1
  27. 27. Social Infrastructure - 2
  28. 28. Fatehpur Sikri

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