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biodiesel from WCO

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JCHPS 130 A. Gurusamy 77-80
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biodiesel from WCO

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Waste cooking oil is used to processed to get an alternative fuel. Various studies related to biodiesel is mentioned in presentation and a proper sequential methodology is shown and properties of prepared fuel are compared to fossil fuel and noted resemblance, biodiesel can be used as the fuel and also economic approximation analysis is also given with new fuels disadvantages, advantages and future perspectives.

Waste cooking oil is used to processed to get an alternative fuel. Various studies related to biodiesel is mentioned in presentation and a proper sequential methodology is shown and properties of prepared fuel are compared to fossil fuel and noted resemblance, biodiesel can be used as the fuel and also economic approximation analysis is also given with new fuels disadvantages, advantages and future perspectives.

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biodiesel from WCO

  1. 1. - VishistaKaushik B.Tech.(Mechanical)
  2. 2. CONTENT • Introduction • Literature Review • Methodology • Properties of biodiesel • Economic approximation analysis of Biodiesel • Advantages and Disadvantages • Present Catastasis • Conclusion • References
  3. 3. Requirement of alternate fuels What is Biodiesel? Why to use WCO? INTRODUCTION
  4. 4. LITERATURE REVIEW For understanding the relevance of biodiesel produced from WCO as a fuel we have reviewed following papers: • Fabio E. Sierra, Carlos A. Guerrero F., and Andrés Guerrero-Romero from National University of Colombia, 2012 [1] this paper helps me in understanding how exactly biodiesel is produced and how it is less pollutant than other conventional fuels. It also laid emphasis on using waste cooking oil as it is adverse in nature if not properly treated, so he best way to convert this into biodiesel.
  5. 5. • Shashank Mohan and Amit Pal from DTU, 2014 [2] in this paper they presents economic analysis of biodiesel when they are produced from waste cooking oil. They gives a complete description of cost estimation of biodiesel production which helps me in understanding complete expenditures with the help of comparison between petrol, diesel and biodiesel. • N.Y. Sharma, P.Mohanan and C.V. Sudhir [3] this paper presents a project of WCO potential as biodiesel feed stoke. They gives us a complete description about the WCO potential for preparation of biodiesel as feed stoke and also similitude fuel properties of resultant esters of WCO to the conventional fuel.
  6. 6. METHODOLOGY 1. Esterification 2. Separation – I 3. Transesterification 4. Separation – II 5. Washing 6. Drying
  7. 7. PROPERTIES OF BIODIESEL Properties S.I. Units Results Standard (ASTM-6751) Density (15.6ᵒC) Kg/m^3 889.9 860-900 Grades AP I 27 Minimum32 Kinematic Viscosity at 40°C Cst 5.21 1.9 – 6 Cetane index 48 Minimum 47 Caloric value J/g 40,873.00 37,216.00 Temperature 90% distilled °C 332 Maximum 360 Acid number mgKOH/g 0.29 0.80
  8. 8. ECONOMIC APPROXIMATION ANALYSIS OF BIODIESEL Total cost = 26553.7 Taxes (18%) = 4779.6 Distribution (20%) = 5310.74 Net Price = 36644.05 Rate of biodiesel per litre = 36644.05 / 1000 = Rs. 36.64 Quantit y (Litre) Rate / Litre Cost (in Rs.) Revenue (in Rs.) Oil 1321 4.30 5680.3 Reagents 22.50 8.7243 16.38 Methanol 211.36 60 12681.6 Electricity and water 108.326 0.6711 72.69 Filtration 1321 2.0133 2659.57 Purificati on 1191.58 2.684 3198.69 Labour 1000 4.28 4280 Glycerine 471.614 4.69 2215.5
  9. 9. Advantages  Low carbon emission  Renewability  Source material  Cost Disadvantages  High cost of refining  Massive quantity of water needed
  10. 10. PRESENT CATASTASIS BB20 Processor(Biobot Bio Diesel Processor) Key features of BB20 Processor • Small & portable • No electric motor • High speed oil heating • Built – in water wash • Self sealing quick release connectors
  11. 11. CONCLUSION From the all above studies it is concluded that we can utilize the Waste cooking oil as a fuel. As it properties resembles to the conventional fuels after some short of treatment.
  12. 12. REFERENCE • [1] Fabio E. Sierra, Carlos A. Guerrero F., and Andrés Guerrero-Romero fromNational University of Colombia, 2012 • [2] Brajesh Kumar Mishra , Rajesh Kumar , Dr. Rajat Kumar , Potential of WCO for the production of biodiesel. • [3] Shashank Mohan and Amit Pal from DTU,Transesrterification process, 2014 • [5] Economic analysis of production of biodiesel WCO , C.V. Sudhir , N.Y. Sharma and P.Mohanan ,Mohammed Abdul Raqeeb and Bhargavi R.,2015. • [6]Murchana Pathak, NilanjanaKalita, IIT Guwahati efficiency of biodiesel. • [7] S. Altun, H. Bulut, C. Öner, The comparison of engine performance and exhaust emission characteristics of sesame oil–diesel fuel mixture with diesel fuel in a direct injection diesel engine, Renewable Energy 33 (2008) 1791–1795. • [8] GhaiSudhir, Das LM. andBabu MK. Gajendra. “Emissions and performance study with sunflower methyl ester as diesel engine fuel.” ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences vol. 3, no. 5, October 2008, pp.75-80.

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