medicinal plants & their uses


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Medicinal Plants & their uses

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medicinal plants & their uses

  1. 1. MedicinalPlants &their Uses
  2. 2. CONTENTS• Adhatoda Vasica.• Ocimum Sanctum• Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis• Mangifera Indica• Azadirachta Indica• Solanum Trilobatum• Phyllanthus Niruri• Curcuma Longa
  3. 3. Adhatoda Vasica• Family name- Acanthaceae• Names In Other Languages Hindi-Adulsa Tamil-Adatodai Sanskrit-Vasaka• Inhabitant Throughout the plains of India and in Sub- Himalayan tracts upto 4000 Feet• Useful parts Leaves, Roots, Flowers
  4. 4. • Medicinal Uses Of Adhatoda Vasica• Leaves & Roots Asthma, Bronchitis, Chronic Coughs, Breathlessness and in Cough as Expectorant• Leaves Used in Rheumatism and has Insecticidal• Whole plant Local Bleeding Due To Peptic Ulcer, Piles, Menorrhagia.  antispasmodic Have antisceptic properties
  5. 5. OCIMUM SANCTUM• FAMILY NAME- Labiatae• NAMES IN OTHER LANGUAGES Hindi-Tulsi Tamil,Telgu,Sanskrit-Tulasi• Inhabitant- Throughtout India• Parts used Leaves Seeds Roots Stem
  6. 6. •Medicinal properties: Leaves- Expectorant,Diaphoretic,Antiperiodic,used in Bronchitis and Gastric Disorder Treatments Fresh leaves- Infusion in boiling water is a remedy for nausea, vomiting, ear ache Dry leaves- As a snuff in ozaena to cure head ache and bad colds Seeds- In disorders of genito-urinary system & taken internally as antidote to poison Roots Diaphoretic in malarial fevers Whole plant
  7. 7. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis• Family Name- Malvaceae• Names in Other Languages English- Shoe Flower Hindi- Jasum Sanskrit- Joba Tamil- Sembarithi• Inhabitant Throughout India• Parts used Flowers Leaves Roots
  8. 8. •MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF HIBISCUS ROSA-SINESISFlowers-  Emollient, Aphrodisiac and Refrigerant Decoction of Flowers- Bronchial CatarrhLeaves-  Emollient, Aperient and LaxativeDecoction of Leaves- As a Lotion In FeversRoots- For Coughs, Venereal Disease, Fever,
  9. 9. Mangifera Indica• FAMILY NAME- Anacardiaceae• Names In Other Languages Hindi-Aam Tamil-mamaram Telugu-amramu• INHABITANT Cultivated in tropics• PARTS USED Fruits Seeds Barks gum
  10. 10. • Medicinal properties Of Magnifera Indica Riped fruits- Laxative,Astringent, Diuretic, used in Haemorrhage Uterus, Intestines or Lungs Un-ripe fruits- In ophthalmia and Eruptions, It Shows Antibacterial Antifungal activities Rind of fruits- Astringent and Stimulant Properties
  11. 11.  Seeds- In Asthma Seed kernal- Astringent Taste, Used as Anthelmintic, in Bleeding piles . Bark- Astringent Taste, In diphtheria and rheumatism Gum- substitute for gum arabic ,in dressing for cracked feet and for scabies
  12. 12. AzAdirAchtA indicA• Family Name- Meliacae• Names In Other Languages Hindi- Neem Tamil- Vepam Sanskrit- Nimba• Inhabitant All Over India• Parts Used Barks Gums Leaves Flowers Oils
  13. 13. Medicinal properties of azadirachta indica Bark- A string e nt, Antipe rio dic and I Syphilis n Gum- Pro te o lytic A I nd n Catarrhal Leaves- A ntiviral , A ntine o - Plastic, A ntise ptic I Skin n Dise ase s Like Scabie s Ring Wo rm B ils e tc… . . o Flowers- anthe lmintic, dry flo we rs- to nics, sto mach ache
  14. 14.  Neem Oil- I calle d s M o sa- Stimulant, A arg ntise ptic in Skin Rhe umatism Whole Plant- So re s, Fe ve rs, Sple e n, Tumo urs, Sm all Po x, Cho le ra, N ause a o Use d in co sme tics fo r the be ne fit o f skin as e xtracts
  15. 15. Solanum Trilobatum• Family name- Solanaceae• Names in other languages  Sanskrit- Alarka  Tamil- tuduvalai  Telugu- Lavaste• Inhabitant  Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Maharashtra• Parts used  Roots  Leaves  Berries  flowers
  16. 16. Medicinal Properties Of Solanum TrilobatumRoots and Leaves- Bitter Taste, Prescribed In Consumptive Cases In Form Of DecoctionBerries and Flowers- In CoughDecoction Of Plant- Chronic Bronchitis
  17. 17. Phyllanthus niruri• Family Name- Euphorbiaceae• Names In Other Languages Hindi- Jaramia Tamil- Keeranalli Malayalam- Kizhkkynelli• Inhabitant Hotter Parts Of India• Parts Used Shoots Roots Leaves
  18. 18. • Medicinal properties Of phyllanthus niruri shoots(Fresh)-Dysentry Roots(Fresh)-Jaundice Powdered Leaves And Roots-With Rice- To Lessen Swellings And Ulcers Leaves-Have a Bitter Substance Called Phyllanthia – Used Against Fever Whole Plant-As a Diuretic In Gonorrhoea and in Genito Urinary Tract
  19. 19. CÚRCUMA LONGA• FAMILY NAME- Zingiberaceae•• Names in other languages: Tamil- Manjal Telugu- Pasuppu English- Turmeric Hindi- Haldi• INHABITANT: Especially Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu• PARTS USED  Roots
  20. 20. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF CURCUMA LONGA• Anti oxidant• Anti-Arthritis: currently being used experimentally as a treatment for ulcers in western countries.• Anti-Cancer effects• Anti-Diabetic Effects
  21. 21. REFERENCE• erb_information•••