Organization

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Organization

  1. 1. Learning organization
  2. 2. What is Organising? 1. The process of identifying & grouping of organizational activities 2. Defininging and Delegating the responsibity & authority 3. Establishing relationship among the people to achieve the ultimate aims of the organization.
  3. 3. The intention of organization structure is : 1. to divide up organizational activities and allocate them to subunits 2. to co-ordinate and control these activities so that they achieve the aims of the organization. 3
  4. 4. Key elements of organizational designs: or Principles of Organization: Objectives Work Specialization Span of Control Exceptions Scalar Principle Unity of Command
  5. 5. Key elemnts of organizational designs: or Principles of Organization: Delegation Responsibility Authority Efficiency Simplicity Flexibility
  6. 6. Key elements of organizational designs: or Principles of Organization: Balance Unity of Direction Personal Ability Acceptability
  7. 7. Organization structure refers to the formal system of task and reporting relationships that controls, co-ordinates and motivates employees so that they work together to achieve organizational goals.
  8. 8. Chief executive Top management Senior executives Middle Management department or division heads Superintendents General foremen Supervisory management First-line supervisors workers 8
  9. 9. Objectives The ultimate aim that an organisation wants to achieve in persuit of its mission is known as objectives. [Buchanan, 2000, p. 450] 5/6/2003 Organizational Structure Laura Hofman Miquel, Hanna Barst, Jörg Petzold 9
  10. 10. Specialization Job definition is determining the task requirements of each job in the organization. It is the first decision in the process of organizing. [Buchanan, 2000, p. 450] 5/6/2003 Organizational Structure Laura Hofman Miquel, Hanna Barst, Jörg Petzold 10
  11. 11. Span of control Span of control is the number of subordinates who report directly to a single manager or supervisor. or The no of subordinates that can be supervised effectively by a manager. 11
  12. 12. Large Span of management :Flat organization structure Level 1 2 3 12
  13. 13. Narrow Span of Management :Tall organization structure Level 1 2 3 4 5 13
  14. 14. Factors affecting span of management (1)ability of manager (2)ability of employee (3)type of job (4)authority and responsibility (5)geographic location (6)control system (7)level of management (8)economic factors

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