Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Centralisation versus decentralisation and student participation


Published on

Published in: Business, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Centralisation versus decentralisation and student participation

  1. 1. Centralisation versus decentralisation and student participation Antoon Boon Rector’s Office + Educational Policy Unit Rector’s Office 29/11/2005
  2. 2. Institutional background • K.U. Leuven: process towards decentralisation since 2001 : - central level : responsible for general policies; - new decision making and coordination level : groups of faculties; - executive level : faculties/departments Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 2
  3. 3. Legal background • Decree (= Law) of 19 March 2004 concerning students’ rights, participation in higher education and… • Each institution has to choose between one of the following models : - co-decision; - concertation. Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 3
  4. 4. Legal background • Co-decision model : (representatively elected) students have the right to be a member in each body taking decisions concerning : 1° strategic policy of the institution : a) enlargement, scaling down or closing of institution or important part thereof; b) closing of cooperationships with other institutions; devolution of competencies to other institutions or organisation of decentralised structures. c) the programming of educational programmes ; 2° the general educational policy, in particular educational innovation and improvement; 3° research policy ; 4° internationalisation policy ; 5° policy concerning allocation of budgets. Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 4
  5. 5. Legal background • Co-decision model : (representatively elected) students have the right to be a member in each body taking decisions concerning in particular : 1° regulations concerning students’ rights and the educational and examination regulations; 2° the levels of student fees and the spending proposals; 3° initiatives of student counseling; 4° regulations of international student mobility; 5° organisation of academic year, including holidays. Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 5
  6. 6. Legal background • Concertation model : a) university/institution has the obligation to consult with representatives of the student body concerning the same topics as determined for codecision at least once a year; b) for the more specific topics (second list above) formal concertation has to be done between university management and student body; c) for the more general topics student body has the right to formulate advise; university management has to reply formally and motivate if it doesn’t take advise into account Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 6
  7. 7. Organisational chart central level Founding authority Board of Management University Hospitals Executive Bureau Rector General Manager Vice-rector Kortrijk Vice-rectors Groups Vice-presidents Academic Council Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 7
  8. 8. Organisational chart central level Board of Management = Executive Bureau + Persons not belonging to the university (2005 onwards : + representatives of students) Academic Council = Executive Bureau + Deans + Representatives of professors, assistents, students and administrative personnel Executive Bureau : rector, general manager, vice-rectors (4) and vice-presidents (at most 3) (2005 onwards : + representative of students) Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 8
  9. 9. Organisational chart relation central-decentral before 2005 Board of Management - Academic Council - Executive Bureau Faculties - Council (i.e. general parliament with all professors; representatives of assistents, students) - Bureau (dean, small selection of professors, possibility to invite assistents or students for matters concerning them) - Departments (with council and bureau) coordinating research matters; - Permanent educational committees (with programme director) Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 9
  10. 10. Organisational chart central-decentral since 2005 Board of Management - Academic Council - Executive Bureau Groups - Executive Committee (vice-rector, deans of faculties and small selection of professors (elected or because of their function); representatives of assistents and students - Council (dean; representatives of professors (heads of departments or elected), assistents and students) : controlling function - If need be : General assembly (dean, all professors, representatives of assistents and students) : controlling Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 10
  11. 11. Organisational chart central-decentral since 2005 Group executive committee - Council - General assembly Faculties (responsible for education; research in humanities) and departments (responsible for research in exact and biomedical sciences) - Executive bureau - Eventually council (with reduced power : controlling agency) - Permanent educational committees (with programme director) Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 11
  12. 12. Working principles : e.g. education • Academic Council : - central policies (e.g. : bachelor-master reform; quality assurance system; flexibilisation of curricula); - final approval of concrete programme proposals by faculties (until 2005); final approval of programme proposals by groups (from 2005 onwards); • Group executive committee : - proposals for educational programmes (over faculties and groups) (from 2005 onwards); - approval of concrete proposals by faculties (from 2005 onwards); • Faculties : - proposals for educational programmes - concrete implementation Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 12
  13. 13. Organisation : administrative support (e.g. education) Vice-president teaching Educational Policy Unit Teaching support office Rector’s Office Study Advice Centre AV-Net (Audiovisual Services/Distant Teaching) 29/11/2005 Institute for Teacher Training 13 Continuing Education Office
  14. 14. Organisation : advisory structures (e.g. education) Vice-president teaching Educational Council Advisory Council for ict and education Standing committee for reform of educational programmes Committee for marketing Committee for flexibilisation of study programmes Steering committee for bachelor-master reform Task force Quality Assurance Task force Tenure Task force Study guidance Committee for projects of Innovation in education Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 14
  15. 15. relation central and decentral new “external factor” • K.U. Leuven association General meeting 1/3 “hogescholen” 1/3 university 1/3 co-opted members Board of directors K.U. Leuven Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 Board of directors Hogeschool 1 15 Board of directors Hogeschool n
  16. 16. relation central and decentral influence association • Central level : - policy making (e.g. agreement on profiles of programmes serving for students willing to start academic masters after professional bachelor programmes); - approval in concrete situations : (e.g. approval of new educational programmes must be agreed on within association) Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 16
  17. 17. relation central and decentral influence association • decentral level : - policy making (e.g. development of new programmes : influence of partners); - approval in concrete situations : (e.g. negotations on content and size of step up programmes through working committees) Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 17
  18. 18. Organisational chart conclusions • One university • One central policy • Many realities Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 18
  19. 19. Organisational chart - student participation • University and students have chosen for codecision model (less bureaucratic) • Students are represented by elected representatives at each level of the university (board of management -> academic council -> group structures -> faculty level) • As co-managers students have agreed upon discretion concerning personal matters Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 19
  20. 20. Organisational chart - student participation • Two “exceptions” on co-decision practice : - in agreement students can decide not to participate on certain person-related decisions; - for each decision body, other members (students excluded) can decide to prepare meeting separately Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 20
  21. 21. Organisational chart conclusions student participation • Leuven was lagging behind in student participation : a) state organised universities : participation was already obligatory; b) “free” universities (although subsidised equally) : freedom of organisation guaranteed by constitution, but most had already implemented participation at most levels • From 2005 onwards students are full members at all important decision levels Rector’s Office 29/11/2005 21