Vra 2013 enagaging new technology wodnick


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  • I’m Beth Wodnick, Digital Imaging Technician at Princeton University. I know I’m here to engage you in new technologies specific to digital imaging, but I’d like to take a minute to tell you that lots of the technology I use every day for digitization is far from cutting edge. Digitization is just the latest form of the concept “Lots of Copies Keeps Stuff Safe”. We’re just making cooler copies now.
  • Remember microform? I still use an old microform book holder to photograph some of our items.
  • And the camera I use is basically the same as an old view camera – the kind that Matthew Brady used to photograph the Civil War. Granted, he didn’t have a 20 MegaPixel digital back or capture software to help him keep all of his images organized, but the basic idea of light going through a lens and being captured on the other side of a dark box is the same.
  • Today I’m going to cover two different ways of thinking about digital imaging in today’s world. First I’ll look at some more “formal” technologies – imaging that takes place on something besides a smartphone. And then more “on the fly” imaging with some fun apps that if you aren’t using them yet, your students and patrons probably are.
  • Adobe came out with CS6 this past summer. There are lots of upgrades throughout the suite, but we’ll focus on just a couple things that have changed in Photoshop specifically. The most noticeable change is the darker interface, and the option to change it to your preference. If you like the old, lighter version, you can have it, but now you have the option to choose from three darker versions as well.
  • Another huge change, even for the most basic user, is the overhaul of the crop tool. Now, when you choose the crop tool, the crop automatically goes to the edges of the image, and you have to pull the sides in to achieve your desired crop.
  • Also, if you need to adjust where the crop is, instead of moving the crop frame to the part of the image you want included, the software now moves the image and keeps the crop frame centered on the screen. This will take some getting used to.
  • The new crop tool also includes a "straighten" function, which is quite helpful. You simply click the Straighten tool on the top toolbar, draw a line along the line that you want to be straight and then Photoshop does the rest. Voila! A straight horizon. I added the red line so that you could see how it works.
  • The straightened horizon line.
  • There were lots of negative comments and reviews online specifically about the new, completely revamped Crop Tool. But I think you should try it out and see if you can get used it, especially if the Straighten Feature is something you could use. And if you really hate how the new crop tool works, you can always switch back to Classic Mode by clicking on the Settings Icon and checking the box next to "Use Classic Mode".
  • Here is the table of contents for the Lynda.com class on just the NEW features of Photoshop CS6. As you can see there are lots of things that have been tweaked and improved. If Photoshop is something you use every day it's probably worth looking into a more in-depth class so you can get the most out of it.
  • Moving on the 3-D Scanning and Printing. There are a ton of universities and museums using 3-D Scanning technology as a preservation tool for 3-D objects in their collections. The idea is the same as scanning or photographing a 2 dimensional object. Researchers, students, the public can now access the information without damaging or otherwise compromising rare, fragile or priceless objects. This isn’t particularly NEW technology, but it’s new to our conversation, so we’ll cover some basics here. This is an image of a New Engine Desktop 3-D scanner. It seems to be a popular choice for collections with smaller pieces, like archeological fragments or pottery pieces. However, it can be used to scan full sized sculptures as well. It runs about $3,000 for a basic set up.
  • One specific example of how this is being used is folks at Virginia Commonwealth University are scanning some archeological objects and printing them on a 3-D printer and including them in a “touchbox” for blind or visually impaired patrons. Here is a Plastic replica (left) of an 18th century brush (right) recovered at George Washington’s Ferry Farm in Fredericksburg, Virginia. More on 3-D Printing in just a second.
  • Another option for 3-D Scanning is using the Kinect, which you might be familiar with as part of an XBOX 360. On March 18th, Microsoft released Kinect for Windows Software Development Kit 1.7, which was a major upgrade and includes Kinect Fusion, for 3-D Scanning. When Kinect first came out on the scene as part of the XBOX 360 gaming system, hackers almost immediately realized the potential for the hardware to be used as a 3-D scanner, and there are tons of apps, many free, to download that utilize the Kinect as a 3-D Scanner. Finally, Microsoft realized there was huge potential in this and came up with Kinect Fusion.
  • Most of the press about Kinect Fusion talks about using it for scanning people and their surroundings and gives examples like making better orthotics and being able to virtually try on clothes while shopping online. However, it is capable of scanning objects as well and could be used in similar ways as the archival purposes described above. And I'm sure your art majors can come up with all kinds of fun uses for this! Rumors and speculation reveal that this most recent release wasn't called 2.0 because they're waiting for the new Kinect hardware, which will likely be revealed with a new XBOX 720, possibly in time for Christmas 2013. Pitch you tents outside Best Buy NOW!
  • And now that we've covered 3-D Scanning, let's move on to 3-D Printing. I had the chance to go to the Engineering school at Princeton and see a 3-D printer in action and talk to some folks about what they think about it. Let me pass around the gear that we printed so you can see the result. The printer I saw used ABS plastic and support material to create an object that was digitally designed in a CAD program, as opposed to something that was scanned using a 3-D Scanner. As you can see, there is a platform on which the printing takes place, the largest this printer can accommodate is 8x8x12 inches. There are two cartridges at the bottom the top one is for the plastic material (M) and the bottom is for Support Material (S). The support material goes on first, beneath the actual printed object and acts as a stand to support it during printing. This is then washed off in a solution, leaving only the printed object.
  • Here you can see (I hope) the brown Support Material that’s been laid down on the bottom and then the white gear being printed on top of it. As it prints, it’s simply laying down very thin layers of plastic to form the shape. I mentioned that the plastic used is ABS plastic, which is the same material used in Legos, car bumpers and most plastic computer housing. It’s easily shaped, but cools to a hard enough material to be functional in many scenarios. Some of the uses at the Engineering school are too much for a plastic part, so these are sometimes just used in mockups, but for something like making a copy of an artifact to pass around a classroom, as you can see, it’s quite durable. On the downside, you can feel the layers on the object, especially in rounded areas where you have layers that are printed in a straight line doing their best to create a curve.
  • And here’s something really “Meta”. One of the senior engineering students is making a 3-D printer made mostly of parts printed on the 3-D printer!
  • But if you can see the black cord where the arrow is pointing, that is the plastic before it goes into the printer. It comes in coils of what looks like cord and then goes through the print head to create the object. So that’s a really quick, basic overview of 3-D printing. There are lots of different price-points out there and different materials that can be used depending on how you’re using the printed object. Just to give you an idea, the set up that I got to see at Princeton, and where the gear you’re passing around was printed, cost about $40,000 for the printer, the set-up and solution to dissolve the support material and a startup supply of materials. Don’t worry, there are other options out there that cost much less.
  • Everyone needs a little Grumpy Cat, right?
  • Here is something to smile about. Sony has come up with the world’s first Compact Full Frame Camera. Its achievements are many and its price tag shows it. This camera goes for around $2,800. The images is captures are about 24 Megapixels, and if fits in your pocket.
  • Because of the huge sensor and f/2 Zeiss lens, it does amazingly well in low light. Think restaurants, candlelight, nighttime city shots. The camera also takes lovely portraits, giving the nice blurry background that you expect from professional cameras. It can also take great close-up shots, focusing up to about 5 and a half inches away from the subject at its closest. It also does 270 degree panoramics just by holding down the shutter button and moving the camera around you. It has many manual features that photographers will love, including an aperture adjustment ring right on the lens.
  • And of course, the size is what makes it impressive. Here it is next to a standard point and shoot. So, while this is a really good start for a Compact Full Frame camera, it does have some drawbacks. The price is one, but it also comes with a fixed lens and no zoom. That’s right, no zoom. Focusing can be slow, especially in the low light that it handles so well. You can expect Sony to follow up with other models that address some of these shortcomings. Something to look out for in the future.
  • So you’ve probably heard a lot about this next camera – it’s the Lytro Light Field camera and it allows you to focus the picture after you’ve taken it. They have also just recently added a new feature: Perspective shift, which allows you to slightly change the perspective from which the photo was taken. This camera is the first consumer light field camera, costing about $500 for a 16GB version and about $400 for an 8GB version.
  • Light Field photography works by placing a bunch of microlenses in front of the sensor, which scatters the incoming light, based on the angle from which it approached. This information can be then used to calculate where the light would have ended up, had the camera been focused differently. The additional information gained through this process comes at the expense of image resolution. You essentially end up with a 1.2 Megapixel image. Other downfalls include a very small touchscreen on the back that is your main control panel and viewfinder. It is tough to see what you’re photographing and what controls you are adjusting, especially in daylight.
  • Now here’s what you’ve all been waiting to see. The comparison photo. So, this was taken from the Lytro website and with its Lytro Desktop software, you simply click on the area you want to be in focus and it makes the adjustment. Another downfall of this technology is that it is not (currently) compatible with photoshop. Unfortunately, out of the camera, the images are .LFP (Light Field Picture) and are not compatible with anything but their own software. Once you convert the image to a jpeg, you lose the information that makes it a “living picture”. Again, hopefully some of this will be addressed in the future.
  • Speaking of the future…. “Sometime next year” you should be able to purchase an Instagram Camera.
  • Or maybe these Instagram images of the Instagram Camera are more appropriate. The camera is backed by Polaroid and will include software to make your photos look old, just like the Instagram App, but the camera will allow you to print the photos immediately to create a postcard that can be written on. It will also have a strip that can be removed to create a Post-it like photo that can be stuck anywhere you’d be able to stick a Post-it Note. You will also be able to immediately upload the photos to Facebook. Duh.
  • And speaking of postcards, if you really want to use some of your cell phone photos to make postcards that get sent through the mail, you can always go get the Postagram App. Each postcard you send is only 99 cents and you get to personalize it with your own message and the photo pops out of the postcard if you just want to the image to put up on your “real” bulletin board. Because, it says “Reality is Awesome”.
  • It’s a pretty straightforward app that walks you through the steps of choosing which image you want to use, who you want to send it to and what you want your message to be.
  • And if you’re afraid of the permanence of a printed photo, then maybe Snapchat is for you. If you haven’t heard of this yet, then just know that your students and patrons have. The basic idea is that you can send a photo and it disappears 10 seconds after it’s opened.
  • So if you see students doing this, you’ll know why. And even though you might not be able to get that image out of your mind, it will only last for 10 seconds on the receiver’s end. At least that’s what’s supposed to happen. There has been lots of press about how you can take a screenshot of Snapchat images and store them permanently, but you have to act fast, and the sender does get a notice if the image has been captured.
  • So that’s just a little bit of what’s going on with digital imaging these days. There is, of course, so much that can’t be covered in this short time. So keep yours eyes open as there will always be new technology coming down the line.
  • THANK YOU!Images from:http://webdesign.tutsplus.com/articles/workflow/adobe-photoshop-cs6-improvements-for-web-and-ui-designers/http://www.lynda.com/Photoshop-tutorials/Photoshop-CS6-New-Features/97406-2.htmlhttp://www.knowmemes.com/camera-grumpy-cat/http://www.amazon.com/Sony-DSC-RX1-Cybershot-Full-frame-Digital/dp/B0097CXFCChttp://www.amazon.com/Sony-DSC-RX1-Cybershot-Full-frame-Digital/dp/B0097CXFCC http://www.bhphotovideo.com/bnh/controller/home?O=&sku=929425&is=REG&A=details&Q=https://pictures.lytro.com/lytroweb/pictures/431131http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/socialmatic-polaroid-camera-print-instagram-style-pictures/story?id=18649093#.UVWqNqs6VUM http://androidheadlines.com/2013/03/the-socialmatic-camera-aims-to-bring-instagram-photos-to-life.html)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Snapchat_logo.png http://www.thecrimson.com/article/2012/12/6/hate-it-snapchat/http://jessicapwallin.com/reviews/electronics/apps/postagram/http://jessicapwallin.com/reviews/electronics/apps/postagram/http://blogs.msdn.com/b/kinectforwindows/archive/2013/03/18/the-latest-kinect-for-windows-sdk-is-here.aspxhttp://www.eweek.com/developer/microsoft-kinect-sdk-updated-with-3d-scanning/http://www.techradar.com/us/news/gaming/consoles/xbox-720-release-date-news-and-rumours-937167http://vcuarchaeology3d.wordpress.com/2013/03/23/hands-on-the-past-the-ferry-farm-touchbox-virtual-curation-and-tactile-archaeology/
  • Vra 2013 enagaging new technology wodnick

    1. 1. Engaging New TechnologiesBeth WodnickPrinceton UniversityDigital ImagingVisual Resources Association’s 31st Annual ConferenceApril 3rd – 6th 2013 Providence, Rhode Island#VRA2013
    2. 2. Digital imaging doesn’t always require“new technology”
    3. 3. Digital imaging doesn’t always require“new technology”RepurposedMicroform Cradle
    4. 4. Digital imaging doesn’t always require“new technology”RepurposedMicroform Cradle4x5 View Camera
    5. 5. Digital ImagingFormal• Photoshop CS6• 3-D Scanners & Printers• CamerasOn the Fly& Fun Stuff• Snapchat• Postagram
    6. 6. Photoshop CS6:New FeaturesDarker user interfaceAnd the option tochoose from fourdifferent grays bygoing toPreferences ->Interface
    7. 7. Photoshop CS6:New FeaturesUpdated Crop ToolIf you want tomove your croparound the image,you click and drag,as in previousversions, but nowyour image movesand the crop linesstay centered onthe screen.
    8. 8. Photoshop CS6:New FeaturesUpdated Crop ToolIf you want tomove your croparound the image,you click and drag,as in previousversions, but nowyour image movesand the crop linesstay centered onthe screen.
    9. 9. Photoshop CS6:New FeaturesUpdated Crop ToolStraighten featurehelps withstraighteninghorizons or otherlines.Click Straightenand draw the lineyou want to bestraight.
    10. 10. Photoshop CS6:New FeaturesUpdated Crop ToolStraighten featurehelps withstraighteninghorizons or otherlines.Click Straightenand draw the lineyou want to bestraight.
    11. 11. Photoshop CS6:New FeaturesUpdated Crop ToolLots of people hateit, but you canalways switch toClassic Mode toget the old toolback.Just click on theSettings Icon andcheck Use ClassicMode.
    12. 12. Photoshop CS6:New FeaturesAs you can see from thesescreenshots of the Lynda.com classPhotoshop CS6 New Features,there’s a lot to learn.The overall response is positiveand most reviews agree that it isworth the upgrade.
    13. 13. 3-D ScanningNext Engine Desktop 3-D Scanner
    14. 14. 3-D Scanning
    15. 15. 3-D ScanningMicrosoft’s Kinect for Windows has just released a new SoftwareDevelopment Kit (SDK 1.7) that includes the 3-D scanning tool,Kinect Fusion.
    16. 16. 3-D ScanningYou can find out more directly from the Kinect for Windows website:http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/kinectforwindows/
    17. 17. 3-D Printing
    18. 18. 3-D Printing
    19. 19. 3-D Printing
    20. 20. 3-D Printing
    21. 21. Cameras
    22. 22. Sony RX-1
    23. 23. Sony RX-1The RX-1’s Full Frame Sensor (left), and a traditional point and shoot sensor, (right).
    24. 24. Sony RX-1
    25. 25. Lytrowww.lytro.com
    26. 26. Lytrowww.lytro.com
    27. 27. Lytro
    28. 28. Instagram Camera
    29. 29. Instagram Camera
    30. 30. Postagram“because reality is awesome”www.postagramapp.com
    31. 31. Postagram
    32. 32. SnapChatwww.snapchat.com
    33. 33. SnapChatwww.snapchat.com
    34. 34. LinksPhotoshop CS6 Tutorials:http://www.lynda.com/Photoshop-tutorials/Photoshop-CS6-New-Features/97406-2.htmlhttp://psd.tutsplus.com/tutorials/tools-tips/photoshop-cs6-crop-tool/Next Engine Desktop 3-D Scanner:http://www.nextengine.com/VCU “touchbox”:http://vcuarchaeology3d.wordpress.com/2013/03/23/hands-on-the-past-the-ferry-farm-touchbox-virtual-curation-and-tactile-archaeology/Kinect for Windows:http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/kinectforwindows/Sony RX-1http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/21/technology/personaltech/sonys-rx1-camera-compact-full-framed-and-expensive-too.htmlLytro Light Field Camera:https://www.lytro.com/Instagram Camera:http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/socialmatic-polaroid-camera-print-instagram-style-pictures/story?id=18649093#.UVm0mqs6VUNPostagram:http://postagramapp.com/Snapchat:http://www.snapchat.com/http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/09/technology/snapchat-a-growing-app-lets-you-see-it-then-you-dont.html?_r=1&http://mashable.com/2013/03/14/heres-why-snapchat-photos-arent-private/
    35. 35. Engaging New TechnologiesBeth WodnickPrinceton UniversityDigital ImagingVisual Resources Association’s 31st Annual ConferenceApril 3rd – 6th 2013 Providence, Rhode Island#VRA2013