Learning physical world = field studies, getting to know phenomena in their real environments. Learning the meanings attached to the physical objects and environment =methods that support to regognition of differences in people’s ”world views”, memory mapping, applications of mental map... Learning the power relations involved in the production of meaning =method for students to get involved in a participative planning Objects: basis for the learning process: there will be tdescriptive texts of those urban places in the learning environment Themes: perspectives which are optional and they could be added to the objects, so that for example sub urban area might be studied from the multicultural point of view. (good idea?i have to test it wheter it works…) Toolkit: includes descriptions of methods for orientation, for the real research in the field and presentation of results Students can choose with which method they want to study for example street space.
Paikkatietotaidot jos käyttää tätä
presentation of Lähellä kaupungissa -project and website
Near In the City (NIC) – an exercise package for GIS studies on urban environment PhD Virpi Hirvensalo,Department of Geography and Geology, University of Turku
Near In the City (NIC)• A website, which focuses on urban environment.• Familiarizes users with various kinds of places in a city and methods to become acquainted with them.• Contains current and interdisciplinary themes: – personal and place identity – active citizenship – safety in public spaces – urban sustainability – local effects of climate change, etc.
Near In the City (NIC)• Flexible toolkit for courses of geography, sustainable development and environmental education in Finnish.• Intended for students from the level of secondary school to institutes of higher education, including also subject teacher education.• Encourages to make field trips.
Near In the City (NIC)• User-friendly and inspiring contents.• Linked with PaikkaOppi, which is a web- based learning environment for GIS studies in Finnish upper secondary schools.
Spaces and places aspremises for an active citizenship
City and its various places are in the focus of learningThe aim is that a student discerns more clearly places in a city, and considers his/her personal relationship to them. That strengthens:– students place identity.– skills to participate in public discussion of urban development and planning. This improves premises for an active citizenship.
Spaces create premises for learningSpaces can be seen as ”intellectual prostheses”, which help learners to achieve information and to develop something new: reports, maps, videos, memos, models...Cf. Paavolainen & Hakkarainen (2007): Triangular learning: dialogue between participant actors, cultural resources and shared objects of activity.Spaces activate senses and provide possibilities to study and act creatively. They also enable interaction between actors. (Smeds, Krokfors, Ruokamo & Staffans 2010)
Environmental competenceThe skill to take advantage of spatially diverse environments and ability to find scopes for action from them.A task of school institution in the future is to strenghten that.Smeds, Krokfors, Ruokamo & Staffans 2010
Descriptions of placesSTREET – NEIGHBOURHOOD – BROWN FIELD – PARK – CITY CENTER STREET •What is a street? •Living street •Street as a public space •Frightening street •Street as a space of presentation Texts, photos, video & audio clips, links to other web pages, hints of additional literature, excercises, etc.
METHODS for studying placesOrientation to Web page / Word Concept map news paper associationa subject matter analysis -gameResearch Photo- Observation documen- Interview Mental Sensory walk mappingin a field tationPresentation Interactive Video / audio Personalizing Photo-gallery map presentation a pictureof results Participative planning tool
Three toolkits with varying extents ½ -1 hours. Learn concepts related to urban surroundings by reading texts, listening audios and watching videos. Do a short excercise in a classroom.Small toolkit:”Learn theterms” 4 hours. Study materials in NIC, choose the suitable method(s) for your excercise and realize it in a classroom or outdoors.Medium toolkit:”Familiarize yourselfwith places” 20 hours. With your small group, carry out a mini research project basing on a model of a progressive inquiry.Large toolkit:”Grab the study”