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Lecture 9: The Cold War and the Space Race (Part 2)

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Lecture 9 of the course Our Moon: From Imagination to Exploration. In this lecture, I cover politics of the Moon with a focus on the Cold War and the Space Race. Please see presenter notes for what I said about each slide in class. I've divided the lecture into two slide decks due to the upload file size limit.

For more information, please visit https://ourmoon.space/

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Lecture 9: The Cold War and the Space Race (Part 2)

  1. 1. Sputnik 2 Sputnik 2 Model Image: NASA Launched on November 3rd, 1957 First living animal in space Laika Image: National Air and Space Museum
  2. 2. Gaither Report “The Soviet Union could inflict 50 percent casualties on the United States, and vice versa” –In Sputnik’s Shadow (Wang, 2009)
  3. 3. Vanguard (Test Vehicle Three) United States 1st attempt to launch a satellite December 6th, 1957 Video: NASA
  4. 4. Explorer 1 Jupiter-C Rocket Image: NASA United States 1st satellite January 31st, 1958 Video: NASA
  5. 5. Image: U.S. Army/Eisenhower Presidential Library “He gave a lot of weight to the views of the scientists. At the same time he knew that the scientist would be happier having it in a civilian organization than having it given to the military. He wanted, in a way, to placate the scientists. He wanted to draw them closer to his operation.” Andrew J. Goodpaster Interview in 1992 Quoted from “In Sputnik’s Shadow” (Wang) Dwight Eisenhower Who was going to be in charge of the space program? vs. Advanced Research Projects Agency National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
  6. 6. National Aeronautics and Space Administration July 29th, 1958 National Aeronautics and Space Act 1915 to 1958 1958 to present
  7. 7. Luna 1 Image: Alexander Mokletsov Launched on January 2nd, 1959 by the Soviet Union First spacecraft to get close to the Moon (5,900 km or 3 times Moon radius) Intended to impact the Moon Luna 1 Replica
  8. 8. Luna 2 Launched on September 12th, 1959 by the Soviet Union First spacecraft on the Moon’s surface Image: Patrick Pelletier CCCP is USSR in Russian Сою́ з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик
  9. 9. Luna 3 Image: OKB-1 Launched on October 4th, 1959 by the Soviet Union First picture of the Moon’s farside

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