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Lecture 4: The Moon and Religion

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Lecture 4 of the course Our Moon: From Imagination to Exploration. In this lecture I discuss the some connections with religion including Apollo 8, several religious holidays based on phases of the Moon and the lunar calendar.

Please see the presenter notes section for what I said about each slide in class.

For more information, please visit https://ourmoon.space/

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Lecture 4: The Moon and Religion

  1. 1. Our Moon Lecture 4 The Moon and Religion Images: NASA
  2. 2. Apollo 8 Image: NASA
  3. 3. Image: National Air and Space Museum Archives Letter from Simon Bourgin to Frank Borman December 13th, 1968
  4. 4. Image: National Air and Space Museum Archives Letter from Simon Bourgin to Frank Borman December 13th, 1968
  5. 5. Image: National Air and Space Museum Archives Letter from Simon Bourgin to Frank Borman December 13th, 1968
  6. 6. Image: National Air and Space Museum Archives Letter from Simon Bourgin to Frank Borman December 13th, 1968
  7. 7. Image: National Air and Space Museum Archives Letter from Simon Bourgin to Frank Borman December 13th, 1968
  8. 8. Image: National Air and Space Museum Archives Letter from Simon Bourgin to Frank Borman December, 1968 (?)
  9. 9. Image: National Air and Space Museum Archives Letter from Simon Bourgin to Frank Borman December, 1968 (?)
  10. 10. Image: National Air and Space Museum Archives Letter from Simon Bourgin to Frank Borman December, 1968 (?)
  11. 11. Image: National Air and Space Museum Archives Letter from Simon Bourgin to Frank Borman December, 1968 (?)
  12. 12. Image: National Air and Space Museum Archives Letter from Simon Bourgin to Frank Borman December, 1968 (?)
  13. 13. Apollo 8 (December 24th, 1968) Video: NASA
  14. 14. Apollo 8 (Lawsuit) First Amendment to the United States Constitution “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” Madalyn Murray O'Hair Image: Alan Light She sued the Baltimore Public School System Part of the United States Supreme Court case Abington School District v. Schempp (1963) where it was found by a vote of 8 to 1 that school-sponsored Bible reading in public schools is unconstitutional The United States Supreme Court rejected her Apollo 8 case due to the lack of jurisdiction
  15. 15. Image: Museum of Science and Industry Apollo 8 Command Module Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago
  16. 16. Apollo 11 Lunar Communion Sunday Image: Webster Presbyterian Church Buzz Aldrin: “This is the LM pilot. I'd like to take this opportunity to ask every person listening in, whoever and wherever they may be, to pause for a moment and contemplate the events of the past few hours and to give thanks in his or her own way.” Image: NASA Buzz Aldrin
  17. 17. Creation (Christianity) The Creation of the Sun, Moon and Vegetation Michelangelo (1511) And God said, “Let there be lights in the vault of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark sacred times, and days and years, and let them be lights in the vault of the sky to give light on the earth.” And it was so. God made two great lights—the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars. Genesis 1:14—16
  18. 18. Easter (Christianity) Celebration of Jesus resurrecting from the dead Image: Surgun100 Sunday following a full Moon in spring (April 12th, 2020) Piero della Francesca (1463) The Resurrection of Jesus Christ
  19. 19. Splitting of the Moon (Islam) Unidentified Persian artist (16th century) “The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has split.”—54:1 “The Hour (of Judgment) is nigh, and the moon is cleft asunder.”—54:1
  20. 20. Ramadan (Islam) A month of fasting, prayer, and reflection 9th month of Islamic calendar, lasts from one crescent Moon to next crescent Moon (April 23rd to May 23rd, 2020) Jordan Image: Mona Maher Image: balavenise Turkey
  21. 21. Diwali (Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism & Buddhism) Festival of lights Image: Subharnab Majumdar Image: Sriram Jagannathan In early fall coinciding with a new Moon (October 27th, 2019)
  22. 22. Vesak (Buddhism) Vesak Thorana in Sri Lanka Image: Shehal Celebration of birth, enlightenment & death of Gautama Buddha Typically celebrated on the first full Moon in May (May 7th, 2020) Java, Indonesia Image: pwbaker
  23. 23. Rosh Hashanah (Judaism) Jewish New Year Image: Gilabrand Aleksander Gierymski (1884) 163 days after the first day of Passover on a new Moon (September 29th to October 1st, 2019)
  24. 24. Mid-Autumn Festival Image: Fanny Schertzer Full Moon at night around the 15th day of the 8th month (September 13th, 2019) Mooncake Image: Werner, E.T.C. Chang'e flies to the moon Image: Terence Ong Singapore
  25. 25. Activity
  26. 26. Images: NASA A B C D E F G H
  27. 27. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Images: NASA A B C D E F G H
  28. 28. Images: NASA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
  29. 29. Images: NASA New Moon Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Moon Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
  30. 30. Lunar Calendar Period of the Moon? Sun Not to scale Earth Moon
  31. 31. Lunar Calendar Period of the Moon? 27.322 days (sidereal) 29.530 days (synodic) Sun Not to scale Earth Moon
  32. 32. Lunar Calendar Period of the Moon? 27.322 days (sidereal) 29.530 days (synodic) Sun Not to scale Earth Moon Earth Moon

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