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MOOCs and the Future of Indian Higher Education - FICCI Higher Education Summit - 2013


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This is a presentation that acted as a base for the conversation in the master class on Nov 14, 2013 at the FICCI Higher Education Summit at New Delhi.

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MOOCs and the Future of Indian Higher Education - FICCI Higher Education Summit - 2013

  1. 1. MOOCS …and the future of Indian Higher Education Master Class, FICCI HES 2013, November 14
  2. 2.  Chair: Dr. B N Jain, Vice Chancellor, BITS Pilani  Expert: Mohan Kannegal, Manipal Global Education  Facilitator: Viplav Baxi, LearnOS Consulting Services
  3. 3.  0915-0920: Introductions and Agenda  0920-0930: Chair’s Address: Setting the context  0930-0945: About MOOCs  0945-1015: MOOCs Lifecycle– from Analysis to Evaluation  1015-1025: Open discussions  1025-1030: Concluding Remarks and Next Steps
  4. 4. Chair’s Address
  5. 5. Origins, Types, Current State
  6. 6. Massive: No restriction on class size, very limited regulation Open: Anyone can enroll Online: High use of social media and online collaboration tools Course: Loosely structured, facilitated, learner led course environments
  7. 7. Types of MOOCs
  8. 8. cMOOCs The founders of the cMOOCs – George Siemens, Stephen Downes and Dave Cormier
  9. 9. Learning is the process of making connections… Knowledge is the network. A critical part of cMOOC design is its heutagogical (self determined, capability building learning) bent – focus on how to give the learner control over what and how they wish to learn
  10. 10. Sage on the Stage Content is King To … Process Based Networked, open learning promoting diversity and autonomy Factory Mode
  11. 11. xMOOCs Daphne Koller Andrew Ng Mike Sokolsky David Stavens Sebastian Thrun Anant Agarwal Eren Bali xMOOCs have garnered the MOOC moniker and taken a substantial part of the investment and hype
  12. 12. xMOOCs have garnered a lot of interest and investment worldwide
  13. 13. In the instructivist learning theory, knowledge exists independently of the learner, and is transferred to the student by the teacher. As a teacher-centered model, the instructivist view is exhibited by the dispensing of information to the student through the lecture format. Andragogy is the underlying theory of adult learning behind xMOOCs. It presumes active (via instructor) or implicit (via curriculum and sequencing) “rules” for the learning process
  14. 14. + + Sage on the Stage Content is King Process Based Factory Mode Add scalability to it… Take big money and brand… And make it all available online…
  15. 15. • Takes too Much Time • Assumes Too Much Knowledge • Too Basic, Not Really at the Level of Stanford, Oxford and MIT • Lecture Fatigue • Poor Course Design • Clunky Community/Communication Tools • Bad Peer Review & Trolls • Surprised by Hidden Costs • You’re Just Shopping Around • You’re There to Learn, Not for the Credential at the End (
  16. 16. Analyze, Design, Develop, Implement, Evaluate
  17. 17. Design Analyze Evaluate Develop Implement
  18. 18. Getting the requirements in place
  19. 19.  Promoting existing and new programs to a massive worldwide audience for fee or free  Supplementing existing traditional programs with the power of a large network of learners and resources  Increasing institutional visibility and demonstrating quality & excellence  Providing learners with ways to join communities of experts and practitioners in the domain and collaborate with them  Bringing access to high quality teaching and resources to a worldwide audience Institutions are rapidly adopting this new model for a variety of purposes…
  20. 20. 1. Flipped Classroom Model – in which the MOOC model complements a traditional face to face regular credits program. In this case, University handles all student interactions, while Provider provides platform, development, support and training. 2. Free MOOC Model – in which University decides to host a free MOOC while Provider provides platform, support and training. University and Provider together acquire students. University delivers the MOOC. 3. Freemium/Paid Model – in which Provider provides a free sample or completely paid MOOC on behalf of the University. University provides base content and Provider enhances it. Provider takes responsibility for student acquisition and delivery of the MOOC.
  21. 21. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Digital Content for self learning 1:1 Mentoring Assessments (intermediate and final) Blends (e.g. Face to Face Workshops) Project Support and Evaluation Certification Credit Transfers Lifelong network membership (participation in repeat MOOCs, access to community) 1. 2. 3. 4. Access to learners and their activity Access to MOOC materials Ability to engage in discussions Email updates 9. Introductions/Exposure to potential employers 10. Access to educational and other material (electronics, books and references) at discounted rates
  22. 22. Flipped Classroom Model Free MOOC Model Freemium or Paid MOOCs Platform provision, support and training Provider Provider Provider Content (including assessments) University University University (digitally enhanced by Provider) Student Acquisition University Provider + University Provider MOOC Facilitation University University Provider Provider + University Provider + University Student Services such as mentoring, certification Provider + University (as relevant) Fees/Charges University collects fees and pays Provider accordingly. Provider collects fees and Provider collects fees and pays university pays university accordingly. accordingly.
  23. 23.  Based on selected model, costs will include  One Time Platform provision  Training Workshops  Per Credit launch & subsequent maintenance  Per Student share of revenue  Development Services  Institutions can extend program offerings to other geographies and markets (or customize for a select audience) and create revenue opportunities
  24. 24. Important considerations and models
  25. 25. Programs • • • • • Participation Certificate • Career credits (API Score, Mandatory training etc.) Certificate • Diploma Degree Content • • • • • • • Duration Videos OER Reading Material Interactive Content Games and Simulations Job Aids Worksheets Student Acquisition • Need to define MOOC “Credit” or unit of performance and assessment Need to correlate with number of expected study hours Recurrence needs to also be defined Assessment • • • • Participants • Modes • • • • Self Paced vs Blended Synchronous vs. Asynchronous Strict vs Flexible Blended None Online (self/peer assessed) Online (Automated) Faculty Evaluation • Closed for internal and captive audience groups Open to external groups Analytics • • Metrics Actionables Fees • • • Free Freemium Fully Paid Delivery • • • • • • • Discussion Forums Collaborative Projects Other Activities Offline selforganized learner groups Active facilitation Video classrooms Live instructors
  26. 26. • Determine the topic and the audience – could be something you already teach or are interested in • Find someone to teach with – never teach alone, bring in guests and external resources • Determine Content – content is a starting point for the conversation; leverage available materials • Plan spaces of interaction – let interaction be distributed over various channels as well as centralized • Plan interactions (live, asynchronous) – leave a trail of discussion that others can follow • Plan *your* continued presence – be active, not dominant • Learner creation (activities) – encourage learners to create their own stuff and critique others • Promote and share – use social media and your networks • Iterate and improve – adapt to learner feedback and recommendations
  27. 27. • Mission to Inspire • Online Activities • MOOC Learning Platform • Online Assessment • Choose Courses/Modules/Topics • Quality Control • Delivery Mode(s) • Course Completion Incentives • Course Facilitator(s) • Promote the MOOC • Support Team • Sustainable Budget/Income Model • Course Design
  28. 28. Steps and Tools
  29. 29. A plethora of tools are now available and many more to come
  30. 30. Important considerations
  31. 31. Needs to be tightly planned. Interventions could include:  Prompting students to complete the curricular unit  Highlighting important contributions  Elaborating on or clarifying concepts through discussions  Seeding conversations  Bringing in external experts  Regular alerts and reminders  Connecting students with each others  Counselling
  32. 32. Typically required in discussion forums, moderation may be exercised when:  Objectional behavior or language needs to be addressed  Code of Conduct is violated in any way (for example, no cheating or plagiarism)  Any other pattern of behavior that may be considered objectionable
  33. 33. Based on the services you have offered, such as 1:1 mentoring or Certification, you must:  Ensure that you have staffed or procured services to the right scale  Monitor quality of service delivery  Treat the MOOC overall as a service and measure quality  Conduct student demographics and satisfaction surveys  Have a FAQ page where you can take in complaints as well
  34. 34. Each recurrence may see changes in:  Content and Assessments  Schedule of delivery  Services offered Please make sure you are able to leverage past occurrences for insights on how to make future occurrences better.
  35. 35. Important considerations
  36. 36. Very important to track learner progress and performance through the course:  Resources accessed  Assessments taken  Discussions participation  Performance in activities, quizzes, project work etc
  37. 37.  cMOOC Metrics will differ, primarily because they are worried about:  autonomy, diversity, open-ness and interactivity & connectedness (Stephen Downes)  These distinguish a knowledge-generating network from a mere set of connected elements  Autonomy – how independently are members of the network/community?  Diversity – how different are the members?  Open-ness – how easy is it to communicate across the course barriers  Connectedness – who are we connected with and what are the ties that bind us  (Indicative Metrics - )
  38. 38. Q&A, Discussions
  39. 39. Reach Viplav +91-98110-48940 Viplavbaxi Viplavbaxi