Cognitive Computing


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Cognitive computing refers to the development of computer system modeled after the human brain.
This technology was introduced by IBM as 5 in 5.
In next five years IBM is planning to develop kind of Applications which will have capabilities of the right side of the human brain.
New technologies makes it possible for machines to mimic and augment the senses.

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Cognitive Computing

  1. 1. Cognitive ComputingCognitive Computing Varun Trivedi
  2. 2. What is Cognitive Computing ? Cognitive computing refers to the development of computer system modeled after the human brain. Cognitive computing aims to develop a coherent, unified, universal mechanism inspired by the mind's capabilities. It strives to provide methods to construct and operate systems that ―know what they are doing‖ Cognitive computing is combination of three different technologies. They are Neuroscience, Super computing and Nanotechnology.
  3. 3. Neuroscience Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system. It is an interdisciplinary science that collaborates with other fields such as chemistry, computer science, engineering, linguistics, mathematics, medicine and allied disciplines, philosophy, physics, and psychology. Cognitive Science The term "cognitive" in "cognitive science" is "used for any kind of mental operation or structure that can be studied in precise terms". Cognitive Neuroscience Cognitive neuroscience is an academic field concerned with the scientific study of biological substrates underlying cognition, with a specific focus on the neural substrates of mental processes.
  4. 4. Supercomputing A supercomputer is a computer at the frontline of contemporary processing capacity--particularly speed of calculation. IBM-Watson Watson is an artificially intelligent computer system capable of answering questions posed in natural language, developed in IBM's DeepQA project by a research team led by principal investigator David Ferrucci. Watson was named after IBM's Thomas J. Watson. Watson is a Question answering (QA) computing system built by IBM. IBM describes it as "an application of advanced Natural Language Processing, Information Retrieval, Knowledge Representation and Reasoning, and Machine Learning technologies to the field of open domain question answering" which is "built on IBM's DeepQA technology for hypothesis generation, massive evidence gathering, analysis, and scoring.
  5. 5. Nanotechnology Nanotechnology is the manipulation of matter on an atomic and molecular scale. The earliest, widespread description of nanotechnology referred to the particular technological goal of precisely manipulating atoms and molecules for fabrication of macro scale products, also now referred to as molecular nanotechnology. Nanotechnology may be able to create many new materials and devices with a vast range of applications, such as in medicine, electronics, biomaterials and energy production.
  6. 6. IBM 5 IN 5 One of the most intriguing aspects of this shift is their ability to give machines some of the capabilities of the right side of the human brain. New technologies makes it possible for machines to mimic and augment the senses. Last year, IBM focused on IBM next 5 IN 5, their 2012 forecast of inventions that will change our world in next five years, on how computers will mimic the senses.
  7. 7. IBM 5 IN 5 Processing sights and sounds requires eyes, ears and, most important, a brain-right? But what if your hardware shared your senses?
  8. 8. Touch Within the next five years, your mobile device will let you touch what you’re shopping for online. It will distinguish fabrics, textures, and weaves so that you can feel a sweater, jacket, or upholstery – right through the screen.
  9. 9. Sight Within the next five years, computers will be able to sense, understand, and act upon these large volumes of visual information to help us make better decisions and gain insights into a world they couldn’t previously decipher.
  10. 10. Hearing Imagine knowing the meaning behind your child’s cry, or maybe even your pet dog’s bark, through an app on your smartphone. In the next five years, we will be able to do just that thanks to algorithms embedded in cognitive systems that will understand any sound.
  11. 11. Taste Within next five years, computers will be able to construct never- before-heard-of recipes to delight palates – even those with health or dietary constraints – using foods’ molecular structure.
  12. 12. Smell Within the next five years, your mobile device will likely be able to tell you you’re getting a cold before your very first sneeze.
  13. 13. Future of Cognitive Computing - Modeling the brain - Smart cars - Automating Wars - In the doctor’s office, to diagnose illnesses and choose among treatment options. - In the pharmaceutical industry - We believe that cognitive systems will help us make sense of our amazingly complex world and provide a new collaborative dimension to human reasoning and decision making—whether it’s for business leaders reshaping industries or regular people trying to choose careers or investment strategies. These technologies will help create new products, services, companies and entire industries.
  14. 14. Cognitive ComputingThank You