Mihai EMinEscu (1850- 1889) Mihai Eminescu (real name MihailEminovici) was a Romantic poet,novelist and journalist, regarded asthe most famous andinfluential Romanian poet. He was born on January 15th 1850in Ipoteşti. He frequently used metaphysical,mythological and historical subjectsin his poems. In general his work wasinfluenced by philosophers like Kant,Hegel or Arthur Schopenhauer.
The first written evidenceof Eminescu as a writer is in1866 in a literary magazine“Familia” issued in Oradea. InJanuary of that year hisRomanian teacher, AronPumnul, died and he wrote apoem dedicated to him .
Eminescu is considered by most of the historiansand linguists the “godfather” of the modernRomanian language because of the way he used thewords in his poems.
“ ThE EvEning sTar”- LucEafaruL The mostrepresentative poem forhis work is “Luceafarul” –“ The Evening Star”. Even if it looks like alove poem, it representsthe poet’s view about agenius’s life. Some of thecritics believe that “TheEvening Star” presentsthe way in which peopleusually try to evolvethrough love.
George Enescu (1881- 1955) George Enescu was one of the most important musiciansof our country. He was a violonist, pianist, composer, orchestra conductorand also a teacher. He was born in the summer of 1881. He started to learn howto play the violin when he was 4 and one year later he hadhis first concert.
Between 1888-1894 hestudied at TheConservatory of Vienna After the graduation, hewon the Silver Medal andcontinued his studies atThe Conservatory of Paris(1895-1899)
At the beginning of the 20th century, he created a part ofhis well known compositions, “The RomanianRhapsodies” with the symphonic suite “RomanianPoems” and “Nr. 1 Suite for orchestra”.“Oedip” was Enescu’s most dramatic creation. It wasdedicated to Maria Tescanu Rosetti, the woman hemarried with. During The First and The Second World Wars, heremained in Bucharest.
In 1915, the first edition of “George Enescu Festival” was held inBucharest. Ever since it has been a very important composers’ contestworld wide. The winners of the early editions of the festival were givenmoney by Enescu himself from his own pocket. Even today, this festivalis very known, that’s why a lot of artists participate on it every year. He left Romania when the communist regime took over in 1945. He died on May 4th 1955, in Paris.
Constantin Brâncuşi(1876 – 1957)He was a Romaniansculptor with overwhelmingcontributions to the renewalof vision and language artsin contemporary sculpture.The National Museum ofParis owns most of hissculptures.
• Brâncuşi grew up in the village of Hobiţa, Romania, (Gorj county), near the city of Târgu Jiu, close to Romanias Carpathian Mountains, an area known for its rich tradition of folk crafts, particularly woodcarving. Geometric patterns of the region are seen in his later works. The Memorial House of Brâncuşi
Constantin Brâncuşi is the founder of modern sculpture. He tries to surprise the essence of the world using styled shapes which become symbols. He is looking for primary shapes, the horizon of life’s genesis and the crucial moments of life: birth, love, work, death. The sculptural ensemble in Târgu-Jiu (The Column of Infinite, The Tableof Silence and The Gate of the Kiss) is actually a funerary monumentdedicated to the heroes who fought in World War I. Constantin Brâncuşi mixes the simplicity of the Romanian folk art with the Parisian avant-garde.
SculpturesThe bird in The Child Miss Pogany space Carol DavilaPrometheus Newborn The sleeping The kiss muse
Maia MorgEnsTErn (May 1, 1962--)She is a verysuccessful Romanianfilm and stage actressand has appeared innumerous films andplays.
She is probably best known for the role of Mary, the mother of Jesus, in Mel Gibsons film The Passion of the Christ.
She has won several major awards as an actress: *Best Actress for: Balanţa (1992), European Film Awards *Best Actress for: Balanţa (1992), Geneva Film Festival *Best Film Actress for: The Passion of the Christ (2004), Ethnic Multicultural Media Awards (EMMA Awards), UK
Petrache Poenaru (1799 – 1875) • Petrache Poenaru was a famous engineer, inventor and mathematician. • He studied in Vienna and Paris. • Poenaru is recognized for his invention, the fountain-pen.
• Poenaru invented the worlds first fountain pen (1827) when he was a student in Paris.• He has been the first Romanian who travelled by train.• Petrache Poenaru was one of the Romanian national educational system’s organizers.
• He supported the founding of higher mathematics, mechanisc, agriculture and forestry studies in Romania (1833)• In 1836 Poenaru organized the first systematical weather survey service in Bucharest.
• Poenaru held a speech at the reception in the Romanian Academy and he talked about his youth life. The Romanian Academy
Aurel Vlaicu (1882-1913)Was an engineer,inventor, airplaneconstructor andearly pilot
Aurel Vlaicu builthis first airplanecalled “Vlaicu I”in 1910.In 1911 he builthis secondairplane called“Vlaicu II”.
At the time of his death, a two-seatedmonoplane Vlaicu III, ordered by theMarconi Company for experimentswith aerial wireless radio, was onlypartially built.
Aurel Vlaicu died in1913 near Campinawhile attempting tocross in flight theCarpathianMountains. He isburied at the Bellucemetery, inBucharest.
Emil Racoviţă(1868 – 1947)Emil Racoviţă was a Romanianbiologist, zoologist, speologist andexplorer of Antarctica.
• Emil Racoviţă was born in Iaşi (N-E Romania).• As a promising young scientist, Racoviţă was selected to be part of an international team that started out on a research expedition to Antarctica, aboard the ship Belgica.• Racoviţă was the first researcher to collectbotanical and zoological samples from areas beyondthe Antarctic Circle.
• The scientists collected information on oceanic currents and terrestrial magnetism. With as many as 10 volumes of scientific conclusions being published at the end of the expedition, it was considered a success.• The results of his research werepublished in 1900, under the title "Thelife of animals and plants in Antarctica".• A year after his return, Racoviţă wasappointed director of the Banyuls-sur-Mer resort and editor of the reviewArchives de zoologie expérimentale etgénérale.
• Emil Racoviţă continued his research, contributing to speleology and exploring over 1,400 caves in France, Spain, Algeria, Italy, and Slovenia.• He is considered to be, together with René Jeannel, one of the founders of biospeology. He was particularly interested in “isopoda”, of which he discovered many.• He founded the worlds first Speological Institute on April 26 th 1920, inCluj-Napoca.• In 2006, the first Romanian Antarctic exploration station was namedLaw-Racoviţă.
• Ana Aslan was a biologist and physician of Armenian origin. She is considered to be a founding figure of gerontology and geriatrics in Romania. In 1952, under the leadership of Prof. Dr. Ana Aslan, the Geriatric Institute in Bucharest was founded. This Institute was the first of its kind in Romania.
• The Gerovital H3 concept was introduced for the first time in 1957, in Verona, Italy. Many scientists from all over the world have studied and confirmed the effects of the Gerovital H3 treatment suggested by Prof. Dr. Ana Aslan.
Once discovered by celebrities like Charlie Chaplin,Salvador Dali, U.S President John F. Kennedy and others,Gerovital itself became famous and is now used in overtwenty countries around the world for its claimed anti-agingproperties.
• Besides the Gerovital H3 Medicine, Ana Aslan also developed Anti Aging cosmetics lines. The original recipes for the preparation of the cosmetics are still respected today by “Farmec” ( a Romanian Company).