Unique Id Project : An Analysis

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Unique Id Project : An Analysis

  1. 1. Systems Thinking and Analysis Team 2 Team Members Akhil Sharma Edwin Antony Maninder Singh Preeti R Ramkumar N Surendran.P Vino Thomas
  2. 2. July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 2
  3. 3. Problem Statement Problem Owner Problem Identification Problem Awareness Problem Specification Structure Diagram Simulation Policy July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 3
  4. 4. Successful implementation of   Unique ID project in an  cost effective way within the  stipulated time frame July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 4
  5. 5. Government of India July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 5
  6. 6. July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 6
  7. 7. UNID was conceived in 2002 during the NDA regime, to check illegal immigration. But  fearing that such a move would severely deplete BJP's popularity, it was shot down soon  after. The proposal to issue UNID Cards was discussed in the Chief Secretaries and Chief  Ministers Conference held on 7th Jan, 2003 and 8th Feb, 2003 respectively.  UPA government revived the idea in 2004 February 2009‐ Unique Identification Authority of India  was set up June 2009  Nandan Nilekani was appointed as the first Chairman of the UID Authority of  India July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 7
  8. 8. PHYSICAL S Short Term Long Term  U till 2011 Beyond 2011 S T SURVIVAL Essential Vital A I STABILITY Vital Vital N I B STRENGTH Vital Vital I L SUCCESS Vital Vital I T Y SUPERIORITY Vital Vital July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 8
  9. 9. Security  Mumbai  review post  Attacks  Kargil war 26/11/08 Rigged state elections,  UNID authority was  embezzlement in  set up and Nandan Recognized the need  subsidies and poverty  Nilekani was  alleviation programs,  for UNID appointed at the  illegal immigration Chairman of UIDAI First Threshold Second Threshold July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 9
  10. 10. July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 10
  11. 11. SPACE SPACE India Unique  Nation India al ID Multipurpose TIME 2011 2020 Unique  National ID  TIME 2011 2020 July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 11
  12. 12. Infrastructure UIDAI Systems & Processes Funds Procedures Technology Autonomy Personnel Data handling Time frame Successful Implementation of Bureaucracy UID Monitoring Privacy concern Support Population Corruption Government Citizens July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 12
  13. 13. ACTUAL STATE:  DESIRED STATE:  Absence of  Unique ID for  Unique ID every Indian July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 13
  14. 14. Start Citizens Will help  Security & welfare  identify concern prompted UID Government Help Implement Appointed Systems &  Estimated Infrastruc UIDA ture Processes Decided on  July 2009 14
  15. 15. To help UID Authority of India successfully implement the unique ID project, in a cost effective and time bound manner and thus empower the Government of India to identify every citizen of the country July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 15
  16. 16. To be able to identify every citizen of the country so that Government can ensure their security, and ensure that all the welfare schemes reach the targeted population July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 16
  17. 17. To maximize the privacy of the data stored To maximize the accuracy of data collected To minimize the implementation time To maximize the coverage of unique ID to  include the entire population of India July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 17
  18. 18. July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 18
  19. 19. S. No. Attribute Entity Initial value (X) Scale 1 Autonomy UIDAI 0.6 Medium 2 Availability of funds UIDAI 0.5 Medium 3 Government support Government 0.8 High Corruption & red tapism in  4 Government 0.2 Very Low Government  5 Level of infrastructure Infrastructure 0.3 Low 6 Time pressure UIDAI 0.8 High Systems &  7 Data handling efficiency 0.4 Low Processes 8 Privacy concerns Citizens 0.7 High Scale (for a variable ‘X’): 0.2  ≥ X ≥ 0.0 Very Low  0.4  ≥ X > 0.2 Low 0.6  ≥ X > 0.4 Medium  0.8  ≥ X > 0.6 High  1 .0 ≥ X > 0.8 Very High  July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 19
  20. 20. Variables Positively effected by Negatively effected by Autonomy, Availability of funds, corruption & red tapism in government, Privacy Autonomy Government support, Level of Infrastructure concerns, Time pressure Availability of Autonomy, Government support, Time pressure, Data corruption & red tapism in government, Level of funds handling efficiency, Privacy concerns Infrastructure Government Government support, Time pressure, Autonomy, Availability of funds, corruption & red support Data handling efficiency, Privacy concerns tapism in government, Level of Infrastructure corruption & Availability of funds, corruption & red tapism in red tapism in Government support, Time pressure government government Level of Autonomy, Availability of funds, Government support, corruption & red tapism in government Infrastructure Time pressure, Privacy concerns corruption & red tapism in government, Data handling Autonomy, Availability of funds, Government Time pressure efficiency, Privacy concerns, support, Level of Infrastructure Data handling Autonomy, Availability of funds, Government support, corruption & red tapism in government, Time efficiency Level of Infrastructure, Privacy concerns pressure Privacy Autonomy, corruption & red tapism in government, Government support, Level of Infrastructure, concerns Time pressure, Privacy concerns Data handling efficiency July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 20
  21. 21. Autonomy Availability Level of of funds Infrastructure Autonomy Govt Time support pressure Corruption Privacy & red concerns tapism in Govt Positive effect Negative effect July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 21
  22. 22. Autonomy Level of Infrastructure Data handling efficiency Availability of funds Govt Time support pressure Corruption Privacy & red concerns tapism in Govt Positive effect Negative effect July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 22
  23. 23. Autonomy Availability Level of of funds Infrastructure Data handling efficiency Govt support Govt Time support pressure Corruption Privacy & red concerns tapism in Govt Positive effect Negative effect July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 23
  24. 24. Availability of funds Corruption & red tapism in Govt Govt Time support pressure Corruption & red tapism in Govt Positive effect Negative effect July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 24
  25. 25. Autonomy Availability of funds Level of Infrastructure Govt Time support pressure Corruption Privacy & red concerns tapism in Govt Positive effect Negative effect July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 25
  26. 26. Autonomy Availability of funds Level of Infrastructure Data handling efficiency Time pressure Govt support Corruption Privacy & red concerns tapism in Govt Positive effect Negative effect July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 26
  27. 27. Autonomy Availability of funds Level of Infrastructure Data handling efficiency Govt Time support pressure Corruption Privacy & red concerns tapism in Govt Positive effect Negative effect July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 27
  28. 28. Autonomy Level of Infrastructure Data handling efficiency Privacy concerns Govt Time support pressure Corruption Privacy & red concerns tapism in Govt Positive effect Negative effect July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 28
  29. 29. Availability  Government Corruption  Level of Time  Data handling  Privacy  Variables Autonomy of funds support in Government  infrastructure pressure efficiency concerns Autonomy 0.1 0.2 0.2 ‐0.2 0.1 ‐0.1 0 ‐0.2 Availability  of funds 0.2 0 0.4 ‐0.3 ‐0.05 0.2 0.1 0.1 Government  support ‐0.2 ‐0.1 0.1 ‐0.2 ‐0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 corruption & red  tapism in  0 0.2 ‐0.2 0.1 0 ‐0.1 0 0 government Level of infrastructure 0.4 0.2 0.4 ‐0.2 0 0.2 0 0.1 Time pressure ‐0.1 ‐0.2 ‐0.3 0.2 ‐0.2 0 0.2 0.3 Data handling  efficiency 0.3 0.4 0.2 ‐0.2 0.4 ‐0.3 0 0.4 Privacy concerns 0.1 0 ‐0.2 0.6 ‐0.2 0.4 ‐0.4 0.1 July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 29
  30. 30. 1 0 8 0 6 0 4 0 2 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Autonomy Availability of funds Govt support Govt Corruption & red tapism level of infrastructure time pressure Data handling efficiency Privacy concerns July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 30
  31. 31. S. No. Attribute Entity Initial value (X) Final value (X) Change 1 Autonomy UIDAI 0.6 0.988753 Increase 2 Availability of funds UIDAI 0.5 0.999784 Increase 3 Government support Government 0.8 0.366514 Decrease corruption & red tapism in  4 Government 0.2 0.774257 Increase government  5 Level of infrastructure Infrastructure 0.3 0.999998 Increase 6 Time pressure UIDAI 0.8 0.029906 Decrease Systems &  7 Data handling efficiency 0.4 0.999999 Increase Processes 8 Privacy concerns Citizens 0.7 0.248882 Decrease Scale (for a variable ‘X’): 0.2  ≥ X ≥ 0.0 Very Low  0.4  ≥ X > 0.2 Low 0.6  ≥ X > 0.4 Medium  0.8  ≥ X > 0.6 High  1 .0 ≥ X > 0.8 Very High  July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 31
  32. 32. PPP models ensuring that the UNID systems actually facilitate the transactions of citizens with various entities involved in the system, ultimately bringing in the much awaited transparency in delivery of Government schemes (like PDS, direct subsidy to citizens, etc.) and ease of delivery of government to citizen services, which has still been a major lacuna in the current scenario in India July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 32
  33. 33. S. No. Attribute Entity Initial value (X) Effect of policy 1 Autonomy UIDAI 0.6 ‐0.1 2 Availability of funds UIDAI 0.5 0.2 3 Government support Government 0.8 0 Corruption & red tapism in  4 Government 0.2 0 government  5 Level of infrastructure Infrastructure 0.3 +0.3 6 Time pressure UIDAI 0.8 0 Systems &  7 Data handling efficiency 0.4 +0.4 Processes 8 Privacy concerns Citizens 0.7 +0.3 Scale (for a variable ‘X’): 0.2  ≥ X ≥ 0.0 Very Low  0.4  ≥ X > 0.2 Low 0.6  ≥ X > 0.4 Medium  0.8  ≥ X > 0.6 High  1 .0 ≥ X > 0.8 Very High  July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 33
  34. 34. Autonomy Privacy  Availability of  concerns funds  Policy  1  Data handling  Level of  efficiency infrastructure Positive effect Negative effect July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 34
  35. 35. 1 0 9 0 8 0 7 0 6 0 5 0 4 0 3 0 2 0 1 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Autonomy Availability of funds Govt support Govt Corruption & red tapism level of infrastructure time pressure Data handling efficiency July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 35
  36. 36. 0 9 0 8 0 7 0 6 0 5 Govt Corruption & red tapism 0 4 Govt Corruption* 0 3 0 2 0 1 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 0 9 0 8 0 7 0 6 0 5 time pressure 0 4 time pressure* 0 3 0 2 Before policy 0 1 After policy 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 101112131415161718192021222324 July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 36
  37. 37. 1 0 9 0 8 0 7 0 6 0 5 Govt support 0 4 Govt support* 0 3 0 2 0 1 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 0 7 0 6 0 5 0 4 Privacy concerns 0 3 Privacy concerns* 0 2 0 1 Before policy 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 After policy July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 37
  38. 38. 1 2 1 0 8 0 6 Autonomy Autonomy* 0 4 0 2 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 101112131415161718192021222324 1 2 1 0 8 0 6 Availability of funds Availability of funds* 0 4 0 2 Before policy 0 After policy 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 38
  39. 39. 1 2 1 0 8 0 6 Data handling efficiency Data handling efficiency* 0 4 0 2 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 1 2 1 0 8 0 6 level of infrastructure level of infrastructure* 0 4 0 2 Before policy 0 After policy 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 39
  40. 40. Timely allocation of resources   Make departments accountable for delays Special privileges to UIDA (Access to existing databases of  EC, Ministry of Internal Affairs etc.,) Effective use of RTI to increase transparency (Website  complaints, FAQ’s) Public relations wing for UIDA to take care of public concerns  and encourage use of RTI July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 40
  41. 41. S. No. Attribute Entity Initial value (X) Effect of policy 1 Autonomy UIDAI 0.6 0.1 2 Availability of funds UIDAI 0.5 0 3 Government support Government 0.8 0.2 Corruption & red tapism in  4 Government 0.2 ‐0.2 Government  5 Level of infrastructure Infrastructure 0.3 0 6 Time pressure UIDAI 0.8 ‐0.1 Systems &  7 Data handling efficiency 0.4 0 Processes 8 Privacy concerns Citizens 0.7 ‐0.1 Scale (for a variable ‘X’): 0.2  ≥ X ≥ 0.0 Very Low  0.4  ≥ X > 0.2 Low 0.6  ≥ X > 0.4 Medium  0.8  ≥ X > 0.6 High  1 .0 ≥ X > 0.8 Very High  July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 41
  42. 42. Autonomy Privacy  Government  concerns support Policy  2 corruption &  Time pressure red tapism in  government  Level of  infrastructure Positive effect Negative effect July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 42
  43. 43. 1 0 9 0 8 0 7 0 6 0 5 0 4 0 3 0 2 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Autonomy Availability of funds Govt support Govt Corruption level of infrastructure time pressure Data handling efficiency Privacy concerns July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 43
  44. 44. •We find that even without intervention the system seems robust enough to achieve the goal that it had set for itself. We believe this shows that the country’s faith in the capability of the UIDAI to deliver is justified. That is the system is EFFECTIVE. •However, the interventions applied have tried to increase EFFICIENCY by way of reducing the time taken to achieve the goal, i.e. to reach the target before the stipulated time. •The infrastructure has reached the desired level within a span of 9 months which would aid in the successful Implementation of UID project within the stipulated time. Before policy 1 After policy 1 Before policy 2 After policy 2 Autonomy 26 17 Autonomy 26 13 Availability of funds 11 8 Availability of funds 11 10 Govt support ‐‐ ‐‐ Govt support Diminishes over time corruption & red  corruption & red  tapism in  inc 5 Increases rapidly Gradual increase tapism in government government level of infrastructure 12 10 level of infrastructure 12 8 time pressure ‐‐ ‐‐ time pressure ‐‐ ‐‐ Data handling  Data handling efficiency 13 8 13 10 efficiency Privacy concerns ‐‐ ‐‐ Privacy concerns ‐‐ ‐‐ July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 44
  45. 45. • The Government has announced plans for compulsory national identity cards. For many UK citizens the identity card will be issued as passports come up. The Identity and Passport Service (IPS) production of more than 5 million passports per year is responsible for issuing identity cards to UK citizens http://www.ukpa.gov.uk/identity.asp.. • Summarizes the argument for and against the implementation of national identification cards in Canada. Learn more about the legal and privacy issues that http://www.mapleleafweb.com/features/ privacy/id_cards/reaction.html • Indian Citizens and issue of Multi‐purpose National Identity Cards (MNICs) based on this register. The main purpose of this project, to be known as, http://www.censusindia.net/results/eci17.pdf • Thirty years passed before the idea of a national identity card was again raised. The identity card idea was then raised at the national Tax Summit in http://www.privacyinternational.org/ issues/idcard/campaigns.html • ‘National Identity Cards’, paper presentation Rajendra Prasad, NIC New Delhi 2006 • ‘Creation of a Single National ID : Challenges and Opportunities for India’, Rajaneesh Dass and RK Bajaj July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 45
  46. 46. July 2009 DoMS, IIT Madras 46

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