Neha Assudani B.Sc.Interior Design ( Building Construction Assignment)
Submitted to Submitted By
Dezyne E’cole College,Ajmer Neha Assudani
www.dezyneecole.com B.Sc-Interior Design
Topic:- Components Of a BuildingRoof
Topic:- Components of Building8
1.Foundation:- Foundation is the lowest part of a structure below
the ground level which is in direct contact with the ground and
transmits all the dead, live and other loads to the soil on which the
2.Plinth:- The portion of the building between the ground
surrounding the building and the top of the floor immediately above
the ground is known as plinth.
3.Walls:- Walls are provided to enclose or divide the floor space in
desired pattern. Walls provide privacy, security and give protection
against sun, rain, cold and other adverse effects of weather.
4.Column:- It may be defined as an isolated vertical load bearing
member the width of which is neither less than its thickness nor more
than four times its thickness.
5. Floor:- floors are flat supporting elements of a building. They
divide a building into deferent levels thereby creating more
accommodation on a given plot of land.
6.Doors, Windows & Ventilators:- doors and windows are the
openings left in the wall. Doors are given for the means of access to a
building, room or passage and windows are given for the purpose of
receiving daylight, ventilation and view.
7.Stair:- Stair is a structure comprising of a number of steps
connecting one floor to another.
8.Roof:- It is the uppermost component of a building and its main
function is to cover the space below and protect it from rain, snow,
9.Building Finishes:- A building is considered incomplete till such
time the surface of its component is given appropriate treatment.
Building finishes include plastering, pointing, white/color washing,
painting, varnishing, distempering. The building finishes not only
protect the surface from adverse effect of weather but also provide
10.Building Services:- Building services include services like water
supply, drainage, sanitation, lighting, electricity, acoustics, heating,
ventilation, air conditioning, fire detection and fire control.