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European MBA OB presentation

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  1. 1. POWER Organizational Behaviour Tami LAIB Esther TAN Enrique VILLAJOS Vincent BOGAERS Xavier VANDERCHMITT
  2. 2. Power can have two connotations
  3. 3. What is power? <ul><li>Power is the ability to … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get someone to do something you want done. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make things happen in the way you want. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In workplaces: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To have power : to be able to do something </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To use power : to use the resources the workplace gave you to do your job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To “over-use” power : to use resources not given by the workplace or not related to the purpose of the job. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Types of position power <ul><ul><ul><li>Reward power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coercive power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Legitimate power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Process power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Representative power </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The dark side of Power <ul><li>“ Coffee, Tea, or Me?” </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Harassment in the Workplace </li></ul>
  6. 6. Over-use of Power <ul><li>Psychological pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Religious harassment </li></ul><ul><li>Racial harassment </li></ul><ul><li>And sexual harassment </li></ul>
  7. 7. Definition Sexual harassment is unwelcome attention of a sexual nature and is a form of legal and social harassment. It includes a range of behavior from seemingly mild transgressions and annoyances to actual sexual abuse or sexual assault. Sexual harassment is considered a form of illegal discrimination in many countries, and is a form of abuse (sexual and psychological) and bullying.
  8. 8. Some Statistics in Canada <ul><li>One in four women and one in ten men have experienced some form of sexual harassment in the workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>87% of Canadian women report experiencing sexual harassment. </li></ul><ul><li>43% of all Canadian women have been sexually harassed at work. </li></ul><ul><li>8% of those who are harassed at work report the harassment. </li></ul><ul><li>8 out of 10 female students said they had been sexually harassed at school. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Some Statistics in USA <ul><li>31% of the female workers claimed to have been harassed at work </li></ul><ul><li>7% of the male workers claimed to have been harassed at work </li></ul><ul><li>62% of targets took no action </li></ul><ul><li>100% of women claimed the harasser was a man </li></ul><ul><li>59% of men claimed the harasser was a woman </li></ul><ul><li>41% of men claimed the harasser was another man </li></ul><ul><li>Of the women who had been harassed: 43% were harassed by a supervisor </li></ul><ul><li>27% were harassed by an employee senior to them </li></ul><ul><li>19% were harassed by a coworker at their level </li></ul><ul><li>8% were harassed by a junior employee </li></ul>
  10. 11. Consequences <ul><li>Higher absenteeism </li></ul><ul><li>Financial and legal costs </li></ul><ul><li>Higher turnover </li></ul><ul><li>Lower productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Poor morale </li></ul>
  11. 12. The good side of Power <ul><li>Empowerment </li></ul>
  12. 13. What is empowerment? <ul><ul><li>The process by which managers help others to acquire and use the power needed to make decisions affecting themselves and their work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considers power to be something that can be shared by everyone working in flatter and more collegial organizations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides the foundation for self-managing work teams and other employee involvement group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empowerment changes the dynamics between supervisors and subordinates </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>The power keys to empowerment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional view </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power is relational in terms of individuals. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empowerment view </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis is on the ability to make things happen. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power is relational in terms of problems and opportunities, not individuals. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. How can managers empower others? <ul><ul><li>Trainings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clearly define roles and responsibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide opportunities for creative problem solving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasize different ways of practicing influence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide support to individuals so they become comfortable with developing their power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expand inducements for thinking and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>acting, not just obeying </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Benefits <ul><li>Higher job satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Higher productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Higher loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Higher innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Lower turnover </li></ul><ul><li>Lower absenteism </li></ul>
  16. 17. In conclusion
  17. 18. References <ul><li>Saskatchewan Women’s Secretariat. </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics Canada: Violence Against Women Survey, November, 1993. </li></ul><ul><li>The Way Forward: Rethinking the Problem of Workplace Sexual Harassment, 2002, Sexual Assault Centre London. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Joke’s Over – Student to Student Sexual Harassment in Secondary Schools”, published by The Ontario Women’s Directorate, The Ontario Secondary School Teachers Federation and the Ministry of Education, </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics Canada, The Daily. (Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, November 18, 1993.) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sacha.ca </li></ul>