A questionnaire is a series of questionsasked to individuals to obtain statisticallyuseful information about a given topic.When properly constructed and responsiblyadministered, questionnaires become a vitalinstrument by which statements can bemade about specific groups or people orentire populations.
It will be like ill fitting garment. It will be like mismatched couple. It will be like singer not in tune with orchestra
Researcher knows his topic. Researcher knows his sample. Researcher knows the limitations like language etc. It is difficult to get a readymade questionnaire befitting the researcher’s topic. Can use almost all statistical techniques.
Will I get a matching blouse? Why not purchase blouse first…
We will purchase a matching saree for the blouse Same way let us purchase a readymade questionnaire and purchase a topic to suit the questionnaire
BecauseThen your Research will not beYOURresearch
1. Statement of Goals 2. Content Outline 3. Table of Goals and content 4. Item Selection 5. Item Construction 6. Composition of Instructions 7. Development of Answer Sheets 8. Construction of Answer Keys 9. Test Administration 10. Test Revision
Norm Referenced Test This type of test determines a students placement on a normal distribution Curve.
A Myth Preparing a questionnaire is a difficult job.A Truth It is not difficult but it requires expertise.
Use Questions with fixed answer category The categories must be exhaustive. Give correct instructions Pre number the answer categories. Arrange questions from easy to difficult.
Number of edges of a cube is- 1. 6 2. 4 3. 8 4. 10
How do you commute to school? 1. walk 2. cycle 3. school bus 4. car
It also means that start with general questions and then move on to sensitive questions
Questions should flow logically from one to the next. The researcher must ensure that the answer to a question is not influenced by previous questions. Questions should flow from the more general to the more specific. Questions should flow from the least sensitive to the most sensitive. Questions should flow from factual and behavioural questions to attitudinal and opinion questions. Questions should flow from unaided to aided questions. According to the three stage theory (also called the sandwich theory), initial questions should be screening and rapport questions. Then in the second stage you ask all the product specific questions. In the last stage you ask demographic questions.
Closed ended questions - Respondents’ answers are limited to a fixed set of responses. Contingency questions - A question that is answered only if the respondent gives a particular response to a previous question. Open ended questions - No options or predefined categories are suggested. The respondent supplies their own answer without being constrained by a fixed set of possible responses.
Completely unstructured - For example, “What is your opinion on questionnaires?”
Word association - Words are presented and the respondent mentions the first word that comes to mind.
Sentence completion - Respondents complete an incomplete sentence. For example, “The most important consideration in my decision to buy a new house is . . .”
Story completion - Respondents complete an incomplete story.
Picture completion - Respondents fill in an empty conversation balloon.
Suitable for the research topic Easy to administer Easy to answer Easy to score Suitable statistical treatment can be given Gives a feeling of cohesive, systematic and harmonious work
A Research is like a harmony. Synchronization