- A YOUTH DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME FOR THE 21ST CENTURY -
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I INTRODUCTION 4
II GENESIS & LAUNCH OF PROJECT 6
III PRELIMINARY RESULTS 8
IV SOCIAL CONTEXT OF SPC PROJECT 9
V PROJECT FRAMEWORK 11
VI PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION 14
VII SPC TRAINING PROGRAMME 21
VIII SPC TRAINING MATERIALS 24
IX SCHOOL-LEVEL REPORTS 28
X POST-TRAINING ACTIVITIES 29
XI IMPLEMENTATION FLOWCHART 30
XII ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE 33
XIII EXECUTIVE FRAMEWORK 36
XIV ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT CENTRES 42
XV FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATION 46
XVI TRAINING THE TRAINERS 51
XVII RESULTS & FEEDBACK 54
XVIII APPENDIX 58
XIX ANNEXURES 69
XX COMMUNITY PROJECTS 78
XXI FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS 98
NOTE: This handbook is meant to serve as a reference guide for policy-makers
and officials interested in implementing the Student Police Cadet (SPC) scheme for the
benefit of school students in their respective states. A comprehensive discussion of all
salient aspects of the existing programme, currently being implemented in hundreds of
schools across Kerala, is presented herein. Relevant guidelines, clarifications and other
instructions with respect to the training programme are also included. In general, the
basic ideas and principles presented here would be applicable as well as practicable in
all communities across the country. However, certain components of the project may
need to be fine-tuned in order to meet the particular circumstances of the respective
The STUDENT POLICE CADET Project is a school-based youth
development programme that trains high school students to evolve as
future leaders of a democratic society by inculcating in them respect for the
law, civic sense, empathy for vulnerable sections of society and resistance
to social evils. The project enables youth to explore and develop their
innate capabilities, thereby empowering them to resist the growth of
negative tendencies such as social intolerance, substance abuse, deviant
behavior, and anti-establishment violence. Equally, it strengthens within
them commitment towards their family, the community, and the
environment. The programme is designed to develop in youth
contemporary skills and qualities necessary to face the challenges of life in
The potential of the SPC Project for community development has
been appreciated by Dr Manmohan Singh, Hon. Prime Minister of India, Sri
Hamid Ansari, Hon. Vice-President of India, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, Former
President of India, Sri Nikhil Kumar, HE Governor of Kerala, successive
Chief Ministers and other Ministers of Kerala, MPs and MLAs, and Judges
of the Kerala High Court. Other dignitaries who have been equally
impressed include Sri T K A Nair (Advisor to Prime Minister), Sri V N Rai
(Director, Sardar Valabhbhai Patel National Police Academy), Sri Hormese
Tharakan IPS (former Director, RAW,) Radha Vinod Raju IPS (former
Head, NIA) etc.
The Kerala Legal Services Authority (KELSA), Kerala Road Safety
Authority, Bharat Petroleum Corporation, and several other organisations
have partnered with the SPC project to take forward their own community-
A recommendation by the All India Police Science Congress in 2011
that all states implement the SPC project led to a team of police officers
from Rajasthan visiting Kerala to study the project, following which the
Rajasthan State Police have decided to launch the SPC Project as a pilot
programme in selected schools there.
SIGNIFICANT FEATURES OF SPC PROJECT
The SPC project is a synergistic partnership between the internal
security framework of a state and its educational institutions that:
• Trains and encourages youth to develop respect for law and to practice
abiding by law as a way of life.
• Uses existing network, infrastructure and leadership qualities of Police
to supplement physical, mental and educational development of youth
• Creates confident youth willing to react against social evils, and capable
of finding solutions to community problems
• Enables school communities to create safe school environments, and
• Stimulates parents and community leaders to work with police in
creating safer communities
II. GENESIS & LAUNCH OF PROJECT
The Student Police Cadet Project has its roots in Janakeeyam, a
community-level initiative by Kochi City police, in 2006. During the event,
more than 400 high school students from 30 local schools interacted with
police officers, engaging in wide-ranging discussions on community issues
and visiting police stations. During these discussions, the students
expressed a desire to have an ongoing association with the police.
Accordingly, that same year, a pilot Student-Police project was launched
on an experimental basis in certain selected schools in Ernakulam Rural
District and later in Alappuzha District. Within a short time, positive results
began to be seen among the student community in these schools, with
significant improvement in academic performance by students, tackling of
school-level deviant behavior by police with the help of students,
empowerment of girl students to resist harassment, etc. Also, at Kozhikode
in January 2010, a squad of high school students trained by the police was
entrusted with the responsibility of crowd management at Kerala School
Kalotsavam, an annual event involving more than 10,000 student
participants, Asia’s largest youth-centred cultural festival.
Following the creditable showing by these students at this event,
and in light of the success stories from project-implemented schools, a
detailed proposal for a school-based training programme was prepared
under the guidance of Sri. Jacob Punnoose IPS (DGP-Kerala) and
submitted to the Government of Kerala. On the basis of this report,
Government of Kerala issued GO (P) 121/2010/Home dated 29-05-2010,
with the stated objective of moulding a generation of law-abiding, socially
committed and service-oriented youth. A state-level Advisory Committee
was constituted with Sri. Jacob Punnoose IPS (DGP-Kerala) as Chairman,
senior Government officials as members, and Sri P Vijayan IPS as State
Nodal Officer for the SPC Project. An initial decision was also taken to
implement the project in 100 selected schools across Kerala, to commence
in August 2010.
Meant to be implemented jointly by the Departments of Home and
Education, and supported by Departments of Transport, Forest, Excise
and Local Self-Government, the SPC project was officially launched in
August 2010 in 127 schools across Kerala, with 11176 students - both
boys and girls - enrolled as Cadets. As of March 2013, the programme is
now operational in 247 schools across Kerala with a combined strength of
nearly 16,000 SPCs.
III. PRELIMINARY RESULTS
A field-level assessment of project outcomes by State Institute for
Educational Management and Training, Kerala, revealed significant
positive impact on students, parents, teachers and police personnel, due to
Some preliminary results of the SPC programme are listed below:
a. The project has proved that local police officers can work in close
association with schools in their jurisdiction to tackle crime and
prevent anti-social activities that target the student community.
b. The emphasis on discipline, proper conduct in schools and
physical fitness was found to improve the overall mental attitude
c. Interaction with police officials, workshops by educationists and
trainers, and presentations by qualified professionals in various
fields was found to raise the level of social awareness of SPCs.
d. Through various SPC field activities and camps, the cadets had
the opportunity to mingle with students of different backgrounds
and other Districts. This exposure is expected to develop an
inclusive community perspective among the students.
e. The activities conducted as part of the SPC project channelized
the energy and enthusiasm of high school students into
productive outlets, resulting in better family relationships and
involvement in community life.
The ever-increasing demand for the project from communities
throughout Kerala is indicative of a deeply-felt need in society for
better coordination between citizens and uniformed authorities to
ensure a safe and healthy future for the entire country.
IV. SOCIAL CONTEXT OF SPC PROJECT
The need for a school-level intervention such as the Student Police
Cadet (SPC) project derives from a combination of philosophic,
demographic, sociological and economic factors that are expected to
influence the future global standing of our nation. The significance of the
SPC Project lies in its potential to positively impact the following:
DEMOCRACY AND RESPECT FOR LAW
Democracy is a system of governance whereby people adopt, enact
and give to themselves a framework of rules, called Laws, which they are
expected to abide by voluntarily. Ownership of law by a community implies
that children inherit the Law by birth. Children in a democracy must not
grow up in dread of, or with contempt for Law. Rather, these children must
be brought up knowing that law exists for their safety and security, and that
obeying Law is part of their general civic duty.
CHALLENGES OF DEMOCRATIC POLICING
In a truly modern democratic state, there must occur a paradigm
shift in the policing function from “enforcement” to “facilitation” of law. At
the same time, Police today also have to respond to challenges thrown up
by terrorist and separatist activities by aggrieved groups in society,
unpredictable outbursts of social disharmony and incidents of anti-
CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS OF YOUTH
Increasing intolerance, criminal and deviant behavior among youth
has been attributed to weakening of family ties, declining moral standards
in society and liberal use of intoxicants, among others. Other problems
experienced by students include poor physical and mental endurance,
lower self-esteem, and lack of personal goals.
IMPACT OF INFORMATION & COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
Rapid developments in the field of Information and Communication
Technology (ICT) throw up immense opportunities as well as pose threats
to youth. Youngsters heavily exposed to such technology become
vulnerable to cyber crime, misuse of social media and mobile phone
INDIA’S DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND
Today, 50% of India’s population is less than 25 years of age. It has
been predicted that by the year 2030, India will have the world’s largest
population, at approximately 153 Crores, of which youth would constitute
about 95 Crores, i.e. 63%. For the country to benefit from this demographic
profile, India’s youth must become capable of leadership in all fields of
human activity, through proper training.
CIVIC RESPONSIBILITY AND SOCIAL INCLUSIVENESS
Today’s communities experience contentious issues such as poor
waste management, environmental degradation, disregard of rules and
regulations, and lack of respect for others’ rights. Youth must come face-
to-face with such issues early in their personal development. Only then will
they grow as socially responsible citizens with a willingness to empathize
with and find solutions to problems of wider humanity.
V. PROJECT FRAMEWORK
VISION & MISSION
The vision of SPC Project is a humane and just society where
citizens respect and follow laws willingly, practice responsible
behavior towards others, demonstrate empathy for weaker sections
of society, participate in tackling community issues and resist threats
to the natural environment.
The mission of the SPC Project is to unlock the potential of our youth
and make them capable of becoming social leaders with global
vision guided by humanitarian values.
OBJECTIVES OF SPC PROJECT
• To mould a generation of youth who willingly respect and abide
by Law, and who practice civic sense, democratic behavior and
selfless service to society as the natural way of life.
• To facilitate development of good health, physical and mental
fitness, self-control and discipline in youth, thereby enhancing
their capacity for hard work and personal achievement
• To enable youth to work with police and other enforcement
authorities including Forest, Transport, and Excise in preventing
crime, maintaining law and order, promoting road safety, and
improving internal security and disaster management.
• To develop social commitment in youth and empower them
against deviant behavior in themselves and others, thereby
preventing growth of social evils such as drug and alcohol abuse,
intolerance, vandalism, separatism, and terrorism in society.
• To enable youth to explore and develop their inner potential in
achieving success, by inculcating in them leadership, teamwork
skills, innovative thinking and problem solving ability.
• To increase knowledge and understanding of effective use of
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) among youth,
preventing its negative influence and enabling them to benefit
from the vast potential of ICT.
• To motivate youth to develop secular outlook, respect for other’s
fundamental rights and willingness to carry out their fundamental
duties as enshrined in the Constitution of India by developing in
them qualities of Patriotism, Open-mindedness, Large-
heartedness, Inclusiveness, Capability and Effectiveness
The objectives of the Student Police Cadet project are
synchronous with the goals of the National Youth Policy
which seeks to involve youth in the noble work of nation-
The SPC motto is “We learn to serve.” The feeling of togetherness
implied by 'we' should be reinforced in students to enable them to
shoulder the responsibility both of learning and social service.
Service-mindedness emphasised by Mahatma Gandhi, the father of
our nation, is to be instilled in young minds to make them ideal future
citizens. Learning and Growing through Service is the primary idea
encapsulated in the SPC motto.
The letters “SPC” are engraved in gold within a circle on blue
background signifying discipline. The Asoka Chakra positioned just
above it stands for the sovereignty and integrity of the nation. Below
it is inscribed the Indian motto “Satyameva Jayathe”, which means
“Truth always prevails”
The flag is designed with the emblem of SPC engraved on blue
background. The flag stands for Nationalism blended with integrity,
discipline and creativity.
SPCs are expected to wear appropriate uniform during training as
well as when engaged in project-related activities. Two types of
uniforms are prescribed, worn depending upon the type of activity:
i) Official: Khaki Pants and Shirt, Black Belt, Black Leather
Shoes with Khaki Socks, Blue Beret Cap, Lanyard with
whistle, SPC badge, SPC Shoulder Letters & Insignia, Name.
ii) Physical Training: White T-shirt, Black Pants, White Canvas
VI. PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION
District-level Advisory Committee will draw up a priority list of
schools, who have expressed an interest to commence SPC units.
These schools must satisfy criteria laid down for inclusion in the
programme, and be willing to support SPC project implementation.
DNOs will verify the availability of training facilities in such schools.
Final priority list of schools from each District will be submitted to
State Advisory Committee, for final screening and approval.
SELECTION CRITERIA FOR SPC SCHOOLS
• School must have minimum strength of 500 students, and must
be either Government or Government-aided school.
• SPC schools must have an active and supportive Parent Teacher
• There must be two willing teachers to serve as Community Police
Officers, one of whom is a lady
• There must be a ground and facilities adequate for providing
physical training for cadets
• There must be a special office for the SPC project, with separate
changing rooms for boy cadets and girl cadets.
• School facilities shall be provided for CPOs and ACPOs to
participate in project-related training camps and workshops.
• Taking into consideration the resource constraints, a maximum
number of SPC schools may be specified for one Police District,
limited to one school in each Police station limit.
SELECTION OF STUDENT POLICE CADETS
First year cadets are called Junior Cadets and Second year cadets
are called Senior Cadets. The strength of each batch is 44 cadets,
with two platoons of 22 each. In case of co-educational schools (with
both Boys and Girls) one platoon must be of girls only. For selection
as SPCs, students
• Must have secured a minimum of 50% marks or C+ grade in the
previous annual examination.
• Must possess required physical and medical fitness.
• Must produce the conduct certificate from the Headmaster or
Principal and consent letter from parent or guardian.
• In case there are more than 44 applicants for enrolment in the
programme, appropriate screening tests comprising physical,
written and interview techniques are employed to shortlist the
required number of cadets.
Student Police Cadets (H.S Wing)
In High Schools, SPC units with cadets from 8th
form the SPC – High School wing.
Student Police Cadets (H.S.S Wing)
In Higher Secondary Schools, SPC units with cadets from +1 level
comprise the SPC - Higher Secondary School wing.
APPOINTMENT OF COMMUNITY POLICE OFFICERS
In each SPC school, two dedicated and service-minded teachers are
selected as Community Police Officer (CPO)/Additional Community
Police Officer (ACPO), with responsibility for implementing the SPC
programme in the school. One of them will be a lady teacher.
Teachers from any discipline may be appointed as CPOs. These
teachers undergo appropriate training for their role in the SPC
COMMUNITY POLICE OFFICER (CPO)
CPO is a key post of SPC programmes. Two experienced, willing
and socially committed teachers will be designated as Community
Police Officers in each school. However, since the CPOs are also
expected to participate in the physical training routines, it is
advisable that such CPOs be younger teachers, generally less than
45 years of age. Each CPO will undergo proper training by police
personnel, bear the rank of honorary SI of Police after such training,
and be responsible for the satisfactory progress of SPCs in the
training programme. The responsibilities of CPOs in the SPC
programme should be taken into consideration while allotting other
duties to them in the School.
DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES OF CPO
• CPO/ACPO(s) will undergo SPC project related training at
designated location, such as AR Camp, Police Academy, Police
Training College, etc.
• CPO/ACPO will coordinate with DIs and other SPC project officials
to ensure smooth implementation of the project in his/her school
• CPO/ACPO will be issued SPC uniform which (s)he is expected to
wear during all SPC-related programmes and activities
• CPO/ACPO is expected to behave with decorum and maintain
dignity, as part of the SPC project
• CPO/ACPO will attend meetings, workshops and training
programmes as directed by SPC officials in charge of the district
• CPO/ACPO will act as a spokesperson for the SPC project in his/her
• CPO/ACPO will liaise with police officers including DIs, PSLCs, and
others for organizing indoor classes, outdoor training and camps for
• CPO/ACPO will be responsible for keeping the parents of the cadets
informed about the progress and performance of their wards
• CPO/ACPO will maintain and update records of all SPCs in the
• CPO/ACPO will submit reports on project implementation at school
advisory board meetings
• CPO/ACPO will coordinate with SPC project officials to carry out
practical training projects and activities by SPCs.
• CPO/ACPO will participate in district-level camps and, if necessary,
in state-level camps as well.
• CPO/ACPO will make regular reports to SPC project officials
regarding various aspects of project, as may be required from time
• CPO/ACPO will constantly live up to the spirit of the SPC project and
motivate cadets in his/her charge to do the same.
APPOINTMENT OF DRILL INSTRUCTORS
In each SPC school, two police personnel function as Drill
Instructors, with the responsibility of training the SPCs. Drawn from
the personnel attached to the local Police Station or AR camp, these
DIs undergo special training for the SPC project.
DRILL INSTRUCTOR (DI)
Selected Police personnel of the rank of ASI/HC/PC are designated
as Drill Instructors with responsibility to impart physical training to
SPCs in the school premises on a regular basis. They are
responsible for ensuring that the cadets attain a desirable level of
physical fitness and stamina, and are capable of participating in
formation marching and parade drills during National Festivals such
as Republic Day and Independence Day. The success of the SPC
training programme in a school depends upon the effective
execution of duties and responsibilities by the Drill instructors.
DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES OF DI
• DI will undergo such training as is necessary for the purpose of
carrying out his/her responsibilities
• DI shall visit the school to conduct training for SPCs in Parade
and PT as per Activity Calendar.
• DI shall be in neat and proper turnout during such visit to the
• DI will coordinate with the CPO(s) in the school to arrange and
conduct SPC training activities, visits and camps etc.
• DI shall ensure that the ground and other arrangements for such
training is adequate for the required purpose
• DI shall be responsible for well-being of cadets during the training
activities, visits and camps
• DI will assist CPO to prepare monthly report, maintain school
records with regard to SPC project, ensure that cadets keep their
SPC Dairy up-to-date, and extend necessary assistance to CPO
as well as other project officials in smooth implementation of the
SPC project in the school.
• DI shall arrange and coordinate Inspection visits to the school by
officials, and have the responsibility of following up on
instructions issued after such inspection.
• DI shall report to the respective PSLO on performance of SPCs
with respect to the outdoor component of SPC training, as well as
follow-up action on instructions from officials (Monthly report)
• DI shall, at all times, maintain decorum and dignity of police while
carrying out assigned duties and responsibilities.
CODE OF CONDUCT FOR SCHOOL-LEVEL SPC OFFICIALS
S/he shall not indulge in any illegal activity as per the Kerala
They should recognize and respect the limitation of their power
They should always be courteous and well-mannered.
They should maintain high standard of discipline, obedience to
superiors and loyalty to the force.
Without the sanction of the authority they shall not ask or
accept or participate in raising fund or take part in any form of
the collection of money for public or private purpose.
They shall not appear in a public place or any SPC function in
a state of intoxication.
Misuse of uniform is an offense liable for disciplinary action.
SCHOOL-LEVEL ADVISORY COMMITTEE
Committee comprising School Principal as Chairman, Inspector with
jurisdiction as Convenor, President of Parent-Teacher Association,
local representatives from Education, Forest, Excise, Transport
departments, sitting member of Local Self-government body, Staff
Secretary and Sub-Inspector as Committee Secretary will be formed
in each SPC school. This committee will have responsibility for
overseeing and supporting project implementation in the school, with
meetings every month.
FUNCTIONS OF SCHOOL LEVEL ADVISORY COMMITTEE
• Providing necessary support and guidance for SPC programmes
in the school.
• Supporting the SPC unit in the effective conduct of programmes.
• Mobilizing funds and infrastructure for SPC unit
• Co-ordinating with the PTA for various SPC programmes
• School Advisory committee can change the programmes
according to the specific circumstances of the school (Sports
meet, Science, Maths, Work Experience, IT Fairs etc).
VII. SPC TRAINING PROGRAMME
The training programme of the SPC project comprises of a planned
mix of classes, workshops and activities with five components:
PHYSICAL TRAINING (OUTDOOR CLASSES)
The goal of physical training is to inculcate desirable standards of health,
physical fitness, discipline in mind and body of cadets, team spirit, and
capability and endurance to carry out assigned responsibilities. Drill
Instructors visit SPC schools and conduct physical training for cadets,
including Drill, Parade, Cross-country March, Yoga etc., as per the Annual
SPC Activity Calendar.
STUDY CLASSES (INDOOR TRAINING)
The goal of indoor training is to acquaint cadets with Police-related topics,
Matters of Law, Constitutional Principles, Community Policing, National
Movements, Personality Development principles, inculcate in them self-
esteem and raise them as confident citizens. In each SPC school, CPOS
and DIs organize indoor classes on various topics as above, as per the
A major component of the training programme consists of field visits by
cadets to establishments that administer, implement and adjudicate the
law, places of historical, cultural, scientific and national importance, etc.
These visits provide practical exposure to cadets, and raise awareness of
citizenship values in them. CPOs and Drill instructors coordinate with
PSLCs to arrange such visits.
During their two-year training period, SPCs take part in camps, both
residential & non-residential. These camps
• provide cadets with opportunities for leadership development, life-
skills acquisition and personality enhancement.
• enable creation of healthy team spirit and self-esteem within each
• create better understanding of the SPC Project and its objectives
a) Mini Camps: During Onam & Christmas vacations, Junior Cadets and
Senior Cadets participate in 3-day camps in the respective schools.
These camps are non-residential in nature, and comprises activities
meant to build team spirit and promote personality development for
cadets. One camp each year is to be conducted as a Nature camp.
b) Annual District Summer Camp: For senior SPCs, at the end of the
academic year, a 5-day residential camp is organized in each District,
at a central location in the District, such as District Armed Reserve
Camps, Battalion Headquarters, Police Training College, or Police
c) Annual State Summer Camp: Every year, a 7-day state-level SPC
Summer Camp is conducted at a central location for selected senior
SPCs from all over the state. This residential camp comprises life-skills
enhancement workshops, interactions with renowned and prominent
personalities, senior Government officials and political leaders, and
other personality development components.
Leadership qualities of SPCs are strengthened by participation in
various community issues such as road safety, drug and substance
abuse, environmental protection, and aspects of law and crime. They
are also encouraged to participate in social service projects, take
responsibility during school festivals, sports meets, etc. and traffic
control duties. Community Projects:
• Are supervised activities that form an integral part of the SPC
• Are meant to achieve/put into practice one or more of the overall
objectives of the SPC project
• Involve school-level coordination with officials of supporting
Departments, viz. Transport, Forest, LSG, Excise, Health etc.
• Deliver measurable results in terms of learning outcomes,
personal development, skill acquisition and I ncreased
VIII. SPC TRAINING MATERIALS
The two-year training programme in SPC schools is carried out
as per training materials specially developed for each component by
officials entrusted with this responsibility. These materials serve as a
guide for school-level CPOs and DIs in carrying out their responsibilities
towards their charges.
ANNUAL ACTIVITY CALENDAR
Annual SPC training follows a detailed schedule laid out in the
Annual Activity Calendar, developed prior to the commencement of
each school academic year by a team of SPC officials. This Calendar
specifies, for the following year, particular topics to be covered, events
to be conducted, camps to be organized, themes of community projects
and so on. Monthly performance reports from SPC schools must
indicate their adherence to this calendar, and provide details of each
SPC-related activity in the school.
OUTDOOR TRAINING MANUAL
An outdoor training manual for the SPC programme has been
developed, specifically tailored for the target community of high school
students, by experienced physical trainers and SPC officials. Principles
of good health and fitness through proper diet, hygiene, and regular
exercise are included in this manual. Basic routines of parade training,
group drills and formation marching are clearly described, with
accompanying visuals and explanations. In addition, a visual CD of the
various training routines is also available to the trainers in each school.
The manual specifies minimum standards of physical training
proficiency to be attained by SPCs, at specified stages during their
INDOOR TRAINING MANUAL
An Indoor Training Manual for the SPC project has been
developed to guide trainers in SPC schools, with inputs from
academicians and subject experts in various fields. The Manual lays
down the broad goals of indoor training, describes the format to be
followed for indoor classes and workshops, and also specifies how the
learning achievements of SPCs are to be measured on a regular basis.
Essentially, the manual is a practical guide for all teachers on how to
improve their teaching methods for better learning outcomes for their
Each cadet is supplied with a specially designed notebook, called
the SPC Diary, with relevant information, instructions and guidelines
regarding the SPC project. In this diary, cadets are expected to
maintain detailed and up-to-date written notes of events, activities and
experiences in connection with their SPC training programme. The
quality of each cadet’s SPC Diary is taken into account while assigning
grades on completion of the training programme.
COMMUNITY PROJECTS MANUAL
Community projects - to be carried out in each school and
community by the cadets themselves, under the supervision of SPC
officials - comprise a significant component of the SPC training
programme. Road safety, prevention of drug and narcotic substance
abuse, promoting environmentally friendly communities etc. are some
of the projects envisaged as part of the programme. Each such project
is usually carried out with assistance and involvement of one or more
supporting departments and agencies in the SPC project. In order to
ensure uniformity of project implementation and increased effectiveness
of project outcomes, specific guidelines to be followed by SPC school-
level units are issued, as necessary. An operational manual containing
all necessary information on each of these projects must be developed
for assisting school-level implementation.
PHYSICAL PROFICIENCY PROGRESS CARD
In SPC School, each cadet must have a Physical Proficiency
Progress (PPP) Card, a regularly updated document with details of the
progress made by the cadet over the course of the training programme.
Individual performances in the quarterly assessment tests of physical
proficiency will be recorded by school-level SPC officials, and will
document the progress of the student in physical fitness and
ASSESSMENT & EVALUATION
At the end of the two-year training programme, all cadets
undergo a series of tests, including physical, written and skill-based
components. In general, such testing will take place during the summer
camps in each district. On the basis of performance in these tests, each
SPC is awarded a grade appropriate to his/her level of proficiency.
Cadets are eligible for SPC Training Completion Certificates on
MONITORING PROGRESS OF TRAINING
There is a need for timely and ongoing monitoring of the progress
of SPC programme implementation in each school. This is done
through a structured reporting process, involving SPC officials at
various levels, such as:
• Monthly Performance Report on implementation of SPC Project
will be prepared by the Community Police Officer and Drill
Instructor jointly. It will be submitted to the State Nodal Officer
with specific remarks of Heads of Institution, Police-Student
Liaison Officer (Inspector of Police), District Nodal Officer and
District Superintendent of Police.
• Quarterly Assessment Report based on performance of SPCs in
Outdoor and Indoor activities to be prepared by the District
Superintendent of Police with the assistance of a three member
team constituted for this purpose.
• Overall Evaluation Report will be prepared by an independent
team constituted by the State Advisory Committee to evaluate the
progress in the implementation of SPC project in each district.
IX. SCHOOL-LEVEL REPORTS
Every month, prior to a specified date, CPO/ACPOs prepare
and submit to the respective DNO a school-level implementation
report for that school. This Report is in a pre-designed format, with
provision for including all details relevant to such a report. Drill
Instructors assist the CPO/ACPO in this task.
These reports are processed and relevant data communicated
by each level of the executive hierarchy to the higher authority, as
COMMUNITY POLICE OFFICER DISTRICT NODAL OFFICER
DISTRICT NODAL OFFICER SPC SECRETARIAT
SPC SECRETARIAT STATE NODAL OFFICER
STATE NODAL OFFICER STATE ADVISORY COMMITTEE
X. POST-TRAINING ACTIVITIES
After completing the two-year training, these SPCs can be
fruitfully engaged in several ways, once they leave school and
become members of the wider community. Some of these are:
a) SPC SUPPORT
• School-level SPC training
• Volunteering at SPC camps
• Coordinating with faculty and officials for various
b) ASSIST FOREST, EXCISE, POLICE ETC., AS MEMBER OF
• Janamaithri Suraksha team
• School Protection Group
• Disaster Management team
• Road Suraksha Samiti
• Kadalora Jagratha Samithi
• Blood Donor Forum
• Forest Protection team
c) ASSOCIATE WITH COMMUNITY NGOs IN
• Pain & Palliative Care activities
• Waste Management programmes
• Road safety campaigns
• AIDS awareness projects
• Environmental protection schemes
XI. IMPLEMENTATION FLOWCHART
PHASE I: SELECTION OF SCHOOLS
• Applications invited from interested schools, through notification in
Govt. Gazette & news media
• All applications received, whether in a district or at state-level or
through other channels, are collated and segregated District-wise
• Lists of all applicant schools are forwarded to DNO responsible for
• Within each district, DNO and team of SPC officials scrutinise
applications to confirm details, verify availability of infrastructure, and
• These schools are then ranked as per specified criteria, and a final
shortlist from each district is forwarded to SNO office
• Consolidated list of schools from all districts is collated at SPC
Secretariat, and presented to State Advisory Committee for final
approval by SNO
• Approved list is then sent for Government approval by State
Advisory Committee through PHQ
• Government accords formal sanction to commence SPC project in
schools included in this list, and appropriate Government Orders are
PHASE II: DISTRICT-LEVEL INITIATION
• District-wise list of approved schools is forwarded to respective DNO
from SPC Secretariat
• In each District, DNO forwards the list of SPC schools within each
police station limit to concerned SHOs through CIs
• From strength available at police station (or at Armed Police Camp),
CI & SHO jointly shortlist required number of qualified police
personnel for assignment as Drill Instructors (two per school)
• From above list, DIs are assigned to each SPC school as per
PHASE III: SCHOOL-LEVEL INITIATION
• Instructional & informational materials regarding SPC project given
to School Principal
• Constitution of School Advisory Committee, comprising Principal,
Representatives of faculty, parents, police officials and local
• Nomination of willing and capable faculty as Community Police
Officers (two per school)
• Applications invited from interested students for enrollment as SPCs
• Selection of SPCs from list of applicants by selection sub-committee
comprised of HM, CPO, DI, CI, etc., as per criteria stipulated by
State Advisory Committee
• Details of all selected SPCs in the school to be sent to SPC
Secretariat through respective DNO
• Opening of bank account for SPC project, to be operated jointly by
School Principal and respective Circle Inspector
• Issuance of Uniforms & PT dress to SPCs by school advisory
• Commencement of training programme as per Annual Activity
• Regular school-level reports are submitted to DNO regarding SPC
PHASE IV: STATE-WIDE MONITORING & ASSESSMENT
• Monthly reports from SPC schools are scrutinized, verified and
assessed as per certain evaluation criteria, by DNO in each district
• Every month, DNOs present monthly SPC performance reports at
state-level Review Meeting chaired by SNO. Necessary directions
and clarifications, as well as suggestions for performance
improvement are taken up at this meeting.
• Every three months, state-wide performance reports are presented
to the State Advisory Committee by SNO, for appropriate guidance
• Proposals for project improvement, suggestions for smooth
implementation and requests for policy decisions at Government-
level are cleared at this State Advisory Committee meeting, for
necessary action by SNO.
XII. ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE
The Student Police Cadet scheme envisages a two-year
training programme, with different components. Ongoing supervision
and evaluation are essential for its success. An hierarchy of advisory
bodies and administrative officials has been constituted, with clear
role and responsibilities for project implementation, as below:
STATE –LEVEL ADVISORY COMMITTEE
This is the highest policy-making body in the SPC hierarchy,
with authority to approve selection of schools, formulate guidelines
for project implementation, issue directions to SPC programme
officials, and ensure adherence to project guidelines by all
stakeholders. Committee will comprise Director General of Police as
Chairman, Education Secretary as Convenor, and Director of Public
Instruction (DPI), Department Heads of Higher Secondary,
Vocational Higher Secondary, Forest, Excise, Transport, and Local
Self-Government as members. Other departments and agencies to
be included in State Advisory Committee are Youth Affairs, Sports
Council, NRHM, and others as per discretion and decision of
Government, or as felt necessary by State Committee itself. State
Advisory Committee has the responsibility of monitoring and
assessing statewide project implementation, which is done through
the State Nodal Officer, a designated police official with statewide
authority. State Advisory Committee is required to develop and
submit an annual project implementation report to Government, each
year. State Advisory Committee will meet every two months to
monitor progress and status of statewide SPC project
implementation. Secretary of State Advisory Committee will be a
police officer of rank IGP (HQ)
FUNCTIONS OF STATE LEVEL ADVISORY COMMITTEE
• Advising Government in the development of SPC programme
• Helping Government departments plan and implement SPC
• Making arrangements for preparation of training modules for key
persons and CPOs
• Making arrangements for the periodic evaluation of SPC
• Encouraging research and publication works in connection with
• Overseeing the maintenance of state, district, school level
records for the implementation of the programme
• Supervising the functioning of SPC at various levels.
• Recommend to Government to increase the strength of cadets in
• Mobilizing funds from various sources including government for
the Implementation of the SPC programmes.
DISTRICT-LEVEL ADVISORY COMMITTEE
Committee with District Collector as Patron, District Police
Chief as Chairman, and District Panchayath Standing Committee
Chairman (Education), District heads of Education, Forest, Excise,
Transport, Local Self-Government and other departments as
members will be formed in each Police district. This committee will
support, monitor and evaluate project implementation in SPC
schools in the respective District. Convenor of the District-level
Committee will be District Head of Education, its Secretary will be
District Nodal Officer and it will meet every 2 months.
FUNCTIONS OF DISTRICT-LEVEL ADVISORY COMMITTEE
• Providing necessary support and guidance for SPC programmes
• Preparing priority list of schools where SPC project would be
• Co-ordinating various departments for the smooth functioning of
• Monitoring school-level SPC activities throughout the District
• Proposing district-level programmes and activities for facilitating
development and ensuring ongoing effectiveness of SPC scheme
XIII. EXECUTIVE FRAMEWORK
STATE NODAL OFFICER
In order to assist the State Advisory Committee on the
implementation of the SPC project, a senior police officer is
designated as State Nodal Officer – SPC project. The SNO has
overall executive responsibility for the project implementation, with
jurisdiction in the entire state. The SNO will liaise with District-level
officials, coordinate with officials from other departments and report
regularly to the State Advisory Committee on a regular basis.
DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES OF STATE NODAL OFFICER
• Participate in all meetings of State Advisory Committee
• Provide overall guidance to district-level officials on various
aspects of project implementation
• Convene monthly meetings of DNOs to assess status of project
• Issue periodic guidelines and instructions to DNOs & other
project officials on aspects of SPC programme implementation
• Ensure that decisions taken at the State Advisory Committee are
implemented by DNOs & other field-level officials
• Oversee the functioning of the SPC Secretariat
• Motivate and influence DNOs & other SPC officials to constantly
improve project implementation aspects
• Liaise with heads of supporting Departments to strengthen and
streamline project implementation
• Prepare periodic reports on project outcomes for internal
circulation as well as community-wide dissemination
• Communicate with a wide range of stakeholders, community
leaders and well wishers to generate support for the project at
• Conceptualise and implement schemes for the higher
effectiveness of the programme
• Provide leadership to continual efforts to widen scope and impact
of the project
• Initiate and lead efforts to create appropriate content for various
components of the training programme
• Undertake visits to various training establishments to study ways
of improving programme effectiveness, as well as promote the
• Organise training programmes for project officials
• Lead the team to organize and conduct the state-level Summer
Camp for SPCs.
DISTRICT NODAL OFFICER (DNO)
In each District, a police officer of rank not less than Deputy
Superintendent of Police shall be appointed by DPC as District
Nodal Officer for SPC project. DNO has the overall responsibility of
project implementation in the District, and will coordinate with SPC
officials to carry out various training activities. DNO will report to the
SNO on the performance of SPC project on a regular basis.
DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES OF DNO
• District Nodal Officer will assist District Police Chief in
implementing the SPC project in schools within the respective
• DNO will prepare the list of schools where SPC project is to be
• DNO will co-ordinate with district-level officials of various
departments and agencies to carry out SPC programme activities
• DNO will monitor school-level project implementation as per the
• DNO will supervise selection of SPCs with assistance from
Inspectors, SHO’s, Drill Instructors, Headmaster/Principal, CPOs,
• DNO will inspect each SPC school once a year, with inspection
report sent to State Nodal Officer through District Police Chief.
• DNO will conduct monthly conference of Drill instructors, CPO
• DNO will conduct monthly conference of Circle Inspectors and
SHO’s concerned, preferably on the same day of district crime
• DNO will be in charge of the district level office for the SPC
project, wherein all records and registers shall be maintained up-
• DNO will initiate action on projects for obtaining financial help
from Local Self Govt. and other institutions.
• DNO will obtain, consolidate and forward periodical reports to the
State Nodal Officer.
• DNO will constitute, with permission of District Police Chief, an
Inspection Team, comprising Officers from the District Armed
Reserve to evaluate the performance of PT and parade.
• The respective DNO is responsible for organizing the Annual
District Summer Camp in each district.
POLICE STUDENT LIAISON OFFICER (PSLO)
Wherever there are SPC schools, the local Circle Inspector
with jurisdiction shall be designated as Police Student Liaison Officer
(PSLO) of SPC project. PSLO will have field-level responsibility of
SPC project implementation in the school(s) falling in his jurisdiction.
PSLO will report to DNO on project implementation on a regular
DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES OF PSLO
I. Circle Inspector (PSLO) with jurisdiction is the police officer in
overall charge of SPC project in each concerned school.
II. PSLO will convene school level advisory committee meeting at
least once in a month with proper notice.
III. PSLO will verify that school-level SPC activities are as per the
IV. PSLO will personally supervise selection of cadets in SPC
schools, with the support of Headmaster/ Principal, CPO, ACPO
and Drill Instructors.
V. PSLO will ensure creation and maintenance of all records w.r.t to
selection/rejection of SPCs in SPC school
VI. PSLO will conduct half-yearly Inspection of SPC schools, and
forward copies of such report to designated officials, including
DNO & SNO.
VII. PSLO will visit each SPC school once a month during the time of
parade and PT, and forward appropriate remarks to designated
VIII. PSLO will have the responsibility to ensure that Mini Camps are
conducted in each school, in coordination with school level
IX. PSLO will appoint Drill Instructors for each SPC school, of which
one will be WCPO if there is girls’ wing in the schools. PSLO will
ensure that DIs are regular in conducting training programmes in
X. PSLO will coordinate with CPOs to organize indoor and outdoor
classes for cadets
XI. PSLO will supervise proper utilization of project funds in each
XII. PSLO will ensure that monthly performance report from each
SPC school is prepared and forwarded to designated officials in a
XIII. PSLO will also maintain relevant SPC records at his office.
XIV. PSLO is required to be present at the time of inspection by
XV. PSLO has the responsibility of organizing school-level camps
XIV. ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT CENTRES
a) SPC SECRETARIAT
A central administrative office, called the SPC Secretariat has
been established to ensure the smooth implementation of the SPC
project statewide. SPC Secretariat is headed by one police officer of
Deputy Superintendent of Police rank, supported by a team of lower
FUNCTIONS OF SECRETARIAT
• Secretariat will maintain state-wide records such as updated list
of schools, DIs, CPOs and other relevant information.
• Secretariat will initiate and follow-up on inter-departmental
correspondence, collect and analyse monthly performance
reports, and prepare regular status reports on SPC project.
• Secretariat will prepare agenda and minutes for State Advisory
• Secretariat will develop Annual reports, project presentations, etc.
on SPC project
• Secretariat ensures that all decisions and directions of State
Advisory Committee are carried out/followed by project
• Secretariat initiates and oversees Performance Review and
Financial Audit every year.
• SPC Secretariat monitors school-level project implementation,
and prepares monthly consolidated reports for SNO, prior to
meeting of DNOs
• SPC Secretariat maintains minutes of meetings (state & district),
records of correspondence, news reports, etc. for future
reference (digital & hard copy)
• Secretariat will maintain library of SPC camp reports, activity and
event reports, project reports etc. from across the state
• Secretariat will arrange and coordinate training for SPO, DI, etc.
at various institutions, i.e. KEPA, IMG, KILA, SIEMAT, etc.
• Secretariat is responsible for evaluation of SPCs, i.e. assess
physical development, prepare examinations, conduct grading,
• Secretariat must coordinate correspondence, follow-ups,
invitations etc. for major events of SPC Calendar, for instance,
SPC Quiz, SPC Day, etc.
• Secretariat must maintain copies of visual media products,
photographs of events, slideshows, etc.
• Secretariat must ensure that website is updated with accurate
data and information
• Secretariat must conduct school-level inspections to monitor
b) DISTRICT NODAL OFFICE
The Student Police Cadet District Nodal Office (also called the
“SPC Learning Centre”) is the central hub for all activities connected
with the SPC project in a District. Located in the District
Headquarters, and staffed by a team of SPC officials, the Office
coordinates, supports and strengthens all aspects of SPC
programme implementation in the District. The SPC District Nodal
Office serves as the venue of meetings for SPC officials, a resource
library for trainers and cadets, and an authoritative clearing house
for all SPC-related information. The overall responsibility for guiding
and supervising the functioning of the District Nodal Office/ SPC
Learning Centre is that of the Asst. District Nodal Officer.
FUNCTIONS OF DISTRICT NODAL OFFICE
• District Nodal Office coordinates all activities of SPC in the
• District Nodal Office collects and maintains project records of
schools, supporting departments and officials, and cadets of SPC
programme in the District
• District Nodal Office conducts periodic assessment of various
aspects of the SPC training programme, such as quality of
parade, PT and other activities.
• SPC officials attached to District Nodal Office undertake surprise
visits to SPC schools/camps, and report any defects or
shortcomings to the proper authorities
• The District Nodal Office ensures that all communications from
SNO reach the concerned DNO & other officials, and that follow-
up action is reported to SNO regularly
• The District Nodal Office is responsible for establishing and
maintaining good relations with concerned officials from all
departments and stakeholders
• The District Nodal Office communicates with SPC project officials
of programmes according to Annual Activity Calendar schedule,
and collects Action Taken Report from them, as necessary
• The District Nodal Office informs officers about difficulties faced
by SPC officials and take necessary steps to find solutions
c) SPC LEARNING CENTRE
• The SPC Learning Centre will prepare and maintain a data bank
of SPC Resource Persons for conducting classes for SPCs in the
• The SPC Learning Centre will develop and maintain Library with
magazines, newspapers and other materials for reference
purposes, available for all interested persons
• The staff of SPC Learning Centre will conceptualize and conduct
constructive activities for higher effectiveness of SPC programme
as per available resources
• The SPC Learning Centre will plan and conduct a regular
schedule of monthly conferences of SPC officials, periodical tests
for SPCs, special indoor class etc.
• The Learning Centre will undertake appropriate steps to involve
SPCs in organization and conduct of socially beneficial activities
• The SPC activities in the District will be published on the SPC
website through the efforts of SPC Learning Centre
• Best practices of SPC programme in each school will be collected
and collated for wide dissemination among SPC project officials
through the in-house magazine
• SPC Learning Centre will develop and publish quarterly reports of
SPC project activities in the particular district, after clearance
XV. FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATION
SOURCES OF FUNDS
Funds for the SPC project will be sourced from the plan funds
of Government Departments such as Home, Education, Forest,
Excise, Motor Vehicle and Local Self-Government. Also, funds may
be sourced from the Road Safety Fund, Rashtreeya Madhyama
Shiksha Abhayan, community policing/modernisation fund, etc.
UTILIZATION OF FUNDS
All financial transactions relating to SPC activities will be
governed by the rules and regulations of the state. All funds received
from the government shall be reported to the Advisory Committee. In
general, the following expenses will be incurred in SPC schools:
i. Acquisition of SPC Uniforms
On selection, each cadet is supplied, free of cost, an official SPC
uniform and a physical training uniform (as described earlier in this
ii. Daily training expenses
On each day of SPC training, cadets are to be provided with snacks
and refreshments, expenses for which are borne by the school-level
project management, at pre-permitted rates.
iii. Project Expenses
Community projects may require additional expenses, which are met
from supporting departments/agencies or by project management
itself, as per issued instructions.
iv. Event Expenses
SPC-related events, in school as well as in the outside community,
may also require additional funds, which are to be met from local
sources such as PTA funds, locally reputed community organization,
ACCOUNT BOOKS AND REGISTERS
The Principal/Headmaster is responsible for the overall
functions of SPC in the Schools. S/he should ensure that the
grants/aid by the government have been deposited in the
authorised bank accounts. All original documents such as cash
book, pass book, enrolment register, cadets' diary, vouchers and
receipts, project register, etc should be maintained in the School.
Community Police Officer shall be the custodian of the documents
and register. A copy of all important registers must be kept in the
office of the PSLO.
Each SPC school must open and maintain a separate bank
account to assist project implementation. This will be a joint account
to be managed and operated by the Head of the school along with
the respective Circle Inspector. CPOs must maintain copies of
related statement of accounts, supported by vouchers, bills, etc.
ANNUAL SCHOOL-LEVEL FINANCIAL AUDIT
Each year, all SPC-related accounts in each SPC school must
be properly checked and audited by authorized officials, deputed for
the purpose by Secretariat/District Nodal Officer.
SCHOOL-LEVEL OPERATIONAL EXPENSES
• Government and Govt-aided schools are eligible to receive
financial assistance for project running expenses, directed to
each school by way of the respective District Nodal offices of
• During the first year after commencement of the SPC project in a
school, the SPC unit in the school will consist of 44 students
• With the additional selection of 4 new cadets in the second year,
the total strength of SPCs in that school would rise to 88, and this
will continue to hold good from then onwards.
• In addition to a one-time uniform expense for junior batch SPCs,
the project incurs expenditure for uniforms for CPOs, for
refreshments per cadet per class/activity, and for other project
activities, as specified by SPC management each year.
Tables I & II (following) present, in detail, a breakup of expenses
Incurred in each SPC school annually:
TABLE I: BREAKUP OF EXPENSES IN EXISTING SCHOOL (ANNUAL)
Sr. No ITEM DESCRIPTION AMOUNT/UNIT
1 Uniforms for new cadets (44 nos.,
junior batch only)
2 PT Dress (88 nos., junior & senior) 500.00 44,000.00
3 Refreshment expense per cadet
per class (85 classes per year)
4 School-level Vacation Camps
(Onam & Christmas)
5 Monthly Honorarium for CPOs
6 Uniform for CPO & ACPO (2 nos) 1,500.00 3,000.00
7 Community Projects 35,000.00
8 Materials for SPC office 2,000.00
YEAR ONWARDS, 2 BATCHES OF SPCS – JUNIOR & SENIOR
TABLE II: BREAKUP OF ANNUAL EXPENSES IN NEW SCHOOL
Sr. No ITEM DESCRIPTION AMOUNT/UNIT
1 Uniform for 44 cadets 1,500.00 66,000.00
2 PT Dress for 44 cadets 500.00 22,000.00
3 Refreshment expense per cadet
per class (85 classes per year)
4 Materials for SPC office 5,000.00
5 Uniform for CPO & ACPO (2 nos.) 1,500.00 3,000.00
6 Monthly Honorarium for CPOs
7 School-level vacation camp
(Onam & Christmas)
8 Community projects 35,000.00
• JUNIOR BATCH OF SPCs – 44 NOs
XVI. TRAINING THE TRAINERS
Since the SPC scheme envisages a well-rounded yet
intensive in-school training programme for high school students, it is
equally necessary that their instructors be equipped to carry out their
responsibilities. Hence, CPOs, DIs, and other SPC officials need to
undergo training in various aspects of the programme. The SPC
scheme makes provision for regular training of such officials,
including refresher training, by senior and experienced trainers.
Preferably all such training programmes are to be conducted at
State Police Academies/Training Centers. Three categories of
training programmes are designed, as below:
a) FOR CPOs & ACPOs
This is a 14 day residential training course for CPOs and
ACPOs, comprising an in-depth coverage of the various aspects
of the SPC programme. The course includes field-training for
teachers in the various outdoor training modules, including
parade, physical training, and other activities. Classes and
training routines are conducted by senior police officers
connected with the SPC programme. CPOs & ACPOs are
required to successfully complete training routines in formation
marching, understand the basics of physical training, participate
in cross-country walks, and unarmed combat as well. One
outcome of the training programme is that teachers are facilitated
to acquire fitness and develop positive daily habits. It is advisable
to conduct such training at a centrally located Police Training
Facility for CPOs/ACPOs from all over the state, in batches, as
necessary. All CPOs & ACPOs must necessarily complete SPC –
Basic Training during their first year after appointment to the post.
b) DRILL INSTRUCTORS & ADNOs
The basic course for Drill Instructors is a 7-day residential
training programme that covers various aspects of the SPC
programme, and is meant to orient police personnel as educators
of high school students. Classes on personality development,
motivational psychology, skill development, contemporary youth
issues, and other relevant topics are the subject matter of this
course. Senior police officers as well as professional trainers lead
the various educational exercises. This programme sensitizes
police personnel on various social and development issues,
enabling them to empathise with student problems. An outcome
of this training is that DIs (& other police personnel) who undergo
the course are motivated and equipped to work with students, as
mentors, facilitators and guides.
a) In order to acquaint senior officials with the SPC
programme, one-day workshops and training classes on
various aspects of the SPC project are conducted periodically.
One category of officials for whom such orientation workshops
are conducted include District-level Heads of Police &
Education, as well as higher officials from these departments.
b) Similarly, one day training programme on aims,
objectives and other details of SPC Project are organized for
District Nodal Officers, Addl. District Nodal Officers, Student
Police Liaison Officers (Inspector), SHOs, Drill Instructors,
Community Police Officers, Heads of Education institutions
which is selected for implementing SPC Project and District
level officers of and above the rank of Forest, Excise,
Transport, Fire Force and Local Self Government.
Every year, Refresher training courses for various
categories of officials are conducted, viz. two-day Programme
for District Nodal Officer, PSLOs, SHOs, and Heads of
Educational Institutions, Three- day residential programme for
Drill Instructors, and Seven-day residential programme for
CPOs and Addl. CPOs. The purpose of these workshops is to
update the officials on changes and developments of the
project, invite their feedback for modifications to programme
components, and ensure uniformity of SPC programme
implementation across the state.
XVII. RESULTS & FEEDBACK
A. COMMUNITY-LEVEL OUTCOMES OBSERVED
As per the results of a statewide survey of SPC officials and other
stakeholders by SIEMAT-Kerala, the SPC project has brought about a
positive impact on various stake holders of the society especially the
cadets, teachers and school atmosphere in which the project was
implemented. The following tangible outcomes are already felt:
• Improvement in physical fitness, physical and mental endurance.
• Increased vigor, confidence, self discipline and more responsible
• Fearless and free interaction with police and better understanding
of functions and roles of police.
• Positive attitude and readiness to serve others.
• Improvement in academic performance and better participation in
• Time and goal consciousness
• Willingness to abide by law and motivate others to do the same.
• School premises and its surroundings made free from sales and
usage of tobacco and tobacco products, other intoxicating
substances and influence of antisocial elements.
• Schools are made free from accident and traffic congestion.
• Improvement in internal discipline. Children with deviant behavior
are identified and brought to the attention of teachers.
• Neat, clean and plastic free School Campus. Gardens of flowers,
medicinal plants are grown in some schools.
• Smooth and effective organizing of school level functions.
• Improvement in academic performance.
• Willingness to change. Being forced to obey law since their
children insist upon them to do so.
• High appreciation of behavioral changes and responsible
behavior among their children.
• Increased interest and knowledge in better and effective
• Better and responsible behavior.
• Motivation to serve as a role model for community members.
• Opportunity to improve the image of Police, by correcting
negative impressions created by Films and Media in young
• Increased flow of information regarding antisocial activities.
• Better and responsible behavior.
• Change in impression towards police.
• Increased awareness of problems of adolescents.
B. INSIGHTS FROM FIELD-LEVEL OFFICIALS
The Research & Development Cell of the SPC Project conducted
several internal reviews and project surveys among SPC officials
regarding field-level implementation of the SPC training programme.
The personal experiences of SPC officials – included below - makes
clear that the project does indeed have the potential to facilitate positive
changes within the student community, which in turn would prove
beneficial to society in the long run.
• Many CPOs & DIs are motivated enough to devote more time than
strictly necessary for the SPC project, spending many more hours than
• Level of motivation of respondents – both CPOs & DIs - is very high, in
spite of facing several issues at personal and professional level
• Commitment to development of SPCs and through them the entire
student community is a worthwhile goal for the respondents
• More often than not, CPOs & DIs identify closely with the students that
they train in SPC schools, sharing their victories and sometimes even
• Specific memorable experiences of respondents as part of SPC project
include self-development, empowerment of students to solve family and
community issues and effective intervention to deter social evils
• Project outcomes that have been experienced are: resistance to
intoxicants and social evils, better physical fitness, increased self-
confidence, deeper family and social involvement, practice regular
habits, goal-orientation and willingness for social service.
• In general, all respondents agree that SPC project training is effective in
raising discipline and self-esteem of cadets, developing them as role
models for the student community, and creating hope for the future of
families and communities
• Many CPOs themselves have reported increase in confidence,
courage, and ability to solve problems of students. They have also
welcomed the opportunity to work in cooperation with uniformed
authorities in finding innovative solutions to youth issues
• Project objectives that are valued by respondents include creating
national spirit, developing self-esteem, inculcating social commitment,
facilitating empathy for fellow human beings, discipline, leadership,
environmental awareness etc.
COMMUNITY IMPACT & EXPERIENCES
• Several cadets have been able to correct alcoholism and bad behavior
by adults in their family and community
• Detection and dissuasion of sale of tobacco products in shops near
schools, Arrest of persons selling illicit liquor, visit to police station after
road accident, dissuading uncle from suicide, arrest of anti-social eve-
• Empathy with inmates of orphanage, old age homes, pain and palliative
• In general, there is positive community response to activities of SPC
units during youth festivals, subhayatra, etc.
• Good behaviour of SPCs towards teachers, elders, officials, and other
• Development of regular habits, better physical fitness, increased self-
confidence, empathy with needy etc., among SPCs.
POLICY MATTERS FOR CONSIDERATION
A. ASSESSMENT OF STUDENT POLICE CADET PROJECT
a. Operational Strengths
• Committed and visionary leadership from heads of
departments and other officials comprising State
• Regular briefings to State-level leaders of project
• Regular meetings with DNO/ADNOs
• Regular and ongoing communication with SPC
• Teams for development of various aspects of SPC
• Production of Literature on SPC project
• Statewide operational framework in place
• Committed District-level officials (police, education)
• Dedicated School-level officials (teachers and police)
• Committees at State, District & School-level
• Active SPC Secretariat established
• Active and productive office of SNO
• Motivated & trained CPOs & DIs
b. High-level Official Support
• Active State Advisory Committee
• Involvement of department heads in state advisory
• Financial assistance from Government (budgetary)
• Financial support from other departments (transport,
• Nomination of Department officials as members of
district committees (Education, Transport, Forest,
• Necessary Govt Orders & Dept Orders as required to
• Inclusion of Model Residential Schools (at own cost) in
• Sanction for District SPC Offices, with office, staff and
vehicle (though not fully functional)
• Benefits for project participants
o Grace marks for SPCs
o Honorariums for CPOs, compensatory day off
c. Community Support
• Widespread support from elected representatives
• Enthusiastic school-level support from parents and
• Demand from new schools for inclusion in scheme
d. National-level acceptance
• Positive response from Prime Minister, Vice-President,
former President, Governor of Kerala, and high-level
• Recommendation by National Police Science Congress
• Invitation for SPcs to visit National Police Academy,
• Invitation to SNO to make presentation on project to
Home Minister and officials
• Invitation to SNO to make presentation in Goa
• Recognition and Rollout of project in Rajasthan
• Enquiries from other states such as Jharkhand, Punjab,
B. STEPS FOR PROJECT CONSOLIDATION
The following matters need the particular attention of Government
authorities and officials responsible for implementing the SPC Project:
a. In the SPC project, teachers designated as Community Police Officers
take on responsibilities in addition to their regular school workload.
Therefore, CPOs who fulfill certain stipulated performance criteria may be
deemed to be eligible for special allowances from Government, sucb as
honoraria, compensatory leave, etc.
b. Also, Drill Instructors need the full support and cooperation of their
superiors and peers in the Police organization, if they are to be effective as
trainers of our youth. Hence, provision must be made to accommodate
their SPC responsibilities as part of their official duty.
c. Since community-level awareness programmes with respect to road
safety, environmental awareness, anti-substance abuse activities, etc. are
an integral and crucial part of the SPC project, adequate financial
resources must be allocated to the SPC project for this purpose by
Government and officials.
d. The SPC project must be declared eligible to receive assistance from
development funds available with local self-government bodies, MLA
funds, MP project funds etc. Appropriate guidelines to this effect must be
issued by the concerned authorities to enable this.
e. Student Police Cadets may be granted grace marks with academic merit
on successful completion of the requisite two years of SPC training, based
on specific performance objectives.
f. In light of their exposure and training, successful Cadets may be given
priority for recruitment to uniformed Government services such as Police,
Forest, Excise, etc. in future.
g. A wide range of appropriate and specific educational materials must be
developed for officials and cadets engaged in this innovative youth
h. A framework to evaluate training processes for cadets as well as the
performance of SPC units in a school needs to be developed and put in
i. Regular and ongoing efforts must be made to ensure media visibility of
community-level activities of local SPC units
j. Financial arrangements for community-level project implementation need
to be regularized and strengthened.
k. Refresher camps must be organized for SPCs and CPOs on a regular
basis, both at the state level as well as the District-level, structured such
that there is uniformity in the outcomes desired.
C. IMMEDIATE MEASURES PROPOSED
In order to sustain and enhance the effectiveness of the
Student Police Cadet project, the following aspects of SPC project
implementation need strengthening on priority basis.
1. Strengthening the administrative offices at state, district and
school levels to ensure:
a. Availability of current and updated field-level project
b. Better coordination between executive officials for increased
efficiency of school-level project implementation
c. Effective and efficient internal communications between
SPC school, units, officials and management for improved
2. Formation of SPC Training Cell with experienced personnel to:
a. Develop appropriate training modules for SPC officials and
b. Conduct training programmes on regular basis for officials
c. Evaluate ongoing field-level performance of school-level
3. Establishment of SPC Research & Development Cell to
a. Conduct internal surveys and assessments on regular basis
b. Generate periodic reports on aspects of project
c. Develop appropriate promotional material for the project
D. ADDITIONAL SUGGESTIONS:
• Strengthen monitoring of project implementation through visits by
higher-ups in police as well as education
• Reduce other burdens of CPOs & ACPOs for greater effectiveness
• Ensure follow-up activities for SPCs even after they complete the
two-year training period, so that value of training is not lost
• Raise awareness of Headmasters and increase involvement of
educational authorities in project implementation
• Conduct refresher courses more often
• Organise refresher courses at district-level, rather than state-wide
• Ensure higher participation of supporting departments in project
• Instructions to CPOs must be through HMs strictly
• Infrastructural facilities for SPC in each school
• District and state-level sports and cultural competitions for SPCs
• Do not conduct events at short notice, ensure at least 3 days for
• Do away with repeated submitting of performance/activity reports
• Ensure timely disbursal of uniforms, refreshment expenses, etc.
• Preparation of comprehensive manual, training CDs, handbooks etc.
is a must
• For proper involvement of CPOs in SPC programme, their regular
academic burden must be not more than 22 – 25 periods per week
• Reduce length and detailing of performance report
• Ensure that DIs are available, on time and well trained
• Pedagogy and methodology of training to be clearly communicated
to school and other educational authorities
• Include CPOs in project and activity planning meetings (district/state-
• Utilise email facility to communicate with CPO and school authorities
• Using marks as a selection criterion may be avoided, since such
training is needed more for otherwise backward students
• Make monthly reporting system online, with simpler format
• Ensure selection of wiling and interested teachers as CPOs
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policemen; rather it seeks to grow the policeman within each youngpolicemen; rather it seeks to grow the policeman within each youngpolicemen; rather it seeks to grow the policeman within each youngpolicemen; rather it seeks to grow the policeman within each young
member of our communities. The fieldmember of our communities. The fieldmember of our communities. The fieldmember of our communities. The field----level experiences oflevel experiences oflevel experiences oflevel experiences of SPCSPCSPCSPC
officials prove without doubt that the SPC project can facilitateofficials prove without doubt that the SPC project can facilitateofficials prove without doubt that the SPC project can facilitateofficials prove without doubt that the SPC project can facilitate
positive changes within the student community, which would provepositive changes within the student community, which would provepositive changes within the student community, which would provepositive changes within the student community, which would prove
beneficial to society in the long run. and generate significant nationbeneficial to society in the long run. and generate significant nationbeneficial to society in the long run. and generate significant nationbeneficial to society in the long run. and generate significant nation----
wide positive returns, such as greater internal swide positive returns, such as greater internal swide positive returns, such as greater internal swide positive returns, such as greater internal security, healthier andecurity, healthier andecurity, healthier andecurity, healthier and
safer communities, and create responsible future citizens of a stablesafer communities, and create responsible future citizens of a stablesafer communities, and create responsible future citizens of a stablesafer communities, and create responsible future citizens of a stable
1. SPC DIRECTORATE – FRAMEWORK (suggested)
The SPC Directorate is envisaged as a central authority for the
statewide Student Police Cadet project, headed by senior officials of the
major departments responsible for the Project. The purpose of setting up
an SPC Directorate is to bring the entire statewide SPC organization under
a single executive authority. This is expected to lead to better coordination
among SPC functionaries and beneficiary institutions, ensure timely
communications and implementation of project activities, and facilitate
It will have separate wings with specific responsibilities for different
aspects of the programme, each headed by senior officers and supported
by teams of experienced staff, as described below:
REGISTRATION WING: Maintenance of statewide records of SPCs
(past & current), Issue of Enrollment numbers, Completion
Certificates, Issue of Grades, Performance Record, Certification of
FINANCE WING: Handling of SPC project funds from Govt & other
sources, Disbursal for specific project requirements, Inspections and
Supervision of bank accounts, Maintenance and monitoring of
financial records, Auditing, Generation of annual budgets, Requests
for funding of innovative project activities
OPERATIONS WING: Supervision of funds-disbursal and
utilisation at school-level, Monitoring of school-level SPC activity,
Inspection of schools, conduct of SPC annual events (SPC Quiz,
SPC Day, etc.)
ACADEMIC WING: Curriculum development, Formulation of
Annual Activity Calendar, Testing, Assessment and Grading of
SPCs, Development of training modules, Liaison with senior
TRAINING WING: Selection of SPC field-level functionaries,
Conduct of training programmes for CPOs, DIs, development of
training modules for officials & cadets
COMMUNICATIONS WING: Announcements in Gazettes &
news media, Conduct of orientation programmes for SPC officials,
parents, functionaries and officials, community leaders, press
releases to media reg SPC major events, event reports
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT WING: Multimedia support for
SPC project activities, Field surveys and internal assessment of
project implementation, generation of field reports, maintenance of
website, development of reports and proposals as per requirements
of other Directors
2. NATIONAL ACTION PLAN (PROPOSED)
Facilitation of SPC project implementation in all states, initially as a
pilot project in selected schools, and subsequent wider rollout.
Initiation of steps for project implementation in all schools,
irrespective of whether they are Government-run or under private
management, including Kendriya Vidyalayas, Navodaya Vidyalayas,
schools under CBSE and ICSE, etc.
Inclusion of the SPC indoor training module in the regular school
curriculum, which would include personality development, road
safety, substance abuse prevention, environment protection, legal
literacy, responsible waste management, internal security, and safe
use of Information and Communication Technology.
Establishment of SPC Training Academies in each state, to impart
training to all officials connected with project implementation in that
Formation of a National Task Force - comprised of qualified,
experienced and committed officials, from various fields including
police and education - to support, study, and evaluate the potential
of the SPC project for community development, by formulation of a
National Act enabling SPC project rollout nation-wide.
3. COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT VERTICALS
a. Students’ academic performance improved
century skills (team work, problem-solving,
communication, etc.) developed in students
c. Future employability of students enhanced
a. Inculcation of Discipline in students
b. Lifestyle Diseases such as obesity, depression, substance
abuse etc. have been effectively addressed
c. Greater self-awareness and responsibility prevents
unhealthy sexual development of adolescents
d. Better physical fitness and discipline leads to increased
capability development in students
e. Involvement in sports encourages development of team
spirit and spirit of sportsmanship
Safety of students in school, public places, during travel as well
as at home is improved
Environmental Protection activities by students raises public
awareness of such matters, and also ensures better utilization of
natural resources by future society
Governance & Citizenship
a. In an increasingly uncertain scenario of societal violence
and lawlessness, students understand the need to be law-
abiding citizens, for their own good as well as that of
b. Students understand that citizenship in a democratic
society requires greater personal responsibility such as
Voting, practicing civic sense, following rules of the road,
behaving properly and with courtesy in public, and so on.
c. The development of community spirit develops and
reinforces the Secularism quotient in students
d. Developing social responsibility and civic sense in students
lowers the chances of students getting involved in
substance abuse, destruction of public property and other
e. In addition, students are diverted away from being involved
in acts of terrorism, cyber crime, and other crimes of a
Students contribute to stronger Family & Community relationships
through empathetic awareness of issues associated with old age,
physical disability, and similar issues.
Students trained in Palliative Care contribute to care of needy
persons in their own families and communities
Inculcation of responsibility and gender sensitivity among
students contributes to better safety and security for girls and
weaker sections of society
Training girl students today ensures empowerment of women in
The project strengthens Democratic Policing by facilitating
greater sensitivity and efficient service delivery by police
Community Policing projects such as Janamaithri Suraksha
project, Kadolara Jagratha Samiti, Road Suraksha Samiti and
similar efforts by police are greatly strengthened by the SPC
The SPC project also contributes to teacher development by
enhancing their personal effectiveness, and raising their social
intervention capability through increased self-confidence and
4. NCC vis-a-vis SPC: A JUXTAPOSITION
The National Cadet Corps (NCC) of India is a voluntary organization
which trains cadets from high schools, colleges and Universities all over
India, to join the armed forces and serve the country. The Cadets are given
basic military training in small arms and parades. NCC, launched as a
nation-wide youth-focused leadership development activity in July 1948,
inculcates in youth a sense of nationalism and secular outlook that
contributes towards the building of the nation. It also provides a platform
for individual upliftment through a process of channelising the energy of
the youth into constructive pursuits.
Prime facie, there exist many similarities between the two projects,
viz. NCC & SPC. Both organizations promote among youth self-discipline,
community spirit, voluntary adherence to Law and patriotism. They also
facilitate physical fitness in youth, provide them with parade training and
instill in them pride in wearing a uniform.
The following points are relevant in developing a better comparative
understanding of each:
Parent organization of NCC: Union Ministry of Defense, SPC: Police
NCC Motto: “Unity & Discipline”, SPC Motto: “We learn to Serve”
The promoting uniformed service is a fundamental difference –
Military for NCC, Police for SPC; since the main function of Armed
Forces is national defense through protecting the borders, while
Police stands for enforcement of Law and controlling social disorder.
Armed forces undergo specific training to resist external threats,
while Police forces are trained for maintenance of internal security
NCC has officers from Armed Forces, SPC has officers from various
Scope of SPC training designed to be wider and more flexible than
that of NCC; NCC training does not specifically address
contemporary issues of youth or communities
NCC training features compulsory military training, SPC facilitates
exposure to Law and Order, as well as Government functioning
NCC focuses on protection of the nation, SPC focuses on
empowerment of the citizen
The NCC organisation is an hierarchical structure, while the SPC
organization follows a networking model
NCC is about patriotic armed service, SPC is about responsible
The SPC project has a marked positive effect on the police
organization, whereas NCC does not have the same effect on the
armed forces organization.
Similarly, SPC project has a significant impact on morale of school
communities, whereas NCC does not have the same effect.
While NCC was originally designed as a feeder organization to
armed forces, SPC is not meant to be feeder into police or other
IMPLEMENTATION GUIDELINES (GENERAL)
• For each project, one DNO is nominated as State Project
• State-level Meeting of SNO and Coordinator with Programme
Officers to discuss and assess modalities of state-wide
• Quarterly Review Meetings of Project officials conducted to
present state-level implementation report for each project, every
• Quarterly Assessment Reports will be submitted to State Advisory
Committee for inclusion in SPC project reviews, reports, etc.
• Press materials on each project will be released as appropriate
(local and statewide)
• In each school, senior cadets, in rotation, are given responsibility
for carrying out certain tasks on a regular basis for each project
ANTICIPATED OUTCOMES OF COMMUNITY PROJECTS
• Cadets get exposure to systems of administration and learn to
work with authorities
• Cadets develop social responsibility and insights into societal
• Cadets imbibe civic sense and empathy for needy sections of
• Cadets are motivated to undertake activities that positively impact
their family, communities they live in, and their local environment
1. Project “LEGAL LITERACY”
The Kerala Legal Services Authority (KELSA) is a statutory body
constituted to provide free legal service to the weaker sections of the
society, and to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied
to any citizen by reason of economic or other disabilities. Project LEGAL
LITERACY has, as its principal goal, the development of SPCs as
community-level ambassadors of KELSA to promote legal awareness
among community members.
• To inculcate within students respect for Law and the Judicial System
• To teach students basic principles of Law and judicial processes
• To enable students to participate in initiatives that promote law-abiding
culture within community members
• To associate SPCs in dissemination of awareness materials on laws
relevant to the daily life of citizens and the community
• To educate students to make use of the legal system by invoking timely
and appropriate assistance from concerned authorities
• To raise community awareness about KELSA and the legal aid services
rendered by this institution
In each school, CI/DI/CPO will coordinate with representatives of KELSA
1. Indoor Classes on specified topics by a legal expert/practitioner
designated by KELSA
• Class of 3 hrs duration (2 sessions of 90 mins), generally
conducted on Saturdays
• Each class supported by audio-visual presentations (where
necessary), with time for interaction between faculty and
• Two such classes each year, with different topics for junior &
2. Study tour to Police Station by junior cadets guided by police
• View layout of police station, and facilities for visitors,
complainants, arrested persons, etc.
• Briefing on functions of each police official in station
• Understand how complaints are registered & FIRs recorded
• Interaction with Head of Police Station to understand what
types of crimes are common in jurisdiction
3. Study tour to Jail premises by junior cadets guided by police
• View layout of jail, and arrangements for inmates
• Understand how, from where and by whom inmates are
brought to jail
• Supervised interaction with selected inmates
• Interaction with Head of Jail
4. Study Tour to Courts by senior SPCs guided by KELSA
• Understand role of Judge, Registrar, Government Pleader,
Defense Lawyer etc.
• Learn how cases are listed, taken up, argued and judgments
• Learn how laws are presented and passed in Assembly
• Study role of KELSA in providing legal assistance to needy
5. Study Tour to Legislative Assembly by senior SPCs guided by
• Tour of Assembly & facilities for MLAs, visitors, officials etc.
• Interaction with MLA(s), Assembly officials, etc.
• Visual presentation on History of Legislative Assembly (if
• In-school presentation during school assembly after visit to
Court, Jail, Police Stations and other establishment
• State-wide Essay competition on relevant topic chosen by
KELSA, with District-level prizes
1. Which objectives of SPC are sought to be achieved by project?
• Respect for Law, knowledge of Fundamental Rights & Duties, &
developing Law-abiding behavior
2. What resources are used/available for project?
• Resource persons & awareness materials from KELSA
• Indoor classes on specified topics
• Visits to institutions that create, execute and adjudicate the law
3. How are resources distributed among first and second years?
o Classes on Indian Constitution, Fundamental Rights & Duties,
o Visit to Police Station & Jail
o Classes on KELSA & Procedure for passing/amending Laws
o Visit to Court(s) & Legislative Assembly
4. How are costs of the project met?
• Funding from KELSA through DLSA units
5. What are the learning outcomes of the project?
• Law – what it is, how it comes into effect, how administered &
• Basics of Indian Constitution, Rights & Duties of Indian Citizen
• Constitution of Various Courts and their jurisdictions
• Functions of Legislative Assembly & role of MLAs
• Process of Creating Law
6. How are learning outcomes tested?
• Section on Law and Legal system included in Assessment tests
• Essay on any one of a selection of topics
7. What skill/knowledge is developed by cadets through the project-related
• Basic knowledge about Indian Constitution, Law, & Judicial system
• Awareness of Rights & Duties of Indian Citizen
• Ability to facilitate legal counseling by KELSA for needy members of
2. Project “MY TREE”
Statewide campaign led by SPCs, supported by Kerala Forest
Department, to facilitate and promote community involvement in
environmental protection activities. The project motivates school students
to play an active part in protecting and preserving the environment for
• To engage students in activities designed to promote better
understanding of environmental issues
• To enable students to develop sensitivity towards nature by planting
and growing trees, herbal and horticultural gardens, etc.
• To encourage students to create oases of greenery in and around
• To facilitate activities by school students that highlight the problem of
environmental degradation in our communities and promote better
utilization of our natural resources
• In each SPC school, cadets with support of Kerala Forest
Department, will plant trees in and around the school premises, as
also their residential compounds and public areas.
• Saplings of “Kanikonna”, “Aarya Veppu” and “Nelli”- trees closely
associated with Kerala and appropriate for local conditions - will be
distributed among the SPC units.
• Each SPC will also involve at least 5 others, such as his/her
classmates, friends and family members in this tree-planting
• Poster competition on a specific topic will be organized, with District-
level prizes to be awarded by Forest Department.
• The annual SPC Nature Camp will be used to conduct workshops on
specific environmental issues and test cadets’ knowledge of nature.
• Identification of environmentally sensitive areas in vicinity of each
SPC school, and implementation of appropriate protection
• In each SPC school, Cadets will bring out an annual
(print/handwritten) magazine containing articles, photos, drawings
and interviews with subject experts. The best such magazine will
be digitally reproduced and widely disseminated.
• SPC units will be encouraged to develop Visual media awareness
materials on specific issues of environmental
protection/degradation. The best materials will be widely
disseminated and also made available on the SPC website.
• The best posters will be widely circulated and used in various ways
(wall calendars, postcards, etc.) to promote environmental
protection within communities
• Minimum of 10 lakh tree saplings will be planted annually statewide
by SPCs and their friends.
1. Which objectives of SPC are sought to be achieved by project?
• Love of nature and environmental awareness
• Learning to work with forest officials in nature protection activities
2. What resources are used/available for project, viz. time, material,
• Resource persons/Subject experts from Forest Department
• Tree Saplings and other material from Forest Department
• Accommodation facilities at Forest areas, wildlife sanctuaries
3. How is the training distributed between first and second years?
• All activities will be same for junior and senior cadets. However,
there will be a different theme for the project each year
4. How are costs of each activity to be met?
• Travel expenses for trips by SPC schools
• Field expenses by Forest Department
5. What are the learning outcomes of the project?
• Knowledge of natural ecosystems and sub-systems
• Understand environmental balance and need for ecological
• Awareness of role of Forest Department in protection & preservation
6. How are learning outcomes tested?
• Assessment Tests during Nature camps
• Nature Magazine
• Poster preparation
• Visual Media materials by SPCs
3. Project “SUBHAYATRA”
The Subhayatra Project is implemented with support of Kerala
Road Safety Authority, with the goal of developing SPC units as
community-level road safety resource centres.
• Ensuring road safety practices among members of the school
• Enforcing safety of school vehicles
• Establishing road safety zone around schools
• Setting up Road Safety information board within school
• Involving local communities in ensuring road safety of school
In each SPC school, SPC units will coordinate with Dy RTOs to
implement the following:
• Establish a notice-board in each school to disseminate
information and news about road safety, among school
• Install following road signs and information boards near school
(if not already present):
a. School nearby
b. Speed Limit sign
c. Zebra crossing
d. Emergency Numbers for Ambulance, Hospital, Blood Bank,
Police, Fire & Rescue, etc.
• Create at least one safe pedestrian crossing (zebra
crossing/signal) close to the school entrance gate, with
guidance of authorities
• Enable SPCs to function as Road Safety Warden during
school opening & closing hours
• Ensure that school vehicles are in good mechanical condition
and that drivers are qualified, experienced and have
responsible attitude towards safety of students
• Visits to Traffic Police Station, Emergency & Trauma Care
Hospital, Blood Bank
• First aid workshop and safety seminar by SPCs for other
• Quarterly Reports will be submitted to DNO and forwarded to
SNO every three months
• Annual road safety test to generate safety rating for school
• The School(s) with best performance in each District will be
given awards by Kerala Road Safety Authority.
4. Which objectives are sought to be achieved/put into practice?
• Work with Transport authorities to promote road safety
2. What resources are used/available, viz. time, material, persons,
• Indoor classes by Road safety officials & subject experts
• Multimedia awareness materials
• Traffic Police Station, Hospital, Blood Bank