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SPC for National Community Policing Conference Kerala

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This slideshow was prepared for a presentation at the National Community Policing Conference held at Kovalam, Trivandrum, Kerala in November 2014.

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SPC for National Community Policing Conference Kerala

  1. 1. STUDENT POLICE CADET PROJECT “Democratic Policing for the 21st Century Globalised Society”
  2. 2. ABOUT THE SPC PROJECT The Student Police Cadet project is a Kerala Police initiative that enables high school students to evolve as future pillars of a democratic society by inculcating within them respect for the law, inner capability, self- discipline, civic sense, empathy for vulnerable sections of society and resistance to social evils.
  3. 3. In a Democratic Society:  Law belongs to the people & children inherit it by birth  Each child must grow up with the knowledge that Law exists to ensure his/her safety, security and freedom  S/he must be proud of the law, and not grow up in fear or contempt of Law.  S/he must know that abiding by and enforcing Law is part of general civic responsibility DEMOCRACY & THE RULE OF LAW
  4. 4. CIVIC SENSE AND CITIZENSHIP  Civic Sense involves Respect for others’ rights and Responsibility towards family, community and environment  Practice of civic sense is a hallmark of civilization and culture  Disregard of rules and regulations, public dumping of household waste ,spoilage and destruction of environment, are examples of poor civic sense  Early inculcation of civic sense ensures lifelong practice  A high level of civic sense in communities facilitates better policing
  5. 5. DEGENERATION IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY  Weakening of family structures and social support mechanisms  Declining moral standards and value systems  Widespread substance abuse and liberal consumption of alcohol and other intoxicants  Decrease in self-confidence and self-esteem in youngsters These contribute to growth of criminal tendencies and deviant behaviour in youth and exacerbation of social tensions based on caste, class, religion, gender, ethnicity!
  6. 6. CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES IN POLICING  Growing intolerance and sectarianism in society  Increasing anti-establishment violence & religious extremism  Tendency to anti-social and deviant behavior in youth  Abuse/Unsafe use of ICT and Cyber space All these create major internal security challenges for police organisations everywhere
  7. 7. INDIA’S DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND- Challenges & Opportunities  Over 50% of Indian population is less than 25 years of age. The inherent power of our youth can be unleashed by proper training that develops within them self-confidence, willingness and capacity for hard work, effectiveness and risk-taking ability  Properly harnessed, this human resource can be expected to propel India towards a leadership role in the global economy by 2030.  On the other hand, if neglected, this community of youth may itself breed anti-social and disruptive elements that could endanger and destabilise democracies.
  8. 8. SPC PROJECT – AN OVERVIEW • An association between the educational and security frameworks of the State, that facilitates youth to develop respect for law and practise law- abiding behaviour as a way of life. • Uses existing network, infrastructure and leadership qualities of Police to supplement the physical, mental and educational development of youth • Empowers school communities to create safe school environments and nurture confident youth willing to react against social evils • Encourages parents, teachers and community leaders to work with police in creating safer communities
  9. 9. SPC & Youth Empowerment SPC Project training is designed to:  Promote physical and mental fitness in youth  Boost self-esteem of youth and enhance their inner capabilities through personality development and life skills training  Enable youth to work productively with authorities on issues such as road safety, disaster management, environment protection etc.  Facilitate participation of youth in addressing social issues such as deprivation of fundamental rights, social and gender-based discrimination and so on.
  10. 10. In the long run, the STUDENT POLICE CADET project seeks to evolve a mature society of responsible citizens who respect and follow laws willingly and not by external compulsion!
  11. 11. SPC PROJECT ON THE GROUND
  12. 12. SPC in Action “We Learn to Serve” is the motto of Student Police Cadets. These cadets are not a supplement or substitute for the existing police force But Cadets are encouraged to wear uniform and regulate functions, to understand the purpose and experience the difficulty of enforcement of rules
  13. 13. CURRENT STATUS OF SPC PROJECT * Officially launched in 100 schools in academic year 2010-2011. * As on date, SPC project network involves: Schools: 425 Cadets: 34,000 (approx) CPOs (Teachers): 850 DNOs, ADNOS, PSLOs & DIs (Police): 1100 (approx)
  14. 14. IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES • Implemented jointly by Departments of Home and Education, and supported by Departments of Transport, Sports & Youth Affairs, SC/ST Development, Forest, Fire & Rescue, Health, Excise and Local Self-Government.  Supporting Agencies: KELSA, Road Safety Authority, NHM, Suchitwa Mission etc.
  15. 15. SPC PROJECT MANAGEMENT CHART STATE ADVISORY BOARD STATE ADVISORY COMMITTEE STATE NODAL OFFICER SPC SECRETARIAT RANGE NODAL OFFICER RANGE NODAL OFFICER RANGE NODAL OFFICER ADDL. STATE NODAL OFFICER
  16. 16. EXECUTIVE HIERARCHY (District-level) RANGE NODAL OFFICER District Nodal Officer PSLO Drill Instructor Community Police Officer Drill Instructor Community Police Officer Asst DNO
  17. 17.  High School : VIII & IX standard  Higher Secondary Schools : +1 & +2 standard  Two platoons of 22 students each. In co-ed schools, one platoon each of boys and girls  Two-year Training Period for each cadet SCHOOL-LEVEL SPC UNIT
  18. 18. TRAINING COMPONENTS PHYSICAL TRAINING INDOOR TRAINING FIELD VISITS PRACTICAL TRAINING PROJECTS CAMPS
  19. 19. PHYSICAL TRAINING • Two days per week of parade drill and outdoor training • Route March/Cross-country per month • Martial arts such as Kalari, Karate, Judo, Yoga etc. • Games according to availability of time – Enhances physical development and capacity for hard work in youth
  20. 20. INDOOR TRAINING Digital Audio-visual presentations on:  Fundamentals of Indian Constitution  Police-related matters & Important laws  National Movements  Contemporary social issues  Personality development & leadership workshops  Interactions with eminent personalities Classes and workshops by subject experts and practitioners give cadets an awareness of existing social conditions and ground realities
  21. 21. FIELD VISITS  Police Station, Court, Jail & Fire Station  Historical, cultural & national monuments  Centers of Science and Technology  Hospital, Juvenile and Old Age Homes  Media Office  Administrative Centers Such visits to Government institutions provide a better understanding of judicial processes in a democracy
  22. 22. COMMUNITY PROJECTS  PROJECT “MY TREE”  PROJECT “FRIENDS AT HOME”  PROJECT “SHUBAYATRA”  PROJECT “KERALA AGAINST ADDICTION”  PROJECT “RESPONSIBLE WASTE MANAGEMENT KERALA 2022”  PROJECT “TOTAL HEALTH”  PROJECT “LEGAL LITERACY”
  23. 23. CAMPS • 7-day STATE Summer Camp at KERALA POLICE ACADEMY (selected cadets) • 5-day DISTRICT Camps during summer holidays (all cadets) • 3-day VACATION camps during Onam & Christmas holidays • 1-day Nature Camps
  24. 24. NCC & SPC – A JUXTAPOSITION ITEM NCC SPC MOTTO “UNITY & DISCIPLINE” “WE LEARN TO SERVE” PRIMARY AIM Grooming youth into disciplined and patriotic citizens Growing youth into a law- abiding community THRUST AREA Military Service Strengthen the “POLICE “ content in each cadet ADMINISTERED THROUGH UNION MINISTRY OF DEFENSE STATE HOME & EDUCATION DEPARTMENTS ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE HIERARCHICAL NETWORK MODEL FEEDER TO MOTHER ORGANISATION Second line of Army,Navy and Airforce Not a feeder organisation to Police ASSISTANCE TO NATIONAL DEFENSE INTERNAL SECURITY
  25. 25. PROJECT ASSESSMENTS & OUTCOMES
  26. 26. SPC – A SIEMAT STUDY A statewide assessment of the project by State Institute of Educational Management & Training (SIEMAT), Kerala identified several benefits accruing to schools, students, families and communities, as a result of the SPC project.
  27. 27. IMPACT ON STUDENTS • Improvement in physical fitness, stamina and mental endurance • Increased vigour, confidence, self-discipline and more responsible behaviour • Fearless and healthy interaction with police and better understanding of functions and roles of police • Positive attitude and readiness to serve others • Improvement in academic performance and better participation in extra-curricular activities • Time and goal consciousness • Willingness to abide by law and motivate others to do the same
  28. 28. IMPACT ON STAKEHOLDERS SCHOOLS • More disciplined campus communities • Neat clean and plastic free campus • Increased school enrolment in SPC schools PARENTS • Appreciate law abiding behaviour of their wards • Increased interest and knowledge in parenting TEACHERS • Change in attitude towards police • Recognise the importance for discipline • Increased awareness of problems of adolescents
  29. 29. IMPACT ON POLICING • Police officers take on the role of Mentor and Role Model, not only for cadets, but also the entire school community, including parent & teachers. Regular interaction with young and energetic minds has the effect of boosting the morale and self-worth of field-level police personnel, and a positive impact on their attitude. • Also, a community of law-abiding and cooperative citizens pro-actively responsive to the challenges of crime prevention and internal security is in the making as a result of the SPC project. • Today’s high school student will become the Citizen and the Policeman of tomorrow. The evolution of a generation familiar with the role of policing and inherent respect for issues of law enforcement will enable more efficient delivery of police services to society in future.
  30. 30. Feedback from Heads of Schools • Noticeable improvement in SSLC exam performance • Increasing demand for new admissions to SPC schools • Close contact with police improved safety of school campus • SPCs assist school authorities in various events • Students deterred from indulging in alcohol & substance abuse • SPCs often viewed as role models for other students • Students more interested in career development • Students show more discipline and self-motivation
  31. 31. Feedback from Guardians • Wards show an increase in responsibility , discipline & social awareness • There is higher physical fitness & more orderliness in daily life among their wards • SPCs show politeness and consideration towards others • Students show positive attitude to life, more self-assurance & mental alertness • The cadets exude empathy for old and needy, and greater environmental awareness • Children are less angry and more cooperative with family members • Children found to be helpful and more sociable at home and outside
  32. 32. LIFE GOALS OF CADETS Do social service along with higher studies Work for needy esp orphans Fight substance abuse among fellow students Join administrative service to serve the people Join armed forces to serve the country Become a teacher to train new generations of students Create NGO for social work Work for protection of girls and women Fight child labour Become police officer (SI) to fight social evils Become an IPS officer to serve society Work for better traffic safety Work for welfare of senior citizens Work for environmental protection Set up libraries to promote reading habit Help academically backward students Become a doctor and provide free medical service to poor Work for overall social good Explain role of police to community members Fight corruption Work with NGO for social service
  33. 33. SPC PROJECT - NATIONAL ATTENTION  National Police Congress 2011 held at Dehra Dun recommended SPC project for nation-wide rollout  Micro-Mission on Community Policing of National Police Mission has developed a model school-based community policing programme for all states of India, based on SPC.
  34. 34. SPC IN RAJASTHAN Government of Rajasthan has launched a pilot SPC scheme, incorporating one selected Government school in each of the 39 Districts of the state during the academic year 2013- 14.
  35. 35. SPC IN HARYANA Government of Haryana has announced a pilot SPC project to be implemented in four districts of the State, viz. Karnal, Gurgaon, Kurukshetra and Ambala
  36. 36. SPC IN GUJARAT Government of Gujarat has announced a pilot school-level programme inspired by the SPC project in Kerala
  37. 37. Student Police Cadet Project - A PARADIGM SHIFT IN COMMUNITY POLICING The SPC project takes community-oriented policing a significant step further by:  Pre-empting development of criminal tendencies among youth, and instilling positive values in youth at an age when they are most susceptible to develop bad habits.  Facilitating the growth of future democratic societies through development of POLICE [Patriotism, Open-mindedness, Large-heartedness, Inclusiveness, Capability , Effectiveness] content in individuals at an early age  Forging sustained and healthy partnerships between the police and communities through increased opportunities for direct interactions with youth
  38. 38. SPC VISION FOR THE NATION 2030 A humane and just community throughout India, wherein citizens respect and follow the Law voluntarily, practice responsible behavior, empathize with weaker sections of society, participate in tackling community issues and resist threats to the environment
  39. 39. Thus, the true value of the SPC Project lies in the far-reaching impact on future India, as the result of proper training imparted today to high school students…… JAI HIND

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