Daedalus Stirling Presentation

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Daedalus Stirling Presentation

  1. 1. Necessity is the <br /> Mother of all creations<br />
  2. 2.
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  4. 4.
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  6. 6. Preserving our future<br />One Project at a time<br />
  7. 7. Preserving our future<br />One Project at a time<br />ProjectIntroduction<br />
  8. 8. OrangAsli Settlement, Kampung Sinai<br />Bentong, Pahang<br />Location :<br />
  9. 9. OrangAsli Settlement, Kampung Sinai<br />Bentong, Pahang<br />Location :<br />Observation<br />Community Fire Burning Continuously<br />. 24/7 all year round<br />
  10. 10. OrangAsli Settlement, Kampung Sinai<br />Bentong, Pahang<br />Location :<br />Observation<br />Community Fire Burning Continuously<br />24/7 all year round<br />Fire Fueled by Logs from Forest <br />
  11. 11. OrangAsli Settlement, Kampung Sinai<br />Bentong, Pahang<br />Location :<br />Observation<br />Community Fire Burning Continuously<br />24/7 all year round<br />Fire Fueled by Logs from Forest <br />
  12. 12. Project Objectives : <br />Design and Build a Stirling Engine that operates on wood Fueled fires<br />Project Objectives Statement <br />Design and Build a Stirling Engine Power System to generate 50W-100W of accessible Electricity for Autonomous applications<br />Design and assemble an electrical generator and storage system <br />Project CORE<br />
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  15. 15. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />
  16. 16. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Project <br />Management<br />Reports & <br />Presentations<br />Stirling<br />Heat Engine<br />Electrical Systems<br />Business <br />Plans<br />Wood Fire<br />Experiment<br />
  17. 17. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Project <br />Management<br />Reports & <br />Presentations<br />Stirling<br />Heat Engine<br />Electrical Systems<br />Business <br />Plans<br />Wood Fire<br />Experiment<br />Initiation<br />Planning<br />Monitoring<br />Closing<br />
  18. 18. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Project <br />Management<br />Initiation<br />Planning<br />Monitoring<br />Closing<br />
  19. 19. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Project <br />Management<br />Initiation<br />Planning<br />Monitoring<br />Closing<br />
  20. 20. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Project <br />Management<br />Reports & <br />Presentations<br />Stirling<br />Heat Engine<br />Electrical Systems<br />Business <br />Plans<br />Wood Fire<br />Experiment<br />
  21. 21. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Project <br />Management<br />Reports & <br />Presentations<br />Stirling<br />Heat Engine<br />Electrical Systems<br />Business <br />Plans<br />Wood Fire<br />Experiment<br />
  22. 22. Kampung’s wood<br />Our Experiment Wood<br />
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  24. 24. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Project <br />Management<br />Reports & <br />Presentations<br />Stirling<br />Heat Engine<br />Electrical Systems<br />Business <br />Plans<br />Wood Fire<br />Experiment<br />
  25. 25. Stirling engine<br />COLD CYLINDER<br />REGENERATOR<br />EXTERNAL HEAT SOURCES<br />CLOSED CYCLE<br />FIXED QUANTITY OF AIR<br />HOT CYLINDER<br />
  26. 26. What is Stirling engine <br />?<br /><ul><li> ANY AVAILABLE HEAT SOURCE.
  27. 27. SIMPLER ENGINE MECHANISM.</li></ul>SOLAR<br /><ul><li> USED AS COMBINED HEAT AND POWER.</li></ul>GEOTHERMAL<br /><ul><li> CLEAN AND EFFICIENT.</li></ul>BIOMASS<br />
  28. 28. COMPRESSION<br />HEATING<br />4 MAIN PROCESSES<br />COOLING<br />EXPANSION<br />
  29. 29. Types of Stirling engine<br />HIGH POWER-TO-VOLUME RATIO<br />ALPHA<br />BETA<br />LOW DURABILITY SEALS<br />GAMMA<br />HOT AND COLD CYLINDER<br />
  30. 30. BETA<br />POWER PISTON<br />SAME CYLINDER<br />DISPLACER<br />
  31. 31. GAMMA<br />MECHANICALLY SIMPLER<br />LOWER COMPRESSION RATIO<br />SEPARATE CYLINDER<br />
  32. 32. Stirling cycle<br />P<br />T<br />4<br />3<br />3<br />4<br />2<br />1<br />2<br />1<br />S<br />V<br />Process 1–2: Isothermal compression process<br />Process 2–3: Isochoric regenerative transfer process<br />Process 3–4: Isothermal expansion process<br />Process 4–1: Isochoric regenerative transfer process<br />
  33. 33. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Stirling<br />Heat Engine<br />Literature Review<br />Scaled Down Model<br />Working Prototype<br />Design Adjustment<br />Scaling Calculations<br />Conceptual Designs<br />Design Calculations<br />Pro/Engineer<br />Modelling<br />Manufacturer<br />Cost Survey<br />Manufacturing<br />Testing<br />Fabrication<br />Assembly<br />
  34. 34. THE DESIGN OF STIRLING ENGINE<br />
  35. 35.
  36. 36. Daedalus Alpha<br />Alpha Type<br />Stirling Engine<br />
  37. 37. Daedalus Alpha<br />Piston<br />Connecting Rod<br />13 cm<br />Casing<br />Cold Cylinder<br />Crank<br />Piston Diameter: 10 cm<br />Stroke: 5 cm<br />Swept Volume: 393 cm3<br />31 cm<br />Piston<br />Hot Cylinder<br />Transfer Tube<br />
  38. 38. Cold Cylinder<br />Hot Cylinder<br />
  39. 39. Piston<br />Cross Sectioned View<br />
  40. 40. Crankshaft<br />Connecting Rods<br />
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  44. 44. Calculation<br />Schmidt theory:<br /><ul><li>Most commonly used
  45. 45. Closed Cycle
  46. 46. Sinusoidal volume variation
  47. 47. Fairly accurate</li></li></ul><li>Schmidt theory for Alpha Type<br />
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  50. 50. Producing 100W at 300rpm<br />Sealed at atmospheric pressure<br />Portable <br />Light and quiet <br />
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  53. 53. Miniture Prototype<br />Based on the Daedalus Alpha<br />Smaller and easier to be manufacture<br />Improves understanding on Stirling Engine<br />Detects problems earlier<br />
  54. 54. Miniture Prototype<br />Based on the Daedalus Alpha<br />Smaller and easier to be manufacture<br />Improves understanding on Stirling Engine<br />Detects problems earlier<br />
  55. 55. It’s an on going process<br />
  56. 56. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Stirling<br />Heat Engine<br />Literature Review<br />Scaled Down Model<br />Working Prototype<br />Design Adjustment<br />Design Calculations<br />Conceptual Designs<br />Design Calculations<br />Pro/Engineer<br />Modelling<br />Manufacturer<br />Cost Survey<br />Manufacturing<br />Testing<br />Fabrication<br />Assembly<br />
  57. 57. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Project <br />Management<br />Reports & <br />Presentations<br />Stirling<br />Heat Engine<br />Electrical Systems<br />Business <br />Plans<br />Wood Fire<br />Experiment<br />
  58. 58. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Project <br />Management<br />Reports & <br />Presentations<br />Stirling<br />Heat Engine<br />Electrical Systems<br />Business <br />Plans<br />Wood Fire<br />Experiment<br />
  59. 59. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Electrical Systems<br />Generator Research<br />Schematic Design<br />Design Calculations<br />Component Price Survey<br />Required torque can be reduced by lowering the current to the alternators field coil<br />Purchasing<br />Able to operate at RPM as low as 300<br />Assembly<br />
  60. 60. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Electrical Systems<br />Generator Research<br />Schematic Design<br />Design Calculations<br />Component Price Survey<br />Required torque can be reduced by lowering the current to the alternators field coil<br />Purchasing<br />Able to operate at RPM as low as 300<br />Assembly<br />
  61. 61. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Project <br />Management<br />Reports & <br />Presentations<br />Stirling<br />Heat Engine<br />Electrical Systems<br />Business <br />Plans<br />Wood Fire<br />Experiment<br />
  62. 62. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Project <br />Management<br />Reports & <br />Presentations<br />Stirling<br />Heat Engine<br />Electrical Systems<br />Business <br />Plans<br />Wood Fire<br />Experiment<br />
  63. 63. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Business <br />Plans<br />Project Inline with the Ninth Malaysia Plan<br />Provide Electricity to:<br /><ul><li>Orangasli settlements
  64. 64. Orangasli settlements </li></ul>Living out of the National Power Grid system<br />
  65. 65. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Business <br />Plans<br />Electrification of Nepal <br />India rural household<br /><ul><li> Difficult terrain
  66. 66. Remote areas
  67. 67. Difficult to connect to power grid
  68. 68. 75.5%
  69. 69. 78 million
  70. 70. Deadline: 2010</li></ul>Autonomous Power Generating system required <br />
  71. 71. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Business <br />Plans<br />Electrification of Nepal <br />India rural household<br /><ul><li> Difficult terrain
  72. 72. Remote areas
  73. 73. Difficult to connect to power grid
  74. 74. 75.5%
  75. 75. 78 million
  76. 76. Deadline: 2010</li></ul>Autonomous Power Generating system required <br />
  77. 77. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Project <br />Management<br />Reports & <br />Presentations<br />Stirling<br />Heat Engine<br />Electrical Systems<br />Business <br />Plans<br />Wood Fire<br />Experiment<br />Progress Report<br />Progress Presentation<br />Final Thesis<br />Poster Presentation<br />
  78. 78. Team Daedalus Project WBS<br />[Work Break Down Structure]<br />Project <br />Management<br />Reports & <br />Presentations<br />Stirling<br />Heat Engine<br />Electrical Systems<br />Business <br />Plans<br />Wood Fire<br />Experiment<br />Progress Report<br />Progress Presentation<br />Final Thesis<br />Poster Presentation<br />
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  87. 87.
  88. 88.
  89. 89. Thank you for time<br />

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