In the forthcoming decades, Helsinki will expand faster than ever before, with the construction of a variety of apartments, offices, kindergartens, schools, parks, streets and recreation areas. The City of Helsinki aims to build quality neighbourhoods where people can enjoy both work and leisure. The recent construction of a new cargo harbour in a different location 10 km from the city centre has provided the opportunity to develop the site of the former old port and railway yard area for other uses. Environmental issues are crucial in the planning of new districts, and in developing the public transport system further. Efficient use of energy and reduction of carbon dioxide emissions are considered extremely important. Helsinki is aiming for eco-efficiency in the field of urban planning and land use by making the urban structure denser, and also by developing a smooth and flexible public transport system. This is a big challenge in the Helsinki Region. Eco-efficient solutions are also favoured with construction. In energy production, efficiency is as high as 90 %, which makes it easier to achieve lower overall emissions. These new areas provide an important testbed for universities and researchers as well as for the construction industry. I will now present a couple of these projects more closely starting with a photo of the new harbour in Vuosaari.
Jätkäsaari is planned according to the principles of sustainable development, with its central location in the city supporting these goals. An effective public transport network incorporating both trams and the metro will service this dense urban structure. Similar energy-efficient solutions found elsewhere in Helsinki will be favoured during construction. Jätkäsaari is home to the “City Block for Sustainable Construction” project of Sitra, the Finnish Innovation Fund. The goal of the project is to develop and demonstrate energy-efficient, innovative solutions for low-carbon or even carbon neutral urban design and construction.
• Building energy efficiency - better performing buildings will be designed, with an appropriate mix of end-uses and through the intelligent planning of the spaces between them. Energy demand management tools and techniques such as smart meters and behavioural change prompts will encourage residents to contribute reduce energy consumption. • Use of sustainable materials and methods - sustainably-sourced timber and materials which have a lower impact on the environment (in terms of toxicity and embodied carbon) will be used. • Encouraging the community to meet sustainability goals - by increasing their awareness and understanding of the impact of their energy and transport usage, food and consumer goods consumption. • Develop replicable and scalable solutions that can be adopted more broadly in transforming the built environment to low - and eventually - no carbon emissions. These objectives will be met by coupling solutions with an increased shift towards renewable energy production and new sustainable funding mechanisms.
UCEU Vilnius Cities Leading Change: Europe in Action
UCEU Conference Cities of the Future Vilnius, 14 October 2011 Cities Leading Change: Europe in Action Deputy Mayor Pekka Sauri 00.0.2008 Esitelmän pitäjän nimi
City of Helsinki Climate Policy Helsinki: 600 000 inhabitants Helsinki Region: 1,3 million Area 715 km 2 (land 214 km 2 )
Greenhouse gas emissions (consumption) 14.10.2011 Deputy Mayor Pekka Sauri Oma nimi xx.xx.2005 Reduction (baseline 1990) 2008: -14 % 2009: -13 % Sustainable development action plan 2010
14.10.2011 Deputy Mayor Pekka Sauri Strategies and initiatives Goals Helsinki sustainable development action plan (Agenda 21) 2002 GHG level of 1990 in 2010 City strategy 2009-2012 and Energy policy (City Council 2008) a) GHG reduction -20 % in total 1990- 2020 b) Share of renewable fuels in energy production 20 % (4 % in 2010) Covenant of Mayors 2009 GHG reduction 2020 -20 % Helsinki Metropolitan Area climate strategy 2007 GHG reduction -39 % per capita 1990- 2030 Green Digital Charter 2010 ICT GHG reduction 2030 -30% Carbon neutral energy production 2010 Helsinki Energy’s GHG reduction 2050 -100 % City environmental policy (draft) Carbon neutral future 2050 EUROCITIES Climate Change Declaration 2009 Climate network statement by the mayors of Helsinki, Espoo, Tampere, Vantaa, Turku and Oulu Joint projects
Measures and Examples 14.10.2011 Deputy Mayor Pekka Sauri <ul><li>Urban planning and land use- Honkasuo: Eco-Efficient urban village, residential construction A-class (sold and rented by the city) </li></ul><ul><li>Energy production – Many large (power plans) and small (property-specif) biomass, biogas, wind, waste, solar projects </li></ul><ul><li>Viikki Environment House – The office building with the lowest energy consumption in Finland </li></ul><ul><li>Energy-efficient renovation –Pilots, the general manual for low-energy building for public premises in Helsinki was published in 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Climateinfo - Your travel guide to a low-carbon city </li></ul><ul><li>The carbon neutral Harakka Nature Centre – New energy and experiences for children and other citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Eco-support - A network of more than 800 eco-supporters consisting of staff of the City of Helsinki </li></ul><ul><li>2 % energy saving target per year to all city offices </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting low-emissions transportation - low-emissions criteria (below 100 g/km, Euro 5), half price parking, electric cars, environmental zone </li></ul><ul><li>EcoCompass - Practical environmental tools for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) </li></ul>
One of the Fastest-Growing Metropolitan Areas in Europe <ul><li>New areas for business and living: Jätkäsaari, Kalasatama, Kruunuvuorenranta </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Eco-efficient land use and construction </li></ul><ul><li>Old harbor and waterfront areas as testbeds </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on research (for example co-operation with Aalto University) </li></ul>14.10.2011 Deputy Mayor Pekka Sauri
Jätkäsaari – City Life by the Open Se a <ul><li>” City Block for Sustainable Construction” - a project of SITRA, the Finnish Innovation Fund </li></ul><ul><li>Energy-efficient, innovative solutions for low-carbon or even carbon neutral urban design and construction </li></ul><ul><li>Social and economic viewpoints </li></ul><ul><li>High-quality architecture </li></ul>14.10.2011 Deputy Mayor Pekka Sauri
Lessons learned 14.10.2011 Deputy Mayor Pekka Sauri <ul><li>Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Co-operation </li></ul><ul><li>Targets </li></ul><ul><li>Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring </li></ul>
14.11.2011 Deputy Mayor Pekka Sauri Thank you! For more information: Environment Centre: http://www.hel.fi/hki/Ymk/en/ Helsinki Energy: http://www.helen.fi/index_eng.html Port of Helsinki: http://www.portofhelsinki.fi/frontpage Helsinki Region Environmental Services Authority : http://www.hsy.fi/en/ Helsinki Region Transport: http://www.hsl.fi/EN/ Helsinki New Horizons: http://en.uuttahelsinkia.fi/ [email_address]