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Artificial intelligence study project


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Artificial intelligence case study.

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Artificial intelligence study project

  1. 1. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Study project by: Victoria Gnatoka RBS, March 7, 2011
  2. 2. WHAT IS AI? Artificial Intelligence (1956) “the science of engineering and making intelligent machines” (John McCarthy) Tries to simulate and reproduce human thought behavior: thinking, speaking, feeling, reasoning
  3. 3. Central property of humans, intelligence— the sapience of Homo sapiens — can be so precisely described that it can be simulated by a machine CENTRAL IDEA OF AI
  4. 4. Understand common sense Manipulate qualitative data Deal with exceptions Understand relationships between facts Use human language for interaction Deal with new situation using previous learning AI CAN
  5. 5. Information systems: storing, retrieving, working with data Artificial intelligence technologies: generating and displaying knowledge and facts DIFFERENCE BETWEEN IS AND AI
  6. 6. In business applications, Al capabilities are often integrated with systems that serve the day-to-day needs of the enterprise, such as inventory tracking, manufacturing process controls, and customer service databases. Subjects of AI are not subject to human problems of illness or fatigue, and, if they are well designed, can be less prone to inconsistencies and mistakes. Machines can be used to take on complex and stressful work that would be otherwise performed by humans Machines can complete the task faster than a human assigned to do the same task BENEFITS
  7. 7. Understanding complex software can be made in to easy-to- understand types with the aid of artificial intelligence Less errors and defects, less costs Minimized time and resources. Time and resources are not wasted but effectively used to achieve the end goal Their function is infinite Predicting outcomes allows the AI program to improve business intelligence BENEFITS (2)
  8. 8. A.I. may be the last invention humans ever need to make Technological progress in all other fields will be accelerated by the arrival of advanced artificial intelligence A.I. will lead to more advanced A.I. Artificial minds can be easily copied RISKS
  9. 9. Emergence of A.I. may be sudden A.I. are potentially autonomous agents A.I. need not have humanlike motives A.I. may not have humanlike psyches Loss of human fertility :) RISKS (2)
  10. 10. AI CANNOT: Fast, intuitive judgement v.s. conscious, step-by- step deduction Use intuitive "working assumptions“ Fast intuitive interpretation of data Human brain non-conscious and sub-symbolic nature v.s. A.I. rationality
  11. 11. IS THERE ANY SOLUTION? "We must execute the creation of Artificial Intelligence as the exact application of an exact art. And maybe then we can win.*" *Eliezer Yudkowsky. "Artificial Intelligence as a Positive and Negative Factor in Global Risk", 2006
  12. 12. WORLDWIDE FAMOUS USES OF AI Thinking machines and artificial beings appear already in Greek myths – the bronze robot Talos of Crete A common feature in fiction – Mary Shelly’s Frankenstein is one of the most famous creatures Genetically engineered Na’vi human hybrid bodies Avatars in James Cameron film
  13. 13. WORLDWIDE FAMOUS USES OF AI (2) Second life – a virtual world accessible on the Internet, developed by Linden Lab (2003). Enables users to interact with each other through avatars – digital persons, created and customized by the users and resembling a real or an alternate identity. 20 million registered user accounts.
  14. 14. WORLDWIDE FAMOUS USES OF AI (3) Specialized projects: brain simulation, cognitive architectures, games, knowledge and reasoning, motion and manipulation, natural language processing, planning, multipurpose projects (software libraries, cloud services).
  15. 15. WORLDWIDE FAMOUS USES OF AI (4) Examples: Robotic helper for the elderly or handicapped in daily life activities Prosthetic arm mind-controlled through existing nerves A surgical robotic system NeuroArm that can do delicate brain surgery NASA’s man on Mars delivering samples of soil and ice for analysis
  16. 16. WORLDWIDE FAMOUS USES OF AI (5) Digital secretary Ultra Hal or Helen A floor cleaning robot Self driving vehicles Solution for alternative route info to escape traffic jams Machine translation, etc.
  18. 18. INTERNATIONAL EXCHANGE CENTER (IEC) COMPANY BACKGROUND Founded in 1989 in Riga, Latvia Is represented in 12 countries with more than 100 offices in total (Russia, Ukraine, China, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, etc)  Around 200 employees  Each year about 100 000 students participate in different programs offered by IEC  Mission: to promote cross-cultural awareness through work, volunteer and trainee programs worldwide  Industry: education and work programs worldwide (e.g. Work&Travel, Au Pair, Trainee programs, Camp USA,etc)  Information technologies
  19. 19. IEC VIRTUAL TRAVEL CAFE  1994 – next to Riga IEC office was opened one of the 1st Internet cafes in Riga on Kalku str.20. Aim: to give students who participate in programs access to internet sites with the information about programs, countries etc  1998 – Internet cafe turns into Virtual Travel’s cafe offering the following services to the public: Internet virtual travels, 3D cinema  2002 – Robot appears in IEC Virtual Travel Cafe
  20. 20. AI AT IEC  Name: Randel (IRI-3000)  Weight: 300kg  Producer: Internationalrobotics  Description: World class mobile communication robot Vertical, adult size, programmable robotic personality Has a beautifully designed outer body Price: $85,000
  21. 21. RANDEL AT IEC USE  Entertainment  Marketing activities  Exhibitions PROS  Attention  Loyality and trust  Fun CONS  Unexpected behaviour  Expensive maintenance  Human help always needed  Loose potential clients
  22. 22. TALKING TO RANDEL Karlis: -Randel, what’s my name? Randel: -Don’t you know? Karlis: - How do you think? Randel: - How do you think I think? Stranger: - Divide 999 999 by 13! Quick! Randel: - Why? Stranger: - I really need it! Please! Randel: - 76 923. Stranger: - Correct... Anyway I do not believe... Randel: - Then why do you come here every day?
  23. 23. RANDEL’S LIFE TODAY • 2005 Virtual Travel cafe is closed • 2005 – 2009 Robot is “working” in IEC office • 2009 Robot is sent to the IEC Moscow office • 2010 Robot gets his virtual prototype on the IEC Russian webpage (