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for the beneficial tillage
BARBELO
BarbelAgro Project
…agriculture thereafter…
Web: http://www.barbelagro.org
...about the...
Our Team
Agriculture in the XXIst century
SOIL
Air
4 – 40 %
Minerals
43 – 45 %
Organic matter
5 – 7 %
Water
10 – 46 %
Soil ingredients
http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/globalchange2/current/lectures/land_deg/land_deg.html
Symptoms Reasons Pills
Inanitio Lack of minerals Fertilizers
Intrauterin
retardatio
Stress, Chemicals
Eating disorders
GMO...
Compacted layers
Plough pan
Temperature
Water cycle
Air / Wind
Soil quality
and quantity
Reduced organic
matter
Agricultur...
Accretion of Carbon loss
Growing wind erosion
Increasing soil stress
Accumulating compaction
Reducing soil organic matter
...
Intensification of soil degradation
Increasing agricultural energy
consumption
Destroyed water-, air- and
temperature cycl...
“The water balance of the soil defines the air -
and heat management, the biological activity
and - through them – also th...
Rain
Irrigation
100 %
Evapotranspiration ~ 35-40 %
Infiltration ~ 50 %
Interflow & deep
infiltration ~ 4 - 40 %
Stored ~ 1...
Indisponable
water
2 – 33 %
Soil-stored
water
10 – 46 %
Disponable
water
8 – 16 %
+
Image source: http://www.ag.unr.edu/no...
Disponable water
(available)
Indisponable water
(unavailable)
Gravitation water
Capillary water
Ground water /
Water table...
Rain
Irrigation
100 %
Evapotranspiration ~ 35-40 %
Infiltration ~ 50 %
Interflow & deep infiltration
~ 4 - 40 %
Stored ~ 5...
Intensification of soil degradation
Growing water erosion
Shrinking water table level
Decreasing infiltration depth
Dimini...
http://extension.missouri.edu/explore/images/g01509art01.jpg
+ Inland water
Various water erosion types
http://cdn.szeged.hu/media/.thumbs/belviz/644_belviz10.jpeg
http://www.agraragazat.hu/sites/default/files/styles/cikkkep/p...
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/242194191_A_belviz-veszelyeztetettseg_talajtani_osszefuggesei_a_Bekes-Csanadi_los...
Upper 1 m of soil in Hungary ideally:
- could infiltrate 35-45 km3 water
- could store 25-35 km3 water
Compacted soil – 30...
Where that water is going?
http://sciencelearn.org.nz/Contexts/H2O-On-the-Go/Sci-Media/Images/The-water-cycle
Image source: http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_MEDIA/nrcs142p2_049821.jpg
http://data.worldbank.org
Uruguay 82 %
Saudi Arabia 81 %
Kazakhstan 80 %
46 %
19 %
31 %
34 %41 %
31 %
Agricultural land ar...
Tillage
NO
Tillage
Continent
Land
area
[M ha]
Agricultural
land
[M ha]
Degraded
agricultural land
[M ha]
Percentage
[%]
Eu...
Image source: http://www.fao.org/nr/lada/gladis/gladis_db/downl.php
“I am pessimistic about the human race because it is too
ingenious for its own good. Our approach to nature is to
beat it ...
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/tillage-what-metin-kaan-uygunt%C3%BCzel
Main tillage technologies
http://www.mdpi.com/2073-445X/4/4/938/htm
http://www.advancefarming.com/image/tractor_graphic_for_threat.jpg
Tillage machi...
TillageTillage
ReducedReduced
TillageTillage
NONO
TillageTillage
BARBELOBARBELO
today
after
tomorrow
Our role in the agric...
http://www.mdpi.com/2073-445X/4/4/938/htm
Soil fertility
Soil erosion regulation
Wind erosion regulation
Biodiversity
Sust...
0-10
10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60
60-70
70-80
80-90
90-100
100-110
110-120
120-130
130-140
140-150
150-160
160-170
170-18...
0-1
1-2
2-3
3-4
4-5
5-6
6-7
7-8
8-9
9-10
11-12
12-13
13-14
14-15
15-16
>16
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
Number of countries Powe...
Cumulated amount of
agrochemicals
World average agrochems
130.68 kg / ha
Unexploited avg pesticides*
3.59 kg / ha
*http://...
Epigenetic trans-generation
inheritance
Fetal death
Serious human health issues
Air pollution
Water pollution worldwide
Mi...
Agrochemicals cycle
http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/wat3350
Compaction
More compaction
More pesti...
Global warming Desertification
Hunger
Water pollution
Climate change Flood
Consequences if we won't do
anything
“Farm machinery needs to be intelligent,
lean, precise and efficient in order to
minimize the impact on the soil and the
l...
...complicated
&
difficult...
...to understand, properly select
and use different machines and
technologies
...ineffective...
Brand new tillage equipment and technology
One machine is enough doing all soil working
1 StressStep instead of many
1 ste...
●
prepares a homogeneous, 20-50 cm seedbed-quality soil by cutting and mixing a straw-
covered topsoil in a single operati...
Profitable - reduced investment & higher
yields
Efficient - less work & more time
Beneficial – healing the soil
Sustainabl...
In 2012, the first Barbelo prototype
was tested in a comparative trial
with conventional tillage farming
in a corn field i...
Patent application (HU)
Hungarian Novelty Report
26th
December 2015
22nd
March 2016
18th
April 2016
Technology design & im...
Patent Application
Applied in December 2015 in
Hungary
Subject
Agricultural soil working
machine & technology
described by...
Hungarian Novelty Report
Received on 22nd
of March 2016, referred 6 patent
documentation dated between 1943-2012 mainly
in...
Looking forward for...
● manufacturing partners in order to produce Barbelo
● Research Institutes and Universities (profes...
Contact us!
Tillage
Reduced
Tillage
NO
Tillage
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Barbelo, the beneficial tillage implement & technology

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In our view the well-balanced water management & the natural fertilizers are the most important key elements having a healthy soil and a sustainable agriculture. Our implement & technology, Barbelo, prepares homogeneous seedbed-quality soil by cutting and mixing a straw-covered topsoil in a single operation not only just 6-12 cm on the top but in the whole working depth (20-50 cm) meanwhile eliminates compacted layers & pans without causing additional soil compaction . Our technology is environmentally friendly - needs small energy, minimizes dust and carbon loss. The prototype of Barbelo was tested in a corn harvest during 2012 with extraordinary results.

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Barbelo, the beneficial tillage implement & technology

  1. 1. for the beneficial tillage BARBELO BarbelAgro Project …agriculture thereafter… Web: http://www.barbelagro.org ...about the technology, the implement & the theory behind...
  2. 2. Our Team
  3. 3. Agriculture in the XXIst century
  4. 4. SOIL Air 4 – 40 % Minerals 43 – 45 % Organic matter 5 – 7 % Water 10 – 46 % Soil ingredients
  5. 5. http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/globalchange2/current/lectures/land_deg/land_deg.html
  6. 6. Symptoms Reasons Pills Inanitio Lack of minerals Fertilizers Intrauterin retardatio Stress, Chemicals Eating disorders GMO Candida / Vermititis Bacterias Parasites Pesticides Oedema Dehydration Water cycle problem Subsoiler Irrigation Psoriasis Stress Under development Asphyxia Dust allergy Under development Illness? Doctor! Doctor!! … Doctor!!!!!
  7. 7. Compacted layers Plough pan Temperature Water cycle Air / Wind Soil quality and quantity Reduced organic matter Agricultural problems
  8. 8. Accretion of Carbon loss Growing wind erosion Increasing soil stress Accumulating compaction Reducing soil organic matter Intensification of soil degradation Image source: http://www.canstockphoto.com/illustration/pyramid-scheme.html Several soil working phases Open soil surface Plough disk & weight Dust Soil working problems
  9. 9. Intensification of soil degradation Increasing agricultural energy consumption Destroyed water-, air- and temperature cycles http://slideplayer.hu/slide/2146069/ Amplified humus decomposing processes Slowed microbial activity, water & nutrient intake Decreasing organic fertilizer decom- position efficiency Compaction &ploughpan Higher exposure erosion & deflation Effects of compaction
  10. 10. “The water balance of the soil defines the air - and heat management, the biological activity and - through them – also the nutrient management of the soil.” Prof. György Várallyay Hungarian Science Academy
  11. 11. Rain Irrigation 100 % Evapotranspiration ~ 35-40 % Infiltration ~ 50 % Interflow & deep infiltration ~ 4 - 40 % Stored ~ 10 – 46 % Runoff ~ 10 - 15 % Source: Dr. Fekete Zoltán, http://erdeszetilapok.oszk.hu/00189/pdf/EL_1957_02_58-62.pdf http://salem.njaes.rutgers.edu/nre/agriculture/agriculture.htmL dr. Sebestyén Endre, http://www.agraragazat.hu/cikk/aszalykar-vizhiany-talajhiba-helytelen-agrotechnika http://water.usgs.gov/edu/graphics/wcinfiltrationsoilzone.gif Well balanced water cycle
  12. 12. Indisponable water 2 – 33 % Soil-stored water 10 – 46 % Disponable water 8 – 16 % + Image source: http://www.ag.unr.edu/nowak/NRES%20406/Spring15/Feb23_2015_EnvRsp_II_HOs.pdf Data source: Dr. Varga Csaba, http://zeus.nyf.hu/~tkgt/okse/tatata08/tata0811.pdf = Well-balanced water storage
  13. 13. Disponable water (available) Indisponable water (unavailable) Gravitation water Capillary water Ground water / Water table Adsorpted (physically bonded) water Chemically bonded water Biologically bonded water Source: http://www.pkkft.hu/agrarium/eloadas/nov2.pdf Types of soil-stored water
  14. 14. Rain Irrigation 100 % Evapotranspiration ~ 35-40 % Infiltration ~ 50 % Interflow & deep infiltration ~ 4 - 40 % Stored ~ 5 – 31 % Runoff ~ 10 - 15 % Source: Dr. Fekete Zoltán, http://erdeszetilapok.oszk.hu/00189/pdf/EL_1957_02_58-62.pdf http://geography.hu/mfk2012/pdf/Rakonczai_Janos.pdf http://water.usgs.gov/edu/graphics/wcinfiltrationsoilzone.gif compaction - 50-67 % decreasing {+ 5 - 15 % increasing Water cycle problems Misbalanced water cycle
  15. 15. Intensification of soil degradation Growing water erosion Shrinking water table level Decreasing infiltration depth Diminishing soil permeability Destroyed water cycle Image source: http://www.canstockphoto.com/illustration/pyramid-scheme.html Compaction &ploughpan Water cycle problems
  16. 16. http://extension.missouri.edu/explore/images/g01509art01.jpg + Inland water Various water erosion types
  17. 17. http://cdn.szeged.hu/media/.thumbs/belviz/644_belviz10.jpeg http://www.agraragazat.hu/sites/default/files/styles/cikkkep/public/trakt_belviz.jpg?itok=aQDPwMbl http://hirado.cms.mtv.hu/wp-content/uploads/sites/7/2015/02/DROTI20150209010.jpg Inland water / inundation
  18. 18. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/242194191_A_belviz-veszelyeztetettseg_talajtani_osszefuggesei_a_Bekes-Csanadi_loszhaton Constant or slightly changing factors * relief * soil conditions * geological conditions Time-varying meteorological and hydrological factors Human interventions * agricultural interventions (compacted layers & pans) * drainage canals * land use * melioration * town planning (sewer) Why inland inundation appears?
  19. 19. Upper 1 m of soil in Hungary ideally: - could infiltrate 35-45 km3 water - could store 25-35 km3 water Compacted soil – 30 cm from upper surface in Hungary: - infiltrates 21-27 km3 water -60 % - stores 18-25 km3 water -30 % Average annual rainfall – 50-55 km3 ! Rough estimated difference 14 – 18 km3 http://www.mdpi.com/entropy/entropy-17-04454/article_deploy/html/images/entropy-17-04454f1-1024.png Effect of compaction on water cycle in Hungary...
  20. 20. Where that water is going? http://sciencelearn.org.nz/Contexts/H2O-On-the-Go/Sci-Media/Images/The-water-cycle
  21. 21. Image source: http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_MEDIA/nrcs142p2_049821.jpg
  22. 22. http://data.worldbank.org Uruguay 82 % Saudi Arabia 81 % Kazakhstan 80 % 46 % 19 % 31 % 34 %41 % 31 % Agricultural land areas
  23. 23. Tillage NO Tillage Continent Land area [M ha] Agricultural land [M ha] Degraded agricultural land [M ha] Percentage [%] Europe 1050,8 433,20 18,29 4,22 Asia 4441,1 1522,21 138,86 9,12 Africa 3031,9 1399,95 116,26 8,3 North-America 2151,5 412,36 47,54 11,53 South-America 2056,6 640,39 20,72 3,24 Australia 851,0 263,47 4,8 1,82 https://www.env.go.jp/en/nature/desert/global_2.html ...food for 346,47 m illion hum ans... Soil degradation & causes
  24. 24. Image source: http://www.fao.org/nr/lada/gladis/gladis_db/downl.php
  25. 25. “I am pessimistic about the human race because it is too ingenious for its own good. Our approach to nature is to beat it into submission. We would stand a better chance of survival if we accommodated ourselves to this planet and viewed it appreciatively, instead of skeptically and dictatorially.” (E.B. White)
  26. 26. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/tillage-what-metin-kaan-uygunt%C3%BCzel Main tillage technologies
  27. 27. http://www.mdpi.com/2073-445X/4/4/938/htm http://www.advancefarming.com/image/tractor_graphic_for_threat.jpg Tillage machinery
  28. 28. TillageTillage ReducedReduced TillageTillage NONO TillageTillage BARBELOBARBELO today after tomorrow Our role in the agricultural pyramid
  29. 29. http://www.mdpi.com/2073-445X/4/4/938/htm Soil fertility Soil erosion regulation Wind erosion regulation Biodiversity Sustainable Agri. Value Food Forage Weed control Pest regulation Soil moisture retention Climate regulation 0 5 Tillage QA & QC Barbelo-technology
  30. 30. 0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 60-70 70-80 80-90 90-100 100-110 110-120 120-130 130-140 140-150 150-160 160-170 170-180 180-190 190-200 200-300 300-400 400-500 >500 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Fertilizers (ton/1000 ha) Power (Fertilizers (ton/1000 ha)) Total amount of fertilizers [ton / 1000 ha] Numberofcountries Usage of fertilizers worldwide in 2010 Data source: http://faostat3.fao.org AVG: 126.69 kg / ha (94.51 kg / ha) STDEV: 434.52 RANGE: 5117 (!) TOP 3 Qatar: 5117.5 Trinidad and Tobago: 1536.68 New Zealand: 1096.96
  31. 31. 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 11-12 12-13 13-14 14-15 15-16 >16 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Number of countries Power (Number of countries) Pesticides used 1990-2010 [ton / 1000 ha] Numberofcountries Usage of pesticides worldwide 1990-2010 AVG: 3.99 kg / ha STDEV: 343.52 RANGE: 68 Data source: http://faostat3.fao.org TOP 3 Bahamas: 68.36 Mauritius: 31.02 Barbados: 27.94
  32. 32. Cumulated amount of agrochemicals World average agrochems 130.68 kg / ha Unexploited avg pesticides* 3.59 kg / ha *http://www.kia.hu/konyvtar/szemle/55_f.htm
  33. 33. Epigenetic trans-generation inheritance Fetal death Serious human health issues Air pollution Water pollution worldwide Mis balanced (soil) fauna Image source: http://www.canstockphoto.com/illustration/pyramid-scheme.html Humankind Effects of pesticides Unknown synergy effects Environmental mutations
  34. 34. Agrochemicals cycle http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/wat3350 Compaction More compaction More pesticides More fertilizers
  35. 35. Global warming Desertification Hunger Water pollution Climate change Flood Consequences if we won't do anything
  36. 36. “Farm machinery needs to be intelligent, lean, precise and efficient in order to minimize the impact on the soil and the landscape.” FAO, 2014 http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/212184/icode/
  37. 37. ...complicated & difficult... ...to understand, properly select and use different machines and technologies ...ineffective & expensive... ...too many machines and processes, more-and-more agrochemicals, less profits ...unsustainable & destructive... ...causing climate and human catastrophe while destroying “food peel” of our world killing the future of our grandchildren Being a farmer could be...
  38. 38. Brand new tillage equipment and technology One machine is enough doing all soil working 1 StressStep instead of many 1 step preparing ideal seedbed from the straw covered topsoil breaking compacted layers & plough/disk pans Helps healing the soil with giving back homogeneously the straw Barbelo's features
  39. 39. ● prepares a homogeneous, 20-50 cm seedbed-quality soil by cutting and mixing a straw- covered topsoil in a single operation in the whole working depth (20-50 cm) ● Barbelo breaks existing compacted layers & pans within the working depth without causing additional soil compaction ● small energy consumption ● makes minimal amount of dust due to tillage ● causes minimal stress to the soil ● could raise foreign objects out of the soil without any serious damage of the implement ● quasi-independent on the weather ● decreases the effect of water erosion including inland inundation ● minimizes carbon-loss closing the soil immediately ● reduces weediness ● with homogeneously mixed organic fertilizer it helps naturally to get the soil balance again (water-, air- and heat management & organic matter) ● gives higher yields ● after the process the optimized crumbly structure of the soil will be kept ● customizable for different crops and tillage systems Why the Barbelo-technology is beneficial?
  40. 40. Profitable - reduced investment & higher yields Efficient - less work & more time Beneficial – healing the soil Sustainable http://cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0369/6129/products/detach_stack.jpeg?v=1391958789 Flexible - adaptable/customizable to different cultivates & tillage systems Barbelo-technology's benefits
  41. 41. In 2012, the first Barbelo prototype was tested in a comparative trial with conventional tillage farming in a corn field in Hungary. Testing results Corn yields Conventional: 3.5 tons/ha Barbelo: 5.3 tons/ha
  42. 42. Patent application (HU) Hungarian Novelty Report 26th December 2015 22nd March 2016 18th April 2016 Technology design & image (webpage, presentations) Year 2016Meetings in order to build the network Current situation
  43. 43. Patent Application Applied in December 2015 in Hungary Subject Agricultural soil working machine & technology described by ● 35 claims ● 31 drawings
  44. 44. Hungarian Novelty Report Received on 22nd of March 2016, referred 6 patent documentation dated between 1943-2012 mainly in other fields Official analysis:  Novelty: 24 claims out of 35  Applicability: 35 claims out of 35  Inventability: none out of 35
  45. 45. Looking forward for... ● manufacturing partners in order to produce Barbelo ● Research Institutes and Universities (professors, PhD's, researchers, PhD candidates) willing to cooperate in testing processes analyzing all of the effects of Barbelo ● governments & ministries responsible for agriculture & environment ● farmers interested in sustainable agricultural practices ● foundations working for a better world ● non-governmental organizations ● etc...
  46. 46. Contact us!
  47. 47. Tillage Reduced Tillage NO Tillage

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