Menstrual education for girls- Dr. Vikas Chothe

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Menstrual education for girls- Dr. Vikas Chothe

  1. 1. Menstrual Health and Hygiene -Dr. Supriya Shah (BAMS, PGDEMS, DYA) ‘ nLiten yourself ’ Feb 2012
  2. 2. Key stages in life <ul><li>infancy </li></ul><ul><li>childhood </li></ul><ul><li>adolescence </li></ul><ul><li>adulthood. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Changes in adolescent girls:
  4. 4. The female reproductive system Fallopian tube Clitoris Ovary Womb lining (endometrium) Womb (uterus) Cervix Vagina Inner lip Vaginal opening Anus Pubic hair Outer lip Opening for urine
  5. 5. X 1. Ovulation 2. Thickening of the womb lining 3. Menstrual bleeding (period) The menstrual cycle Usually around 28 days long, but can range from 23 to 35 days . Egg
  6. 6. Physical health issues: <ul><ul><ul><li>Skin problems: Acne </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Menstrual problems: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-menstrual syndrome </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Menstrual cramps </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Feelings during menses… <ul><li>Abdominal cramps </li></ul>
  8. 8. Weight gain and bloating
  9. 9. Backpain and Bodyache
  10. 10. Swollen or painful breasts
  11. 11. Mental /behavioral health issues <ul><ul><ul><li>Overly concerned about the looks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Irritable behavior, depression </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Headache and Irritability
  13. 13. anger
  14. 14. depression
  15. 15. Short temper <ul><li>… If these symptoms occur usually a week before menstruation and are severe, it is called premenstrual syndrome (PMS) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Some ways to cope <ul><li>sanitary napkins </li></ul><ul><li>Menstrual Cups </li></ul>
  17. 17. Some market names…
  18. 18. Cloth pads are another alternative..
  19. 19. When to visit a doctor ?... <ul><li>Dysmenorrhoea – If menstruation is painful that is severe enough to limit normal activity or requires medication. </li></ul><ul><li>Menorrhagia - Excessive (>5-6 tsp. per day) uterine bleeding Prolonged (>7days) regular </li></ul><ul><li>If any discharge that is colored, has strong odor, or itches call a doctor… </li></ul>
  20. 20. Amenorrhea <ul><li>Amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Absence of menses by age 14 without secondary sexual development. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Absence of menses for 6 months in a previously menstruating female. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Thank you…

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