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Population education

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Meaning, Objectives and Importance. Introducing contents status – Factors affecting – Remedial Measures for Controlling Population, Small Family Norms, Advantages.

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Population education

  1. 1. Population Education B.Ed. 2015-16 M.Vijayalakshmi Assistant Professor
  2. 2. 5.2. Population Education Meaning, Objectives and Importance. Introducing contents status – Factors affecting – Remedial Measures for Controlling Population, Small Family Norms, Advantages.
  3. 3. Meaning • An exploration of knowledge and attitudes about population, the family and sex. • Includes Population awareness, Family living, Reproduction education, Basic values.
  4. 4. Definition • UNESCO (Bangkok Conference, 1970) An Education programme which provides for a study of the population situation of the family, community, nation and world with the purposes of developing it and students’ rational and responsible attitudes and behaviour towards that situation
  5. 5. Concept • Growth rate = Birth rate – Death rate +Total migration of population • i.e. Growth rate = Birth rate – Death rate + Immigration – Emigration • Growth rate ratio = zero – no increase • 0.00 to 1.00 – Gentle • 1.00 to 1.5 – Fast • 1.50 to 2.00 – Very Rapid • 2.00 and above - Exploding
  6. 6. Birth Rate = Annual Births ---------------------------- * 1000 Mid Year Population Death Rate = Annual Deaths ---------------------------- * 1000 Mid Year Population Growth Rate = Annual Increase ---------------------------- * 1000 Mid Year Population
  7. 7. Objectives • To develop a understanding of Relevant demographic concepts and processes The rapid growth of population and its causes The influence of population trends on various aspects of human life The close interaction of population growth and developmental programmes for raising the standard of living
  8. 8. The evil effects of overpopulation on environment The scientific and medical advancement resulting in the imbalance between death and birth rate The biological factors and phenomenon of reproduction responsible for continuation of species
  9. 9. • To develop an attitude of responsibility and mutual help and cooperation in all aspects of personal and family living • To provide students with a basic demographic vocabulary so that they are able to read and interpret demographic material with some understanding • To develop an appreciation of The small family norms as proper and desirable
  10. 10. The relation between population size and the quality of life The fact that the family size is a matter of deliberate choice and human regulation The relationship between the preservation of the health of the mother, the welfare of the children and the small size of the family The fact that the actions of each individual affect others and also that the personal and national decisions concerning family size and population have long ranging consequences for the whole world • To develop an awareness of population of population policies and programmes of the country
  11. 11. Importance • Today’s children are tomorrow’s citizens • They must know the Population and its consequences • Education – effective way to conscientize people of the need for accepting ‘small family norm’ • Students – play major role – spreading this message • Trained – how to spread • Hence it is necessary to include Population Education in the school curriculum
  12. 12. Content Areas in Population Education • Population and Economic Development • Population and Social Development • Population, Environment and Resources • Population and Family Life • Population, Health and Nutrition • Population Dynamics • Emerging issues – adolescents, sexually transmitted diseases like AIDS
  13. 13. Curriculum at the Primary Stage • Social Life • Life • Environment • Family Life • Health • Nutrition • Educational Life • Demographic Implications
  14. 14. Curriculum of Population Education at Secondary Stage • Social Life • Economic Life • Demographic Implication • Sex Life • Environmental Life • Family Life
  15. 15. How to introduce the concepts of Population Education • Integrated Approach – School level • Diffused through the entire school programme • In various subjects – plug points • Jointly shared by all
  16. 16. Correlating School subjects with Population Education Programme • Languages – stories, essays, blank verses etc – Mother Tongue, Regional Language, Hindi and English • Social Studies – statistics on population education, material on the impact of population explosion on socio-economic development of the nation • Mathematics – population growth in cities – percentages, bar graphs etc • Science and Health Education– problems related to fertility, reproduction and family planning etc
  17. 17. Teacher’s Role • Pre-service and in-service programmes • Efforts to inculcate the necessary psychological insight, meaningful awareness and appropriate attitudes in the minds of students • Skill – makes the programme dynamic, interesting and meaningful for children • Methods – individual, group projects, panel or group discussions • Collect pictures, consolidate data and present materials to the class in a dynamic and meaningful manner
  18. 18. India’s Population – At Present • India – 2001 census – 102.7 crores • with over 1.2 billion people (July 2015) • More than One-sixth of the population • Second largest populous country in the world • Already containing 17.5% of the world's population • Increases by 1.7 crores every year • We constitute 16.17% of the world population with only 2.4% of the total land area • India is projected to be the world's most populous country by 2022 • A rapid action programme – necessary
  19. 19. Tamil Nadu State • 7,21,47,030 Population • Males – 3,61,37,975 • Females – 3,60,09,055 • Literacy – 80.09 • Rural – 3,49,21,681 • Urban – 2,74,83,998 • Area – 1,30,058 • Density – 555
  20. 20. Causes of population explosion in India Child Marriage Polygamy Joint Family System Superstitions Backwardness of Women Illiteracy High Birth Rate and Low Death Rate
  21. 21. • Infant mortality has come down from 215 in 1901 to 74 in 1964 • Longevity increased. Now the average expectation of life at birth is 52 • Marriage is considered a duty in India. Every married couple want children • Early marriage at the age of 14. Fertile rate is high in that age group. • Rural people – ignorant – family planning • Believe – beneficial at their old age • Widow re-marriages • Death Rate – decreased – improved health and medical facilities
  22. 22. Consequences of Over Population Problem of food Problem of shelter Unemployment Health problem Environment degradation Fragmentation of agricultural holdings Threat to economic development Urbanization Price hike and inflation Destruction of values
  23. 23. Why should population be controlled ? • To improve quality of life • To increase employment opportunities • To increase per capita food supply • To improve housing facilities • To improve medical facilities • To improve educational facilities • To increase time for rest and recreation • To improve life security • To minimize social problems and evils • To make the earth more suitable for life
  24. 24. How to control Population increase ? • Raise the Age of Marriage • Limit Pregnancy to the Healthiest Period • Give Sufficient Spacing • Improve the Status of Women • Popularize the Small Family Norms • Propagate Family Welfare programmes • Popularize Population Education
  25. 25. Small Family

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