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REVIEW OF LITERATURE Dr.VIJAY VISHWAKARMA
WHAT IS REVIEW OF
LITERATURE?
• The aim of a literature review is to show reader that
researcher have read, and have a good grasp of, the main
published work concerning a particular topic or question in
specific field.
• This work may be in any format, including online sources.
• It may be a separate assignment, or one of the introductory
sections of a report, dissertation or thesis.
• In the latter cases in particular, the review will be guided by
research objective or by the issue or thesis researcher are
arguing and will provide the framework for researchers’
further work.
2
Dr.Vijay Vishwakarma_Review of Literature
• It is very important to note that
review should not be simply a
description of what others have
published in the form of a set of
summaries but should take the
form of a critical discussion,
showing insight and an awareness
of differing arguments, theories
and approaches.
• It should be a synthesis and
analysis of the relevant published
work, always linked to your own
purpose and rationale 3
Dr.Vijay Vishwakarma_Review of Literature
WRITING OF LITERATURE
REVIEW:
Researcher first need to decide what he/she need to read.
In many cases researcher will be given a booklist or directed towards areas of useful published work.
Make sure to use this help. With dissertations, and particularly thesis, it will be more down to researcher to decide.
It is important, therefore, to try and decide on the parameters of research.
What exactly are objectives and what do researcher need to find out?
In literature review, are researcher looking at issues of theory, methodology, policy, quantitative research, or what?
Before researcher start reading it may be useful to compile a list of the main areas and questions involved, and then read with the purpose
of finding out about or answering these. Unless something comes up which is particularly important, stick to this list, as it is very easy to
get sidetracked, particularly on the internet. 4
Dr.Vijay Vishwakarma_Review of Literature
A good literature review needs a clear line of
argument.
Therefore, need to use the critical notes and
comments researcher made while doing
reading, to express an academic opinion
5
Dr.Vijay Vishwakarma_Review of Literature
Make sure that:
Researcher include a clear, short introduction which
gives an outline of the review, including the main topics
covered and the order of the arguments, with a brief
rationale for this.
There is always a clear link between researcher own
arguments and the evidence uncovered in reading.
Include a short summary at the end of each section.
Use quotations if appropriate.
Researcher always acknowledge opinions which do not
agree with thesis. If researcher ignore opposing
viewpoints, argument will in fact be weaker.
6
Dr.Vijay Vishwakarma_Review of Literature
• Literature review must be written in a formal, academic style.
• Keep writing clear and concise, avoiding colloquialisms and personal language.
• Researcher should always aim to be objective and respectful of others' opinions; this is
not the place for emotive language or strong personal opinions.
• If one thought something was rubbish, use words such as "inconsistent", "lacking in
certain areas" or "based on false assumptions".
• When introducing someone's opinion, don't use "says", but instead an appropriate verb
which more accurately reflects this viewpoint, such as "argues", "claims" or "states".
• Use the present tense for general opinions and theories, or the past when referring to
specific research or experiments
7
Dr.Vijay Vishwakarma_Review of Literature
IMPORTANCE
OF
LITERATURE
REVIEW:
• To define and limit of the research
• To place your study in an historical
perspective
• To avoid unnecessary duplication
• To evaluate promising research methods
• To relate your findings to previous knowledge
and suggest further research.
• A good literature review, therefore, is critical
of what has been written, identifies areas of
controversy, raises questions and identifies
areas which need further research.
8
Dr.Vijay Vishwakarma_Review of Literature
REFERENCES
• http://vasantkothari.com/content/view_presentation/651/02-Review-
of-Literature
• https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Arvind_Singh56/post/discuss_th
e_importance_of_good_detailed_literature_review/attachment/5b76d
ad63843b00244066174/AS%3A660621829885956%401534515926817
/download/09_chapter+2.pdf
9
Dr.Vijay Vishwakarma_Review of Literature

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Importance of Literature Review in Research

  • 1. REVIEW OF LITERATURE Dr.VIJAY VISHWAKARMA
  • 2. WHAT IS REVIEW OF LITERATURE? • The aim of a literature review is to show reader that researcher have read, and have a good grasp of, the main published work concerning a particular topic or question in specific field. • This work may be in any format, including online sources. • It may be a separate assignment, or one of the introductory sections of a report, dissertation or thesis. • In the latter cases in particular, the review will be guided by research objective or by the issue or thesis researcher are arguing and will provide the framework for researchers’ further work. 2 Dr.Vijay Vishwakarma_Review of Literature
  • 3. • It is very important to note that review should not be simply a description of what others have published in the form of a set of summaries but should take the form of a critical discussion, showing insight and an awareness of differing arguments, theories and approaches. • It should be a synthesis and analysis of the relevant published work, always linked to your own purpose and rationale 3 Dr.Vijay Vishwakarma_Review of Literature
  • 4. WRITING OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Researcher first need to decide what he/she need to read. In many cases researcher will be given a booklist or directed towards areas of useful published work. Make sure to use this help. With dissertations, and particularly thesis, it will be more down to researcher to decide. It is important, therefore, to try and decide on the parameters of research. What exactly are objectives and what do researcher need to find out? In literature review, are researcher looking at issues of theory, methodology, policy, quantitative research, or what? Before researcher start reading it may be useful to compile a list of the main areas and questions involved, and then read with the purpose of finding out about or answering these. Unless something comes up which is particularly important, stick to this list, as it is very easy to get sidetracked, particularly on the internet. 4 Dr.Vijay Vishwakarma_Review of Literature
  • 5. A good literature review needs a clear line of argument. Therefore, need to use the critical notes and comments researcher made while doing reading, to express an academic opinion 5 Dr.Vijay Vishwakarma_Review of Literature
  • 6. Make sure that: Researcher include a clear, short introduction which gives an outline of the review, including the main topics covered and the order of the arguments, with a brief rationale for this. There is always a clear link between researcher own arguments and the evidence uncovered in reading. Include a short summary at the end of each section. Use quotations if appropriate. Researcher always acknowledge opinions which do not agree with thesis. If researcher ignore opposing viewpoints, argument will in fact be weaker. 6 Dr.Vijay Vishwakarma_Review of Literature
  • 7. • Literature review must be written in a formal, academic style. • Keep writing clear and concise, avoiding colloquialisms and personal language. • Researcher should always aim to be objective and respectful of others' opinions; this is not the place for emotive language or strong personal opinions. • If one thought something was rubbish, use words such as "inconsistent", "lacking in certain areas" or "based on false assumptions". • When introducing someone's opinion, don't use "says", but instead an appropriate verb which more accurately reflects this viewpoint, such as "argues", "claims" or "states". • Use the present tense for general opinions and theories, or the past when referring to specific research or experiments 7 Dr.Vijay Vishwakarma_Review of Literature
  • 8. IMPORTANCE OF LITERATURE REVIEW: • To define and limit of the research • To place your study in an historical perspective • To avoid unnecessary duplication • To evaluate promising research methods • To relate your findings to previous knowledge and suggest further research. • A good literature review, therefore, is critical of what has been written, identifies areas of controversy, raises questions and identifies areas which need further research. 8 Dr.Vijay Vishwakarma_Review of Literature