Gmat Ppt


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This is a general overview on the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) taken as an accepted selection criterion to Business schools worldwide.

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Gmat Ppt

  1. 1. Graduate Management Admission Test GMAT
  2. 2. <ul><li>GMAT – Graduate Management Admission Test </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GMAT is used to promote fairness, objectivity and validity in selection, and provides supplementary information to that contained in your application form </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It DOES NOT test knowledge in specialized academic subjects, but provides an indication of the ability for clear and systematic thought </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Who should take GMAT? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All applicants to the Master of Business Administration (MBA) program are required to take the GMAT </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is also required by approximately 1,000 other business school programs around the world, and is administered worldwide by the Educational Testing Service (ETS) who are based in the USA </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Test format </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 Sections Measuring: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Verbal </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Analytical Writing Skills </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In most countries GMAT is administered as a Computer Adaptive Test (CAT), but in a few locations only the paper-based GMAT is available </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>When and Where? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The GMAT takes about four hours to complete and is offered in most major cities worldwide </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visit for testing centers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Test Insight : If you will be taking the exam in a new city or unfamiliar location, it is advised that you visit the testing center in advance of your exam date. Arrange accommodations to minimize travel time, and be well rested! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>How to register for the GMAT </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There are two ways to register: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By telephone if paying vis-à-vis credit card </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By fax or downloading information from the web </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visit for contact information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The fee is currently $200(USD) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Test Insight : Even if you do not plan on taking the GMAT for several weeks, we would advise you to register early so that you have the greatest choice of times and dates </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Test Scores </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When you complete the GMAT you will get an unofficial score report, which you should fax, mail, or deliver to Brock’s Graduate Program Director </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Official scores reports are typically mailed to requested schools 2 weeks after the exam date </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>While minimum requirements are a score of 550, to stand a good chance of being short listed for a place in Brock’s MBA program you should aim for a total GMAT score over 575 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Retaking the GMAT </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You can retake the GMAT once per calendar month, but retaking the test is only recommended if you underperformed significantly in the previous attempt </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you take the test more than once, Brock MBA Admissions may take the average or highest of the two scores </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Do I have to take the GMAT before I submit my application? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If the rest of your application is complete it may be possible for us to start reviewing your application before we receive your GMAT </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DO NOT delay submitting your application </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Send your application, register for GMAT, and notify the Graduate Programs Director of when you will be writing </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Big Day <ul><ul><li>Check in at least 30 minutes before assigned time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If late, fee will be forfeited </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current Photo ID required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: driver’s license, passport </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NOT STUDENT ID! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verification process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sign confidentiality statement and rules agreement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thumbprint, photo and audio/video taping </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Rescheduling and Canceling <ul><ul><li>Rescheduling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At least 7 days in advance - $50 rescheduling fee applies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 7 in advance - full fee is forfeited </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canceling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At least 7 days in advance – $ 80 partial refund </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. GMAT Format
  13. 13. General Tips! <ul><ul><li>The first questions are weighted more heavily than the rest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s not the number of questions you get correct that determines your score – it’s the level of difficulty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questions increase in difficulty as you answer questions correctly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concentrate on getting a series of questions in a row correct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Answer as many questions as possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you are not sure, guess! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pace yourself, but be aware of your time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confirm your answers only when confident </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be careful about exit and quit commands </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Analytical Writing <ul><ul><li>2 types of essays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>analysis of an issue </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>analysis of an argument </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30 minutes each </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scored 0 - 6 in 1/2 point increments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To score high </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use pre-built template </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use a combination of short & long sentences </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Write as much as possible </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Save time to edit carefully </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Steps for Issue Analysis <ul><ul><li>Read the topic and decide your position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brainstorm for supporting ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outline essay ideas on scratch paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use strongest 3 -5 supporting ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a template </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write and edit carefully </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><ul><li>Intro </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The issue of _____is controversial, on the one hand______. On the other hand _________. However, I believe __________. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paragraph 2 - 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One reason for my belief is ... </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Another reason is ... </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Perhaps the best reason is... </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For all these reasons, I therefore believe ... </li></ul></ul></ul>Sample Issue Analysis Template
  17. 17. Steps for Argument Analysis <ul><ul><li>Critique the argument, not your opinion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate the conclusion from the premise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concentrate on the assumptions made </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outline your 3 strongest arguments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add how the assumptions could have been strengthened </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Again, use a template and edit carefully </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Sample Argument Analysis Template <ul><ul><li>Intro </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The argument that (conclusion) is not convincing, since it ignores certain assumptions. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paragraph 2 - 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First, the argument assumes ... </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Second, the argument never ... </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Finally, the argument omits... </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thus the argument is not convincing…. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ultimately, the argument might have been strengthened by…... </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Quantitative Section: What’s Covered <ul><ul><li>37 questions in 2 formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Problem Solving (much like the SAT): 19 questions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data Sufficiency (unique to GMAT): 18 questions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test general knowledge of arithmetic, basic algebra, & basic geometry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No calculus, trig, or complicated geometry </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. General Advice… <ul><ul><li>Always reread the last line of the problem to make sure you’ve actually answered the question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Process of Elimination: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To eliminate obviously wrong answers quickly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To avoid overworking the problem </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To maximize opportunity to “guess” correctly </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Arithmetic <ul><ul><li>Topics tested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Axiom and Fundamentals (properties of integers, + & - numbers, even & odd) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arithmetic Operations ( + - x / etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fractions & Decimals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ratios </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Percentages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Averages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exponents and Radicals </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Algebra <ul><ul><li>Cosmic Problems: asked to write an equation that will answer a question regardless of what a “certain number x” is </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PLUG IN: pick numbers for the letters in the problem </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plug in from the outside in (A,E,B,D,C) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid using 0, 1, and numbers in the problem </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why not solve algebraically? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Makes difficult problems easy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Test designed with many ways for you to screw up using algebra </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Solving Non-Cosmic Problems <ul><ul><li>Non-cosmic problems have specific answers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WORKING BACKWARDS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Start with choice C, plug number into problem to see if it works </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If choice C is too small, choose the next larger number </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If choice C is too big, choose the next smaller number </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Geometry <ul><ul><li>YOU MUST MEMORIZE ALL FORMULAS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study problems that are drawn to scale to eliminate crazy answers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not all diagrams are drawn to scale </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geometry problems always involve more than 1 step </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Topics Tested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Degrees and angles, triangles, circles, four-sided objects, solids and volume </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Data Sufficiency <ul><ul><li>Consists of a question followed by 2 statements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You don’t decide what the answer is </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You decide WHETHER the question can be answered based on the info in the 2 statements </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Data Sufficiency Answers <ul><ul><li>The first statement ALONE answers the question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The second statement ALONE answers the question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You need both statements TOGETHER to answer the question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both statements SEPARATELY answer the question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neither statement together or separately answers the question </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. How to Crack Data Sufficiency <ul><ul><li>Look at one statement at a time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Memorize AD or BCE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If statement (1) answers the question, write down AD </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If statement (2) also answers the question, the final answer is D </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If statement (1) DOES NOT answer the question, write down BCE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate statement (2) to narrow down the remaining choices </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. A Hidden Trick <ul><ul><li>If a data sufficiency problem asks a yes/no question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A statement is sufficient if it ALWAYS gives the SAME answer, yes or no </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If the answer is SOMETIMES yes and sometimes no, the statement is insufficient </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Verbal Section <ul><ul><li>Sentence Correction: 15 questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading Comprehension: 15 questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical Reasoning: 11 questions </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Sentence Correction <ul><ul><li>Two techniques: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Look for specific errors as you read </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Treat differences among the answer choices as clues to finding the error </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remove portion of sentence in parenthesis and read the sentence again </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 1/5 of the sentences are correct as written </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Choice (A) repeats the sentence word for word </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Sentence Correction Errors <ul><ul><li>Pronouns : should clearly refer to noun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Misplaced modifiers : noun should come directly after modifying phrase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tense : verb tense should be consistent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject-verb agreement : subject and verb should agree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apples-and-oranges : things being compared should be comparable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantity words : countable vs. uncountable words used correctly </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Reading Comprehension <ul><ul><li>3 types of questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social Science </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three most common questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is the primary purpose of this passage? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is the author’s tone? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Which choice given best describes the structure of the passage? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Reading Comprehension - Tips <ul><ul><li>Read for main ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch for trigger words (however, but) which signal a change in direction of passage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use line numbers & lead words as guides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Process of Elimination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read quickly to understand main idea </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Watch out for “always, must, all, never, complete” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quickly eliminate obviously incorrect answers </li></ul></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Critical Reasoning <ul><ul><li>Short passages with one or two questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three parts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion (what author is convincing us of) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Premises (evidence to support conclusion) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assumptions (unstated ideas; without which entire conclusion may be invalid) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Critical Reasoning Tips <ul><ul><li>You should never skim, each word is important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always read the question first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use process of elimination to eliminate answers outside the scope of the argument </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 types of questions </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Critical Reasoning <ul><ul><li>Assumption - Look for a flaw in the argument </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weaken the Argument - Look for flaws in reasoning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen the Argument - Look for support answers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find the Conclusion - Break down the argument </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supply the Conclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inference - Concern the premises, not the conclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resolve the Paradox Questions - look for contradiction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mimic the Reasoning Questions - find argument that mimics the method of reasoning used [if A, then B] </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Study Strategies <ul><ul><li>Buy a book! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treat it like a class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Commit to specified study time(s) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test yourself realistically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do use downloadable GMAT software </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do take full length test to identify weak areas and get rough estimate of score </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DO NOT allow yourself to exceed time limits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DO NOT use calculators </li></ul></ul></ul>