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  1. 1. Volcanoes & Videoconferencing Challenger E-Mission Prep Lynne M. Bailey CSD 9 Title IIB STEM Grant [email_address] or [email_address]
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Paperwork </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Review volcanoes </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare materials for e-mission team </li></ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forces of Nature website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Mission practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volcano bursts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VC Providers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Share-out </li></ul>
  3. 3. Online Agenda & Links <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click on Workshop Agendas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click on today’s subject </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Read the hand-out on Volcanoes from Challenger’s e-mission </li></ul>
  4. 4. Getting Started <ul><li>Paperwork done? </li></ul><ul><li>Protocols – leave no tracks! </li></ul><ul><li>Earth science components </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Volcanoes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hurricane </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Algebraic calculations </li></ul><ul><li>Mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster planning </li></ul>
  5. 5. Volcanology What’s Hot?
  6. 7. Volcano Primer <ul><li>Escape of hot, molten rock (Magma), ash and gas through planetary crust from below the surface </li></ul><ul><li>Creates an opening, or rupture in the crust </li></ul><ul><li>Magma is called lava as it flows out and can form mountains or features like mountains over a period of time </li></ul><ul><li>Heat rises because hot substances are less dense than colder ones; this heat energy and trapped gas can create cataclysmic explosions </li></ul><ul><li>Most formed at subduction zones found at tectonic plate borders </li></ul>
  7. 9. Volcano Types <ul><li>Shield volcano </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oldest form, tall and broad with flat, roundish shapes: Olympus Mons on Mars, Kilauea </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cinder cone volcano </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small cone-shaped: Crater Lake </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Composite or stratovolcanoes : majestic, towering like Mt. St. Helens </li></ul>
  8. 10. Stratovolcano Cross-Section <ul><li>Large magma chamber </li></ul><ul><li>Bedrock </li></ul><ul><li>Conduit (pipe) </li></ul><ul><li>Base </li></ul><ul><li>Sill </li></ul><ul><li>Branch pipe </li></ul><ul><li>Layers of ash emitted by the volcano </li></ul><ul><li>Flank </li></ul><ul><li>Layers of lava emitted by the volcano </li></ul><ul><li>Throat </li></ul><ul><li>Parasitic cone </li></ul><ul><li>Lava flow </li></ul><ul><li>Vent </li></ul><ul><li>Crater </li></ul><ul><li>Ash cloud </li></ul>
  9. 11. Forces of Nature <ul><li>National Geographic Website http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoy the volcano section </li></ul><ul><li>You can take a quiz online at </li></ul><ul><li>In groups, develop worksheet ideas for student use when visiting this site </li></ul>
  10. 12. May ‘07 Eruption in Chile
  11. 13. How Do These Compare? <ul><li>Aleutian Islands: Listen to Podcast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Last one of 8/7/08 Kasatochi , third in three weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chilean mountain erupted in May 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Hawaiian Islands are always cooking </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. What’s an e-Mission™ <ul><li>Video conferencing environment </li></ul><ul><li>Challenger Learning Center </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission control is in charge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online materials for students and teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Several award-winning missions available for grades 3-12 </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. Operation Montserrat <ul><li>Middle school students </li></ul><ul><li>Will the volcano erupt? Will a nearby hurricane make landfall? </li></ul><ul><li>Should you evacuate residents from their homes? </li></ul><ul><li>Simulation based on real-life events on Montserrat </li></ul><ul><li>Computers with Internet access and VC equipment required </li></ul>
  14. 16. Four Teams <ul><li>Soufriere Hills volcano on Montserrat is ready to erupt at the same time a Category 3 hurricane is approaching </li></ul><ul><li>Volcano team calculates rock fall and volcanic tectonic data to predict volcanic activity </li></ul><ul><li>Hurricane team tracks hurricane and estimated estimates path and arrival time </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation team uses population maps and transport options to move residents from danger zones to safe shelters </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite data from the island transmitted every 5-6 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Communication team keeps Mission Control informed and relays team recommendations </li></ul>
  15. 17. Previously… <ul><li>Overview presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Visit website and review materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operation Montserrat – for students: T-3 Weeks </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See teacher site for sequence & task plan </li></ul></ul>
  16. 18. Connect to Mission Control Can use webcam with Safari Check with Rosemary Nieves, Grant Coordinator/ NYIT for additional resources
  17. 19. Today’s Mission: Volcano Team <ul><li>Distribute volcano team worksheets </li></ul><ul><li>Complete in groups </li></ul><ul><li>Review volcanic eruption data and graphs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rock fall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tectonic activity </li></ul></ul>
  18. 20. Construct a Volcano <ul><li>Research ideas for volcano designs </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment with bursts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alka Seltzer in small containers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baking soda and vinegar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Menthos and Coca Cola? (see YouTube for videos) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Add to wiki page at </li></ul>
  19. 21. Bursting Gas <ul><li>Alka Seltzer Experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Need: Alka seltzer, film canister, or similar, water & pushpin </li></ul><ul><li>Develop hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>Put 20 mm water (about 4 tsp.) into canister </li></ul><ul><li>Add ¼ Alka seltzer, cover and observe </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat, adding ½ a tab, cover and observe </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat again, but this time, put a few small holes in canister lid. Add ½ a tab, cover with lid and observe. </li></ul><ul><li>Write up your experiment: Hypothesis, materials, procedure, results & conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Vinegar & Baking Soda </li></ul><ul><li>Need: Aluminum tray, Large cup, small Dixie cup, food coloring </li></ul><ul><li>Place large cup upside down in pan </li></ul><ul><li>Add baking soda to Dixie cup to about 1/3 and place on top of large cup </li></ul><ul><li>Add white vinegar tinted with food coloring? and stand back </li></ul><ul><li>Variations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  20. 22. From PS 53
  21. 23. Online Volcano Resources <ul><li>This presentation and resources are online at Click on the Volcano tab </li></ul>
  22. 24. Video Conferencing <ul><li>Joys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very engaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great pre & post-conferencing resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pitfalls </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinating </li></ul></ul>
  23. 25. VC Providers <ul><li>NASA </li></ul><ul><li>Many museums </li></ul><ul><li>For video conferencing providers go to http:// </li></ul>
  24. 26. VC Equipment <ul><li>Traditional </li></ul><ul><li>New </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Webcam attached to interactive white board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online server connection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video support via Skype, Yahoo, Aim, </li></ul></ul>
  25. 27. Reflections
  26. 28. Reflection and Share -out <ul><li>Written reflection of today’s workshop </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>Add a comment to the blog </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  27. 29. Closing <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluations </li></ul><ul><li>Check the blog for these and more resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures will be posted and linked to for more photos </li></ul></ul>
  28. 30. Thanks for Coming! Lynne M. Bailey STEM Trainer 917.309.4361 [email_address]