HARNET :

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HARNET :

  1. 1. JUCC & HARNET July 2004 Cairns, Australia
  2. 2. JUCC Offsite Workshop at Tsinghua University – Nov 2003
  3. 3. The Value of JUCC <ul><li>Joint Universities Computer Centre (JUCC) </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>Consortium of all University IT/Computer Centres in Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><li>JUCC leads in IT excellence for the universities </li></ul><ul><li>Good cooperation among IT/Computer Centre colleagues </li></ul><ul><li>Strong computer and network expertise </li></ul>
  4. 4. HARNET <ul><li>Hong Kong Academic and Research NETwork (HARNET) </li></ul><ul><li>Managed by the Joint Universities Computer Centre (JUCC) </li></ul><ul><li>Supports the eight Universities funded by the University Grants Committee (UGC) </li></ul><ul><li>Also supports some non-profit organizations in Hong Kong </li></ul>
  5. 5. JUCC members <ul><li>The University of Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><li>The Chinese University of Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><li>The Hong Kong Polytechnic University </li></ul><ul><li>City University of Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Baptist University </li></ul><ul><li>The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Lingnan University </li></ul><ul><li>The Hong Kong Institute of Education </li></ul>
  6. 6. Other JUCC members <ul><li>Affiliate Members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open University of Hong Kong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocational Training Council (Institute of Vocational Education) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network Members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Science & Technology Parks </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. History of HARNET <ul><li>1985 - Set up with UUCP connections </li></ul><ul><li>1989 - Connected to BITNET with dedicated link </li></ul><ul><li>1991 - Connected to Internet at 64 Kbps to USA </li></ul><ul><li>1992 - JUCC takes over management of HARNET </li></ul><ul><li>funded by University Grants Committee </li></ul><ul><li>1993 - 128 Kbps Internet link </li></ul><ul><li>1995 - 1.544 (T1) Mbps Internet link with local </li></ul><ul><li>T1 star network </li></ul><ul><li>1996 - 64 Kbps connection to CERNET (via CityU </li></ul><ul><li>of HK to Tsinghua University) </li></ul>
  8. 8. . T1 T1 T1 T1 T1 T1 T1 T1 T1 T1 T1 (will be E1 to Exodus) 64K 64K 64K 512K NAS Ames (Internet) HKU CUHK LNC PolyU CityU HKUST HKIEd HKBU ISP ISP HKIX VTC TC’s OLI U of Macau UNU U.C. Lib. T1 = 1.544 Mbps E1 = 2.048 Mbps Cisco 4500 Cisco 4500 Ethernet =>256K =>128K HARNET Connectivity (1996) HK HK . . CERNET Tsinghua U. 64K
  9. 9. History (cont’d) <ul><li>1997 - 2 (E1) Mbps IPLC link </li></ul><ul><li>1998 - 6 Mbps IPLC link, plus 4 Mbps ISP </li></ul><ul><li>1999 - 12 Mbps IPLC link plus 12 Mbps ISP </li></ul><ul><li>512 Kbps link to TANET (via HKU to </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Sinica of Taiwan) </li></ul><ul><li>2000 - 48 Mbps for ISP Internet </li></ul><ul><li>2001 - 72 Mbps </li></ul><ul><li>- 2 Mbps to CERNET (via HARNET hub to </li></ul><ul><li> Tsinghua University) </li></ul>
  10. 10. History (cont’d) <ul><li>2002 - 96 Mbps </li></ul><ul><li>- 10 Mbps to TANET (via HARNET hub to </li></ul><ul><li>Academia Sinica’s co-location site in HK) </li></ul><ul><li>- 45 Mbps IPLC to Internet2 at Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>STARTAP </li></ul><ul><li>2003 - 155 Mbps ISP Internet </li></ul><ul><li>- 300 Mbps HKIX </li></ul><ul><li>- 155 Mbps to CERNET (via HARNET hub to </li></ul><ul><li>CERNET co-location site in HK , Feb 2004 ) </li></ul><ul><li>- 45 Mbps to TANET (via HARNET hub to </li></ul><ul><li>Academia Sinica’s co-location site in HK) </li></ul>
  11. 12. Upgrade Plan for 3 rd Quarter 2004 <ul><ul><li>Dual ISP links - 155 Mbps plus 155 Mbps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>400 Mbps HKIX scalable to 1 Gbps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>90 Mbps IPLC to Internet2 </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. HARNET Usage <ul><li>Commodity Internet traffic, electronic mail, file transfer, library catalogues, supercomputers, bulletin board services, video-conferencing, etc </li></ul><ul><li>TCP/IP network </li></ul><ul><li>Very Congested (>90% for 20 hours per week) </li></ul><ul><li>Over 10,000 staff and 50,000 students </li></ul>
  13. 14. Management of HARNET <ul><li>Managed by JUCC </li></ul><ul><li>Financial approval by JUCC Board of Management </li></ul><ul><li>Network Task Force for operational and technical issues </li></ul><ul><li>Video Task Force for video applications </li></ul><ul><li>Security Working Group </li></ul>
  14. 15. Funding Management <ul><li>Substantial investment in Internet links </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly supported by special UGC funding and donations </li></ul><ul><li>Request for funding reviewed each year </li></ul><ul><li>Use of HARNET is free (up till now) </li></ul><ul><li>Charging model established since July 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Only usage exceeding allocation is charged </li></ul>
  15. 16. Network Management <ul><li>Never saturating demand for bandwidth </li></ul><ul><li>QoS program to regulate usage according to member institution’s bandwidth allocation </li></ul><ul><li>Charging is imposed on bandwidth usage above the allocation </li></ul><ul><li>Charge only imposed if usage is over 9 5 % </li></ul><ul><li>Not possible to allocate bandwidth for urgent needs </li></ul><ul><li>Priority setting by individual institutions </li></ul>
  16. 17. Development Plan <ul><li>Upgrade Connection to Internet2 </li></ul><ul><li>Promote application of Next Generation Internet (NGI) technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Video Conferencing in all institutions </li></ul><ul><li>IPv6 and Multicast </li></ul><ul><li>Support Electronic Service Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Certificate Authentication </li></ul>
  17. 18. Future Information Network <ul><li>Greater use of e-Cert and digital signatures </li></ul><ul><li>Video conferencing and video-on-demand </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating data, voice, video and web </li></ul><ul><li>Optical wavelength networks </li></ul><ul><li>E lectronic signatures and forms with workflow </li></ul><ul><li>High performance computers </li></ul><ul><li>Grid Computing </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless LANs & wireless access to the Internet </li></ul>
  18. 19. The Value of JUCC <ul><li>Joint tendering exercises have yielded many benefits to member institutions and vendors </li></ul><ul><li>Premier in Internet development and the administration of the .hk domain name registration… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transferred and re-delegated to a new membership-based Corporation set up by the Hong Kong SAR Government in March 2002 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contribution recognised by the Hong Kong SAR Government </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. The Value of JUCC (cont’d) <ul><li>Cooperative model well recognized by UGC, with success attracting funding f or HARNET upgrades </li></ul><ul><li>Attract donations from industry for pilot projects </li></ul><ul><li>Gathering momentum for more participation from other organizations </li></ul><ul><li>JUCC member is Director of Board of Hong Kong Internet Registration Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>HKCERT Steering Committee </li></ul>
  20. 21. JUCC Organization <ul><li>Lean Organization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Director (free service) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Office (supported by HKU) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Staffing (2.5 admin staff & 1 tech staff equiv.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Well-controlled Finance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Income: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Contribution from members </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Service fee (software, network) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Expenses: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Administration (staff costs, general expenses) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Software and Training </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Accounting service by PolyU of HK </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Current Services <ul><li>Network Services </li></ul><ul><li>Software Licensing </li></ul><ul><li>Tenders </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops and conferences </li></ul><ul><li>Joint off-site workshops with leading higher education institutions in Mainland China </li></ul>
  22. 23. Visiting Beijing University – Nov 2003
  23. 24. Future Directions (1) <ul><li>JUCC has laid a good foundation for inter-institution cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>The network task force is concentrating on Next-Generation Internet technologies </li></ul><ul><li>The video task force is working on joint video conferencing among the eight universities </li></ul><ul><li>Seed money for future network development </li></ul><ul><li>HKSAR Government puts emphasis on IT development </li></ul>
  24. 25. Future Directions (2) <ul><li>E xplore opportunities for joint software development </li></ul><ul><li>I mprove negotiation with vendors, regarding software and hardware pricing </li></ul><ul><li>D evelop more inter-institutional cooperation on new technologies, training, network security, administrative applications and support </li></ul><ul><li>P romote exchange with sister institutions in Greater China and Asia Pacific regions </li></ul>
  25. 26. Vision : HK a leader in the use of IT <ul><li>Support high-bandwidth applications </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate research into new Internet technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Develop into Research Internet hub for Asia Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>Expand to be a Hong Kong wide Education Network for all the school sectors </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>

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