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  1. 1. Video Conferencing Fundamentals a.k.a Videoconferencing 101 Jim Freese, CTAP Region IV Linda Uhrenholt, SBC Education Advocate
  2. 2. Remember George Jetson?
  3. 3. Early Video Conference – Picturephones
  4. 4. Things to Discuss <ul><li>What is Videoconferencing? </li></ul><ul><li>Why videoconference? </li></ul><ul><li>Types of videoconferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment & Set-up </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Etiquette & Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum Enhancement </li></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is Videoconferencng? <ul><li>Videoconferencing technology allows people at two or more locations to see and hear each other at the same time…….. </li></ul>
  6. 6. …… ..Examples
  7. 7. Why Video Conference? <ul><li>Courses, Lessons and Tutoring </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Field Trips </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-School Projects </li></ul><ul><li>International Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Pull in an Expert </li></ul><ul><li>Community Events </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Activities </li></ul>
  8. 8. Types of Video Conferencing <ul><li>ISDN -Point to Point dial up </li></ul><ul><li>IP - Goes over a Broadband Internet connection </li></ul>
  9. 9. Network Choices <ul><li>Circuit Switched: 64K per call </li></ul>Advantage: Call anywhere in the world Disadvantage: Pay by the minute Dial-up network
  10. 10. Network Choices <ul><li>TCP/IP (LAN) </li></ul>Advantage: Free within the LAN, WAN line sharing Disadvantage: LAN contention, bandwidth hog Dial-up Network
  11. 11. <ul><li>Private (Leased) Line </li></ul>Network Choices Advantage: High Bandwidth, fixed cost Disadvantage: Only “Point A” to “Point B” Private Line
  12. 12. The California K-12 High Speed Network <ul><li>California K-12 High Speed Network </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.k12hsn.org </li></ul><ul><li>K12video.org </li></ul>
  13. 13. IP Video Conferencing <ul><li>Dial-up IP to IP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dedicated equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Server Based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AIM, iChat, Netmeeting, iVisit, SightSpeed etc. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Management & Storage of Archived Events
  15. 15. Play with the Big Boys <ul><li>Yes, Polycom has two shoestring solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Polycom ViaVideo - $600 </li></ul><ul><li>Polycom PVX - $150 </li></ul>
  16. 16. Polycom PVX <ul><li>Low Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Works with your PC and USB Web Cam </li></ul><ul><li>Custom Polycom Software </li></ul>
  17. 17. Polycom ViaVideo <ul><li>High Quality Camera </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia Processor </li></ul><ul><li>Custom Polycom Software </li></ul><ul><li>Works with your PC </li></ul>
  18. 18. What Will YOU Be Getting? Polycom V500 <ul><li>Sits atop any television and uses a television-like remote control. </li></ul><ul><li>Connect to your Cable, DSL, LAN or ISDN network </li></ul><ul><li>Delivers natural, smooth motion video and crystal-clear audio in a convenient and compact design </li></ul><ul><li>Features data-sharing support so schools can receive slides and other content during a video call. </li></ul>
  19. 19. What Will YOU Be Getting? Polycom VXS 6000 <ul><li>Built-in IP network connectivity allows for seamless integration of group video conferencing into existing networks </li></ul><ul><li>Set-top system includes all of the basics for video conferencing. </li></ul>
  20. 20. iChat- Apple <ul><li>OSX based system </li></ul><ul><li>Apples version of AIM free </li></ul><ul><li>iSight or USB or Firewire webcam </li></ul><ul><li>Compatible with AOL Instant Messenger Video </li></ul><ul><li>Upcoming version supports multiple connections http://www.apple.com/macosx/tiger/ichat.html </li></ul>
  21. 21. AOL IM Video <ul><li>PC based system </li></ul><ul><li>AIM is free </li></ul><ul><li>USB webcam </li></ul><ul><li>Compatible with Apples iChat AV </li></ul>
  22. 22. SightSpeed <ul><li>Multiplatform </li></ul><ul><li>USB, Firewire Web Cam or iSight </li></ul><ul><li>Free & Subscription versions </li></ul><ul><li>Multi Users </li></ul><ul><li>Works over many firewalls </li></ul>
  23. 23. Video Conference Planning <ul><li>Checklist & Planning Guide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In packet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Test, test and test </li></ul><ul><li>Lights and sound </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lighting helps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio feedback and noise </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://uwtvproduction.org/convergence.html </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great streaming video about planning! Scroll down to Videoconference Zone . . </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. 6 Tips <ul><li>Colors: clothes, color coding, color discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Breaks, breakouts, and briefs </li></ul><ul><li>Lunches and labs </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging quieter students </li></ul><ul><li>Guest presenters </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-course tools, communications, and assignments. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Tip #1: Colors <ul><li>Clothes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wear bright colors and invite students to wear VC-friendly colors (Blues, Violets, Pinks…even orange!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Point out which colors and patterns to avoid, such as shirts that are all-white or wild, checkered sweaters. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Color Coding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider colored name tents to see student names and category (type project, subject) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Color discussions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Back drops, wall colors, signage. </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Tip #2: Breaks, Breakouts, and Briefs <ul><li>Breaks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise breaks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rotate seats, so different groups get to “center stage” from time to time. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Breakouts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small group assignments (10-15 minutes) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Briefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mini-presentations by small groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student introductions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student project “snap shots” (1 minute max) </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Tip #3: Lunches and Labs <ul><li>Lunches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If class is on either side of a lunch break, consider running mini-film festivals on supporting information. (History or Literature classes w/ snippets of classics on video, Documentaries, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schedule labs in campus computing centers for exercises supporting classroom discussion. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lunches and/or Labs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Combine lunch and lab times for student and teacher flexibility. (Loop films to run and re-run) </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Tip #4: Engaging Quiet Students <ul><li>Breakout assignments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charge breakout groups with identifying fellow students that haven’t had as much opportunity to participate -- have them give group “readouts” as group’s video spokesperson </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Distant Stars” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rotate remote point-persons for distributing handouts, collecting assignments, faxing sign-in sheet. </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Tip #5: Guest Presenters <ul><li>Invite colleagues or students from other schools to bridge into videoconference. </li></ul><ul><li>Reserve a spot for public if attending </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations - no lectures, please! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>50% presentation 50% Q & A </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Tip #6: Pre-course Tools, Communications, and Assignments. <ul><li>Tools (Website with syllabus, class rules, readings, recommended URLs, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Communications (E-mail, Listserv, ClassChat) </li></ul><ul><li>Assignments </li></ul>
  31. 31. PLAN “B” rolling blackouts, V.I.P. tours, construction crews, etc. <ul><li>Class needs to know what to do/where to go if connection goes down, one site is evacuated, or other unforeseen event. </li></ul><ul><li>Supplemental Communications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail, Listserv, chat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Website assignments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lab and Library work </li></ul><ul><li>Break out sessions </li></ul>
  32. 32. Videoconference Links <ul><ul><li>Videoconference Hotlist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.kn.sbc.com/wired/fil/pages/listvideo.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polycom: http://polycom.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  iChat: http://www.apple.com/ichat/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SightSpeed: http://www.sightspeed.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AIM(at AOL): http://aimtoday.aol.com/features/main_redesign.adp?fid=video_im </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  NetMeeting: http://www.microsoft.com/windows/netmeeting/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yahoo!Messenger http://messenger.yahoo.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iVisit: http://www.ivisit.com </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Thanks! <ul><li>Are you ready for some videoconferencing? In the words of Dr. Phi “Let’s do it!”  </li></ul>