The Value of Video
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Table of Contents
Executive Summary! 1
The State of Experience! 2
Business Collaboration Today! 2
Comparing Visual Communications to Business Travel! 3
The High Value of Local Collaboration! 5
Comparing Visual Communications to Mature Conferencing Options! 6
Comparing Visual Communications and Home Entertainment Experiences! 7
Brand Implications of Visual Communications! 9
Communications Choices Deliver a Message Too! 9
So What?! 11
Building and Defending The Business Case! 11
Analyzing The Travel Practices?! 12
Creating The Video Conferencing Demand Budget! 12
Appendix A: Our Sponsors! 14
Appendix B: Methodology! 17
Appendix C: Related Research! 18
About The Author! 19
The Value of Video Communications " i
• 31% of respondents participated in an HD video conference last month
• All classes of business travel are not the same; the substitutes have distinct Demand curves
• Local collaborations over HD video conferencing are more valuable to users per hour than inter-continental
collaborations over HD video conferencing
• HD video conferences are 30 x more valuable than audio conferences
• HD video conferencing invitations offers positive brand perceptions among customers
HD video conferencing, personal video conferencing and immersive telepresence services have not yet leaped across the
so-called ‘Market Chasm’ into mainstream business practice. Only 31% of our respondents participated in one or more
HD video conferencing sessions in the past month. Only 11% had participated in at least one session of each of the
three emerging services in that same period.
As with most emerging products and services most companies
struggle with two issues: how to determine the appropriate level of The Value Panel
investment and how to justify that investment. This report offers 281 business users participated
insights into those two issues through comparative valuations. This
report also includes a method to predict the potential beneﬁts of Followup communications
high deﬁnition (HD) video conferencing products and services.
86% from Canada, USA and Mexico, 8%
The report begins by reviewing the classic approach comparing the from Europe, Middle East and Africa
service as a substitute for business travel. By looking at three distinct
36% are from organizations with less than
classes of business travel - day trips, overnight trips and week-long
100 employees, 47% have over 1,000
trips - Brockmann & Company developed a Demand curve for each
class of substitution. We then review the value of the service with
respect to the more mature audio conferencing and web Key industries participating: 31% ﬁnancial
conferencing services. services, 21% telecom services, 8%
software and IT services
We also noted that two-thirds of respondents saw a link between
invitations to participate in HD video sessions and improved brand 29% have IT responsibilities; 29% have
perceptions. customer-facing roles (sales, marketing,
service); 39% have management, ﬁnance,
The proposed Demand-based method for developing an investment
administration or HR responsibilities
plan and approach is at the heart of the effective company business
The Value of Video Communications " 1
The State of Experience
Business Collaboration Today
Figure 1 below shows the experience of the panel in the use of six collaboration technologies and the ‘no technology
case’ of face-to-face meetings. As shown below, there are two groups - the lighter colored, mature services on the right
and the darker colored, emerging services on the left. Separating the two groups is the Market Chasm, that any aspiring
application needs to cross in order to reach critical momentum in market adoption. Face-to-face meetings with three or
more participants are the most frequent interaction, the most widely experienced and the simplest technology. Of the
mature services, audio conferencing is the next oldest and next simplest form. Users only need a phone to participate.
Web conferencing needs a PC, a browser and an Internet connection since the speciﬁc software applications are
regularly downloaded at session initiation.
Figure 1 - Percent of respondents by type of collaboration opportunities in the past month.
HD Room Video 0%
In terms of the emerging services, the distinctions along technology intensity does not apply. HD room video systems are
the emerging service most widely experienced but executive video systems are simpler technologies. Executive video
The Value of Video Communications " 2
systems do not place unique demands on furniture, lighting, monitor placements or acoustic engineering. Immersive
telepresence is a growing phenomenon, yet will never gain the market acceptance of HD room video systems or
executive video systems because of the very high cost of equipment and multi-megabit Wide Area Network (WAN)
services these environments demand. Nevertheless, between 69% and 74% of the panel members did not experience
one of the emerging sessions in the past month. There should be no doubt that this level of experience will grow quickly
in the future, particularly as the vendors and service providers use the ‘seeing is believing’ tactic to promote the
advanced network and user experience of immersive telepresence products and services. For example, one vendor used
their telepresence offering on stage in front of approximately 2,000 VoiceCon attendees in March 2008 to deliver an
interactive key note panel with speakers in San Jose California, Nashville Tennessee, Orlando Florida and London UK. 1
Another vendor delivered telepresence services to connect participants in Fortune Green Conference in Pasadena
California with experts, speakers and audiences in Raleigh North Carolina, New Delhi India, Paris France and Frankfurt
Germany. 2 And a third vendor imbedded high deﬁnition video conferencing into their trade show participation. 3 No doubt,
these applications of high deﬁnition video conferencing will become commonplace and an effective method for time and
travel-pressed speakers and executives.
Comparing Visual Communications to Business Travel
Brockmann & Company has analyzed the high cost of business travel in terms of three scarce currencies - cash,
greenhouse gas and time. Modern video communications are well positioned to eliminate that cost, saving money,
avoiding the hassles of modern air travel, improving work-life balance and creating time while reducing carbon emissions.
Table 2 shows the basis of this logic and comparison for a typical day trip between Boston MA and Hartford CT.
This analysis is dependent on the recognition of video conferencing as an effective substitute for face-to-face
collaboration. But just how effective is it really? And, how valuable is it relative to actual business travel.
Table 2 – Comparing the costs of a 1-hour face-to-face meeting 80 miles away (Boston - Hartford) with a 1-
hour video conference.
Feature Currency Drive Video Conference
Drive 80 miles (return) Greenhouse gas 160 miles No
Tolls in hometown $ Yes No
Tolls in destination city $ Yes No
Parking in destination city $ Yes No
Carbon dioxide produced from driving Greenhouse gas 150 lbs 0 lbs
Total time (4 hours travel time) Time 5 hours 1 hour
Expense report required Time 0.25 hours No
But there are other ways to value a product or service. With that in mind and to further the industry understanding of the
value of video conferencing, Brockmann & Company presents a Demand curve showing the price at which a certain
1 Brockmann.com, VoiceCon: Cisco’s Al-John Demonstration, March 19, 2008
2 Brockmann.com, Telepresence in Executive Conferences, April 25, 2008
3 Brockmann.com, Interop: LifeSize Shows Off The Product, May 7, 2008
The Value of Video Communications " 3
percent of respondents would rather attend a video conferencing than participate in a business trip lasting the better part
of a week, a business trip lasting overnight and the day trip consuming the better part of the work day.
The three classes of business travel reviewed are:
About Demand Curves
• The week-long trip: the inter-continental trip, typically of 5,000
miles or 8,333 km each way and lasting at least three days of The market for every product or service can
be represented in a Demand function which
being away from the ofﬁce with a typical business meeting of eight
graphically is represented in a curve or line
hours is described as a week-long trip. For example, to travel from
Chicago IL to Berlin Germany involves a one-way trip of 4,405 where the x-axis is the price per unit and
the y-axis is a metric representing the
number of units. In this case, the y-axis is
• The overnight trip: the regional business trip, consisting of 500
miles, or 833 km each way and an overnight stay with a business the % of respondents.
meeting of three hours is deﬁned as an overnight trip. San
Generally, at very low prices, Demand is
Francisco CA to San Diego CA is 460 miles. very high. Similarly, at very high prices,
• The day trip: the local trip, consisting of 50 miles, or 83 km and a Demand is typically very low. The Demand
half-day of travel with to attend a meeting lasting only one hour is a
function for a product or service is helpful
day trip. Baltimore MD to Reston VA is 46 miles, for example. for marketers and product managers,
because it can predict the overall effects on
The Demand curves for each of these classes of business trip - the the market of various pricing actions such
as price increases, or price decreases, and
week-long, overnight and day trips - are shown in ﬁgure 3 below.
its effect on total revenues since revenue =
Figure 3 - Demand curves for the substitution value of high price x units.
deﬁnition video conferences in lieu of different classes of
Week-long trip Overnight trip Day trip
$0 $250 $750 $1,250 $1,750 $2,250 $2,750 $3,250 $3,750 $4,250 $4,750 $5,250
The Value of Video Communications " 4
To interpret the results of ﬁgure 3, consider the typical actual costs. In the case of the week-long trip, the actual cost of
the trip is in the range of $2,800: approximately $1,900 for coach class airfare booked 7 days in advance, $700 for car
rental, parking, tolls and hotel, and approximately $200 for meals over the three days. The actual cost of the week-long is
a fair trade for only 12% of the research panel as shown by line A in ﬁgure 3. The actual cost of an overnight trip is
approximately $700: $400 airfare and car rental, $300 hotel, parking, tolls and meals; corresponding to line B in ﬁgure 3,
intersecting with the valuation of only 45% of the research panel. Of course, the day trip is the least total cost business
trip class being in the $50 range, where the actual cost line is shown as line C in ﬁgure 3. This represents the valuation of
nearly 90% of respondents.
The percentages of respondents willing to pay the actual cost of the business trip are vastly different as shown in ﬁgure 3.
This result shows that business travelers perceive greater personal beneﬁt in the longer trips - longer duration and farther
distances. Greater beneﬁts in terms of enjoying the quality of the hotels, restaurants and even the joy of being
unreachable for a time in our ‘always on’ work lives. In contrast with the day trip where the user will be driving in familiar
territory, with easy access to mobile services and maybe even mobile email. It would seem that the user hasn’t really
gone anywhere, but has the added administrative burden of actually submitting a travel expense form.
In other words, when we review the purchase point at half the market (line D in ﬁgure 3):
• For day trips the panel is willing to pay 6 x more for the video session than the actual cost of the day trip.
• For overnight trips the panel is willing to pay about the cost of the overnight trip for the video session.
• For week-long trips the panel is willing to pay 50% of the actual cost of the week-long trip.
The High Value of Local Collaboration
This perception of the greater beneﬁt of the longer trip is also evident in ﬁgure 4 below, as the average value per hour of
meeting time of video conferencing in lieu of travel is greatest on the shortest trip and least on the longest trip.
Figure 4 - Average value per hour of meeting time of video conferencing instead of business travel by class.
Figure 4 above shows that greatest value to the research panel per unit of panel time is not in positioning against the
classic week-long, long distance inter-continental business trip. The greatest value to the panel panel per unit of panel
time is the day trip; the short-distance, cross-town or cross-state collaborations, where the personal costs of travel are
greatest and the creature comforts and perks of inter-continental travel are absent. Although for most companies, the
The Value of Video Communications " 5
international travel might represent the greatest cost reduction opportunity, ﬁgure 4 shows that for users, the greatest
value impact will be in facilitating local collaboration without leaving the ofﬁce or cubicle.
Comparing Visual Communications to Mature Conferencing Options
In order for a collaboration service to achieve a modicum of widespread adoption, the basic technologies - terminals,
software and networks - must ﬁrst be widespread. In the case of audio conferencing, this happened a decade or more
ago with the widespread availability of telephones, networks and ﬁnally the conferencing servers. Web conferencing
services reached a critical mass well within the past decade. The PCs and the Internet have been around for nearly two
decades but the web conferencing service required stable client and server software elements to enable critical mass to
be achieved. Similarly PC video requires fast PCs that can perform effective compression, quality web cameras and high
speed Internet services.
It is the degree to which one, two or three of these elements - terminals, software and networks - is not present that the
collaboration service that depends on that particular combination of elements will struggle to achieve sizable market
penetration and thereby cross the Market Chasm of ﬁgure 1. Of the three emerging services described as being on the
right hand side of ﬁgure 1, HD room video conferencing seems to be the most likely to cross the chasm separating the
two groups of services. The necessary high speed IP networks are readily available in a variety of appropriate
conﬁgurations to suit privacy and performance needs of the business users.
In ﬁgure 5, we show the average value of an HD video conference as compared to the audio conference and web
conference of equal duration. Respondents were asked how much more they would pay per session to attend a 1-hour
HD video conference instead of an audio conference, and how much more they would pay per session to attend a 1-
hour HD video conference instead of a web conference.
Figure 5 - Average payment for attending an HD video conference instead of attending various other
The Value of Video Communications " 6
The audio conference metric is 9% higher than the web conference metric, which is not to say that audio conferences
are more valuable to users than web conferences. It is higher because the interval between the value of an audio
conference and the value of an HD video conference is larger. This result also shows that web conferences are
approximately $0.11/minute more valuable than audio conferences alone, which is surprisingly consistent with
competitively priced web conference offers.
Probably the most important statistic to emerge from ﬁgure 5 is that an HD video conference is considered to be 30
times more valuable than the equivalent audio conference (audio conferences are typically 5¢ per minute).
In the Brockmann & Company report, A Guide to Choosing a Web Conferencing Service, the evolution of web
conferencing is predicted to move towards an integrated presenter-audience visual collaboration. Today, seeing the
presentation and hearing the presenter is helpful, but a signiﬁcantly more valuable option is to more completely emulate
the ‘live’ in-person meeting by incorporating a presenter and audience video with the presentation. That way, the
presenter can more easily accept non-verbal cues from the audience and the audience can capture non-verbal inﬂections
with the presenter. Our human ancestors have been communicating by listening and seeing each other for 50,000
years 4. It’s only in the past 130 years that people have been able to share ideas in real-time without beneﬁt of
simultaneously seeing the content deliverer. This is the value in seeing one another while sharing ideas. It becomes a true
human-human encounter, and not a minimalist experience.
Comparing Visual Communications and Home Entertainment Experiences
Figure 6 - Purchased or 12 month plan to purchase advanced consumer entertainment products.
HD TV 40% 14%
Dolby 5.1 or 7.1 Receiver 19% 0%
BluRay DVD Player 15%
AppleTV or Windows Media Center
One of the central vectors behind the momentum in video conferencing adoption discussed in The Perfect Storm: Why
Video Conferencing Will Dominate Business Communications is users’ expectation. In that report, we argued that the
consumer experience with researching, sourcing, deploying and operating home electronics such as BluRay DVD
The Value of Video Communications " 7
players, High Deﬁnition televisions and advanced audio processing receivers and speaker systems sets the baseline for
their satisfaction or non-satisfaction with the corporate video communications experience. In this study, Brockmann &
Company tested this vector in the development of the understanding of the comparative experience, using the home
entertainment experience as the baseline.
Our ﬁndings are that HD TVs are the most popular of the appliances considered and are the critical factor, since no more
than 24% of respondents that did not own an HD TV did own another of the components such as Dolby 5.1 or 7.1
receiver, a BluRay DVD player, an Apple TV or Windows Media Center.
Figure 6 above shows that by the end of 2008, 79% of business users will have purchased HD TVs for their home use.
This is a substantial milestone in the evolution of the home entertainment market, and establishes a uniform and high
benchmark of user expectations for quality visual presentations, audio, control and operational reliability attributes.
Figure 7 - Percent of respondents declaring the HD video conferencing experience as having BETTER
features as compared to the home entertainment system. Comparing business users with HD TV at home
Business Users with HD TV at Home
20% 31% 25%
Better Audio Quality 20% 27%
Better Video Quality 0%
More Reliable System
Figure 7 shows how owners of HD TV have virtually the same perspectives as the non-HD TV owners on the system
reliability and video quality. Operationally, 55% more respondents that owned an HD TV agreed that HD video
conferencing systems were easier to operate than others. Interestingly, 3 times more owners of HD TV systems give the
HD video conferencing system particularly high grades for audio quality as compared to their home entertainment
Seeing well it seems, is not enough of an innovation for users. Hearing well at home is therefore also relevant, maybe
The Value of Video Communications " 8
Brand Implications of Visual
Communications Choices Deliver a Message Too
Vendor and customer collaborations is among the most important communications processes in business. Being
professional, punctual and open-minded are often considered key aspects of conducting telephone conversations and
audio conferences with customers.
Figure 8 - Perceptions of vendors’ brand improves among customers when invited to a class of video
collaboration instead of an audio conference, regardless of ability to participate.
HD Video 0%
Personal Desktop Video
In The First Contact Report, Brockmann & Company shows that a company’s choice of anti-spam technologies has large
and lasting effects on the brand perception of that customer with respect to the vendor. And, in this study, particularly in
ﬁgure 8 we show that the choice of collaboration technology makes a difference in most customers’ perception of the
vendors’ brand as well. Nearly two-thirds of respondents thought that the brand perception of a vendor would be
improved if they were invited to an HD video conference than to an audio conference call.
The Value of Video Communications " 9
Quality does matter, but to a point. Immersive telepresence experiences are often touted by the vendors to be a higher
quality experience than HD video conferences. Yet, our research does not show a markedly stronger perception
advantage among business users. 5 In fact, HD video conferencing is consistently rated at higher levels of perceived
quality than telepresence. In this study, we show that 5% more respondents perceive a
brand’s improved position as a result of an invitation to an HD video conference, than an
Question for future
immersive telepresence session.
Respondents do notice a difference between the quality of room systems and desktop How often are business
or personal systems. The room systems are generally 10 points higher than the personal users using video confer-
and PC systems and nearly a third more (27%) respondents reported that an invitation to encing in inter-business
attend an HD video conference would improve brand perception as compared to a PC interactions?
When asked why an invitation to an HD video conference would improve their perception of the brand, respondents gave
reasons such as:
• “I would be impressed by the investment they made in the meeting” - Manager, Telecom company
• “Better quality, better perception” - IT analyst, Manufacturer
• “Convenience” - Director, Financial Services
• “Leading edge technology; improves user experience” - Vice President, Financial Services
Clearly, imbedding HD video conferencing into the sales cycle sends the message to the prospective customer that your
brand is a quality brand. In the hyper-competitive markets we ﬁnd in virtually every product or service category today, that
can translate into a shorter sales cycle and greater revenues faster than less visual competitors.
5 Brockmann & Company, The Perfect Storm: Why Video Conferencing Will Dominate Business Communications
The Value of Video Communications " 10
Building and Defending The Business Case
Classical business case development shows that HD video conferencing is valuable to business because of the impact
on the three currencies discussed in table 2 and shown in ﬁgure 9 below. Cost reduction through travel elimination,
greenhouse gas elimination through travel elimination and time creation through freeing up wasted travel time. As is to be
expected, elimination of travel is a natural driver for this business case since travel and HD video conferencing are often
seen as substitutes.
Figure 9 - The elements of a solid business case: cost improvement, air quality improvement and time
creation are related.
Some decision makers might be tempted to argue that the same cost reductions,
business impacts and carbon remissions are possible by substituting audio conferencing Question for future
for travel, an even less costly option. It would be a mistake to reach this conclusion research:
because the employee is typically scheduling a business trip precisely because a How can investing in HD
telephone conversation isn’t enough. Audio conferences don’t deliver enough (or any) video conferencing qualify
non-verbal information which hurts the delivery of most physically-expressed emotional as greenhouse gas
nuances that are useful in business. abatement investment?
More importantly, the value add of actually seeing the meeting participants means a
more valuable communication. Users consider HD video conferencing sessions much more valuable than audio
conference sessions - 30 times more valuable, in fact.
The Value of Video Communications " 11
Analyzing The Travel Practices?
This report sets the stage for a new kind of value analysis of a company’s travel practices.
For example, consider two scenarios for department D of a company C where the travel reports were analyzed and
organized into the three classes of business trips with an estimated actual cost shown in table 10.
Table 10 - Analyzing department D’s annual travel expenses.
Quantity of Business Trips by Class Typical Cost Extended Cost
820 day trips $50 per trip on average $41,000
300 overnight trips $700 per trip on average $21,000
75 week-long trips $2,800 per trip on average $210,000
Total estimated travel cost: $272,000
Scenario 1. If the company deploys a HD video conferencing system, simultaneously reducing travel by 50%, the annual
savings would be $136,000. If the corporate standard in company C for capital budget expectation is a 12-month
payback, the company could justify an investment of $136,000 in HD video conferencing systems.
Figure 3 showed however, that things aren’t that simple. Only 12% of users would choose to pay the actual week-long
trip cost to avoid the business trip, but half would pay $1,250, about half the actual cost. At the other end of the
spectrum an overwhelming 90% of users would pay the $50 actual trip cost to avoid the day trip, choosing a 1-hour HD
video conference instead. Using the 50% red line of ﬁgure 3 provides a uniform basis for a more practical VALUE analysis
resulting in table 11.
Table 11 - Analyzing department D’s annual video conferencing value.
Quantity of Video Conferences Typical Value of Video Conferencing Extended Value
410 x 1-hour video conferences $337 per session on average $138,170
150 x 3-hour video conferences $700 per session on average $105,300
38 x 8-hour video conferences $1,250 per session on average $47,500
Total estimated video value: $290,970
In comparing tables 10 and 11, we can see that the longer sessions are of lesser value and that the shorter sessions are
of greater value than the actual travel cost of the face-to-face meetings they were positioned to replace. This resets the
assumptions about the distribution of value signiﬁcantly and shows that the corporation would be better served to focus
its HD deployment strategy on the shorter distance day and overnight trips, a fact that the arbitrary across-the-board
50% calculation doesn’t properly represent in potential or likely beneﬁts to the business.
Creating The Video Conferencing Demand Budget
Scenario 2. A better approach to determining the capital budget for the service would be to ﬁrst estimate the number of
which classes of video sessions are likely to be conducted in lieu of business travel. Next, consider a network design
capable of delivering the quantity of video sessions as shown in table 12. Multiplying these estimated frequencies of
these classes of events by the appropriate valuation of the service creates the extended value of that class of video
conferencing session. Summation for all the classes reveals the total estimated value to the business. Then, applying the
The Value of Video Communications " 12
12-month payback standard for company C would suggest a total capital budget of $290,970 is appropriate in the case
of department D.
The Demand-based approach is also more likely to produce a sustainable service deployment where usage actually
meets or exceeds the estimated demand. In this way it is more capable of achieving the business goals for the
investment than the classic straight line method presented as scenario 1 above. Armed with a network designed to
address anticipated demand particularly in reducing day and overnight trips because of
the greater perceived value to the business and to the users of actually doing do, users Question for future
are more likely to change their behaviors and use the service. research:
What are the advantages
This approach is also independent of the operating model used by the corporation.
and disadvantages of
Regardless if the company operates the network as an IT service, or operates the
these different investment
network under a managed services contract with a telepresence or video managed
service provider the logic is the same: estimate demand and design a network to
support that demand.
The Value of Video Communications " 13
Appendix A: Our Sponsors
About Sponsored Reports
This report is made possible in part by grants from the following solutions providers. Brockmann & Company produces
sponsored benchmark reports, independent analysis, blog posts and research briefs from time to time that address
central issues affecting the user experience with communications products and services used in businesses around the
world. Our motto: “In God we trust, all others bring data.”
This and other independent reports are available at www.brockmann.com.
The Value of Video Communications " 14
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LifeSize is a registered trademark or trademark of LifeSize Communications in the U.S. and other countries. Copyright 2007-2008. All rights reserved.
Appendix B: Methodology
281 Members of the Brockmann & Company Panel Participated
Brockmann & Company nurtures a global panel of 25,000 business users of communications technologies that
frequently participate in our various research initiatives. Participating respondents typically receive no consideration other
than these research results that they use to improve their business communications infrastructures and operations.
Figure 12 - Relative proportion of research participants by region.
Caribbean and South America
8% North America
Job Classiﬁcations of Participants
Table 13 - Job classes of respondents.
Staff or Manager or Director Vice CIO, CFO CEO, COO,
Consultant Senior President President
34% 25% 13% 11% 3% 13%
Finance, banking, legal, insurance and real estate services 31%, Telecom, wireless, VoIP, cable and Internet service
industries 21%, Software, business process outsourcing and IT services 8%, Medical, dental service, medical devices,
pharmaceuticals 8%, Education 8%, computer, network and telecommunications equipment industries 5%, and the
public sector 4%. Other industries including distribution, construction, automotive, retail, hospitality, mining and
aerospace were the remainder.
The Value of Video Communications " 17
Appendix C: Related Research
Telepresence by Industry 2008
Details. Telepresence is deﬁned as a new class of video conferencing technologies including immersive, modular and
high deﬁnition room video conferencing products and services. Some industries are adopting the technology faster than
others, with greater expectations for growth in adoption and usage than others.
Video Conferencing Around the World 2008
Details. The adoption of video conferencing products and services is not uniform throughout the world. This report
deﬁnes the perspective of our global business user panel and presents regional variances for discussion.
The Perfect Storm: Why Video Conferencing Will Dominate Business Communications
Details. Do you see what I see? Based on the study of 350 business users of video conferencing, this report sets the
stage for the dominance of video conferencing as the business communications tool of choice in the coming decade.
MidMarket Leads Video Conferencing Adoption
Details. The MidMarket is deﬁned as organizations with more than 100 users and less than 2,500. In this report, it is
determined that the MidMarket user consumes more video conferencing than other segments. The MidMarket also uses
it more to communicate and collaborate with partners and suppliers than the enterprise and small business market
The Desktop Video Conferencing Experience
Details. Desktop video conferencing is not the geeky technology toy it used to be. With the advent of high speed
networks, built-in cameras, and excellent computers, H.264 on the desk is not as far fetched as it used to be.
Telepresence: Seeing is Believing
Details. This report reviews the insights provided from respondents that had determined that room video conferencing
was very important to their job success. Telepresence is deﬁned as a particularly high-end bandwidth implementation of
high deﬁnition room video conferencing.#
The Conferencing In… series
The collaboration services experience across seven leading industries have been consistently reviewed and presented in
these short reports. Adoption, preferences, expectations and critical decision factors in decisions affecting video
conferencing and audio conferencing as well as typical collaboration participants are reviewed.
The Value of Video Communications " 18