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Safe ladder usage


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When they are working at height, its our responsibility to inform them how best to Access ... Duties of the occupier 29 CFR

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Safe ladder usage

  1. 1. ACCESS AND EGRESS ISOLUX INGENERIA S.A. TOWER ERECTION TRAINING Safe Ladder Usage Presented By: Victor Momanyi Designation: QHSE Assistant Date: _ _ / _ _ / 2016
  2. 2. Contents  Definition  Types of Ladders • Step ladder • Single Ladder • Extension Ladder • Trestle Ladder  Safe use of Ladders Ladder Physics
  3. 3. Definition  LADDERS: By OSHA definition1910.21 (c) (1) a  LADDER is an appliance usually consisting of two sides rails joined at regular intervals by cross pieces called steps, rungs or cleats on which a person may step in an ascending or descending order.
  4. 4. Types of Ladders  STEP LADDER - It’s a self supporting portable ladder, non- adjustable in length, having flat steps and a hinged back.  SINGLE LADDER -It’s a non-self supporting portable ladder, Non- adjustable in length, consisting of but one section.
  5. 5. Types of Ladders cont’d  SINGLE LADDER -It’s a non-self supporting portable ladder, Non- adjustable in length, consisting of but one section. - The base of a ladder’s side rails must rest on a firm, level foundation. Ensure Anti-slip safety shoe/foot is secured.
  6. 6. Types of Ladders cont’d  EXTENSION LADDER - It’s a non-self supporting portable ladder Adjustable in Length. It consist of two or more sections travelling in guides or brackets so arranged as to permit length adjustment.
  7. 7. Types of Ladders cont’d  TRESTEL LADDER -It’s a Self-supporting portable ladder, non adjustable in length, consisting of two sections hinged at the top to form equal angles with the base.
  8. 8. Safe use of Ladders  When climbing up or down, workers should: • Always face the ladder. • Use a three-point contact climbing method (two hands and one foot or one hand and two feet).  Only one worker at a time is allowed on a single-width ladder.
  9. 9. Safe Ladder use cont’d  Heavy, bulky, or hazardous materials must not be carried when climbing ladders.  Suitable hoisting equipment must be used for this purpose.  Workers must not work from the top two rungs of a ladder.
  10. 10. Setting Up a Ladder  Inspect each ladder before use. Ladders with loose, broken, or missing rungs, split or bent side rails, or other defects must be identified and removed from service.  Ladder tops must rest against a firm structure.
  11. 11. Setting Up a Ladder cont’d  Ladders (other than stepladders) must extend approximately 1 m (3 ft) above a safe landing or parapet wall.  Ladders must be set up with a 4 vertical to 1 horizontal slope.
  12. 12. Setting Up a Ladder cont’d  Ladders must be tied, blocked, or otherwise secured to prevent them from slipping.  Watch for overhead power lines before erecting a ladder.  Metal, including wire-reinforced wooden ladders, must not be used near energized electrical conductors.
  13. 13. Step Ladders Use; Do’s & Don'ts  DO Fully open step ladder and lock spreaders in place  DO Maintain an three point contact while on a ladder  DO If possible Brace yourself with your free hand  DON’T step on the last two rungs or the shelf of a ladder  DON’T climb or stand on the rare part of a step ladder  DON’T Use a step ladder folded up & leaning against the wall.
  14. 14. Extension Ladder Use  NB: METAL Ladders conduct electricity KEEP away from power lines and energized equipment's.  Be sure the two sections of the ladder overlap according to the mft’s instructions.  Check all Locks on the Ladder are properly engaged  Ladders MUST always be placed against stable surfaces.
  15. 15. Thank You