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Kenya mdg status report 2012 presentation


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MDGs post 2015 Forum
Populary known as MDGs, the Mellinium Development Goals for kenya to be achieve by 2030, is still in its initail stages and in great hope of achieveing the vision 2030.

Maybe we should shed some light on what the MDGs Forum haboured.

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Kenya mdg status report 2012 presentation

  2. 2. MODE OF PRESENTATION • Background of MDGs • Overview of MDGs process in Kenya • MDGs based planning in Kenya • Mainstreaming MDGs into MTP II and County Development plans • Linkage between MDGs and Vision 2030 • Current status of MDGs in Kenya • MDGs trimesters • Role of CSOs and Private Sector • Challenges in Achieving MDGs • Conclusion
  3. 3. Background of the MDGs • In the Year 2000, 189 members of the United Nations signed the Millennium Declaration. • Commitment to reduce extreme poverty by creating an environment conducive to development. • The Declaration resolved to put in place actions that will lead to marked improvements in the human conditions by 2015. Developing Countries Developed countries To better manage their resources To increase development assistance at least up to the 0.7% of their Gross National Income To address the debt issue To improve governance To improve terms and conditions of trade To facilitate technology transfer to developing countries
  4. 4. Back ground of MDGs cont… • However 8 Goals with 21 specific targets and 60 indicators became the Cornerstone of the Millennium Declaration . • The goals form Universally Accepted Development Bench marks for developing countries In Kenya, • MDGs in Kenya date back to the sessional paper no.10 of 1965 which focused on the elimination of poverty, disease and ignorance. • Subsequent government policy documents have since then focused on mainstreaming MDGs into policy, planning and budgeting process.
  5. 5. Overview of MDGs process in Kenya • Kenya started implementation of MDGs in september2002 and the MDGs based planning was launched in 2004. • Mainstreaming MDGs in Kenya has been done under two themes;  “Mainstreaming MDGs in Kenya’s Development Process” - 2004-2009.  “ Mainstreaming, accelerating and coordinating MDGs in Kenya’s development process”-2011-2013 • A Needs Assessment Study was carried out in 2005 to establish the resources required to achieve the MDGs by 2015; The financing gap stood at Ksh 4.1 trillion • The Needs Assessment informed on the need for an aggressive mainstreaming and advocacy campaign for the MDGS.
  6. 6. MDGs Based Planning in Kenya • The Economic Recovery Strategy(ERS) of 2002-2007 addressed most of MDGs through recognition of key Economic sectors. • Kenya’s Vision 2030 incorporated the MDGs. The first Medium Term Plan (MTP 2008-2012) aimed at accelerating the achievements of MDGs by redirecting spending to high priority areas. • Sector Plans 2008-2012 which were drawn from the Vision2030 and its 1st MTP also mainstreamed MDGs. • Corresponding District Development Plans also ensured that local level planning and budgeting in all districts was responsive to the MDGs. • NIMES the tool used for tracking & reporting on Vision 2030 flagship projects, also reports on MDGs through sector reporting.
  7. 7. Mainstreaming MDGs in to County Profiles and MTP II • The Vision 2030 is a long term national policy framework to be implemented through 5 year medium term plans. • The just launched MTP II process will incorporate MDGs and their targets. • Interim County development plans are expected to mirror image of the Kenya Vision 2030 at the county level and are expected to ensure that local level planning and budgeting in all counties is responsive to MDGs
  8. 8. Linkage between MDGs and Vision 2030 Pillar Aim/Objective Millenium Development Goal Economic Pillar To maintain a 10% economic growth rate annually. 1. To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 3. To achieve gender equality and empower women 8. To build Global partnerships for development Social pillar To build a just and cohesive society that enjoys equitable social development in a clean and secure environment 2. Achieve universal primary education 4. Reduce child mortality 5. Improve Maternal health 6. Combat HIV/AIDs Malaria and other diseases 7. Ensure environmental sustainability. Political pillar To strengthen rule of law and ensure good governance in the country. Millenium Declaration that Developing countries will spare no effort to promote democracy and strengthen the rule of law, respect internationally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms, including right to development.
  9. 9. Current Status of MDGs in Kenya Tracking and reporting on MDGs • MDGs implementation is monitored goal by goal every two years. • Reports prepared in 2003,2005,2007,2009 and 2011 status report is almost being finalized. • These reports are important in giving the status of each goal against given targets and indicators. Goal 1- Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger • The proportion of people living below the poverty reduced from 52% in 2000 to 46% in 2006 . • Indications are that, the current poverty rate may be lower than 46.6% by 2011 although the set target for 2015 is 26%.  Goal is unlikely to be met by 2015
  10. 10. GOAL 2; Achieve Universal Primary Education  With the launch of FPE (Free Primary Education) in 2003 the country is on track to achieve universal primary education • Gross enrolments ratios rose from 88 % in 2002 to 115%in 2011. • Primary to secondary school transition rate also improved from 67% in 2009 to 73% in 2011 • Net enrolment rates rose from 92.9% in 2009 to 95.7% in 2011. • Gender parity has also been achieved in the enrolment rates. • The constitution of Kenya has put basic education as a right for every school age going child • The cabinet recently approved a bill that guarantees free ECD,Primary and Secondary Education. Current Status of MDGs in Kenya cont…
  11. 11. Goal2 cont…  However this goal has regional disparities as well as quality issues.  Goal is likely to be met by 2015 Goal 3; Promote Gender Equity and Empower Women • Proportion of female MPs at 9.9% in 2011 up from 4.1% in 1998. • The Constitution of Kenya 2010 guarantees a representation of at least two thirds of either gender at the level of national and county assemblies • Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector was at 29.8% in 2011  Goal is on track. Current Status of MDGs in Kenya cont…
  12. 12. Goal 4; Reduce Child Mortality  Both Infant mortality and under-five mortality rates have remained at 52 deaths per 1,000 live births and 74 deaths per 1,000 live births respectively as was the case in 2009 • The proportion of one year olds who are fully immunized was 80% in 2011 against 90 % 2015 target up from 78 % in 2009. • Drugs for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV are available in almost all Government health facilities. Goal 5; Improve Maternal Mortality • As at 2011,43.8% of births in Kenya were attended to by trained health personnel against a 2015 target of 90 %. • Only 43% of deliveries take place in health facilities. Current Status of MDGs in Kenya cont…
  13. 13. Goal 5; Improve Maternal Mortality cont… • Maternal mortality rates are at 488 per 100,000 live births in 2011 against a 147 target by 2015. • Contraceptive prevalence rate is at 46 % up from 39% in 2000 against a 2015 target of 70 %.  Goal 4 & 5 are faced with regional disparities and are lagging behind in the country.  Goal 6; Combat HIV and Aids, Malaria and other Diseases • The overall HIV prevalence rate among adults 15-49 years was estimated to be 6.3% in 2011 (KDHS 2008-9) down from 7.4% in 2007 (KAIS 2007) and 6.7% in 2003 (KDHS2003). Current Status of MDGs in Kenya cont…
  14. 14. Goal 6; Combat HIV and Aids, Malaria and other Diseases cont… • The HIV prevalence among youths aged 15-24 years was 2.9 % in 2011 down from 3.8% in 2007. • Prevalence rate among adults 15-49 years was estimated to be 6.3 % in 2011 (KDHS 2008-9) 7.4 % in 2007(KAIS 2007). • Inclusion of HIV/AIDS in school learning curriculum will help in sustaining the gains made so far. • The proportion of Kenyan households owning at least one Insecticide Treated Net rose from 6% in 2003 (KDHS 2003) to 48% in 2007 (KMIS 2007) and 56% in 2008/09. • The proportion of under-five children using ITNs increased from 5% in 2003 and 39% in 2007 to 47% in 2008/09. Current Status of MDGs in Kenya cont…
  15. 15. Goal 7; Ensure Environmental Sustainability • At the end of year 2011, the proportions of rural and urban populations with access to clean drinking water were 48% and 75% respectively(KNBS) • The proportion of households with access to improved sanitation was at 22.6% in 2008/09 (KDHS 2008/09) having increased from 19.4% in 2003 (KDHS 2003). • 73.6 % of urban population has access to durable housing.(2009 Census). • National forest cover is at 4% against a 2015 target of 10 % • There is increased investment in green energy e.g. commissioning of Olkaria Geothermal plant Current Status of MDGs in Kenya cont…
  16. 16. Goal 8:Develop a Global Partnership for Development • Mobile telephone subscribers increased from 19,364,559 in 2009 to 26,980,771 in 2011. • Mobile network coverage increased from 49.7% in 2009 to 68.4% in 2011. • Internet subscribers increased from 3,96,975 in 2010 to 6,152,664 in 2011 and Internet users from 8,884,850 to 17,379,538, over the same period Current Status of MDGs in Kenya cont…
  17. 17. MDGs Trimesters Trimester Period Focus Major Activities 1 2000-2005 • Sensitization •Awareness Creation •Campaigns •National MDGs Stakeholder Forums •National MDGs Dissemination •Regional Workshops •Mainstreaming MDGs into MDAs Policy, Planning and Budgeting •MDGs Needs and Assessment Study •Launch of 1st MDGs Status Report (2003) •MDGs + 5 Summit 2 2006-2010 •Mainstreaming •Localization •Shift of Budgetary resources towards MDGs Sectors •MDGs District Forums •CSO Partnership localization •Focus on MDGs Based District Planning •Launch of 2nd, 3rd and 4th MDGs Status Reports (2005,2007,2009) •Launch of Quick Wins Initiative •MDGs + 10 Summit
  18. 18. 3 2011- 2015 •Acceleration •Fast Tracking •Intensification •Shift of Budgetary resources towards MDGs Sectors •Launch MDGs 5th , 6th and 7th MDGs Status Reports .i.e. 2011,2013,2015 •Review of MDGs 2013 •Post-2015 MDGs Dialogue Trimester Period Focus Major Activities MDGs Trimesters cont’d…..
  19. 19. Role of Civil Society and Private Sector • Advocacy and sensitization • Fast tracking and acceleration • Participation in present and post 2015 MDGs debate • Mobilization of resources • Domestic • Foreign • Lobby for Budgetary Allocations
  20. 20. Challenges of achieving MDGs in Kenya • Inadequate resources for financing MDGs in the country - 2005 Needs Assessment found a 4.1 trillion funding need for MDGs • High Prices of food stuff and farm inputs. • Inability of developed countries to avail 0.7% of GNI in financial resources for MDGs in developing countries as agreed in the Millennium Declaration. • Slow technological transfer especially in food production from developed countries to developing countries. • Inadequate data for tracking & reporting on MDGs • Effects of climate change • regional disparities on some MDGs.
  21. 21. Conclusion • In the recently launched MTP II MDGs are going to be mainstreamed in all sectors. • MDGs are going to be mainstreamed in the on going interim County Profiles • Increased allocation of devolved funds to counties will accelerate achievement of MDGs. • MDGs Acceleration Framework(MAF) will enhance achievement of goals lagging behind. • There is need to carry out advocacy on MDGS mainstreaming in all counties. • County planning and budgeting process should prioritise and put more resources to sectors that can spur achievement of MDGs.
  22. 22. THANK YOU ALL