Cholera<br />
StatistiekStatistics<br />
Cholera vandag / Cholera today<br />
Algemene FeiteGeneral Facts<br />
Die siekte/ The disease<br /><ul><li>Akuut aansteeklike siekte
Dikwels dodelik
Gekenmerk deur erge diarree, braking en ineenstorting</li></ul>Acute infectious disease<br />is often fatal<br />character...
Lewenssiklus/ Life cycle<br /><ul><li>Gasheer drink besmette water
Bakterieë beweeg deur die maag
Bereik die ingewande en vorm flagella
Dring deur na kl ingewande
Skei gifstowwe af wat diarree veroorsaak
Ontlasting dra bakterieë oor aan water</li></ul>Host drinks water<br />Bacteria moves through the stomach<br />Reach the i...
Lewenssiklus/ Life cycle<br />
Oorsake en VerspreidingCauses and Transmission<br />
Veroorsaak deur / Caused by<br /><ul><li>Bakterieë – VibrioCholerae</li></ul>Bacteria - VibrioCholerae<br />
Oorgedra deur / Transmitted through<br /><ul><li>Indirekte oordrag
Objek verspreidend
Bereik water deur:
Braking
Diarree
Daers aktief of passief
Skei gifstowwe in die kl ingewande af wat diarree en ontwatering veroorsaak</li></ul>Indirect transmission<br />Vehiclebor...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Cholera

5,608 views

Published on

Presentation by Vickey de Jager for Gr8 learners about Cholera. Transmission, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
5,608
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
178
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Cholera

  1. 1. Cholera<br />
  2. 2. StatistiekStatistics<br />
  3. 3. Cholera vandag / Cholera today<br />
  4. 4. Algemene FeiteGeneral Facts<br />
  5. 5. Die siekte/ The disease<br /><ul><li>Akuut aansteeklike siekte
  6. 6. Dikwels dodelik
  7. 7. Gekenmerk deur erge diarree, braking en ineenstorting</li></ul>Acute infectious disease<br />is often fatal<br />characterized by severe vomiting, diarrhoea, and collapse<br />
  8. 8. Lewenssiklus/ Life cycle<br /><ul><li>Gasheer drink besmette water
  9. 9. Bakterieë beweeg deur die maag
  10. 10. Bereik die ingewande en vorm flagella
  11. 11. Dring deur na kl ingewande
  12. 12. Skei gifstowwe af wat diarree veroorsaak
  13. 13. Ontlasting dra bakterieë oor aan water</li></ul>Host drinks water<br />Bacteria moves through the stomach<br />Reach the intestine & produce flagella<br />Propel through mucus of the sm. intestine<br />Produce toxin causing diarrhoea<br />Faeces carry new bacteria into drinking water<br />
  14. 14. Lewenssiklus/ Life cycle<br />
  15. 15. Oorsake en VerspreidingCauses and Transmission<br />
  16. 16. Veroorsaak deur / Caused by<br /><ul><li>Bakterieë – VibrioCholerae</li></ul>Bacteria - VibrioCholerae<br />
  17. 17. Oorgedra deur / Transmitted through<br /><ul><li>Indirekte oordrag
  18. 18. Objek verspreidend
  19. 19. Bereik water deur:
  20. 20. Braking
  21. 21. Diarree
  22. 22. Daers aktief of passief
  23. 23. Skei gifstowwe in die kl ingewande af wat diarree en ontwatering veroorsaak</li></ul>Indirect transmission<br />Vehicleborne<br />Reaches water through:<br />Vomiting<br />Diarrhoea<br />Carriers active or passive<br />Produces toxins in sml intestines that cause severe diarrhoea and dehydration<br />
  24. 24. Infeksie / Infection<br /><ul><li>Deur:
  25. 25. Gekontamineerde water
  26. 26. Gekontamineerde kos
  27. 27. Die maak en eet van kos met ongewaste hande
  28. 28. Ook huisvlieë en ander insekte</li></ul>Through:<br />Contaminated water<br />Contaminated food<br />Eating with unwashed hands<br />Also house flies and other insects<br />
  29. 29. Toestande wat lei tot infeksie / Conditions that leads to infection<br />
  30. 30. SimptomeSymptoms<br />
  31. 31. Algemene Simptome/ General Symptoms<br /><ul><li>1 dag inkubasie
  32. 32. Erge waterige diarree
  33. 33. Vinnige dehidrasie
  34. 34. Dood agv skok en dehidrasie indien nie behandel word</li></ul>1 day incubation<br />profuse, watery diarrhoea<br />rapid dehydration<br />death from shock and dehydration if untreated<br />
  35. 35. Fase 1 / Stage 1<br /><ul><li>Braking
  36. 36. Maagkrampe
  37. 37. Skielike waterige pynlose diarree
  38. 38. Ontlasting lyk soos ryswater, is gryserig met wolkerige etter, ruik sweterig</li></ul>Vomiting<br />Muscle cramps<br />Sudden onset and watery, painless diarrhea<br />Stool has a characteristic “rice water” appearance (gray, slightly cloudy with bits of mucus, and a slightly sweaty odor)<br />
  39. 39. Fase 2 / Stage 2<br /><ul><li>Dehidrasie, dors en skok
  40. 40. Koue vel, gesonke oë, swak pols, flou skril stem
  41. 41. Min urine
  42. 42. Maag krampe en swakheid</li></ul>Dehydration, Thirst and Shock<br />Cold Skin, sunken Eyes, weak pulse and feint high-pitched voice <br />Reduced urine <br />Muscle cramps and Muscle weakness <br />
  43. 43. Fase 3 / Stage 3<br /><ul><li>Begin herstel
  44. 44. Ligte tot ernstige diarree
  45. 45. Skok en dehidrasie
  46. 46. Verlies aan belangrike minerale en elektroliete
  47. 47. Intense dors
  48. 48. Verminderde urinering
  49. 49. Maagkrampe en swakheid</li></ul>Start to recover<br />Mild to severe diarrhoea<br />Shock and dehydration<br />Loss of important minerals and electrolytes<br />Intense thirst <br />Reduced urination<br />Muscle cramps/weakness<br />
  50. 50. BehandelingTreatment<br />
  51. 51. Orale rehidrasie / Oral rehydration<br /><ul><li>Orale Rehidrasie Terapie (ORT)
  52. 52. Sout en suiker oplossing wat oraal geneem word
  53. 53. Ook tuisgemaakte oplossings (water, suiker, sout, bakpoeier, vrugte)
  54. 54. Soms binne-aars</li></ul>Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT)<br />Solution of salts and sugars, taken by the mouth<br />Also homemade solutions (water, sugar, table salt, baking soda, and fruit)<br />Sometimes intravenous<br />
  55. 55. Antibiotika / Antibiotics<br /><ul><li>Tetrasiklien
  56. 56. Verkort die duur van die siekte
  57. 57. Verlig die simptome</li></ul>Tetracycline<br />Shorten the course of the disease <br />Weaken the symptoms.<br />
  58. 58. VoorkomingPrevention<br />
  59. 59. Risikogedrag/ Risk behavior<br /><ul><li>Plakkerskampe
  60. 60. Swak higiëne
  61. 61. Onveilige voorbereiding van voedsel
  62. 62. Die drink van besoedelde water
  63. 63. Om te bad / swem in besoedelde water</li></ul>Squatter camps<br />Bad hygiene<br />Unsafe preparation of food<br />Drinking contaminated water<br />To bathe / swim in contaminated water<br />
  64. 64. Voorkoming / Prevention<br /><ul><li>Immunisasie
  65. 65. Kook water, bedek kos
  66. 66. Opvoeding
  67. 67. Persoonlike higiëne
  68. 68. Voorkoming van water kontaminasie
  69. 69. Verbeterde rioolstelsels
  70. 70. Toegang tot mediese sorg</li></ul>Immunization<br />Boiling water, covering food<br />Education<br />Personal and domestic hygiene<br />Prevention of contamination of water supplies<br />Improvement of sewage systems<br />Access to health care<br />

×