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Nikki Jones, Freelance Researcher


Published on

Business Breakfast: The Climate Change Act then and now...
16th October 2018
Create Centre, Bristol
Hosted by The Future Economy Network

Published in: Environment
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Nikki Jones, Freelance Researcher

  1. 1. The Climate Change Act 2008 What progress in 10 years?
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  3. 3. The UK’s emission targets •35% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020, from 1990 level •80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, from 1990 level; 50% by 2025, 57% by 2032 •100% by 2100 •Paris : 100% by 2050
  4. 4. Aiming for 80- 100% cut from 1990 level by 2050
  5. 5. Our energy use is highly weather dependent….
  6. 6. Power and waste sectors show significant drops in emissions
  7. 7. Some problems with the accounting…. • Stuff • International aviation and shipping • Biomass and waste to energy • Emissions from waste • Primary energy from abroad, refining etc
  8. 8. Some omissions & little progress in heating or transport
  9. 9. Unlikely to meet Climate Change Act budgets without ‘flexibilities’ • Carry forward over-achievement from previous budgets • Borrow from later budget (1% max) • Use International Carbon Credits • Committee on CC: urgent repeal of ban on onshore wind, tax company vehicles & zero-carbon homes
  10. 10. What has changed since 2008? • Plummeting price of solar, wind and lithium • New technology • Growing public and corporate awareness • Divestment & positive investment • Legal challenges to fossil fuel companies • Emissions Trading System finally starting to work • Energy sovereignty concerns
  11. 11. But…. • Science has hardened, now critical • Global Financial Crash, rising inequality • Continued reliance on consumption based growth • Low oil price 2014 - 18 • Withdrawal of support for cheap, proven tech
  12. 12. Clean Growth Plan announced in September 2017
  13. 13. What’s in the Clean Growth Plan? • More nuclear, more gas - fracking • Commitment to off-shore wind till 2025 • Renewed commitment to carbon capture and storage • Promotion of EVs • Insulation in homes – by 2030…. • Heat pumps and hydrogen • But complete drop in hydro, solar, onshore wind, no tidal or pumped storage. • More waste-to-energy & biomass.
  14. 14. Focus on new baseload is outdated… ‘The idea of large power stations for baseload is outdated. From a consumer’s point of view, the solar on the rooftop is going to be the baseload. Centralised power stations will increasingly be used to provide peak demand. …. Our strategy is now around agility and flexibility…. By 2020 small-scale distributed generation will represent a third of capacity in the UK.’ CEO, National Grid, Sept 2015
  15. 15. National Infrastructure Committee says big savings! • UK could be saving £8.1bn per year by 2030 with more flexible grid: ➢ Interconnectors ➢Storage ➢Demand management • European report : need to invest €38bn over next few years but offset by decreased imports
  16. 16. Plan B’s legal challenge… • Under Paris, UK committed to 100% reduction by 2050 – but haven’t enshrined in Climate Change Act – now considering • ‘The science has clearly hardened since the Climate Change Act was agreed…our current course takes us to catastrophe, then to stick to current course is irrational…The best available science tells us the risks of crossing tipping points rise very sharply between 1.5 and 2 degrees…’
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