Metropolitan county of MerseysideClose to Liverpool.Adjoining urban areas such as south Sefton, Knowsley and the Wirral. As far reaching asin Cheshire andLancashire.
Scouse is a fairly recent trend Started in the mid-19th century Scouse accent owes its roots to Liverpool’s position as a port
In Liverpool, most people speak with the accent we are focusing on, while there are only a very few who speak RP. When we talk about Liverpool English in this piece, we mean a fairly broad accent which is not particularly close to RP.
Scouse is considered a working class accent therefore it has not a very positive reception.• In Liverpudlian Schools teachers try to correct their students The Scouse accent is still developing:• Teenagers speak very differently to their grandparents• Across the city various variations of the Scouse accent can be heard
Major influenceinflux of Irish and Welsh into the city The unique Scouse sound mixing of these different accents and dialects
Merseyside speech is very different from•The standard accent of RP•The accents of the area of the countryaround it in the North West.Similarto standard English but differentpronunciation.
NON-RHOTICIT Y Contradiction? How do we explain it?
VOWEL DIFFERENCES [ε:] instead of [eә]. Pronounced when <ir>, <er>, <are> and <air> appear Consequences: - square or pair are pronounced like nurse or bird.
VOWEL DIFFERENCES Prefixes con-, ex- or ad-, pronounced with [ᴅ, ε, a] rather than [ә, I, ә] Computer [kᴅmpju:tε], examine [εgzamIn] advantage [adva:ntIʤ] use of [ᴐ:] were it should be a [Ʊ ә]. Poor [pᴐ:], tour [tᴐ:], sure [ʃᴐ:], cure [kjᴐ:]
VOWEL DIFFERENCES Use of [Ʊ ] instead of [ʌ ]. cut [kƱt], blood [blƱd], money [mƱnI], does [dƱs]
CONSONANT DIFFERENCES H dropping Hat [at], happy [apI] <ng> represent two sounds Sing [sIŋg] rang [raŋg]
CONSONAT DIFFERENCES T- glottalisation particularly common amongst the younger Butter [bƱ ?ε] [t] in intervocalic position replaced by [r] matter, [marε], better [berε].
CONSONTAN DIFFERENCES LENITION Lention of [t] Production [tθ] and [θ] or [ts] and [s] instead of [t]. Pete [pI:θ], city [sIθI], adult [adults], taken [tθeIken]
CONSONANT DIFFERENCES Lenition of [k] [k] becomes [x] week [wi:x], actor [axtε] welcome [welkxεm]
KECKS In the North of England and South Wales, the word "kecks" or "kex" is frequently used to refer to mens trousers. "Thats a smart pair o kecks hes wearin!"
DIVVYA person who is a bit of a waster, or is unemployed. A shorter version of this is the word Divv. Your in this pub all day you divvy.... "Your such a f******* divv, you lost your job at the pig farm months ago and your still on the dole.
BEVVY Slang term for a drink (beverage), usually alcoholic, most often beer or lager. Can also be used in to describe the process of getting steaming drunk. Ive had a shit day at work. Could murder a bevvy.
BOSS! "Very good stuff!“ Cool. Awesome. An expression from the mid 1950s You are boss!
KIDDA What kids from Liverpool say to eachother, to say hi to one another or to addres someone. Scouse word. "Orite ther kidda, ow yeh doin“ "Ay kidda cum ova ere lah"
GRACE Means elegance, loveliness, and beauty. The swan glided over the lake gracefully.
BIFTER Slang term for a cigarette. Plural is "biffs". Originated in Liverpool. Give us a bifter. Wheres my biffs?
SKRAG For one woman to pull another woman around by the hair. Fighting. Short for "Skull rag". O wow, look, a skrag!
Scouse is associated with Liverpool and adjoining areas like Knowsley, Wirral and Sefton. Major influence from the influx of Irish, Welsh and its maritime heritage.
Scouse is a highly accented manner of speech and we can find several phonetic changes with RP. First: no difference in the pronunciation of square [skwЗ:] and nurse [nЗ:s].
Second: A tendency to use [Ʊ ] where RP speakers would use a [ʌ ]. But [bƱt] Third: TH stopping realization of dental fricatives [θ, ð] as stops [t, d]. Tick [tIk] Thick [tIk] Fourth: H dropping pronouncing words like happy or hell as [api] and [el]
Fifth: Two important cases of Lenition. With [t] in which most speakers produce [tθ] and [θ] while a few produce [ts] and [s] nigth [naIθ], twenty [twentsI] With [k] in which it becomes [x], book [bƱx], respect [rIspext]