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  2. 2. SCOUSE
  3. 3.  Metropolitan county of MerseysideClose to Liverpool.Adjoining urban areas such as south Sefton, Knowsley and the Wirral. As far reaching asin Cheshire andLancashire.
  4. 4.  Scouse is a fairly recent trend Started in the mid-19th century Scouse accent owes its roots to Liverpool’s position as a port
  5. 5.  In Liverpool, most people speak with the accent we are focusing on, while there are only a very few who speak RP. When we talk about Liverpool English in this piece, we mean a fairly broad accent which is not particularly close to RP.
  6. 6.  Scouse is considered a working class accent therefore it has not a very positive reception.• In Liverpudlian Schools teachers try to correct their students The Scouse accent is still developing:• Teenagers speak very differently to their grandparents• Across the city various variations of the Scouse accent can be heard
  7. 7.  Major influenceinflux of Irish and Welsh into the city The unique Scouse sound  mixing of these different accents and dialects
  8. 8. Merseyside speech is very different from•The standard accent of RP•The accents of the area of the countryaround it in the North West.Similarto standard English but differentpronunciation.
  9. 9. NON-RHOTICIT Y  Contradiction?  How do we explain it?
  10. 10. VOWEL DIFFERENCES [ε:] instead of [eә]. Pronounced when <ir>, <er>, <are> and <air> appear Consequences: - square or pair are pronounced like nurse or bird.
  11. 11. VOWEL DIFFERENCES Prefixes con-, ex- or ad-, pronounced with [ᴅ, ε, a] rather than [ә, I, ә] Computer  [kᴅmpju:tε], examine [εgzamIn] advantage  [adva:ntIʤ] use of [ᴐ:] were it should be a [Ʊ ә]. Poor [pᴐ:], tour [tᴐ:], sure [ʃᴐ:], cure [kjᴐ:]
  12. 12. VOWEL DIFFERENCES  Use of [Ʊ ] instead of [ʌ ].  cut  [kƱt], blood  [blƱd], money  [mƱnI], does  [dƱs]
  13. 13. CONSONANT DIFFERENCES TH stopping dental fricatives [θ, δ] realised like alveolar stop [t, d] tin  [tIn] thin  [tIn] den [dεn] then [dεn]
  14. 14. CONSONANT DIFFERENCES  H dropping  Hat  [at], happy  [apI]  <ng> represent two sounds  Sing  [sIŋg] rang  [raŋg]
  15. 15. CONSONAT DIFFERENCES  T- glottalisation particularly common amongst the younger  Butter  [bƱ ?ε]  [t] in intervocalic position replaced by [r]  matter,  [marε], better  [berε].
  16. 16. CONSONTAN DIFFERENCES LENITION Lention of [t] Production [tθ] and [θ] or [ts] and [s] instead of [t]. Pete  [pI:θ], city [sIθI], adult [adults], taken [tθeIken]
  17. 17. CONSONANT DIFFERENCES Lenition of [k] [k] becomes [x] week  [wi:x], actor  [axtε] welcome  [welkxεm]
  18. 18. KECKS  In the North of England and South Wales, the word "kecks" or "kex" is frequently used to refer to mens trousers.  "Thats a smart pair o kecks hes wearin!"
  19. 19. DIVVYA person who is a bit of a waster, or is unemployed. A shorter version of this is the word Divv.  Your in this pub all day you divvy....  "Your such a f******* divv, you lost your job at the pig farm months ago and your still on the dole.
  20. 20. BEVVY Slang term for a drink (beverage), usually alcoholic, most often beer or lager. Can also be used in to describe the process of getting steaming drunk.  Ive had a shit day at work. Could murder a bevvy.
  21. 21. BOSS! "Very good stuff!“ Cool. Awesome. An expression from the mid 1950s  You are boss!
  22. 22. KIDDA  What kids from Liverpool say to eachother, to say hi to one another or to addres someone. Scouse word.  "Orite ther kidda, ow yeh doin“  "Ay kidda cum ova ere lah"
  23. 23. GRACE  Means elegance, loveliness, and beauty.  The swan glided over the lake gracefully.
  24. 24. BIFTER Slang term for a cigarette. Plural is "biffs". Originated in Liverpool.  Give us a bifter.  Wheres my biffs?
  25. 25. SKRAG  For one woman to pull another woman around by the hair. Fighting. Short for "Skull rag".  O wow, look, a skrag!
  26. 26.  Scouse is associated with Liverpool and adjoining areas like Knowsley, Wirral and Sefton. Major influence from the influx of Irish, Welsh and its maritime heritage.
  27. 27.  Scouse is a highly accented manner of speech and we can find several phonetic changes with RP. First: no difference in the pronunciation of square  [skwЗ:] and nurse  [nЗ:s].
  28. 28.  Second: A tendency to use [Ʊ ] where RP speakers would use a [ʌ ]. But  [bƱt] Third: TH stopping realization of dental fricatives [θ, ð] as stops [t, d]. Tick  [tIk] Thick  [tIk] Fourth: H dropping pronouncing words like happy or hell as [api] and [el]
  29. 29.  Fifth: Two important cases of Lenition.  With [t] in which most speakers produce [tθ] and [θ] while a few produce [ts] and [s] nigth  [naIθ], twenty  [twentsI]  With [k] in which it becomes [x], book  [bƱx], respect  [rIspext]
  30. 30. QUIZZ
  31. 31.  When did the Scouse accent start … a) Late 19th century b) Early 18th century c) Mid 19th century d) Mid 18th century
  32. 32.  When did the Scouse accent start … u Late 19th century y Early 18th century r Mid 19th century r Mid 18th century
  33. 33.  Where we can find primarly the Scouse accent? a) Hampshire b) Merseyside c) Essex d) Plymouth
  34. 34.  Where we can find primarly the Scouse accent? d Hampshire d Merseyside d Essex d Plymouth
  35. 35.  What is the major influence of Scouse? a) Irish and Welsh b) Chesire and Yorkshire c) Cumbrian and Gerodie d) Welsh and Chesire
  36. 36.  What is the major influence of Scouse? r Irish and Welsh r Chesire and Yorkshire s Cumbrian and Gerodie o Welsh and Chesire
  37. 37.  Why do the words square and bird rhyme? a) They are both pronounced with the diphthong [eә] b) They do not rhyme c) They are both pronounced with [ε:] d) They are both pronounced with [ε]
  38. 38.  Why do the words square and bird rhyme? They are both pronounced with the diphthong [eә] o They do not rhyme e They are both pronounced with [3:] o They are both pronounced with [ε]
  39. 39.  How does a Liverpudlian pronounce money? r [moni] p [mƱni] p [mʌni] p [mʌnei]
  40. 40.  How does a Liverpudlian pronounce money? r [moni] p [mƱni] p [mʌni] p [mʌnei]
  41. 41.  Tin and thin are pronounced the same way because of... a) TH dropping b) TH stopping c) H dropping d) H stopping
  42. 42.  Tin and thin are pronounced the same way because of... t TH dropping t TH stopping t Lenition of T t H stopping
  43. 43.  What is ‘skrag’ in RP? a) Fight between women b) Ride in a bicycle c) Sweep the floor d) Break something
  44. 44.  What is ‘skrag’ in RP? i Fight between women m Ride in a bicycle e Sweep the floor e Break something
  45. 45.  What is ‘grace’ in RP? a) ugly b) elegance c) Typical race in Liverpool d) famous
  46. 46.  What is ‘grace’ in RP? i ugly i elegance i Typical race in Liverpool L famous
  47. 47.  The definition of ‘boss’ is… a) Chief b) Awful c) Amusing d) Cool
  48. 48.  The definition of ‘boss’ is… f Chief f Awful f Amusing f Cool
  49. 49. Thanks for your attention!!